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Host Cholesterol Synthesis Contributes to Growth of Intracellular Toxoplasma gondii in Macrophages OAK
NISHIKAWA, Yoshifumi; IBRAHIM, Hany M.; KAMEYAMA, Kyohko; SHIGA, Ikumi; HIASA, Jun; XUAN, Xuenan; 西川, 義文; 玄, 学南.
The intracellular protozoan Toxoplasma gondii lacks the ability to synthesize sterol and scavenges cholesterol from the lowdensity lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) pathway of its host to facilitate replication. Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors, however, have a demonstrated anti-Toxoplasma effect. In this study, we examined the host mevalonate pathway as a novel source of cholesterol for T. gondii and its effects on parasite growth in macrophages. Parasite growth did not significantly change in the absence of LDLR or when LDL was exogenously supplemented. Lovastatin and compactin, both inhibitors of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase in the mevalonate pathway, significantly inhibited T. gondii growth in both wild-type and LDLR-knockout macrophages....
Palavras-chave: Cholesterol; Lipid metabolism; Macrophage; Parasitology; Toxoplasma gondii.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3583
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