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Pollution and the State: The Role of the Structure of Government AgEcon
Lopez, Ramon E.; Galinato, Gregmar I.; Islam, Asif M..
Government spending has significant environmental implications. This paper analyzes the effect of the allocation of government spending between public goods broadly defined and private goods or non-social subsidies on air and water pollution. The theoretical model predicts that a reallocation of expenditures from private subsidies to public goods improves environmental quality by reducing production pollution. We estimate an empirical model that shows that such a reallocation causes a significant reduction in air pollutants namely sulfur dioxide and lead and an improvement in water quality measures including dissolved oxygen and biological oxygen demand.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48055
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Trade and the Environment AgEcon
Lopez, Ramon E.; Islam, Asif M..
Trade, the exchange of goods and services across countries, is often viewed as an engine of economic growth. Benefits of liberalized trade include access to a larger variety of goods and services to consumers, easier access to foreign technologies, access to larger markets for producers, and increased efficiency in resource allocation. The impact of trade on the environment, however, is a contentious issue; air and water pollution, the degradation of natural habitats and loss of species, and global pollutants, particularly carbon dioxide emissions, are major concerns.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45982
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When Government Spending Serves the Elites: Consequences for Economic Growth in a Context of Market Imperfections AgEcon
Lopez, Ramon E.; Islam, Asif M..
Government spending should be regarded as a social and political phenomenon, not merely as a technical choice. We argue that there is an implicit contract between the organized elites and politicians which often leads to a pro-elite allocation of public resources. A natural and simple taxonomy of government spending follows from this view: spending in public goods broadly defined which mitigate market failures versus spending in non-social subsidies, mainly a vehicle to serve the elites. We theoretically and empirically show that pro-elite spending biases are costly in terms of economic growth. The empirical findings are exceptionally robust.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Government spending; Economic growth; Market imperfections; Investment; Subsidies; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45875
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