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Biofuels: review of policies and impacts AgEcon
Janda, Karel; Kristoufek, Ladislav; Zilberman, David.
This paper provides an overview of the environmental, economical, and policy considerations related to biofuels. While the biofuel production and consumption exhibited significant increase over the first decade of the new millennium, this and further increases in biofuel production are driven primarily by government policies. Currently available first generation biofuels are with a few exceptions not economically viable in the absence of fiscal incentives or high oil prices. Also the environmental impacts of biofuels as an alternative to fossil fuels are quite ambiguous. The review of the most recent economic models dealing with biofuels and their economic impacts provides a distinction between structural and reduced form models. The review of...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Ethanol; Biodiesel; Political Economy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120415
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Demand for gasoline is more price-inelastic than commonly thought AgEcon
Havranek, Tomas; Irsova, Zuzana; Janda, Karel.
Demand for gasoline is more price-inelastic than commonly thought Abstract: One of the most frequently examined statistical relationships in energy economics has been the price elasticity of gasoline demand. We conduct a quantitative survey of the estimates of elasticity reported for various countries around the world. Our meta- analysis indicates that the literature suffers from publication selection bias: insignificant or positive estimates of the price elasticity are rarely reported, although implausibly large negative estimates are reported regularly. In consequence, the aver- age published estimates of both short- and long-run elasticities are exaggerated twofold. Using mixed effects multilevel meta-regression, we show that after correction for...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Gasoline demand; Price elasticity; Meta-analysis; Publication selection bias; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120416
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Socially Optimal Taxation of Alcohol: The Case of Czech Beer AgEcon
Janda, Karel; Mikolasek, Jakub; Netuka, Martin.
The proposed paper belongs to the literature on food demand and optimal taxation and to the literature dealing with economics of alcohol production and consumption. We investigate the question of optimal taxation for the commodity whose consumption has positive and negative features both for individual consumer and for the society. The commodity we analyze is the Czech beer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Almost Ideal Demand System; Alcohol; Beer; Brewing industry; Consumption; The Czech Republic; Elasticity; Price; Spirits; Tax; Wine.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Health Economics and Policy; Public Economics; D12; L66; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61464
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