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Registros recuperados: 180
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A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Response to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS Mitigation and Rural Development Policies AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T.; Chapoto, Antony; Mazhangara, Edward; Mghenyi, Elliot W.; Bailey, Linda; Yoo, Kyeongwon; Yamano, Takashi.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Downloads November 2008 - July 2007: 6.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11322
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A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Responses to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications For HIV/AIDS Mitigation And Rural Development Policies. AgEcon
Mather, David; Donovan, Cynthia; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T.; Chapoto, Antony; Mazhangara, Edward; Bailey, Linda; Yoo, Kyeongwon; Yamano, Takashi; Mghenyi, Elliot W..
This paper summarizes and synthesizes across the results of a set of country studies on the effects of prime-age adult mortality on rural households in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia. Each study is based on large representative rural household surveys. These findings have implications for the design of efforts to mitigate some of the most important effects of rural adult mortality, and for key development policies and priorities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Sub-Saharan Africa; Mortality; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 21; I11.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54571
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A Farm Gate-to-Consumer Value Chain Analysis of Kenya’s Maize Marketing System AgEcon
Kirimi, Lilian; Sitko, Nicholas J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Karin, Francis; Muyanga, Milu; Sheahan, Megan; Flock, James; Bor, Gilbert.
Based on the findings of this study, the following actions are proposed for consideration by the Government of Kenya: 1. Raise public investment in maize seed breeding and agronomic research to make it possible for improvements in smallholder crop productivity. Based on research evaluating the returns to alternative investments in agriculture, public expenditures in maize seed breeding and agronomy may constitute the single most important investment to promote broad-based productivity growth and poverty reduction in Kenya. 2. Explore options for improving public and private extension programs to enable farmers to adopt improved farm technologies generated from point 1. 3. Examine options for bringing more land in Kenya under potential cultivation by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Kenya; Maize; Marketing; Food security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101172
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A Test of the New Variant Famine Hypothesis: Panel Survey Evidence from Zambia AgEcon
Mason, Nicole M.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Chapoto, Antony; Myers, Robert J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 08/04/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Food security; Rural livelihoods; New variant famine hypothesis; Zambia; Africa; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51485
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Access to Land, and Poverty Reduction in Rural Zambia: Connecting the Policy Issues AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Zulu, Ballard; Kajoba, Gear; Weber, Michael T..
It might be considered unlikely that inadequate access to land would be one of the major causes of rural poverty in Zambia. However, evidence presented in this paper shows that economically viable arable land is not in great abundance in Zambia after considering the current situation with respect to access to road infrastructure and access to services and markets. In fact, access to land is already a major problem for large segments of the rural population in Zambia. Moreover, depending of future...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: AGRICULTURE; ZAMBIA; LAND; POVERTY; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54493
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Access to Land and Poverty Reduction in Rural Zambia: Connecting the Policy Issues AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Zulu, Ballard; Kajoba, Gear; Weber, Michael T..
Key Policy Message: - Despite having relatively low population densities, inadequate access to land is one of the major causes of rural poverty in Zambia. - The apparent paradox of inadequate access to land for many rural households in a country of low population density is partially reconciled when taking into account that economically viable arable land requires at least some degree of access to basic services, water, road infrastructure, and markets. The basic public investments to make settlement economically viable have yet been made in many areas of Zambia. - Depending of future land allocation policy, access to good quality land with a market potential may become increasingly beyond the reach of many small-scale farm households, making it more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Food security; Land; Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55054
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African Perspectives on Progress and Challenges in Agricultural Transformation AgEcon
Argwings-Kodhek, Gem; Jayne, Thomas S.; Minde, Isaac J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development; Downloads July 2008 - June 2009: 9.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11370
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Agricultural Extension in Kenya: Practice and Policy Lessons AgEcon
Muyanga, Milu; Jayne, Thomas S..
A consensus exists that extension services, if functioning effectively, improve agricultural productivity through providing farmers with information that helps them to optimize their use of limited resources. Variations in management practices and husbandry skills among small farmers in Kenya are very great. Tremendous poverty-reducing benefits could be reaped by bringing the production costs of the most inefficient farmers to mean productivity levels. Achieving these gains in maize production efficiency will depend on many factors, but extension is likely to be among the most important. Therefore, the costs to the nation of having an underperforming extension service – in terms of smallholder productivity, incomes, and poverty reduction, and the ability...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Extension services; Kenya; Policy reforms; Privatization; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55168
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Agricultural Input Use and Market Development in Africa: Recent Perspectives and Insights AgEcon
Kelly, Valerie A.; Crawford, Eric W.; Jayne, Thomas S..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11342
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Agricultural Market Performance and Determinants of Fertilizer Use in Ethiopia AgEcon
Demeke, Mulat; Kelly, Valerie A.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Said, Ali; Le Vallee, Jean-Charles; Chen, H..
This paper examines how the fertilizer sector in general, and farmers’ demand for fertilizer in particular, has evolved since the introduction of fertilizer sector reforms in Ethiopia. There is much debate in the agricultural development literature about whether fertilizer use in Africa is constrained primarily by poor input distribution systems, by farmers’ lack of knowledge concerning the benefits and correct use of fertilizer, or by lack of effective demand because the product is simply not profitable enough. This paper looks at each of these issues in an effort to understand the relative importance of the different constraints and how well current policies are addressing the problems. It attempts to identify additional policy measures needed to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Ethiopia; Fertilizer use; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55599
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Agricultural Production Incentives: Fertilizer Markets and Insights from Kenya AgEcon
Wanzala, Maria N.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Staatz, John M.; Mugera, Amin W.; Kirimi, Justus; Owuor, Joseph.
The paper has several specific objectives. First, it identifies how fertilizer marketing costs and the types of fertilizers used have changed over the course of the liberalization process in Kenya. A second objective is to examine the fertilizer subsector in Kenya with a view to identifying organizational and institutional changes that could improve its performance. Various types of fertilizer supply chains serving farmers in western Kenya are identified, examine the cost structure of these supply chains, identify potential sources of cost reduction in these supply chains, and last, estimate the impact of illustrative scenarios for reducing fertilizer marketing costs on the profitability of maize production in western Kenya.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Kenya; Fertilizer; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55150
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Agricultural Trade Flows among Developing Countries: Do Regional Preferential Trade Agreements make a Difference? AgEcon
Tembo, Gelson; Jayne, Thomas S..
Regional integration through trade is recognized as one way to foster economic growth and poverty reduction. This paper uses the gravity model and 11-year panel data (1996-2006) on Southern African Development Community (SADC) member countries to study Zambia’s regional agricultural trade flows and the impact of the SADC Trade Protocol (SADC-TP). Zambia’s volume of trade is significantly related to most of the standard gravity variables. The results indicate that Zambia has been largely trading below potential, especially with respect to exports. There have been improvements in Zambia’s trade flows during the SADC-TP period but only with a few countries. Further improvements will require re-examining protocol implementation and individual countries’...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Southern Africa; Regional trade; Gravity analysis; Zambia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C23; C51; F12; F14; F15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51733
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Alternative Approaches for Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa, with Emphasis on the Role of Subsidies AgEcon
Crawford, Eric W.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Kelly, Valerie A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Downloads December 2008 - June 2009: 5.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11292
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Alternative Approaches for Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa, with Particular Reference to the Role of Fertilizer Subsidies AgEcon
Crawford, Eric W.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Kelly, Valerie A..
This paper outlines the role of improved soil fertility in the process of structural transformation, and examines specific financial, economic, social, and political arguments in favor of promoting increased fertilizer use, particularly in smallholder farming systems. This paper draws experiences and insights from the literature on which policies and programs appear to work best and which least well in providing a consistent and growing supply of fertilizer to smallholders. Particular attention is given to addressing the question of fertilizer subsidies: Under what circumstances are they warranted and what form should they take, if and when they are implemented?
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11557
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An Analysis of Alternative Maize Marketing Policies in South Africa AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Hajek, Milan; van Zyl, Johan.
The maize-oriented agricultural economies throughout Southern Africa are in fundamental transition. Increased recognition of the costs of historical controls on pricing and marketing already has led to partial maize market liberalization in several countries in the region. However, there is still intense debate over the appropriate scope and implementation of future food market reform. Much of the debate derives from uncertainty over the consequences of comprehensive and politically risky changes to domestic markets, especially at a time when regional market conditions are also in flux due to agricultural restructuring in neighboring countries. There is currently little information on the direction and magnitude of grain trade between South Africa,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Maize market; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q13.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54700
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Anticipating and Responding to Drought Emergencies in Southern Africa: Lessons from the 2002-2003 Experience AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Nijhoff, Jan J.; Arlindo, Pedro; Mwiinga, Billy; Weber, Michael T.; Jayne, Thomas S..
This paper examines the efficiency and effectiveness of emergency response in southern Africa through the lens of the 2002/03 food crisis in the region. The authors outline improvements in information and operational procedures needed to enhance the response to future events. They also discuss national and regional trade regime changes that would reduce the need for emergency response, and consider what lessons the 2002/03 crisis may have for the role of Strategic Grain Reserves (SGRs).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Drought; Emergency; Southern Africa; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54564
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Are Staple Foods Becoming More Expensive For Urban Consumers In Eastern And Southern Africa? Trends in Food Prices, Marketing Margins, and Wage Rates in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia AgEcon
Mason, Nicole M.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Donovan, Cynthia; Chapoto, Antony.
The world food and financial crises threaten to undermine the real incomes of urban consumers in eastern and southern Africa. This study investigates patterns in staple food prices, wage rates, and marketing margins for urban consumers in Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia between 1993 and 2009. There is high correlation among wage rate series for various government and private sector categories. We find that average formal sector wages rose at a faster rate than retail maize meal and bread prices in urban Kenya and Zambia between the mid-1990s and 2007. Although the 2007/08 food price crisis partially reversed this trend, the quantities of staple foods affordable per daily wage in urban Kenya and Zambia during the 2008/09 marketing season were still...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Africa; Agriculture; Food security; Prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Q11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53451
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Assessment of Alternative Maize Trade and Market Policy Interventions in Zambia AgEcon
Govereh, Jones; Jayne, Thomas S.; Chapoto, Antony.
The economic reforms in maize marketing and trade policies implemented during the 1990s have been highly controversial, and there remains a lack of solid empirical investigation on the impacts of these reforms on national food security, price stability and rural income growth. This study aims to provide a detailed evidence-based analysis of the impacts of maize marketing and trade policies on smallholder agricultural production growth, access to food by consumers, and other important national policy objectives. These insights from Zambia can hopefully move forward the continuing debate in the region on how maize marketing and trade policies should be structured in the future.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Maize; Trade; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54492
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Can the FISP More Effectively Achieve Food Production and Poverty Reduction Goals? AgEcon
Burke, William J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Sitko, Nicholas J..
Despite being framed as a key component of the nation’s poverty reduction strategy, evidence suggests that inputs distributed under Zambia’s Farmer Input Support Programme (FISP) tend to be targeted to the least poor rural households.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Poverty; Food Security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123208
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Can the Market Deliver? Lessons from Kenya's Rising Use of Fertilizer Following Liberalization AgEcon
Ariga, Joshua; Jayne, Thomas S..
Published by Tegemeo Institute for Agricultural Policy and Development
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Kenya; Fertilizer use; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54646
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