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Registros recuperados: 23
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A Bayesian Large Deviations Probabilistic Interpretation and Justification of Empirical Likelihood AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G..
In this paper we demonstrate, in a parametric Estimating Equations setting, that the Empirical Likelihood (EL) method is an asymptotic instance of the Bayesian non-parametric Maximum-A-Posteriori approach. The resulting probabilistic interpretation and justifcation of EL rests on Bayesian non-parametric consistency in L-divergence.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7191
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A Minimum Power Divergence Class of CDFs and Estimators for Binary Choice Models AgEcon
Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Judge, George G..
The Cressie-Read (CR) family of power divergence measures is used to identify a new class of statistical models and estimators for competing explanations of the data in binary choice models. A large flexible class of cumulative distribution functions and associated probability density functions emerge that subsumes the conventional logit model, and forms the basis for a large set of estimation alternatives to traditional logit and probit methods. Asymptotic properties of estimators are identified, and sampling experiments are used to provide a basis for gauging the finite sample performance of the estimators in this new class of statistical models.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Binary choice models and estimators; Conditional moment equations; Squared error loss; Cressie-Read statistic; Information theoretic methods; Minimum power divergence; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37759
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A Semi-Parametric Basis for Combining Estimation Problems Under Quadratic Loss AgEcon
Judge, George G.; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
When there is uncertainty concerning the appropriate statistical model to use in representing the data sampling process and corresponding estimators, we consider a basis for optimally combining estimation problems. In the context of the multivariate linear statistical model, we consider a semi-parametric Stein-like (SPSL) estimator, ...that shrinks to a random data-dependent vector and, under quadratic loss, has superior performance relative to the conventional least squares estimator. The relationship of the SPSL estimator to the family of Stein estimators is noted and risk dominance extensions between correlated estimators are demonstrated. As an application we consider the problem of a possibly ill-conditioned design matrix and devise...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Stein-like shrinkage; Quadratic loss; Ill-conditioned design; Semiparametric estimation and inference; Data dependent shrinkage vector; Asymptotic and finite sample risk.; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Cl0; C24.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25103
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An Information Theoretic Approach to Ecological Estimation and Inference AgEcon
Judge, George G.; Miller, Douglas J.; Cho, Wendy K..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25065
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Consistency of Empirical Likelihood and Maximum A-Posteriori Probability Under Misspecification AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G..
Using a large deviations approach, Maximum A-Posteriori Probability (MAP) and Empirical Likelihood (EL) are shown to possess, under misspecification, an exclusive property of Bayesian consistency. Under conditions of consistency, regardless of prior the MAP estimator asymptotically coincides with EL. The consistency property is also studied for sampling processes other than iid.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6053
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Empirical Evidence Concerning the Finite Sample Performance of EL-Type Structural Equation Estimation and Inference Methods AgEcon
Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Judge, George G.; Schoenberg, Ron.
This paper presents empirical evidence concerning the finite sample performance of conventional and generalized empirical likelihood-type estimators that utilize instruments in the context of linear structural models characterized by endogenous explanatory variables. There are suggestions in the literature that traditional and non-traditional asymptotically efficient estimators based on moment equations may, for the relatively small sample sizes usually encountered in econometric practice, have relatively large biases and/or variances and provide an inadequate basis for estimation and inference. Given this uncertainty we use a range of data sampling processes and Monte Carlo sampling procedures to accumulate finite sample empirical evidence concerning...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Unbiased moment based estimation and inference; Empirical likelihood; Empirical exponential likelihood; Semiparametric models; Conditional estimating equations; Finite sample bias and precision; Squared error loss; Instrumental conditioning variables; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C10; C24.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25090
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EMPIRICAL LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATORS OF THE LINEAR SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS MODEL AgEcon
Marsh, Thomas L.; Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Judge, George G..
Information theoretic estimators are specified for a system of linear simultaneous equations, including maximum empirical likelihood, maximum empirical exponential likelihood, and maximum log Euclidean likelihood. Monte Carlo experiments are used to compare finite sample performance of these estimators to traditional generalized method of moments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20752
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ENTROPY-BASED ESTIMATION AND INFERENCE IN BINARY RESPONSE MODELS UNDER ENDOGENEITY AgEcon
Miller, Douglas J.; Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Judge, George G..
This paper considers estimation and inference for the binary response model in the case where endogenous variables are included as arguments of the unknown link function. Semiparametric estimators are proposed that avoid the parametric assumptions underlying the likelihood approach as well as the loss of precision when using nonparametric estimation. Suggestions are made for how the utility maximization decision model can be altered to permit attributes to vary across alternatives.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20319
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Estimating the Link Function in Multinomial Response Models under Endogeneity and Quadratic Loss AgEcon
Judge, George G.; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
This paper considers estimation and inference for the multinomial response model in the case where endogenous variables are arguments of the unknown link function. Semiparametric estimators are proposed that avoid the parametric assumptions underlying the likelihood approach as well as the loss of precision when using nonparametric estimation. A data based shrinkage estimator that seeks an optimal combination of estimators and results in superior risk performance under quadratic loss is also developed.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Multinomial Process; Endogeneity; Empirical likelihood procedures; Quadratic loss; Semiparametric estimation and inference; Data dependent shrinkage; Asymptotic and finite sample risk; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C10; C24.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25095
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ESTIMATING THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF FIRMS USING GOVERNMENT SUMMARY STATISTICS AgEcon
Golan, Amos; Judge, George G.; Perloff, Jeffrey M..
Using a maximum entropy technique, we estimate the market shares of each firm in an industry using the available government summary statistics such as the four-firm concentration ratio (C4) and the Herfindahl-Hirschmann Index (HHI). We show that our technique is very effective in estimating the distribution of market shares in 20 industries. Our results provide support for the recent practice of using HHI rather than C4 as the key explanatory variable in many market power studies, if only one measure is to be used.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25081
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Estimating the size distribution of firms using government summary statistics AgEcon
Golan, Amos; Judge, George G.; Perloff, Jeffrey M..
Using a maximum entropy technique, we estimate the market shares of each firm in an industry using the available government summary statistics such as the four-firm concentration ratio (C4) and the Herfindahl-Hirschmann Index (HHI). We show that our technique is very effective in estimating the distribution of market shares in 20 industries. Our results provide support for the recent practice of using HHI rather than C4 as the key explanatory variable in many market power studies, if only one measure is to be used.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Business; Entropy; Industry size; Marketing; Probabilities; Statistics; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47276
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Estimation and Statistical Inference in Economics AgEcon
Judge, George G..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95543
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Identifying falsified clinical data AgEcon
Lee, Joanne; Judge, George G..
Clinical data serve as a necessary basis for medical decisions. Consequently, the importance of methods that help officials quickly identify human tampering of data cannot be underestimated. In this paper, we suggest Benford’s Law as a basis for objectively identifying the presence of experimenter distortions in the outcome of clinical research data. We test this tool on a clinical data set that contains falsified data and discuss the implications of using this and information-theoretic methods as a basis for identifying data manipulation and fraud.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Data collection; Data analysis; Research; Benford's Law; Health Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47001
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Large Deviations Approach to Bayesian Nonparametric Consistency: the Case of Polya Urn Sampling AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G.; Niven, R.K..
The Bayesian Sanov Theorem (BST) identifies, under both correct and incorrect specification of infinite dimensional model, the points of concentration of the posterior measure. Utilizing this insight in the context of Polya urn sampling, Bayesian nonparametric consistency is established. Polya BST is also used to provide an extension of Maximum Non-parametric Likelihood and Empirical Likelihood methods to the Polya case.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Polya L-divergence; Bayesian maximum (A posterior); Probability method; Maximum Non-Parametric Likelihood method; Empirical likelihood method; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6056
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Large Deviations Theory and Empirical Estimator Choice AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G..
Criterion choice is such a hard problem in information recovery and in estimation and inference. In the case of inverse problems with noise, can probabilistic laws provide a basis for empirical estimator choice? That is the problem we investigate in this paper. Large Deviations Theory is used to evaluate the choice of estimator in the case of two fundamental situations-problems in modelling data. The probabilistic laws developed demonstrate that each problem has a unique solution-empirical estimator. Whether other members of the empirical estimator family can be associated a particular problem and conditional limit theorem, is an open question.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25084
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MARKOV CHAINS: BASIC CONCEPTS AND SUGGESTED USES IN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AgEcon
Judge, George G.; Swanson, E.R..
Agricultural economists are often interested in characterizing or summarizing how economic processes and institutions have changed through time as well as what paths they are likely to take in future time periods. Given this interest or objective, we are therefore interested in methods of analysis that will accomplish these purposes and that are simple to apply. Within this context the major purpose of this paper is to discuss the concept of a Markov chain process and to indicate its potential usefulness in analyzing problems where detailed time-ordered data exist over some time span. As a particular vehicle for the discussion, a limited example concerning the past and potential size distribution of a sample of hog-producing firms in central Illinois will...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1962 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22465
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Maximum Empirical Likelihood: Empty Set Problem AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G..
In the Empirical Estimating Equations (E^3) approach to estimation and inference estimating equations are replaced by their data-dependent empirical counterparts. It is odd but with E^3 there are models where the E^3-based estimator does not exist for some data set, and does exist for others. This depends on whether or not a set of data-supported probability mass functions that satisfy the empirical estimating equations is empty for the data set. In a finite sample context, this unnoted feature invalidates methods of estimation and inference, such as the Maximum Empirical Likelihood, that operate within E^3. The empty set problem of E^3 is illustrated by several examples and possible remedies are discussed.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Statistical theory; Statistics; Mathematical analysis; Mathematical statistic; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53402
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Maximum likelihood with estimating equations AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G..
Methods, like Maximum Empirical Likelihood (MEL), that operate within the Empirical Estimating Equations (E3) approach to estimation and inference are challenged by the Empty Set Problem (ESP). We propose to return from E3 back to the Estimating Equations, and to use the Maximum Likelihood method. In the discrete case the Maximum Likelihood with Estimating Equations (MLEE) method avoids ESP. In the continuous case, how to make ML-EE operational is an open question. Instead of it, we propose a Patched Empirical Likelihood, and demonstrate that it avoids ESP. The methods enjoy, in general, the same asymptotic properties as MEL.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Maximum likelihood; Estimating equations; Empirical likelihood; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56691
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Minimum Divergence Moment Based Binary Response Models: Estimation and Inference AgEcon
Mittelhammer, Ronald C.; Judge, George G.; Miller, Douglas J.; Cardell, N. Scott.
This paper introduces a new class of estimators based on minimization of the Cressie-Read (CR) power divergence measure for binary choice models, where neither a parameterized distribution nor a parameterization of the mean is specified explicitly in the statistical model. By incorporating sample information in the form of conditional moment conditions and estimating choice probabilities by optimizing a member of the set of divergence measures in the CR family, a new class of nonparametric estimators evolves that requires less a priori model structure than conventional parametric estimators such as probit or logit. Asymptotic properties are derived under general regularity conditions and finite sampling properties are illustrated by Monte Carlo sampling...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nonparametric binary response models and estimators; Conditional moment equations; Finite sample bias and precision; Squared error loss; Response variables; Cressie-Read statistic; Information theoretic methods; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C10; C2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25020
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Revised empirical likelihood AgEcon
Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G..
Empirical Likelihood (EL) and other methods that operate within the Empirical Estimating Equations (E3) approach to estimation and inference are challenged by the Empty Set Problem (ESP). ESP concerns the possibility that a model set, which is data-dependent, may be empty for some data sets. To avoid ESP we return from E3 back to the Estimating Equations, and explore the Bayesian infinite-dimensional Maximum A-posteriori Probability (MAP) method. The Bayesian MAP with Dirichlet prior motivates a Revised EL (ReEL) method. ReEL i) avoids ESP as well as the convex hull restriction, ii) attains the same basic asymptotic properties as EL, and iii) its computation complexity is comparable to that of EL.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Empirical estimating equations; Generalized minimum contrast; Empirical likelihood; Generalized empirical likelihood; Empty set problem; Convex hull restriction; Estimating equations; Maximum aposteriori probability; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91799
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