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Registros recuperados: 7
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Calcium ions are involved in egress of Babesia bovis merozoites from bovine erythrocytes OAK
MOSSAAD, Ehab; ASADA, Masahito; NAKATANI, Daichi; INOUE, Noboru; YOKOYAMA1), Naoaki; KANEKO, Osamu; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; 井上, 昇; 横山, 直明; 河津, 信一郎.
Bovine babesiosis is a livestock disease known to cause economic losses in endemic areas. The apicomplexan parasite Babesia bovis is able to invade and destroy the host’s erythrocytes leading to the serious pathologies of the disease, such as anemia and hemoglobinuria. Understanding the egress mechanisms of this parasite is therefore a key step to develop new therapeutic strategies. In this study, the possible involvement of Ca2+ in the egress of B. bovis merozoites from infected erythrocytes was investigated. Egress was artificially induced in vitro using calcium ionophore A23187 and thapsigargin to increase Ca2+ concentration in the cytosol of the parasite cells. The increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration following these treatments was confirmed...
Palavras-chave: Babesia bovis; Calcium ionophore; Calcium signalling; Egress.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4071
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Cloning and Characterization of a 2-Cys Peroxiredoxin from Babesia gibsoni OAK
MASATANI, Tatsunori; ASADA, Masahito; ICHIKAWA-SEKI, Madoka; USUI, Miho; TERKAWI, Mohamad A.; HAYASHI, Kei; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; XUAN, Xuenan; 河津, 信一郎; 玄, 学南.
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a family of antioxidant enzymes. Here, we cloned a 2-Cys Prx, BgTPx-1, from the canine Babesia parasite B. gibsoni. Sequence identity between BgTPx-1 and 2-Cys Prx of B. bovis was 81% at the amino acid level. Enzyme activity assay by using recombinant BgTPx-1 (rBgTPx-1) indicated that BgTPx-1 has antioxidant activity. Antiserum from a mouse immunized with rBgTPx-1 reacted with parasite lysates and detect a protein with a monomeric size of 22 kDa and also a 44 kDa protein, which might be an inefficiently reduced dimer. BgTPx-1 was expressed in the cytoplasm of B. gibsoni merozoites. These results suggest that the BgTPx-1 may play a role to control redox balance in the cytoplasm of B. gibsoni.
Palavras-chave: Antioxidant activity; Babesia gibsoni; Canine; Peroxiredoxin.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3925
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Detection of monoclonal integration of bovine leukemia virus proviral DNA as a malignant marker in two enzootic bovine leukosis cases with difficult clinical diagnosis OAK
MIURA, Saori; HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; INOKUMA, Hisashi.
Monoclonal integration of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) proviral DNA into bovine genomes was detected in peripheral blood from two clinical cases of enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) without enlargement of superficial lymph nodes. A BLV-specific probe hybridized with 1 to 3 EcoRI and HindIII fragments in these 2 atypical EBL cattle by Southern blotting and hybridization, as well as in 3 typical EBL cattle. The probe also hybridized to a large number of EcoRI and HindIII fragments in 5 cattle with persistent leukosis. These results suggest that the detection of monoclonal integration of BLV provirus into the host genome may serve as a marker of monoclonal proliferation and malignancy in difficult to diagnose EBL cattle.
Palavras-chave: Atypical enzootic bovine leukosis; Diagnostic marker; Monoclonal integration.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4143
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Establishment of ATP-Based Luciferase Viability Assay in 96-Well Plate for Trypanosoma congolense OAK
SUGANUMA, Keisuke; ALLAMANDA, Puttik; HAKIMI, Hassan; ZHOU, Mo; ANGELES, Jose Ma.; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; INOUE, Noboru; 河津, 信一郎; 井上, 昇.
Animal African trypanosomosis (AAT), caused by Trypanosoma congolense, is widespread throughout sub-Saharan Africa. There are significant concerns related to the current drugs available for the treatment of AAT due to their limited effectiveness across species and their adverse effects. Moreover, drug resistant trypanosomes have recently been reported in the field. High throughput screening (HTS) of large chemical compound library collections is a promising approach for identifying novel drug candidates. While HTS for Trypanozoon trypanosomes, T. brucei sspp. and T. evansi is well established, no assays have been developed for T. congolense. In the present study, the authors developed an ATP-based luciferase viability assay for T. congolense in a 96-well...
Palavras-chave: Animal African trypanosomosis; Drug screening; Luciferase assay; Trypanosoma congolense.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3984
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First Molecular Characterization of Anaplasma marginale in Cattle and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Ticks in Cebu, Philippines OAK
YBAÑEZ, Adrian Patalinghug; SIVAKUMAR, Thillaiampalam; YBAÑEZ, Rochelle Haidee Daclan; RATILLA, Jowarren Catingan; PEREZ, Zandro Obligado; GABOTERO, Shirleny Reyes; HAKIMI, Hassan; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; YOKOYAMA, Naoaki; INOKUMA, Hisashi; 河津, 信一郎; 松本, 高太郎; 横山, 直明; 猪熊, 壽.
Anaplasma marginale has been detected in the Philippines only by peripheral blood smear examination and serological methods. This study generally aimed to molecularly detect and characterize A. marginale in cattle and ticks in Cebu, Philippines. A total of 12 bovine blood samples and 60 Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks were collected on the Cebu Island in 2011. 16S rRNA-based screening-PCR and DNA sequencing revealed 8 cattle (66.7%) and 8 ticks (13.3%) to be positive for A. marginale, and 1 tick (1.7%) to be positive for A. centrale. Selected positive DNA samples were further characterized based on 16S rRNA (longer sequence), Msp5, Msp1α,gltA and groEL genes for phylogenetic analyses. Sequence identities of partial DNA fragments of A. marginale...
Palavras-chave: Anaplasma marginale; Cattle; PCR; Philippines; Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3866
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Identification and Characterization of a Trypanosoma congolense 46 kDa Protein as a Candidate Serodiagnostic Antigen OAK
ZHOU, Mo; SUGANUMA, Keisuke; RUTTAYAPORN, Ngasaman; NGUYEN, Thu-Thuy; YAMASAKI, Shino; IGARASHI, Ikuo; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; SUZUKI, Yasuhiko; INOUE, Noboru; 五十嵐, 郁男; 井上, 昇.
Trypanosoma congolense is a major livestock pathogen in Africa, causing large economic losses with serious effects on animal health. Reliable serodiagnostic tests are therefore urgently needed to control T. congolense infection. In this study, we have identified one T. congolense protein as a new candidate serodiagnostic antigen. The 46.4 kDa protein (TcP46, Gene ID: TcIL3000.0.25950) is expressed 5.36 times higher in metacyclic forms than epimastigote forms. The complete nucleotide sequences of TcP46 contained an open reading frame of 1,218 bp. Southern blot analysis indicated that at least two copies of the TcP46 gene were tandemly-arranged in the T. congolense genome. The recombinant TcP46 (rTcP46) was expressed in Escherichia coli as a glutathione...
Palavras-chave: Diagnosis; ELISA; Nagana; TcP46; Trypanosoma.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3983
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Stability of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Reagents and its Amplification Efficiency on Crude Trypanosome DNA Templates OAK
THEKISOE, Oriel M. M; BAZIE, Raoul S. B; CORONEL-SERVIAN, Andrea M; SUGIMOTO, Chihiro; KAWAZU, Shin-ichiro; INOUE, Noboru; 井上, 昇.
This study evaluated the stability of LAMP reagents when stored at 25C and 37C, and also assessed its detection efficiency on different DNA template preparations. Accordingly, LAMP using reagents stored at 25C and 37C amplified DNA of in vitro cultured T. b. brucei (GUTat 3.1) from day 1 to day 15 of reagent storage. There were no significant differences (P>0.05) in detection sensitivity of LAMP among the reagents stored at 25C, 37C and –20C (recommended storage temperature). LAMP using the reagents stored at above-mentioned temperatures amplified serially diluted DNAs (genomic DNA extracted by phenol-chloroform method, FTA card and hemolysed blood) of T. b. gambiense (IL2343) with high sensitivity. Reactions were conducted on the reagents stored...
Palavras-chave: Diagnosis; DNA template; LAMP; Parasitic disease; Trypanosoma.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2691
Registros recuperados: 7
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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