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Registros recuperados: 16
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Auxin-mediated relationships between apple plants and root inhabiting fungi: impact on root pathogens and potentialities of growth-promoting populations. Organic Eprints
Manici, L.; Kelderer, M.; Caputo, F.; Mazzola, M..
This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between plant hosts and root-colonizing fungi recovered from apple orchard soils that had been replanted over multiple generations. Functional relationships of three groups of filamentous fungi (Ceratobasidium sp., Cylindrocarpon-like group and Fusarium acuminatum) with apple rootstocks were evaluated in plant growth bioassays. The Cylindrocarpon-like group and Ceratobasidium sp. showed a relationship with the host plant varying from pathogenic to commensal through to mutualistic for the latter group, while that of F. acuminatum tended to be mutualistic. Seven fungal isolates of each group, which induced the highest plant growth in bioassays, were evaluated for auxin (IAA) and gibberellin (GA3 and GA4)...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil tillage Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27805/1/EARLY_view_PP.pdf
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Benefits from cover crops based on plant-microbial interaction Organic Eprints
Manici , L.M.; Kelderer, M.; Caputo, F.; De Luca Picione , F.; Topp, A..
This study was performed on the impact of two different cover crops (cereal and legume) on composition of root fungal endophytes and rhizospheric bacterial communities as a function of crop health in replanted apple orchards.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil biology Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26884/1/BIO-INCROP_esa2014_185.pdf
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Control of Adoxophyes orana F.v.R. with entomopathogens and NeemAzal-T/S: first approach for optimal combination strategies Organic Eprints
Kumpmann, S.; Kienzle, J.; Schulz, C.; Zebitz, C.P.w.; Trapp, A.; Kelderer, M..
The application 01 NeemAzal-T/S, a product based on Neem extracts and plant oil, lor aphid contro I in apple orchards shows promising side effects on Adoxophyes orana. However, the efficacy 01 the recommended dosage 01 3 Vha at red bud stage is not enough lor a satisfying control 01 A. orana orchards with medium and high pest pressure. Field trials were carried out to introduce these side ellects in combination strategies with Bacillus thuringiensis or CA. PEX 2 (Granulovirus) lor ellicient control 01 this pesI.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/14593/1/kumpmann_35.pdf
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EBIO-Network: a web-based platform for knowledge sharing on functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple production. Organic Eprints
Herz, Annette; Matray, Silvia; Sharifova, Hadil; Wolck, Anja; Sigsgaard, Lene; Penvern, Servane; Fernique, Sarah; Tchamitchian, Marc; Warlop, Francois; Pfiffner, Lukas; Kelderer, M.; Kruczynska, Dorota; Ozoliņa-Pole, Laura; Jamar, Laurent; Morcel, Mario.
The web-based platform "EBIO-Network" (European Biodiversity Orchards Network),created within the framework of the CoreOrganic plus project EcoOrchard, will provide an interactive communication tool between stakeholders in European organic fruit production at different levels (practice, science, advisory etc.). The website will offer the opportunity to share, extract and use stakeholder knowledge in Europe in a participatory approach. As an outcome of this ongoing exchange, the aim is to provide technical information how to create, keep and assess functional agrobiodiversity (FAB) in apple production.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Technology transfer Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30024/1/EBIO-Network.pdf
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EcoOrchard und EBIO-Network - Strategien für mehr funktionelle Biodiversität im Kernobstanbau Organic Eprints
Herz, A.; Matray, S.; Sigsgaard, L.; Penvern, S.; Tchamitchian, M.; Warlop, F.; Pfiffner, L.; Kelderer, M.; Kruczynska, D.; Ozoliņa-Pole, L.; Jasko, J.; Jamar, L.; Porcel, M..
Das Ziel des Projektes EcoOrchard ist die praxisnahe Entwicklung geeigneter Strategien und Maßnahmen zur Förderung der funktionellen Agro-Biodiversität im ökologischen Apfelanbau. An dem Projekt sind neun europäische Länder beteiligt und es wird im Rahmen des CoreOrganic Plus-Programmes bis Ende 2017 gefördert. 2015 wurden in sieben Ländern (Schweden, Dänemark, Belgien, Deutschland, Polen, Schweiz, Italien) auf ökologisch bewirtschafteten Obstbetrieben Freilandversuche zur Praxiseignung mehrjähriger, standortangepasster Blühstreifen in den Fahrgassen angelegt. Die verwendete Blühmischung enthielt über 25 verschiedene krautige Pflanzen, die mehrjährig und besonders mulchresistent sind. Die Auswahl der Pflanzen erfolgte auch bezüglich ihrer Nutzbarkeit als...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32264/1/EBIO-Network%20%5BKompatibilit%C3%A4tsmodus%5D.pdf
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Evaluating inputs for organic farming - a new system Organic Eprints
Speiser, B.; Blake, F.; Micheloni, C.; Stopes, C.; Andersen, M.; Baker, B.; Bywater, S.; Canali, S.; Eriksen, R. Ø.; Gonzalvez, V.; Hozzank, A.; Jespersen, L. M.; Jørgensen, L. N.; Kelderer, M.; Kleeberg, H.; Koopmans, C.; Kromp, B.; Manstretta, M.; Maurer da Costa, MC., A..
This CD contains criteria for the evaluation of plant protection products, fertilizers and soil conditioners to be used in organic agriculture. These ideas were developed in the course of the European Union Concerted Action project «ORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION» (QLK5-CT-2002-02565). For more information visit the project website www.organicinputs.org. The editors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Commission of the European Communities, under Key Action 5 of the Fifth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (QLK5-CT-2002-02565 «ORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION») and co-funding by the Swiss Federal Office for Education and Science (BBW 02.0113).
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Regulation Quality and evaluation of inputs.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/8428/1/speiser%2Detal%2D2005%2DCD_Organic%2DInputs%2DBook%235F06%2D1.pdf
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Evaluating inputs for organic farming – a new system. Proposals of the ORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION project Organic Eprints
Speiser, B.; Blake, F.; Micheloni, C.; Stopes, C.; Andersen, M.; Baker, B.; Bywater, S.; Canali, S.; Eriksen, R. Ø.; Gonzalvez, V.; Hozzank, A.; Jespersen, L. M.; Jørgensen, L. N.; Kelderer, M.; Kleeberg, H.; Koopmans, C.; Kromp, B.; Manstretta, M.; Maurer da Costa, A.; Monnier, MC.; Pauler, A.; Schmid, O.; Schreyer, A.; Slabe, A.; Tamm, L.; Trapman, M.; von Fragstein, P..
This volume contains proposals for criteria for evaluation of plant protection products, fertilisers and soil conditioners1 to be used in organic agriculture. These ideas were developed in the course of the European Union (EU) Concerted Action project ‘ORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION’ (QLK5-CT-2002-02565). For more information on this project see the end of this volume or visit the project website www.organicinputs.org. The documents in this volume are proposals elaborated by the project consortium and external experts. They were discussed with a broader audience at a public conference held in Brussels on October 13, 2005, and have been amended accordingly. Our proposals also include a “criteria matrix”, which is in Microsoft Excel format, and therefore stands...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/8551/1/Speiser_etal_2005%2Da%2Dnew%2Dsystem_finalreport.pdf
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Exploitation of natural resources to increase soil health: BIO-INCROP, a project on organic fruit tree cropping systems Organic Eprints
Manici, L.M.; Baab , G.; Canet, R.; Kaymak, S.; Kelderer, M.; Insam , H.; Naef, A.; Pinar, H.; Rühmer, T; Whittle , I..
Introduction The vast majority of apple production in Europe takes place in intensive orchards, this implies the need for intensive capital investment for support structures which then have to be used for a number of generations of trees. Consequently new orchards have to be replanted in the same place as previous plots. This causes soil sickness or yield decline of which “replant disease” is the main biological component. Resulting yield losses are difficult to assess; a recent study in South Tyrol, where 12% of total EU apple is produced, showed that growth reduction can vary from 20 to 60% in replanted orchard compared to fallow control. Severity of this etiology is mediated by plant vigour, physiological state of plants and abiotic factors. Therefore,...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality Farming Systems Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2012
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Impact of cover crop in pre-plant of apple orchards: relationship between crop health, root inhabiting fungi and rhizospheric bacteria Organic Eprints
Manici, L.; Kelderer, M.; Caputo, F.; Nicoletti , F.; De Luca Picione , F.; Topp , A.R.
Manici, L. M., Kelderer, M., Caputo, F., Nicoletti, F., De Luca Picione, F. and Topp A. R. 2015. Replant disease of fruit tree orchards has a multifactorial etiology, mainly due to the decline in soil biodiversity along with an increase in root rot pathogens, which can be principally countered with appropriate cropping practices. Therefore, a study on the impact of cover crops on plant health of young fruit trees in long-term orchards was performed. Bioassays were performed over two consecutive growing cycles using soil from a multigeneration apple orchard affected by replant disease. First, a cycle was performed with three cover crops (alfalfa, barley, marigold) and apple rootstock plantlets; at the end, the above-ground part of the plant was removed...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Soil tillage Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29585/1/Manici_Kelderer_et%20al_CJPS_2015.pdf
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L'impatto di comunità microbiche associate alle radici di melo in suoli stanchi nei meleti dell'Europa centrale Organic Eprints
Manici, L.; Kelderer, M.; Topp, A.; Gramm, D.; Perin, S..
This paper is a paper oriented to Italian growers . It aims at disseminating the main findings of a study performed within Work Package 1 of BIO-INCROP project that has already been published on Applied Soil Ecology. This short paper presents a survey which refers to three apple growing areas of Italy, Germany and Austria. The study on soil samples taken from multigeneration apple orchards of those areas was performed with plant growth assay in pot at Laimburg Research Center (Bolzano Italy), while root-colonizing fungi and nematodes were evaluated in specialized laboratories. The main findings are described with the support of pictures and tables showing the plant growth response in relation to root colonization of rootstock plantlets.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Soil biology Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25713/1/Frutticultura_2014.pdf
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Mid-term report for the CORE Organic II funded project. “Innovative cropping Practices to increase soil health of organic fruit tree orchards” BIO-INCROP Organic Eprints
Manici, L.M.; Kelderer, M.; Naef, A.; Canet, R.; Rühmer, T.; Franke-Whittle, I.; Baab, G.; Kaymak, S..
Activities performed in the first part of BIO-INCROP project concern five of the eight main objectives fixed in the project proposal. They are:  Evaluation of soil borne pest and pathogens involved in replant disease  Role of rhizospheric bacterial and fungal communities in plant health  Selection of naturally available resources to increase microbial diversity and biomass  Compost and organic amendments  Evaluation of biologically active formulates The document reports main research results and shows main items of dissemination activity performed in the first part of the project.
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Recycling; Balancing and resource management Soil tillage Soil Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/22961/1/BIO-INCROP_COII__midterm_reporting.pdf
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Mid-term report for the CORE Organic II funded project. “Innovative cropping Practices to increase soil health of organic fruit tree orchards” BIO-INCROP Organic Eprints
Manici, L.M.; Kelderer, M.; Naef, A.; Canet, R.; Rühmer, T.; Franke-Whittle, I.; Baab, G.; Kaymak, S..
Activities performed in the first part of BIO-INCROP project concern five of the eight main objectives fixed in the project proposal. They are:  Evaluation of soil borne pest and pathogens involved in replant disease  Role of rhizospheric bacterial and fungal communities in plant health  Selection of naturally available resources to increase microbial diversity and biomass  Compost and organic amendments  Evaluation of biologically active formulates The document reports main research results and shows main items of dissemination activity performed in the first part of the project.
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Recycling; Balancing and resource management Soil tillage Soil Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/23549/1/BIO-INCROP_COII__midterm_reporting.pdf
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Neues aus dem Versuchswesen im ökologischen Obst- und Weinbau Organic Eprints
Kelderer, M.; Casera , C.; Lardschneider , E.; Gramm, D..
Der Sachbereich Ökologischer Anbau des Versuchszentrums Laimburg und die Unità Sperimentazione Agraria e Agricoltura Sostenibile des Agrarinstituts in San Michele all’Adige, Fondazione Edmund Mach, organisierten im August 2012 eine öffentliche Versuchsvorstellung. Dadurch boten wir einmal mehr die Möglichkeit, einem breiten Publikum Einblicke in die aktuellsten Versuchsaktivitäten und -ergebnisse zu geben.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22197/1/ObstbauWeinbau.pdf
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Replant problems in South Tyrol: role of fungal pathogens and microbial populations in conventional and organic apple orchards Organic Eprints
Manici, L. M.; Kelderer, M.; Erschbaumer, G.; Caputo, F.; Babini, V.; Casera, C..
South Tyrol, the main Italian apple growing area, is characterised by an highly intensive soil cultivation. Previous investigations shows the existence of replant disorders although it has not been evaluated which are the main causes. A survey has been carried out in this area with two main aims I) to evaluate the role of soil borne pathogens in apple replant disease and II) to evaluate the effect of soil management toward soil borne pathogens causing replant diseases. The experimental sites were chosen in order to obtain three couples of contiguous conventional and organic apple orchards. Soil sickness test with young apple plants gave a significant growth reduction in all soil samples if compared to a peat control. Among all root colonising fungi...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/14633/1/casera_218.pdf
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The mineralization of commercial organic fertilizers at 8°C temperature Organic Eprints
Kelderer, M.; Thalheimer, M.; Andreaus, O.; Topp, A.; Burger, R.; Schiatti, P..
In organic production only organic fertilizers and soil conditioners can be used to supply the soil with nitrogen. The mineralization of these products is slow and so there can be problems with the supply of nitrogen, when the demand of the plants is high. The supply of nitrogen from organic products depends on the speed of their mineralization which is primarily influenced by the composition and formulation of their raw material. In apple production in the Alps-region especially during spring problems with nitrogen supply are common. In that period, the weather conditions are sometimes bad, the temperature in the soil is low and mineralization starts slowly - apple trees demand more nitrogen than the soil can deliver. To compensate the demand of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13665/1/160%2D166.pdf
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The “Rodenator”: an efficient device for controlling field mice and root voles? Organic Eprints
Kelderer, M.; Casera, C..
Field mice (Microtus arvalis), wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and root voles (Arvicola terrestis) constitute a big threat to the organic apple orchards in South Tyrol. The use of rodenticides on the fields is not allowed in organic farming. The fruit growers rely on the help of different natural predators. If populations increase, the possibility of trapping and gasifying with equipment which produces carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide remain. Both methods are problematic. Trapping requires skill and time. Gasifying is not unproblematic to the health of the user. Recently a device has been imported which is used successfully in the United States to control different soil-dwelling rodents. In the orchards of South Tyrol, various field trials were...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13745/1/335%2D338.pdf
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