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Registros recuperados: 53
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A Demand System Analysis of the U.S. Trout Market AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Hilbun, Brian M..
The objective of this study is to analyze how imported trout affects the domestic U.S. trout industry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trout; Demand System; Import; International Relations/Trade; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56414
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A Determination of the Trade Creation and Diversion Effects of Regional Trade Agreements in the Western Hemisphere AgEcon
Hilbun, Brian M.; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Dufour, Elizabeth Anne.
With the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) the tendency world-wide has been seemingly toward trade liberalization. This thesis is primarily concerned with the impacts RTAs have had in the Western Hemisphere regarding agricultural trade flows. Utilizing the framework of the Gravity Model, agricultural trade flows for 24 Western Hemisphere Nations were examined. In the course of the study it was expected that if RTAs were to have an effect it would be a positive Trade Creation Effect and a negative Trade Diversion Effect with positive effects for GDP of importer/exporter and population size of importer/exporter and a negative effect for that of distance. Of the five agreements examined (NAFTA, AC, MERCO, LAIA, and CACM), NAFTA and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21138
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A DYNAMIC IMPORT DEMAND ANALYSIS OF HONDURAN COFFEE AgEcon
Andino, Jose; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
The responsiveness of import demand for Honduran coffee to changing economic environments in its main trading partners was studied. Estimation included Johansen cointegration analysis and VAR models with Monte Carlo simulated error bands. Results indicate a significant response of Honduran coffee sales to changes in importers' incomes and import prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34734
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A GAME THEORETIC ANALYSIS OF TURKISH ACCESSION TO A EUROPEAN CUSTOMS UNION AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Atici, Cemal.
The entrance of additional countries into a European customs union, in this case Turkey, and its impact on agriculture are examined. Results from a trade simulation model are used as components of a Political Preference Function and utilized within a game theoretic framework to identify the optimal strategies for Turkey, the EU, and the U.S. Turkey's best interest, from an agricultural perspective, involves adoption of agreements made in the Uruguay round of GATT as a developing country rather than applying EU protection. Although free trade is not the optimal solution, simulations indicate that the solution does involve the reduction of agricultural protection levels.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31289
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A GAME THEORETIC ANALYSIS OF U.S. RICE EXPORT POLICY: THE CASE OF JAPAN AND KOREA AgEcon
Lee, Dae-Seob; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
As a result of the Uruguay Round (UR), the impact on the international rice market is dramatic.The major U.S. benefit of the UR has been the access to the Japanese market. However, the U.S. share of this import market has been unstable and the share of Korean rice market is nearly zero prior to February 2002. Econometric estimation and Political Preference Function (PPF) approach are incorporated into a game theoretic analysis to analyze U.S. export potential to Japan and Korea.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19686
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A PARTIAL-EQUILIBRIUM SIMULATION OF INCREASING THE U.S. TARIFF-RATE SUGAR QUOTA FOR CUBA AND MEXICO AgEcon
Petrolia, Daniel R.; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
A model consisting of Cuba, Mexico, the U.S., and an aggregated “"Rest of the World"” was developed to simulate increases in U.S. sugar imports from Cuba and Mexico. Results indicate that increased imports would generate up to $505 million in U.S. net gains, and that world prices increase only minimally.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19764
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A SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Atici, Cemal.
Complete agricultural trade liberalization between the United States and the European Union is examined with respect to the agricultural sector. A static, partial equilibrium model, distinguishing among the European Union, the United States, and a politically passive rest of the world, is used to simulate agricultural free trade. The results of this research reveal how European Union and United States adoption of free trade affects domestic and world prices, production, consumption, self-sufficiency, and welfare.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; European Union; Trade liberalization; United States; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15559
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Acreage Decision under Price & Yield Uncertainty AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Brian, Hilbun.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103334
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AN ANALYSIS AS TO THE CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIOETHANOL EXPANSION AND AGRICULTURAL CROP ACREAGE ALLOCATION IN THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This study analyzes the historical price response of individual crop acreage in order to determine the impacts of an expansionist policy in bioethanol production on the U.S. agricultural industry. In doing this, this study provides an economic foundation by using a traditional Rotterdam model to simulate a cropland demand system. Within the developed framework, this study estimates own and cross acreage elasticities and scale elasticities to show the impacts of acreage values on crop production and the relationship between total cropland and individual crop acreage. This study found that rice farming is most inelastic to own acreage value. Soybeans, hay, and wheat are shown to be good substitute crops for corn. Corn, soybeans, hay, wheat, cotton, barley,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bioethanol; Acreage value; Rotterdam model; Own acreage elasticity; Cross acreage elasticity; Scale elasticity; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6343
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An Analysis of Latin American Peanut Trade AgEcon
Lee, Dae-Seob; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Fletcher, Stanley M..
The U.S. export share in the world peanut market has decreased due to heavy competition. In this paper, the Latin American peanut industry is modeled using seemingly unrelated regression (SUR). Based on these estimations, a scenario analysis was conducted. The results show that the Latin American demand is not affected dramatically by either domestic of world price shocks. The effects of price changes on net trade are noticeable. However, the world price does not significantly affect the Latin American peanut supply. The results imply that Latin American peanut farmers are more sensitive to changes in domestic prices than world price changes.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Latin America; Peanuts; Scenario analysis; SUR; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43744
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AN ANALYSIS OF LATIN AMERICAN PEANUT TRADE AgEcon
Lee, Dae-Seob; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Fletcher, Stanley M..
The Latin American peanut industry is estimated using SUR. In scenarios, their demand is not affected dramatically by both price changes. The price changes affect the Latin American supply by roughly 15% and net trade by approximately 50%, compared to less than 10% in world price shock.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Peanut; SUR; Scenarios; Trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34744
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AN EMPIRICAL ESTIMATION OF THE IMPORT DEMAND MODEL AND WELFARE EFFECTS: THE CASE OF RICE IMPORTING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Kang, Hyunsoo; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Hilbun, Brian M..
This analysis presents the determination of an import demand function for the world rice market using annual data from 1994 to 2007. In the specification and analysis of a world rice market import demand function, Ordinary Least Square (OLS), Instrumental Variables (IV) with Generalized Method of Moments (GMM), and Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) methods have been used. Social welfare effects have been obtained using consumer surplus and compensated variation for the top four rice importing countries (Indonesia, Philippines, Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia). Empirical results suggest that economic growth, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and importing countries’ population positively affect national income, thus, positively affecting rice consumption. Oil...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice export and import; Consumer surplus; Trade; Import demand function; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46082
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An Empirical Investigation of Interproduct Relationships Between Domestic and Imported Seafood in the U.S. AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This study seeks to identify interproduct relationships between domestic catfish and a representative selection of imported seafood. In doing so, this study uses multivariate cointegration and structural analyses. Multivariate cointegration analysis suggests that six imported seafood product groupings form a common market with domestic catfish. Structural analysis reveals that 1) domestic and imported catfish are net and gross quantity substitutes; 2) domestic catfish and imported seafood are normal goods; 3) six imported seafood products are identified as gross quantity substitutes for domestic catfish; and 4) according to the derived Allais coefficients, interaction intensities of imported seafood for domestic catfish (from greatest to least) are as...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Catfish; Multivariate cointegration; Quantity substitutability; Seafood imports; Structural analysis; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D12; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100516
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An Examination of Inverse Demand Models: An Application to the U.S. Crawfish Industry AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This study analyzes quantity impacts of imported crawfish tailmeat on Louisiana crawfish tailmeat prices, and demonstrates the statistical validity and proper interpretation of cross substitution within inverse demand systems. Among five inverse demand systems, the Differential Inverse National Bureau of Research (DINBR) model shows no violation of econometric assumptions for the data analyzed. By using Allais coefficients proposed by Barten and Bettendorf (1989), we show substitutability among the five fish species.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Inverse demand systems; Statistical validity; Allais coefficients; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45661
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ANALYZING AGRIBUSINESS COMPETITIVENESS: THE CASE OF THE UNITED STATES SUGAR INDUSTRY AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Harrison, R. Wes; Piedra, Mario A..
The U.S. sugar industry has historically been insulated from volatilities in the world sugar market through the use of an import quota. Recent occurrences in the international agricultural policy arena have brought the need to examine the competitiveness of the United States sugar industry to the fore. Developments with respect to international agricultural policies, combined with a restructuring of United States domestic agricultural policy will undoubtedly reshape the environment in which the U.S. Sugar industry operates. This paper seeks to answer how the various regions and sectors will be able to compete in the world market. This paper starts by outlining an analytical framework to examine the impact of various sources that influence...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34436
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Bilateral Trade and Economic Growth: The Empirical Evidence Between U.S. and South Korea AgEcon
Kang, Hyunsoo; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This paper analyzes the relationships between bilateral trade and economic growth in the U.S. and Korean economies. Using quarterly data from 1990 to 2008, the theoretical procedures utilize Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) models under the static model assumption, an Impulse Response Function (IRF) and Forecast Error Variation Decomposition (FEVD) under the Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model, and Granger causality tests. Empirical results indicate a causal relationship between bilateral export growth and economic growth for the U.S. and Korean economies. The export-led growth (ELG) hypothesis is strongly supported by the results of Granger causality tests on Korean exports.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Export-led growth; Bilateral trade; Granger causality; South Korea; United States; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90684
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COMPETITIVENESS IN THE WORLD SUGAR INDUSTRY: A COMPARISON OF THE EU AND U.S. SUGAR SECTORS AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Harrison, R. Wes.
The EU and U.S. have historically been insulated from volatilities in the world sugar market. This paper reviews changes in WTO and regional trade agreements and interactions with domestic policies. A framework is developed to analyze the competitive positions of these sugar industries given world sugar policy reforms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Sugar; EU; U.S.; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21649
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Creole Coffee AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Roule, Elizabeth D..
Creolé Coffee had just started to achieve regional and national success. However,recent volatility in the world coffee market resulted not only in price instabilities, but also created difficulty in procuring the high-quality product customers had grown to expect from Creolé. In examining this situation, Jim Brewer determined that the company must adapt their relationships with producers to ensure the availability of the quality and quantity of coffee needed to produce the premium blends consumers now associate with Creolé. In turn this would allow the company to provide consumers with a high quality product at a stable price.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Vertical coordination; Strategic alliances; Risk management; International trade; Commodity procurement.; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8119
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Demand behavior of U.S. high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and its implication for the U.S. sweetener market: a cointegration analysis AgEcon
Lee, Dae-Seob; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This paper investigates the relationship between U.S. HFCS demand and refined sugar price. A cointegration analysis is utilized to investigate possible linkages between these markets. The coefficients on the ECM have the expected signs, and they measure adjustments towards long-run equilibrium. The study result also shows that there is cointegration in a relationship including, HFCS price, the refined sugar price, and income. the increase in HFCS demand would affect primarily the quantity of sugar imports negatively. However, this study does not necessarily support such a conclusion due to the exclusion of noneconomic factors such as change in consumer preference and health concern.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19564
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Demand System Analysis of the South Korean Beef Market with the Free Trade Demand Model AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
In this study a demand system analysis for beef in South Korea is constructed. A free trade demand system was used in which the economic welfare of market participants are maximized. Recognizing implicit discrimination about non-locally sourced beef products, this study deduces market demand equations with respect to consumer preference in order to identify the marginal effect of change consumer preference has on market demand.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6825
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