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Registros recuperados: 12
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A Method for Detection of Trace Concentrations of Underivatized Amino Acid in Hydrothermal Fluids by Ion-Pairing Reversed-Phase UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Magner, Jörgen; Charlou, Jean-luc; Holm, Nils G; Alsberg, Tomas.
Investigation of amino acids in hydrothermal systems is of prime importance for the understanding of geochemistry and microbiology of hydrothermal vents and plumes, for carbon and metals global cycles, for metabolism of some hydrothermal microorganisms and for the origin of life issue. Extensive theoretical and experimental work on amino acids behaviour in hydrothermal fluids has been done, conversely only few data exist on natural samples. Because each hydrothermal vent is unique, the more data we collect the better we will be able to address each of these questions. Usually amino acids in hydrothermal fluids have been measured by HPLC-FLD. The chromatographic separation was at least 26 min and up to 135 min and the required derivatization step may be...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amino Acids; UPLC; Ion-Pairing; QTOF; Mass Spectrometry; Hydrothermal Fluids.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38188/36339.pdf
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Characterisation of dissolved organic compounds in hydrothermal fluids by stir bar sorptive extraction - gas chomatography - mass spectrometry. Case study: the Rainbow field (36 degrees N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge) ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Charlou, Jean-luc; Donval, Jean-pierre; Holm, Nils G..
The analysis of the dissolved organic fraction of hydrothermal fluids has been considered a real challenge due to sampling difficulties, complexity of the matrix, numerous interferences and the assumed ppb concentration levels. The present study shows, in a qualitative approach, that Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction (SBSE) followed by Thermal Desorption - Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) is suitable for extraction of small sample volumes and detection of a wide range of volatile and semivolatile organic compounds dissolved in hydrothermal fluids. In a case study, the technique was successfully applied to fluids from the Rainbow ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal field located at 36 degrees 14'N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). We show that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sample preparation; Extraction; Organic compounds; Hydrothermal fluids; Ultramafic rocks.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00114/22514/20196.pdf
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Comparison of microbial communities associated with three Atlantic ultramafic hydrothermal systems ArchiMer
Roussel, Erwan; Konn, Cecile; Charlou, Jean-luc; Donval, Jean-pierre; Fouquet, Yves; Querellou, Joel; Prieur, Daniel; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne.
The distribution of Archaea and methanogenic, methanotrophic and sulfate-reducing communities in three Atlantic ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems (Rainbow, Ashadze, Lost City) was compared using 16S rRNA gene and functional gene (mcrA, pmoA and dsrA) clone libraries. The overall archaeal community was diverse and heterogeneously distributed between the hydrothermal sites and the types of samples analyzed (seawater, hydrothermal fluid, chimney and sediment). The Lost City hydrothermal field, characterized by high alkaline warm fluids (pH>11; T<95 °C), harbored a singular archaeal diversity mostly composed of unaffiliated Methanosarcinales. The archaeal communities associated with the recently discovered Ashadze 1 site, one of the deepest active...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Archaea; Hydrothermal vent; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; 16S rRNA gene; Sediment; Ultramafic.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00067/17836/15573.pdf
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Cruise MoMARDREAM-Naut and other MoMAR experiments at Rainbow and Lucky Strike in Summer 2007 ArchiMer
Gaill, Françoise; Ballu, V.; Cannat, M.; Crawford, W.; Dyment, J.; Escartin, J.; Fouquet, Yves; Goslin, J.; Reverdin, G.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Tarits, P.; Andreani, M.; Bonnivard, E.; Bucas, Karenn; Burgaud, G.; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Cueff, Valerie; Durand, C.; Gros, O.; Hamel, G.; Henriques, M.; Hois, E.; Ildefonse, B.; Konn, Cecile; Le Bris, Nadine; Le Guyader, H.; Ravaux, J.; Shilito, B.; Toullec, J.y.; Zbinden, M..
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49650/50163.pdf
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Detailed investigation of hydrothermal site Rainbow, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 36°13’N: Cruise MoMARDream ArchiMer
Dyment, J.; Bissessur, D.; Bucas, Karenn; Cueff-gauchard, Valerie; Durand, Lucile; Fouquet, Yves; Gaill, F.; Gente, P.; Hoise, E.; Ildefonse, B.; Konn, Cecile; Lartaud, F.; Le Bris, Nadine; Musset, G.; Nunes, A.; Renard, J.; Riou, V.; Tasiemski, A.; Thibaud, R.; Torres, P.; Yatheesh, V.; Vodjdani, I.; Zbinden, M..
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49651/50164.pdf
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Extensive hydrothermal activity revealed by multi-tracer survey in the Wallis and Futuna region (SW Pacific) ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Fourre, E.; Jean-baptiste, P.; Donval, Jean-pierre; Guyader, Vivien; Birot, Dominique; Alix, Anne-sophie; Gaillot, Arnaud; Perez, Florian; Dapoigny, A.; Pelleter, Ewan; Resing, J. A.; Charlou, Jean-luc; Fouquet, Yves.
The study area is close to the Wallis and Futuna Islands in the French EEZ. It exists on the western boundary of the fastest tectonic area in the world at the junction of the Lau and North-Fiji basins. At this place, the unstable back-arc accommodates the plate motion in three ways: (i) the north Fiji transform fault, (ii) numerous unstable spreading ridges, and (iii) large areas of recent volcanic activity. This instability creates bountiful opportunity for hydrothermal discharge to occur. Based on geochemical (CH4, TDM, 3He) and geophysical (nephelometry) tracer surveys: (1) no hydrothermal activity could be found on the Futuna Spreading Center (FSC) which sets the western limit of hydrothermal activity; (2) four distinct hydrothermal active areas were...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45848/45505.pdf
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High production of H-2 and CH4 and abiotic hydrocarbons in ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge ArchiMer
Charlou, Jean-luc; Donval, Jean-pierre; Konn, Cecile; Ondreas, Helene; Fouquet, Yves; Jean-baptiste, P.; Fourre, E..
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13408/10480.pdf
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Hydrocarbons and oxidized organic compounds in hydrothermal fluids from Rainbow and Lost City ultramafic-hosted vents ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Charlou, Jean-luc; Donval, Jean-pierre; Holm, N. G.; Dehairs, F.; Bouillon, S..
The first building blocks of life could be produced in ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems considering the large amounts of hydrogen and methane generated by serpentinisation and Fischer-Tropsch-Type synthesis, respectively, in those systems. The purpose of this study was to detect and characterise organic molecules in hydrothermal fluids from ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal systems in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) region. During the EXOMAR cruise 2005, fluids from the Rainbow (36°14'N) and the Lost City (30°N) hydrothermal fields were collected and treated by Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction (SBSE) and Solid Phase Extraction (SPE). The extracts were analysed by Thermal Desorption-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) and GC-MS, respectively....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Serpentinisation; Organic; Ultramafic; Hydrothermal; Origin of life.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00067/17828/15576.pdf
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New insight into the contributions of thermogenic processes and biogenic sources to the generation of organic compounds in hydrothermal fluids ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Testemale, D.; Querellou, Joel; Holm, N. G.; Charlou, Jean-luc.
Experiments on hydrothermal degradation of Pyrococcus abyssi biomass were conducted at elevated pressure (40 MPa) over a 200-450 degrees C temperature range in sapphire reaction cells. Few organic compounds could be detected in the 200 degrees C experiment. This lack was attributed to an incomplete degradation of P. abyssi cells. On the contrary, a wide range of soluble organic molecules were generated at temperatures >= 350 degrees C including toluene, styrene, C-8-C-16 alkyl-benzenes, naphthalene, C-11-C-16 alkyl-naphthalenes, even carbon number C-12-C-18 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, C-15-C-18 alkyl-phenanthrenes and C-8:0-C-16:0 n-carboxylic acids. The effect of time on the final organic composition of the degraded P. abyssi solutions at 350...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13416/10475.pdf
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Organic, Gas, and Element Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Fluids of the Newly Discovered Extensive Hydrothermal Area in the Wallis and Futuna Region (SW Pacific) ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Donval, Jean-pierre; Guyader, Vivien; Roussel, Erwan; Fourre, E.; Jean-baptiste, P.; Pelleter, Ewan; Charlou, Jean-luc; Fouquet, Yves.
Two newly discovered hydrothermal vent fields of the Wallis and Futuna region, Kulo Lasi and Fatu Kapa, were sampled for fluid geochemistry. A great geochemical diversity was observed and assigned to the diversity of lithologies as well as the occurrence of various processes. Kulo Lasi fluids likely formed by interaction with fresh volcanic rocks, phase separation, and mixing with magmatic fluid. Conversely, the geochemistry of the Fatu Kapa fluids would be mostly due to water/felsic lavas reactions. In terms of organic geochemistry, fluids from both fields were found to be enriched in formate, acetate, and semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs): n-alkanes, n-fatty acids, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Concentrations of SVOCs reached a few ppb at...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00431/54245/55571.pdf
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The Production of Methane, Hydrogen, and Organic Compounds in Ultramafic-Hosted Hydrothermal Vents of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge ArchiMer
Konn, Cecile; Charlou, Jean-luc; Holm, N. G.; Mousis, O..
Both hydrogen and methane are consistently discharged in large quantities in hydrothermal fluids issued from ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal fields discovered along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Considering the vast number of these fields discovered or inferred, hydrothermal fluxes represent a significant input of H-2 and CH4 to the ocean. Although there are lines of evidence of their abiogenic formation from stable C and H isotope results, laboratory experiments, and thermodynamic data, neither their origin nor the reaction pathways generating these gases have been fully constrained yet. Organic compounds detected in the fluids may also be derived from abiotic reactions. Although thermodynamics are favorable and extensive experimental work has been done on...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38139/36281.pdf
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Volcanic and hydrothermal processes in submarine calderas: the Kulo Lasi example (SW Pacific) ArchiMer
Fouquet, Yves; Pelleter, Ewan; Konn, Cecile; Chazot, Gilles; Dupre, Stephanie; Alix, Anne-sophie; Cheron, Sandrine; Donval, Jean-pierre; Guyader, Vivien; Etoubleau, Joel; Charlou, Jean-luc; Labanieh, Shasa; Scalabrin, Carla.
The study area is located at the transition between the northern end of the Tonga Trench and the North Fiji fracture zone, where tectonic movements are reputed to be the fastest in the world. To the southeast of Futuna Island, a broad area of volcanism occurs within a region characterized by a change in the tectonic fabric between a NE-SW oriented volcanic graben and the N-S oriented Alofi ridge. In 2010, the active volcano Kulo Lasi, which represents the most recent volcanic episode in the Futuna area, was discovered in the center of this extensive volcanic zone. Kulo Lasi is a 20 km diameter shield volcano that rises 400 m above the seafloor. It is composed of basaltic to trachy-andesitic lava with no obvious geochemical affinity with the Tonga...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Subaqueous volcanism; Hydrothermal activity; Kulo Lasi caldera; Sulfides; SW Pacific.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00445/55633/57279.pdf
Registros recuperados: 12
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