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Registros recuperados: 35
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A structural change analysis of the cost efficiency of farms in Scotland 1989-2008 AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Leat, Philip M.K.; Milne, Catherine E..
One of the aims of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is to increase the competitiveness of farmers through increasing their exposure to markets. An aspect of competitiveness is the gains in economic efficiency. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to estimate indicators of farm efficiency for the period 1989 to 2008 by farm type and to analyse what the effect on efficiency of changes in the CAP has been. In terms of the methodology, the information used comes from the Scottish Farm Account Scheme (FAS) survey, which allows us to assemble panel dataset and to construct cost efficiency indicators. The results indicate while mixed farms and lowland farms have maintain their levels of efficiency. LFA farms have seen their efficiency reduced...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm efficiency; Stochastic cost frontier; Scottish agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61106
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A STRUCTURAL CHANGE ANALYSIS OF THE COST EFFICIENCY OF FARMS IN SCOTLAND 1989-2008 AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Leat, Philip M.K.; Milne, Catherine E..
One of the aims of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is to increase the competitiveness of farmers through increasing their exposure to markets. An aspect of competitiveness is the gains in economic efficiency. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to estimate indicators of farm efficiency for the period 1989 to 2008 by farm type and to analyse what the effect on efficiency of changes in the CAP has been. In terms of the methodology, the information used comes from the Scottish Farm Account Scheme (FAS) survey, which allows us to assemble panel dataset and to construct cost efficiency indicators. The results indicate while mixed farms and lowland farms have maintain their levels of efficiency. LFA farms have seen their efficiency reduced...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm efficiency; Stochastic cost frontier; Scottish agriculture; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109398
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Agri-food chain relationships in Europe – empirical evidence and implications for sector competitiveness AgEcon
Fischer, Christian; Hartmann, Monika; Reynolds, Nikolai; Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Henchion, Maeve M.; Gracia, Azucena.
The roles of business relationships in selected European agri-food chains are analysed. Using survey data from 1,442 farmers, food processors and retailers in two commodity sectors (meat and cereals) and across six different EU countries, we test the empirical relevance of several theory-based determinants influencing the choice of relationship type and the sustainability of inter-enterprise relationships. This is undertaken for the overall dataset and separately for different chain stages (farmer-processor versus the processor-retailer relationships), commodities and individual countries. Overall, we find that sector and enterprise-specific determinants seem to influence the choice of a certain relationship type while chain-internal, dyadic factors affect...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Business relationships; Agri-food chains; Competitiveness; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44265
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Agri-food supply chains and sustainability-related issues: evidence from across the Scottish agri-food economy AgEcon
Leat, Philip M.K.; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata.
This paper examines the influence of agri-food supply chains on the sustainability-related activities and decisions of Scottish farmers, as well as the treatment of sustainability issues by food processors and retailers themselves. It is based on 8 whole chain case studies covering some of Scotland’s major agricultural products. The cases identify differing levels of understanding and activities related to sustainability, but widespread acknowledgement that sustainability involves the development of chains within which all parties can achieve acceptable profits. Indeed, collaborative supply chains, which seek improved economic performance, frequently assist environmental and social sustainability. The main drivers of sustainability are found to be the cost...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Food; Supply chain; Agribusiness; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109424
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Agri-food supply chains and sustainability-related issues: evidence from across the Scottish agri-food economy AgEcon
Leat, Philip M.K.; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata.
This paper examines the influence of agri-food supply chains on the sustainability-related activities and decisions of Scottish farmers, as well as the treatment of sustainability issues by food processors and retailers themselves. It is based on 8 whole chain case studies covering some of Scotland‘s major agricultural products. The cases identify differing levels of understanding and activities related to sustainability, but widespread acknowledgement that sustainability involves the development of chains within which all parties can achieve acceptable profits. Indeed, collaborative supply chains, which seek improved economic performance, frequently assist environmental and social sustainability. The main drivers of sustainability are found to be the cost...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Food; Supply chain; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108952
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An analysis of Marketing Channels of Local Food in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Watts, D.; Leat, Philip M.K..
Local food and its possibilities for addressing sustainable regional growth, food availability, accessibility and affordability has received considerable attention in the discussion on and development of the National Food Policy in Scotland. In terms of methodology, the paper continues the analysis of the local food database for Scotland constructed in Watts et al (2010) by exploring the marketing outlets used by the local food enterprises. This subject is important because it may provide information about the degree of entrepreneurship of the involved firms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Local food; Scotland; Marketing outlets.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95223
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AN ANALYSIS OF MARKETING CHANNELS OF LOCAL FOOD IN SCOTLAND AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Watts, D.; Leat, Philip M.K..
Local food and its possibilities for addressing sustainable regional growth, food availability, accessibility and affordability has received considerable attention in the discussion on and development of the National Food Policy in Scotland. In terms of methodology, the paper continues the analysis of the local food database for Scotland constructed in Watts et al (2010) by exploring the marketing outlets used by the local food enterprises. This subject is important because it may provide information about the degree of entrepreneurship of the involved firms.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Local food; Scotland; Marketing outlets; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109409
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An Analysis of the Consumption of Sausages in Scotland using Supermarket Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Wrieden, Wendy; Davis, Victoria; Milne, Anne; Leat, Philip M.K..
This paper addresses consumers’ choices by looking into: current food choices made by different socio-economic groups; price barriers for diet improvement; and ways in which marketing may affect product choice. The study seeks: first, to analyze the differences in consumption of sausages of different nutritional composition among different socio-demographic and lifestage groups; and second, to measure whether it is possible to improve diet quality without affecting household expenditure. Sausages represent a relatively high proportion of red and processed meat purchases in Scotland, contributing significantly to the fat and sodium in the Scottish diet. The data used consisted of two-years of weekly information from a top-4, UK supermarket. The results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Scotland; Saturated fats; Sodium; Consumer choices; Sausages consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91678
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An Analysis of the Consumption of Sausages in Scotland using Supermarket Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Wrieden, Wendy; Davis, Victoria; Milne, Anne; Leat, Philip M.K..
This paper addresses consumers’ choices by looking into: current food choices made by different socio-economic groups; price barriers for diet improvement; and ways in which marketing may affect product choice. The study seeks: first, to analyze the differences in consumption of sausages of different nutritional composition among different socio-demographic and lifestage groups; and second, to measure whether it is possible to improve diet quality without affecting household expenditure. Sausages represent a relatively high proportion of red and processed meat purchases in Scotland, contributing significantly to the fat and sodium in the Scottish diet. The data used consisted of two-years of weekly information from a top-4, UK supermarket. The results...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Scotland; Saturated fats; Sodium; Consumer choices; Sausages consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109402
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Bread Prices, Consumption and Nutrition Implications for Scotland: A Regional Analysis Using Supermarket Scanner Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Toma, Luiza; Leat, Philip M.K.; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased the concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the discussion around the formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has brought back the interest in the price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical ways of cereals use in the UK and nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. This paper aims to answer whether changes in bread prices affect the quantity and composition of the Scottish demand for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109393
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Business Relationships and B2B Communication in Selected European Agri-food Chains – First Empirical Evidence AgEcon
Fischer, Christian; Hartmann, Monika; Bavorova, Miroslava; Hockmann, Heinrich; Suvanto, Hannele; Viitaharju, Leena; Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Henchion, Maeve M.; McGee, Claire; Dybowski, Grzegorz; Kobuszynska, Mira.
The roles of business relationships and B2B communication in selected European agri-food chains are analyzed. Using survey data from 1,026 farmers, food processors and retailers in two commodity sectors (meat and cereals) and five different EU countries (Germany, United Kingdom, Ireland, Finland, Poland), we test the empirical relevance of several theory-based determinants of relationship goodness. This is undertaken for the overall dataset and separately for different supply chain stages (farmer-processor versus the processor-retailer relationship) and for the individual countries. The estimation results, derived from structural equation modeling, suggest that the most important contributor to good business relationships is effective communication, with...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Business relationships; B2B communication; Agri-food; Value/supply chain; Structural equation modeling; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q10; Q13; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53645
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Cereal Prices, Bread Consumption and Health in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the current formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has revived interest in food price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical forms of cereals use in the UK. Moreover, nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. The overall purpose of the paper is to measure the impact that the increase in the price of cereals during the period 2005 to 2008 would have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61121
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Cereal Prices, Bread Consumption and Health in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Toma, Luiza; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the current formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has revived interest in food price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical forms of cereals use in the UK. Moreover, nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. The overall purpose of the paper is to measure the impact that the increase in the price of cereals during the period 2005 to 2008 would have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51069
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Collaborative Supply Chain Initiatives as Devices to Cope with Income Variability in the Scottish Red Meat Sector AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Leat, Philip M.K..
The purpose of this paper is to discuss whether collaborative supply chain initiatives may help to provide income stability for farmers, focussing the analysis on the red meat supply chain in Scotland. Collaborative supply chains may contribute with two elements to attain higher income stability: first, greater demand stability and market access, and second, less variability in the price received for carcasses, as the produced output fits better the required specifications (i.e., no lost premia). The analysis of a survey applied to Scottish red meat producers showed that farmers that are part of a producers’ club do not differ from other farmers in their perception of marketing problems (e.g., price stability, etc.). However, in terms of their marketing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income instability; Producers’ clubs; Red meat sector; Scotland.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48110
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Collaborative supply chain initiatives as devices to cope with income variability in the Scottish red meat sector AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Leat, Philip M.K..
The purpose of this paper is to discuss whether collaborative supply chain initiatives may help to provide income stability for farmers, focussing the analysis on the red meat supply chain in Scotland. Collaborative supply chains may contribute with two elements to attain higher income instability: first, greater demand stability and market access, and second, less variability in the price received for carcasses, as the produced output fits better the required specifications (i.e., no lost premia). The analysis of a survey applied to Scottish red meat producers showed that farmers that are part of a producers’ club do not differ from other farmers in their perception of marketing problems (e.g., price stability, etc.). However, in terms of their marketing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Livestock Production/Industries; Income instability; Producers’ clubs; Red meat sector; Scotland.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61105
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DISTRIBUTION OF BEEF CATTLE IN SCOTLAND: HOW IMPORTANT IS AGRICULTURAL POLICY? AgEcon
Renwick, Alan W.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Thomson, Steven; Leat, Philip M.K.; Ringrose, Sian.
If one observe aggregated cattle figures for Scotland for more than a century it is possible to perceive that that cattle numbers seem to react strongly to agricultural policy (e.g., livestock subsidies before 1973, UK becoming part to the European Community). The purpose the paper is to provide a regional view of this result, namely whether the same trend can be observed if the analysis is done by Scottish regions. For this purpose, we assembled a panel dataset for 11 Scottish regions for the period 1959 until 2008. We specialised the analysis on beef cattle. We use simple regression techniques to verify whether there have been changes in the regional shares of beef cattle and whether beef cattle numbers in the different regions tend to converge to a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109396
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Distribution of beef cattle in Scotland: How important is agricultural policy? AgEcon
Renwick, Alan W.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Thomson, Steven; Leat, Philip M.K.; Ringrose, Sian.
If one observe aggregated cattle figures for Scotland for more than a century it is possible to perceive that that cattle numbers seem to react strongly to agricultural policy (e.g., livestock subsidies before 1973, UK becoming part to the European Community). The purpose the paper is to provide a regional view of this result, namely whether the same trend can be observed if the analysis is done by Scottish regions. For this purpose, we assembled a panel dataset for 11 Scottish regions for the period 1959 until 2008. We specialised the analysis on beef cattle. We use simple regression techniques to verify whether there have been changes in the regional shares of beef cattle and whether beef cattle numbers in the different regions tend to converge to a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Beef cattle economics; Scottish agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61101
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Efficiency of Scottish Farms: A Stochastic Cost Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Milne, Catherine E.; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cho, Woong Je.
In this paper the relative cost efficiency of Scottish farms is determined, and variables that explain this efficiency by farm type are identified and implications discussed. A panel dataset from the Farm Accounts Scheme (FAS) survey for the period 1997-2004 was used for the estimation. A cost efficiency indicator was measured using a fixed effect panel data regression. Further analysis, to explain the efficiency results, indicated the presence of important farm size and regional effects. However, other variables, whilst statistically significant, did not produce a consistent effect across the different farm types.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Stochastic cost frontier analysis; Cost efficiency; Scottish farms; Common Agricultural Policy; Farm Management; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56633
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Enhancing the integration of agri-food supply chains: theoretical issues and practical challenges in the UK malting barley supply chain AgEcon
Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the issues that may affect the integration (i.e., the relationships) between the different actors that comprise a supply chain. Whist the theoretical part of the paper can be referred to any supply chain, the empirical part is focused on the UK barley to beer supply chain. The main motivation behind the topic is that improvements in the relationships amongst the different segments of a chain can enhance its efficiency and effectiveness, (e.g., through improvements in coordination and cooperation), and therefore, its competitiveness and long term sustainability. The paper is based on two complementary analyses: the first one consisted of a structural equation model (SEM) to determine those factors that affect the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supply chain management; Malting barley supply chain; Supply chain coordination; Competitiveness; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44068
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Explaining Cost Efficiency of Scottish Farms: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Milne, Catherine E.; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cho, Woong Je.
In this paper the cost efficiency of Scottish farms is determined, variables that explain the relative cost efficiency by farm type are identified and implications discussed. A cost efficiency approach was selected as it can deal with farms producing multiple outputs (in contrast to production frontiers), and second because it can accommodate output constraints imposed by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). To estimate the stochastic cost frontier, a generalised multi-product translog cost function was estimated for five farm types: dairy, cereals and general cropping, cattle and sheep, specialist sheep and mixed farms. Eight farm outputs and four inputs were considered. The data for the estimation were drawn from the Farm Accounts Scheme (FAS) survey...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Stochastic cost frontier analysis; Cost efficiency; Scottish farms; Common Agricultural Policy.; Productivity Analysis; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46001
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