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10 years of transition in Ukraine agriculture: An analysis of productivity and efficiency of enterprises AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Odening, Martin; Babycheva, Tamara.
This paper analyzes efficiency and total factor productivity (TFP) change of large agricultural enterprises during their transition to a market economy in Ukraine. In this case the efficiency is calculated by data envelopment analysis and the productivity change is measured by the Malmquist Productivity Change Index in the period between 1990 and 1999. On average, TFP declined by 6% annually, dropping a total 42%. The main reason for the observed TFP decline is a decrease in technical efficiency, which is found to be remarkably significant. At the same time there is a high variation among individual enterprises: their distribution of efficiency scores widens, which indicates that the farms diverge with respect to their economic performance. The Tobit...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Эффективность; Общая продуктивность фактора; Анализ оболочки данных; Малмквист-индекс изменения общей продуктивности фактора; Переходный период; Украина; Effizienz; Totale Faktor Produktivität; Data Envelopment Analysis; Malmquist Productivity Change Index; Transition; Ukraine; Efficiency; Total Factor Productivity; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92168
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Agricultural Economics Education in Ukrainian Agricultural Universities: An Efficiency Analysis Using Data Envelopment Analysis AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Coelli, Tim J.; Rao, D.S. Prasada.
Ukraine's transition from a centrally-planned to a market economy has had a profound effect upon its agricultural sector and agricultural universities. A substantial reduction in state financing has forced universities to adopt a range of survival strategies, with varying degrees of success. In this paper we use data envelopment analysis to examine the technical efficiency of 44 agricultural economics programs from 19 Ukrainian universities during the 2002/03 academic year. Our empirical results indicate wide disparities in performance, ranging from 36% to 100% technical efficiency. A second-stage analysis suggests that factors such as student demand, commercial activities and staff quality help explain a portion of this variation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Higher education; Ukraine; Efficiency; Data envelopment analysis; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; I21; C14; Q16.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24482
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Agricultural Productivity Growth in the European Union and Transition Countries AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Rungsuriyawiboon, Supawat.
Economic reform in the Central and Eastern European countries in the 1980s helped transform the structure and volume of agricultural production, consumption and trade, and resulted in significant agricultural productivity improvements. However, there are large differences among the transition countries in the magnitude and direction of these changes. The main objective of this study is to measure and compare the levels and trends in agricultural productivity in transition countries with those of the European Union (EU) countries making use of the most recent data available from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This study employs a parametric distance function approach to measure Malmquist productivity index as well as the magnitude and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Parametric; Productivity; Transition countries; Biased technical change; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25353
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AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TRANSITION COUNTRIES AgEcon
Rungsuriyawiboon, Supawat; Lissitsa, Alexej.
Malmquist total factor productivity (TFP) index has been extensively applied in the literature to measure productivity growth decomposition. This study applies a parametric decomposition of a Generalized Malmquist TFP index to measure and compare the levels and trends in agricultural productivity in European countries, making use of the most-recent data available from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations. The aim of this study is to measure TFP developments in agriculture of transition countries after breakdown of socialism and to compare their TFP growth with other European countries. The Generalized Malmquist productivity index can be decomposed into technological change, technical efficiency change and scale efficiency change....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Transition countries; Malmquist; Multifactor Productivity; Agriculture; Productivity Analysis; Q16; Q18; P27.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14903
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BEITRAGE DES DOKTORANDENWORKSHOPS ZUR AGRARENTWICKLUNG IN MITTEL- UND OSTEUROPA 2003 AgEcon
Petrick, Martin; Balmann, Alfons; Lissitsa, Alexej.
Dieses Discussion Paper enthält die Kurzfassungen der Beitrsge, die im Rahmen des Workshops zur Agrarentwicklung in Mittel- und Osteuropa fur Doktoranden und Post-Doc’'s vorgestellt und diskutiert werden sollen. Dieser Workshop mochte Nachwuchswissenschaftlern die Moglichkeit geben, Ihre Forschungsvorhaben zu prssentieren und zu diskutieren. Er findet erstmalig in dieser Form am IAMO statt. Die folgenden Kurzfassungen sollen allerdings nicht nur als Diskussionsgrundlage fur den Workshop dienen, sondern auch einen Querschnittsuberblick uber die gegenwsrtige Nachwuchsforschung im Agrarbereich zu Mittel- und Osteuropa vermitteln. Wir denken, dass ein breites Spektrum von relevanten Themen bearbeitet wird. Dies entspricht einerseits dem interdisziplinären...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14934
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BIOENERGIE AS A SOURCE OF INCOME OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES AgEcon
Makarchuk, Oksana; Hockmann, Heinrich; Lissitsa, Alexej.
Enterprise activity is based on maximization of profit to increase the volume of own capital, to expand manufacture and to guarantee the earning of profit for the long-term period. Therefore everyone searches for new sources of the income by means of which it is possible to maximize cost of the made product. One of new sources of the income in agriculture is a cultivation of agricultural crops for the energy, heat, fuel (biofuel) manufacture. In this "discussion paper" the market is examined for biofuel, as well as their competitiveness is analyzed in comparison to mineral fuels. Germany takes the lead positions on manufacture and use of biofuel among the countries of the European Union and Ukraine has a big potential on the agricultural commodities market...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Биотопливо; Биоэтанол; Биомасса; Возобновляемые источники энергии; Конкурентоспособность; Спрос и предложение.Biokraftstoff; Bioethanol; Biomasse; Erneubare Energien; Wettbewerbsfähigkeit; Angebot und Nachfrage.Biofuel; Bioethanol; Biomass; Renewed energy sources; Competitiveness; Supply and demand.; Agribusiness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q12; Q27.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91735
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COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – DEVELOPMENT AND PRINCIPLES OF FUNCTIONING AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Laka, Oksana; Gagalyuk, Taras; Mykolayovych, Kwasha Sergiy.
The following Discussion Paper depicts main principles and mechanisms of agricultural policy of European Union. The study is aimed to show the wide Russian speaking research community only a short historical background and few elements of current Agricultural Policy rules and should be seen as a starting point for further analysis and discussions.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: European Union; Agrarian policy; Reform; Europäische Union; Agrarpolitik; Reform; Европейский Союз; Аграрная политика; Реформа.; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; O13; O 17; P26; P32; P48; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92019
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CREATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN UKRAINE: CURRENT STATE OF DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Melnychuk, Volodymyr; Parchomenko, Sergej; Lissitsa, Alexej.
Land reform started in Ukraine 14 years ago became one of the most important issues in transformation of large state agricultural enterprises into market oriented agricultural enterprises. Significant changes in land use and land ownership has happened as a result of land reform implementation in Ukraine. Namely, state monopoly on land was eliminated, agricultural land was privatized, citizens of Ukraine received land plots in possession, first land transactions have happened at agricultural land market etc. Actual data regarding Ukrainian land relations reformation is systematized in this Discussion paper with especial focus on establishing the prerequisites of further formation and perspective development of the agricultural land market in Ukraine....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land market reform; Transition; Ukraine; Bodenmarktreform; Transformationsprozess; Реформа рынка земли; Переходный период; Украина; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; O13; O 17; P26; P32; P48; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92022
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CREATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN UKRAINE: CURRENT STATE OF DEVELOPMENT AgEcon
Melnychuk, Volodymyr; Parkhomenko, Sergiy; Lissitsa, Alexej.
Land reform started in Ukraine 14 years ago became one of the most important issues in transformation of large state agricultural enterprises into market oriented agricultural enterprises. Significant changes in land use and land ownership has happened as a result of land reform implementation in Ukraine. Namely, state monopoly on land was eliminated, agricultural land was privatized, citizens of Ukraine received land plots in possession, first land transactions have happened at agricultural land market etc. Actual data regarding Ukrainian land relations reformation is systematized in this Discussion paper with especial focus on establishing the prerequisites of further formation and perspective development of the agricultural land market in Ukraine....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land market reform; Transition; Ukraine; Land Economics/Use; O13; O17; P26; P32; P48; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14928
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DER OSTDEUTSCHE AGRARSEKTOR IM TRANSFORMATIONSPROZESS - AUSGANGSSITUATION, ENTWICKLUNG UND PROBLEMBEREICHE AgEcon
Rothe, Andrea; Lissitsa, Alexej.
This Discussion Paper focuses on developments of the agricultural sector in the federal states of the former Eastern Germany after German reunification. Descriptive analysis is involved to display problems of transition process and changes in agricultural production and structures. The results of the analysis report considerable differences in the agricultural sector between New and Old Federal States after 15 years after the reunification. These differences are especially to find in a variety of existing legal forms, considerably higher share of rented land, lower cattle stock as well as larger farm size of the farms in the New Federal States. Observed structural changes of the German agricultural sector display that due to European Union measures the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: New Bundeslaender; Transition; Agricultural structure; P20; R30; R58; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14884
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Effizienz und totale Faktor-produktivitat in der ukrainischen Landwirtschaft im Transformationsprozess AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Odening, Martin.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7391
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GETREIDEPRODUKTION IN DER UKRAINE -- EINE KOMPARATIVE ANALYSE VON PRODUKTIONSKOSTEN AgEcon
Einax, Christian; Lissitsa, Alexej; Parkhomenko, Sergiy.
The following Discussion Paper aims to analyse the development path and profitability of grain production in Ukraine, which is one of the most important production branches of most Ukrainian agricultural companies. Methodologically, individual farm analysis and horizontal farm comparison are used. The cost benefit analysis has been widely used for farm analysis of the agricultural sector in market economies. However, only few applications could be observed in agribusiness research in Ukraine in the last years, presumably because of missing or unreliable data. Thus, the goal of this paper is to apply a standard farm management instrument for enterprise analyse in agriculture of a transition country. The results show small differences in production costs...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grain market; Costs of production; Transition; Ukraine; Crop Production/Industries; Q12; Q13; Q18; P27.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14892
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INFORMATION AND CONSULTING SERVICE IN AGRICULTURE OF RUSSIA – A CASE STUDY FROM OMSKAYA OBLAST AgEcon
Ivachnenko, Oksana; Lissitsa, Alexej.
The aim of the following "Discussions Paper" is to present the organisation and tasks of the current consulting service in Russian agriculture exemplified on Omskaya Oblast. Also, the structure of German advisory service in agriculture is described. German consulting service is especially interesting because of transition process in Eastern German Länder from plan to market economy and establishment of new market institutions in agricultural sector. As a new instrument for agricultural consulting service the Data Envelopment Analysis is presented.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural consulting; Data Envelopment Analysis; Efficiency; Landwirtschaftliche Beratung; Effizienz; Информационно-консультационная служба; Анализ Оболочки Данных; Эффективность.; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; International Development; Q13; Q15; Q16.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92023
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RUSSISCHER AGRARSEKTOR IM AUFSCHWUNG? EINE ANALYSE DER TECHNISCHEN UND SKALENEFFIZIENZ DER AGRARUNTERNEHMEN AgEcon
Stange, Henriette; Lissitsa, Alexej.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14913
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The Balanced Scorecard Implementation in Farm Enterprise - A Case Study from Ukraine AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej.
This study exemplifies the first implementation experiences of Balanced Scorecard and the first results of them in Ukrainian agricultural enterprises. Essential prerequisites for the functioning of the BSC concept into practical agriculture will be discussed. Finally, some critical success factors to the BSC adoption by agricultural companies will be identified.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Balanced Scorecard; Strategic Management; Ukraine; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24272
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The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for determining the efficiency of a production AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Babitcheva, Tamara.
The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a relatively new method to measure Technical Efficiency (TE). TE of a Decision Making Unit (DMU) is defined as a ratio of the produced goods and services (Outputs) to the used resources (Inputs). Efficiency comparison become more complicated when market values of the Inputs and Outputs are not available and the figures are expressed in the different measurement units. So, aggregation of the figures into cost or revenue groups become impossible. Such efficiency analysis is especially important for the enterprises in the transformation process. In DEA the Linear Programming (LP) is used to determine relative efficiency of the analysed enterprises. The basic principles of the DEA are introduced in this Discussion Paper...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Efficiency; Produktivity; Data Envelopment Analysis; Effizienz; Produktivität; Эффективность; Продуктивность; Анализ Оболочки Данных.; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92169
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Theoretical frameworks for a productivity and efficiency analysis of agricultural enterprises AgEcon
Lissitsa, Alexej; Babitcheva, Tamara.
Das Hauptziel des vorliegenden "Discussions Paper" ist es, den russischsprachigen Leser mit den theoretischen Grundlagen der Produktivitäts- und Effizienzanalyse der landwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen vertraut zu machen. In der russischsprachigen Literatur wurden und werden bis zu heutigem Zeitpunkt in der Regel bei der Analyse der Effizienz der Unternehmen, die Kennzahlen der Rentabilität verwendet, deren Bedeutungen nach den einzelnen Unternehmen oder ihren Gruppen verglichen werden. In dieser Arbeit erfolgt eine Darstellung der im englischsprachigem Raum weitverbreiteten Methoden zur Effizienz und Produktivitätsanalyse. Die Arbeit ist so aufgebaut, dass zuerst die Unterschiede zwischen der Produktivität und Effizienz aus theoretischen Sicht erklärt und...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Produktivität; Effizienz; Indexzahlentheorie; Malmquist; Törnkvist; Fisher Index; Productivity; Efficiency; Index Number Theory; Продуктивность; Эффективность; Теория индексов; Малмквист; Торнквист и Фишер индексы.; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; B4; C6; D2; O3; O4.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92170
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ZUR WETTBEWERBSFAHIGKEIT DER OSTDEUTSCHEN LANDWIRTSCHAFT - EINE EFFIZIENZANALYSE LANDWIRTSCHAFTLICHER UNTERNEHMEN SACHSEN-ANHALTS UND DER TSCHECHISCHEN REPUBLIK AgEcon
Rothe, Andrea; Lissitsa, Alexej.
COMPETITIVE ABILITY OF EAST GERMAN AGRICULTURE – AN EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF FARMS IN SAXONY-ANHALT AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC The main focus of this Discussion Paper the analysis of the efficiency of agricultural enterprises in Sachsen-Anhalt and the Czech Republic. Using the Data Envelopment Analysis, a nonparametric, based on linear programming approach of efficiency measurement the technical, pure technical and scale efficiency of agricultural enterprises on verge of the eastern enlargement has been analysed. The object was to identify significant differences between enterprises of various legal forms, specialisation and farm size, to draw conclusions to the competitiveness of the agricultural sector of Eastern Germany. It has appeared, that there occurred...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Efficiency; Productivity; Transition; Data Envelopment Analysis; Productivity Analysis; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14868
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