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A MODEL OF PRODUCER INCENTIVES FOR LIVESTOCK DISEASE MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Ranjan, Ram; Lubowski, Ruben N..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/13/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20146
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A Model of Producer Incentives for Livestock Disease Management AgEcon
Ranjan, Ram; Lubowski, Ruben N..
We examine the management of livestock diseases from the producers' perspective, incorporating information and incentive asymmetries between producers and regulators. Using a dynamic model, we examine responses to different policy options including indemnity payments, subsidies to report at-risk animals, monitoring, and regulatory approaches to decreasing infection risks when perverse incentives and multiple policies interact. This conceptual analysis illustrates the importance of designing efficient combinations of regulatory and incentive-based policies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock disease; Asymmetric information; Reporting; Indemnities; Risk management; Livestock Production/Industries; C61; D82; Q12; Q18; Q28.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15653
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Biological Invasions: The Case of Soybean Aphid Infestation AgEcon
Kim, C.S.; Schaible, Glenn D.; Garrett, Lynn; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Lee, Donna J..
Soybeans, the second highest cash crop following corn in the U.S., have come under attack by invasive species, the soybean aphid from the North and soybean rust from the South. We estimated the economic losses resulting from soybean aphid infestation by using a dynamic equilibrium model. Results indicate that, first, the reduction of soybean production resulting from soybean aphid infestation is largely absorbed by reducing soybean exports, due to the higher price elasticity of export demand compared to the domestic demand. Second, the economic losses to U.S. soybean producers would grow on average annually between $12.8 million and $23.4 million during the first five years of infestation. In the longer-run, soybean producers would suffer greater...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21163
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Determinants of Land-Use Change In the United States 1982-1997 AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Stavins, Robert N..
Changes in the use of land in the United States produce significant economic and environmental effects with important implications for a wide variety of policy issues, including protection of wildlife habitat, management of urban growth, and mitigation of global climate change. In contrast to previous descriptive and qualitative analyses of the trends in national land use, this paper uses an econometric approach to isolate the importance of historical changes in land-use profits and key government policies in determining national land-use changes from 1982 to 1997. The policies we examine are the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and total government payments to crop producers. We estimate a national-level discrete choice model of changes among the major...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land use; Econometric model; Counterfactual simulation; Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); Land Economics/Use; C53; Q1; Q24; R14; R15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10714
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Economic Impacts of the U.S. Soybean Aphid Infestation: A Multi-Regional Competitive Dynamic Analysis AgEcon
Kim, C.S.; Schaible, Glenn D.; Garrett, Lynn; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Lee, Donna J..
We estimated the economic benefits resulting from controlling soybean aphid infestation by using a multi-regional competitive dynamic equilibrium model. Results indicate that the reduction of soybean production resulting from a soybean aphid infestation is largely absorbed by reducing soybean exports, due to the higher price elasticity of export demand compared to domestic demand. Producer benefits resulting from controlling soybean aphids would increase by between $949 million and $1.623 billion in ten years under various scenarios. Results also suggest that it is economically more efficient to control soybean aphids when the rate of intrinsic growth is relatively lower, the supply price elasticity of soybean acreage is relatively more elastic, and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Soybean aphid; Invasive species; Producer surplus; Consumer surplus; Rag-1; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45660
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ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND-USE CHANGE: THE ROLE OF ECONOMICS AND POLICY AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Bucholtz, Shawn; Claassen, Roger; Roberts, Michael J.; Cooper, Joseph C.; Gueorguieva, Anna; Johansson, Robert C..
This report examines evidence on the relationship between agricultural land-use changes, soil productivity, and indicators of environmental sensitivity. If cropland that shifts in and out of production is less productive and more environmentally sensitive than other cropland, policy-induced changes in land use could have production effects that are smaller-and environmental impacts that are greater-than anticipated. To illustrate this possibility, this report examines environmental outcomes stemming from landuse conversion caused by two agricultural programs that others have identified as potentially having important influences on land use and environmental quality: Federal crop insurance subsidies and the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), the Nation's...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); Crop insurance; Erosion; Extensive margin; Farm policy; Imperiled species; Land use; Land-use change; Land quality; Nutrient loss; Soil productivity; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33591
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Extent, Location, and Characteristics of Land Cropped Due to Insurance Subsidies AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Roberts, Michael J..
We examine changes in land use caused by the large increase in crop insurance premium subsidies under the 1994 Federal Crop Insurance and Reform Act (FCIRA). We use a conditional logit model to estimate changes in six major land uses from 1992 and 1997 as a function of the change in expected return to crop insurance. Our data on individual land parcels across the entire coterminous United States enable identification of the extent, location, and physical characteristics of the land brought into and retained in production as a result of the crop insurance policies. Results indicate the additional crop insurance premium subsidies increased cultivated cropland area on the order of 1.9 million acres (0.6%), consistent with the lower range of previous...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19546
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Land Retirement Programs May Induce Enduring Land-Use Changes AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Roberts, Michael J..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124004
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Land-Use Change and Carbon Sinks: Econometric Estimation of the Carbon Sequestration Supply Function AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Stavins, Robert N..
When and if the United States chooses to implement a greenhouse gas reduction program, it will be necessary to decide whether carbon sequestration policies - such as those that promote forestation and discourage deforestation - should be part of the domestic portfolio of compliance activities. We investigate the cost of forest-based carbon sequestration. In contrast with previous approaches, we econometrically examine micro-data on revealed landowner preferences, modeling six major private land uses in a comprehensive analysis of the contiguous United States. The econometric estimates are used to simulate landowner responses to sequestration policies. Key commodity prices are treated as endogenous and a carbon sink model is used to predict changes in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Abatement; Carbon; Climate change; Costs; Forestry; Greenhouse gases; Land use; Land-use change; Sequestration; Land Economics/Use; Q540; Q230; Q240; Q150.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10561
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Linking Reduced Deforestation and a Global Carbon Market: Impacts on Costs, Financial Flows, and Technological Innovation AgEcon
Bosetti, Valentina; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Golub, Alexander; Markandya, Anil.
Discussions over tropical deforestation are currently at the forefront of climate change policy negotiations at national, regional, and international levels. This paper analyzes the effects of linking Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) to a global market for greenhouse gas emission reductions. We supplement a global climate-energy-economy model with alternative cost estimates for reducing deforestation emissions in order to examine a global program for stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations at 550 ppmv of CO2 equivalent. Introducing REDD reduces global forestry emissions through 2050 by 20-22% in the Brazil-only case and by 64-88% in the global REDD scenarios. At the same time, REDD lowers the total costs of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carbon market; Climate change; Innovation; Mitigation; Policy costs; Offsets; Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD); Technological change; Tropical deforestation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q23; Q24; Q42; Q52; Q54; Q55.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52544
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Major Uses of Land in The United States, 2002 AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Vesterby, Marlow; Bucholtz, Shawn; Baez, Alba; Roberts, Michael J..
This publication presents the results of the latest (2002) inventory of U.S. major land uses, drawing on data from the Census, public land management and conservation agencies, and other sources. The data are synthesized by State to calculate the use of several broad classes and subclasses of agricultural and nonagricultural land over time. The United States has a total land area of nearly 2.3 billion acres. Major uses in 2002 were forest-use land, 651 million acres (28.8 percent); grassland pasture and range land, 587 million acres (25.9 percent); cropland, 442 million acres (19.5 percent); special uses (primarily parks and wildlife areas), 297 million acres (13.1 percent); miscellaneous other uses, 228 million acres (10.1 percent); and urban land, 60...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Land use; Land-use change; Agricultural land; Nonagricultural land; Cropland; Forest-use land; Forestland; Pasture; Rangeland; Rural residential land; Special uses; Urban land; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7203
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Prevention or Control: Optimal Government Policies for Invasive Species Management AgEcon
Kim, C.S.; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Lewandrowski, Jan; Eiswerth, Mark E..
We present a conceptual, but empirically applicable, model for determining the optimal allocation of resources between exclusion and control activities for managing an invasive species with an uncertain discovery time. This model is used to investigate how to allocate limited resources between activities before and after the first discovery of an invasive species and the effects of the characteristics of an invasive species on limited resource allocation. The optimality conditions show that it is economically efficient to spend a larger share of outlays for exclusion activities before, rather than after, a species is first discovered, up to a threshold point. We also find that, after discovery, more exclusionary measures and fewer control measures are...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Invasive species; Exclusion; Control; Eradication; Public expenditures; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10176
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The 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act: Correcting a Distortion? AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Roberts, Michael J..
This study makes use of farm-level data from the Agricultural Census to evaluate the effects of the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act, which intended to “"decouple"” commodity payments from production decisions. Prior to this Act, agricultural support payments were linked to production decisions via prices and a complex set of restrictions that acted to control the supply of agricultural commodities. We compare farm-level 1992-to-1997 changes in commodity crop plantings of farms that participated in government programs with farms that did not participate. We find that the growth rate of program-crop acreage of non-participants was 19 percentage points below that of participants. This estimated difference remains unchanged after...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20128
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The Conservation Reserve Program: Economic Implications for Rural America AgEcon
Sullivan, Patrick; Hellerstein, Daniel; Hansen, LeRoy T.; Johansson, Robert C.; Koenig, Steven R.; Lubowski, Ruben N.; McBride, William D.; McGranahan, David A.; Roberts, Michael J.; Vogel, Stephen J.; Bucholtz, Shawn.
This report estimates the impact that high levels of enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) have had on economic trends in rural counties since the program's inception in 1985 until today. The results of a growth model and quasi-experimental control group analysis indicate no discernible impact by the CRP on aggregate county population trends. Aggregate employment growth may have slowed in some high-CRP counties, but only temporarily. High levels of CRP enrollment appear to have affected farm-related businesses over the long run, but growth in the number of other nonfarm businesses moderated CRP's impact on total employment. If CRP contracts had ended in 2001, simulation models suggest that roughly 51 percent of CRP land would have returned...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33987
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The Effects of Potential Land Development on Agricultural Land Prices AgEcon
Plantinga, Andrew J.; Lubowski, Ruben N.; Stavins, Robert N..
We conduct a national-scale study of the determinants of agricultural land values to better understand how current farmland prices are influenced by the potential for future land development. The theoretical basis for the empirical analysis is a spatial city model with stochastic returns to future land development. From the theoretical model, we derive an expression for the current price of agricultural land in terms of annual returns to agricultural production, the price of recently developed land parcels, and expressions involving model parameters that are represented in the empirical model by nonlinear functions of observed variables and parameters to be estimated. We estimate the model of agricultural land values with a cross-section on approximately...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10852
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What Drives Land-Use Change in the United States? A National Analysis of Landowner Decisions AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Stavins, Robert N..
Land-use changes involve important economic and environmental effects with implications for international trade, global climate change, wildlife, and other policy issues. We use an econometric model to identify factors driving land-use change in the United States between 1982 and 1997. We quantify the effects of net returns to alternative land uses on private landowners’ decisions to allocate land among six major uses, drawing on detailed micro-data on land use and land quality that are comprehensive of the contiguous U.S. This analysis provides the first evidence of the relative historical importance of markets and Federal farm policies affecting land-use changes nationally.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Use; Land-Use Change; Econometric Analysis; Simulations; Land Economics/Use; O51; Q15.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44534
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