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Relations milieu-ressources : impact de la conchyliculture sur un environnement lagunaire méditerranéen (Thau) ArchiMer
Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Souchu, Philippe; Mazouni, N; Juge, Claude; Dagault, Francoise.
Shellfish farming leaves its mark on the environment in which it has developed, and the men who depend upon it. These changes have altogether balanced the lagoon cycle and have caused disastrous episodic events. Increased water c1arity caused by the uptake of particulate material by shellfish farming allows seagrass to grow in deeper areas of the lagoon (down to five metres). Shellfish farming nutrient transformations increase ecosystem productivity, even if the filtration pressure keeps phytoplankton biomass at a low leveI. Storage of phosphorus and nitrogen in animal tissue limits eutrophication in this ecosystem. Transfer of oysters from growout facilities increases animal and vegetal specific diversity. The presence of large amounts of shellfish allows...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagune; Conchyliculture; Biogéochimie; Benthos; Eutrophie; Lagoon; Shellfish farming; Biogeochemistry; Benthos; Eutrophication.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00039/15032/12365.pdf
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Spatial pattern in species richness of demersal fish assemblages on the continental shelf of the northern Mediterranean Sea: a multiscale analysis ArchiMer
Gaertner, J; Bertrand, Jacques; Relini, G; Papaconstantinou, C; Mazouni, N; De Sola, L; Durbec, J; Jukic Peladic, S; Souplet, Arnauld.
The species richness pattern of groundfish species in the entire northern Mediterranean Sea was examined at 3 spatial scales: region, large biogeographical zone and basin. We analysed 1914 trawl hauls collected using a single sampling design in the trawlable areas of the continental shelves between the Strait of Gibraltar and the Strait of Dardanelles (from 36.3 to 45.7 degrees N and 5.3 degrees W to 28 E). Spatial pattern in species diversity was assessed using complementary methods (Chao2 estimates of total species richness, mean species richness and beta diversity). No matter which scale was used, the expected longitudinally decreasing trend in species richness, which has been widely described in previous studies, did not appear when comparing estimates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lessepsian; Large scale; Mediterranean Sea; Groundfishes; Beta diversity; Species richness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3569.pdf
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The multi-component structuration of the species diversity of groundfish assemblages of the east coast of Corsica (Mediterranean Sea): Variation according to the bathymetric strata ArchiMer
Merigot, B; Bertrand, Jacques; Gaertner, J; Durbec, J; Mazouni, N; Mante, C.
The multi-component aspect of species diversity of groundfish assemblages was examined on the basis of a set of experimental trawl surveys conducted on the east coast of Corsica. We analysed and compared the structuration of diversity within three different bathymetric strata: the continental shelf (60-120 m depth), the upper slope (250-400 m) and the lower slope (450-570 m). For each of these three bathymetric strata, we simultaneously analysed 12 indices that are theoretically complementary and relate to 4 diversity components: (1) the number of species, (2) rarity, (3) evenness and (4) taxonomic diversity. Principal component analysis based on Spearman's correlation coefficients was carried out to investigate empirical relationships between the selected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean Sea; Corsica; Taxonomic relatedness; Bathymetry; Diversity indices; Demersal fish.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3512.pdf
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