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Registros recuperados: 8
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Assessing the public goods provided by organic agriculture: lessons learned from practice Organic Eprints
Smith, Laurence; Padel, Susanne; Pearce, Bruce; Lampkin, Nic; Gerrard, Catherine L; Woodward, Lawrence; Fowler, Sue; Measures, Mark.
The role of farms as providers of public goods has long been recognised, and measuring performance in this area is of increasing interest to policy makers, in light of the approaching Common Agricultural Policy reform. The Organic Research Centre has been working on this topic in recent years, through the development of sustainability assessment tools. The latest outcome from this process is a ‘Public Goods’ assessment tool, developed through a Natural England funded project which aimed to evaluate the benefits accruing from organic management and entering into an Organic Entry Level Stewardship (OELS) agreement. This paper describes the development of the Public Goods (PG) tool, and what has been learned in the process.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Health and welfare; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation; Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19761/1/smith_9591_revised.pdf
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Development of software to plan conversion to organic production (OrgPlan) Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Tzilivakis, John; Measures, Mark; Stockdale, Elizabeth; Watson, Christine.
This report was presented at the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference. OrgPlan is a computer programme aimed at farmers and advisors assisting with the planning of an organic conversion. The programme is divided into technical modules, supported by a standard enterprise database, a report builder and an advisory section. Through the farm profile builder, rotation, cropping and livestock planner, conversion scenarios over several years can be developed and are evaluated for technical and financial feasibility by calculating farm gate budgets for key resources (forage energy and key nutrients) and financial reports (cash flow budget and profit and loss account). The poster illustrates the basic functioning of the software as well as the underlying rationale...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Education; Extension and communication Farm economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/8388/1/padel_orgplan_conversion_software.pdf
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Diverse fertility building leys in arable rotations Organic Eprints
Bliss, Katie; Measures, Mark.
The results of a three year study in the UK suggest that there are several advantages to more complex mixtures; • Greater resilience to variable conditions • Combine early and late weed suppression • Slower decomposition on incorporation • Extends forage availability for key insect pollinators • Generally achieve higher forage yields • Potential for higher subsequent crop yields. Practical recommendation • There are a number of plant characteristics that have an impact on nitrogen release and mobilisation, namely C:N ratio, lignin and polyphenol content which result in slower N release and lower N losses or better N utilisation. • Including grass species in the mix takes up the N fixed by the legumes and reduces the free N in the soil; the...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Pasture and forage crops Crop combinations and interactions Soil Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31040/1/PA_013_Diverse%20fertility%20building%20leys_QR.pdf
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Elm Farm Research Centre Bulletin 82 February 2006 Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; Sanders, Richard; Wolfe, Prof Martin; Clark, Dr Sarah; Hitchings, Roger; Measures, Mark.
Regular newsletter with technical updates from the Organic Advisory Service Issue covers: organic sector payments, dietary health choices, avian influenza vaccination, tradable quotas, feeding cities, sewage sludge, organic aquaculture, organic poultry, biodiversity and productivity research, organic winter wheat varieties, linking farmers and scientists, Interreg Project, RAFAEL energy use greenhouse gas emissions food and farming.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects Policy environments and social economy Crop health; Quality; Protection "Organics" in general Systems research and participatory research Farming Systems Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8457/1/Bulletin_82.pdf
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Farm Auditing for Sustainability Organic Eprints
Measures, Mark.
Policy makers have now established sustainability as the new aim for UK farming. The development of the Farm Audit for Sustainability involved identifying the objectives of sustainable farming, based on the Principles of organic farming as set out by the International Federation of Organic Farming Movements (IFOAM) and establishment of indicators to assess the effectiveness of individual farms in meeting these objectives. On-farm use of the Farm Audit demonstrated that the tool was able to provide a comprehensive assessment of sustainability of the farming system and that it is an information and advisory tool which is potentially useful in benchmarking and development of the farming operation.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects Education; Extension and communication Farming Systems.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/10881/1/Farm_Auditing_for_Sustainability_Mark_Measures.pdf
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OCIS Public Goods Tool Development Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L; Smith, Laurence; Padel, Susanne; Pearce, Bruce; Hitchings, Roger; Measures, Mark; Cooper, Nick.
There has recently been an increase in interest amongst policy-makers in the question of whether farming provides a “public good” beyond the simple production of food, which justifies support from, for instance, EU agricultural policy. Benefits such as an improved environment or better water quality can be perceived to be public goods. It is the provision of these sorts of benefits which may be used in the future to justify continued support of the agricultural sector through subsidies. Given the current level of interest in this topic Natural England, with the approval of Defra, through OCIS (Organic Conversion Information Service), wished to create a tool which could be used by an advisor or an informed land owner to assess the public good provided by...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Indicators and other value-laden measures; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18518/2/OCIS_PG_report_April_ORC_2011V1.0.pdf
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Public goods and farming Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L; Smith, Laurence; Pearce, Bruce; Padel, Susanne; Hitchings, Roger; Measures, Mark.
There has recently been an increase in interest in the “public goods” that could be provided by a farm alongside its primary function of agricultural production. This paper reviews recent reports on the topic of public goods and, in particular, the public goods provided by agriculture and then goes on to discuss the development of a tool which can be used to assess the provision of public goods on a farm across a range of areas: soil management, biodiversity, landscape and heritage, water management, manure management and nutrients, energy and carbon, food security, agricultural systems diversity, social capital, farm business resilience, and animal health and welfare.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation.
Ano: 2012
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Using minimum tillage to improve the efficiency of ecosystem service delivery on organic farms Organic Eprints
Crowley, Oliver; Döring, Thomas F.; Measures, Mark.
Organic farming practices aim to maximise the delivery of ecosystem services in the agricultural landscape. However, in order to maintain optimal crop productivity the mouldboard plough is often used to control weeds and this can have negative effects on a range of soil parameters, thereby jeopardizing delivery of these services. Reduced tillage (RT) can be beneficial to soils and could improve both the efficiency of production and the delivery of ecosystem services on organic farms. However, abandoning the plough on organic farms is challenging due to impaired weed control. Here we report on a two year trial where an RT system with the Ecodyn, with duck feet shares operating at a depth of 7.6 cm in combination with seed drilling, was compared with...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil tillage; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Weed management.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/20721/1/Crowley_et_al_2012_Reduced_tillage_and_ecosystem_service_delivery_on_organic_farms.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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