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Adaptability and Genotype x Environment Interaction of Spring Wheat Cultivars in Chile using Regression Analysis, AMMI, and SRAG Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Castillo,Dalma; Matus,Iván; del Pozo,Alejandro; Madariaga,Ricardo; Mellado,Mario.
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genetic improvement objectives include obtaining cultivars capable of expressing their maximum potential yield and quality in diverse environments. This make necessary to know and define the environment in which a variety can express its maximum potential yield and quality. The objective of this study was to assess which method is the most efficient to study cultivars response in multiple environments. For this, we analyze the adaptability, stability, and genotype x environment (GxE) interaction effect, grain yield, sedimentation, and wet gluten content of 13 spring wheat cultivars sown in six environments in the central-south and southern zones of Chile during two seasons. The data were analyzed by regression analysis,...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: AMMI; SREG; GxE; Bread wheat.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392012000200001
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Genetic Progress in Winter Wheat Cultivars released in Chile from 1920 to 2000 Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Matus,Iván; Mellado,Mario; Pinares,Marcos; Madariaga,Ricardo; del Pozo,Alejandro.
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the major crop in terms of planted area and presents the largest distribution in the country covering a wide range of climatic regions. This study assesses the changes of various agronomic traits of winter wheat cultivars released in Chile between 1920 and 2000. A total of 117 winter accessions, representing 45 old and 72 modern cultivars were tested in a humid Mediterranean-type climate, with irrigation, in 2003. Old cultivars were those released before 1960 and modern ones were those released after 1960. Principal component (PC) analysis using 10 agronomic traits clearly separate modern from old cultivars of winter wheat. Comparing modern cultivars with old ones, plant height have been reduced by 25.6%, but others traits...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Genetic improvement; Grain quality; Mediterranean environment; Old and new cultivars; Principal components; Yield progress.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392012000300001
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