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Effects of temporarily reduced tillage in organic crop rotations on yield, earthworm biomass and development of weed pressure. First results of a case study from Schleswig-Holstein/Germany Organic Eprints
Moos, Jan Hendrik; Paulsen, Hans-Marten; Schrader, Stefan; Rahmann, Gerold.
Farming systems applying reduced tillage measures are expected to be beneficial for sustaining important soil functions (ecosystem services) and (soil)biodiversity. Furthermore a reduction in tillage intensity is connected to reduced need for energy and labour input. On the other hand waiving the plough is, especially in organic farming systems, suspected to lead to increased weed pressure and therefore decreases in yields. In this paper first results of a study on temporarily reduced tillage in organic crop-rotations are presented. Here the plough was set aside before drilling triticale at the end of four crop rotations, and expectable yields, earthworm biomass and weed pressure were investigated. First one-year-results, of the experiment on temporarily...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil biology Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Soil tillage Biodiversity and ecosystem services Weed management Germany.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23885/1/23885_Moos_etal_Schr_MM.pdf
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Kurzfristige Auswirkungen des Pflugverzichts auf Collembolen- Gemeinschaften des Bodens Organic Eprints
Moos, Jan Hendrik; Schrader, Stefan; Paulsen, Hans Marten.
Collembolans, a widespread group of soil fauna, could potentially be used as indicators of management changes in (organic) farming systems. Therefore, we studied effects of reduced tillage compared with conventional tillage on collembolan communities in the short term. Results of a two-year field trial showed that collembolan communities are likely influenced by different tillage systems. However, these effects could not be statistically verified. Furthermore, annual variation seems to strongly influence the composition of collembolan communities. We tend to assign these effects to different crops cultivated during our study.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil biology; Nutrient turnover.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31957/1/Kurzfristige%20Auswirkungen%20des%20Pflugverzichts%20auf.pdf
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Monitoring der Deckungsgrade der Segetalflora auf Flächen des ökologischen Landbaus über einen Zeitraum von 10 Jahren Organic Eprints
Moos, Jan Hendrik; Paulsen, Hans Marten; Rahmann, Gerold.
The abundance of weeds was monitored on several permanent plots on an organically managed farm in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Variation in weed abundance was observed between plots. Neither general increase, nor general decrease in weed abundance could be identified. Most of the annual variations within the data could be explained by annual variation in precipitation. A more intensive view was on the abundance of Cirsium arvense and Galium aparine agg., two problematic weed species. While the known problems arising from the appearance of C. arvense could not be reflected in the used data, the data revealed possible problems through the partly high abundances of G. aparine agg
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Weed management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/21211/1/21211_moos.pdf
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Nutrients and weeds through 13 years of organic farming Organic Eprints
Böhm, Herwart; Paulsen, Hans Marten; Fischer, Jenny; Moos, Jan Hendrik; Rahmann, Gerold.
The comparison of the cash crop and the dairy cow crop rotations showed some effects on yield, weeds and nutrients after 13 years of different management, but most of them are so far not statistically different.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Soil; Weed management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27885/1/Boehm_etal_TrenthorstMonitoring_Plantekongres-Denmark2014.pdf
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Ökologische und ökonomische Auswirkungen des zeitweisen Pflugverzichts beim Anbau von Triticale und Kleegras Organic Eprints
Moos, Jan Hendrik; Paulsen, Hans Marten; Schrader, Stefan; Rahmann, Gerold.
Reduced tillage is often not applied in organic farming, because of expected increased weed pressure and, as a result, decreasing yields. On the other hand, the positive influence of reduced tillage on soils, for example on beneficial soil animals, is well known. Therefore, we investigated the influence of occasional reduced tillage (ORT) on yields of triticale and grass-clover and on earthworm biomass. Occasional reduced tillage means only setting aside the plough before drilling selected crops, which are known to perform well under the given local conditions. Already four weeks after drilling triticale, a positive effect on earthworm biomass could be revealed, which could be confirmed through the entire study. Yields of triticale and grass-clover did not...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil tillage; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/26908/1/26908_moos.pdf
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Organic Agriculture 3.0 is innovation with research Organic Eprints
Rahmann, Gerold; Ardakani, M. Reza; Boehm, Herwert; Canali, Stefano; Chander, Mahesh; David, Wahyudi; Dengel, Lucas; Erisman, Jan Willem; Galvis-Martinez, Ana C.; Hamm, Ulrich; Kahl, Johannes; Köpke, Ulrich; Kühne, Stefan; Lee, Sang Beom; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Moos, Jan Hendrik; Neuhoff, Daniel; Nuutila, Jaakko; OLOWE, VICTOR; Oppermann, Rainer; REMBIAŁKOWSKA, EWA; Riddle, Jim; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Shade, Jessica; Sohn, Sang Mok; Tadesse, Mekuria; Tashi, Sonam; Thatcher, Alan; Uddin, Nazim; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, Peter; Wibe, Atle; Wivstad, Maria; Wenliang, Wu; Zanoli, Raffaele.
Organic agriculture can and should play an important role in solving future challenges in producing food. The low level of external inputs combined with knowledge on sustainablity minimizes environmental contamination and can help to produce more food for more people without negatively impacting our environment. Organic agriculture not only includes farming as a production practice but it also includes processing, trade and consumption. Nevertheless, Organic agriculture must always evolve to overcome emerging challenges. Science-based knowledge attained through dedicated research is required to strengthen organic food and farming as a means to solve future challenges. In 2010, a global discussion about Organic 3.0 was initiated to address current problems...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification World Environmental aspects History of organics Knowledge management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31279/1/Rahmann%20et%20al%202017.pdf
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