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A framework for assessing impacts of community-based enterprises on poverty reduction: a case study in northern Thailand AgEcon
Terrakul, Nuttamon; Villano, Renato A.; Wood, Fiona; Mounter, Stuart W..
Poverty alleviation remains a challenge for Thailand’s socio-economic development. A key strategy of the Thai government to help meet this challenge at the ‘grass roots’ level has been the promotion of Community-Based Enterprises (CBEs). And national statistics and descriptive studies have shown that CBEs have led to both income improvement and employment creation. However, poverty is a multi-dimensional concept and also some groups are more adversely affected (such a women) than others. By investigating poverty from a number of different angles, this research aims to assess whether CBES are a genuine tool for poverty reduction at the individual household level. This paper provides an outline of the framework developed for assessing CBE impact on poverty...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; Community-based enterprise; Poverty reduction; Gender empowerment; Northern Thailand; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59165
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A time to change? The supply of climate mitigation products from land-use change in northern NSW AgEcon
Moss, Jonathan; Cacho, Oscar J.; Mounter, Stuart W..
With the impending introduction of an Australian Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme, farmers and landholders in rural Australia have increased opportunities to participate in the market. This includes the adoption of land-use change to sequester additional carbon in exchange for carbon credits and the production of a renewable energy source (biofuels). However, these land-use changes compete with existing farm enterprises and may contain significant transaction costs. Therefore it is necessary for the institutional arrangements to provide adequate incentives for landholders to adopt these land-use changes. This paper examines the potential supply of these land-use changes for climate mitigation from landholders in a northern NSW catchment. These results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Border Rivers-Gwydir; Carbon sequestration; Land-use change; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59104
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An Equilibrium Displacement Model of the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Fleming, Euan M.; Zhao, Xueyan.
This report documents the specification of an equilibrium displacement model (EDM) of the Australian sheep and wool industries. The model is capable of estimating and comparing the potential benefits from R&D and generic promotion investments, and other policy changes, in the different sectors and markets of the Australian sheep and wool industries. Inclusive in the model are the multiple components of the Australian sheep and wool industries to account for cross-product interactions not considered in most previous studies. A high degree of industry disaggregation within the model enables estimation of the distribution of the potential benefits among the various industry sectors and across different regional environments. A number of hypothetical...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wool; Sheep meat; Research and development; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37663
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Composition of the National Sheep Flock and Specification of Equilibrium Prices and Quantities for the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries, 2002-03 to 2004-05 AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Fleming, Euan M.; Zhao, Xueyan.
The data used, and the methods and assumptions fundamental to the development of an equilibrium displacement model (EDM) of the Australian sheep and wool industries specified in Mounter et al. (2007), are contained in this report. The national sheep flock is disaggregated into Merino and non-Merino sheep in the three agricultural zones of Australia using 2002-03 Australian agricultural and grazing industries survey data. Opening and closing sheep numbers, death rates and weaning percentages were used to derive the supply and use of sheep in each zone. Annual shorn wool production was split into four fibre-diameter categories in each zone corresponding to ABS wool export categories. Wool production percentages and relative greasy fleece weights were used to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wool; Sheep meat; Research and development; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37664
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Economic Evaluation of New Technologies and Promotions in the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Fleming, Euan M.; Zhao, Xueyan.
Knowledge about the size and distribution of returns from alternative broad types of R&D and promotion investments permit strategic-level decisions about resource allocation, both within and across research programs. The Australian sheep meat and wool industries are characterised by strong cross-commodity relationships due to the joint product nature of the industries. An equilibrium displacement model of the Australian sheep meat and wool industries was developed to account for these relationships and any indirect benefits and costs arising from spill-over and feedback effects between the industries as a result of research-induced innovation or promotion. The potential annual returns and their distribution among the various industry sectors were...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Australian sheep and wool industries; Equilibrium displacement model; Cross-commodity relationships; R&D; Promotion evaluation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10415
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Economic Evaluation of New Technologies and Promotions in the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W..
Knowledge about the size and distribution of returns from alternative broad types of R&D and promotion investments permit strategic-level decisions about resource allocation, both within and across research programs. The Australian sheep meat and wool industries are characterised by strong cross-commodity relationships due to the joint product nature of the industries. An equilibrium displacement model of the Australian sheep meat and wool industries was developed to account for these relationships and any indirect benefits and costs arising from spill-over and feedback effects between the industries as a result of research-induced innovation or promotion. The potential annual returns and their distribution among the various industry sectors were...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Australian sheep and wool industries; Equilibrium displacement model; Cross-commodity relationships; R&D and promotion evaluation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9234
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Jointly selecting for fibre diameter and fleece weight: A market-level assessment of the QPLU$ Merino breeding project AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Mullen, John D..
The QPLU$ Merino breeding project began in the early 1990s. The aim of the project was to demonstrate the efficiency of using a selection index to achieve breeding objectives. A number of selection lines were created from three strains of Merino sheep. During the ten-year course of the project, selection of each line was undertaken using an index based on measurements of fleece weight and fibre diameter. Different emphases were placed on each trait in each selected line. This paper estimates the potential aggregate returns of the project to the Australian sheep and wool industries using an equilibrium displacement model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Australian sheep and wool industries; Equilibrium displacement model; Cross-commodity relationships; R&D evaluation; Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6046
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Old model, new problem: when should you update a model and what happens when you do? AgEcon
Griffith, Garry R.; Malcolm, Bill; Mounter, Stuart W.; Slattery, Henry.
This paper is a summary of some of the considerations involved in applying an existing model to a new problem, in particular in deciding whether to update or not, and some of the issues involved in interpreting the output from the new application. Thus where you start from does influence where you end up. Both change in total surplus and to a lesser extent the distribution of this change in total surplus across sectors, depends on the price and quantity data which is used to define the initial equilibrium, even if elasticity values are the same. So careful consideration should be given to whether an existing model should be updated because updating a model does matter. The final point to restate is that consumers of pig meat end up being the winners from...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: New model; Old model; Decision making; Change in total surplus; Updating a model; New technologies; Pork; Industry structure; Industry size; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114420
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The Payoff from Generic Advertising by the Australian Pig Industry in the Presence of Trade AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R..
The Australian pig meat industry today competes in a global market environment, with significant quantities of both pork exports and pork imports for further processing. In March 2003 Australian Pork Limited (APL) launched a advertising campaign to raise domestic per capita consumption of pork, and increase consumer awareness and preference for identified Australian pig meat. This is funded from producer levies. Over the period 2003 to 2005, APL advertising expenditure is forecast to be at least 15 per cent above 2001-02 domestic advertising expenditure levels. Domestic advertising expenditure by APL for the 2002-03 financial year was actually 30 per cent above the previous year's level. The question is whether these pig producer funds are being well...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Equilibrium displacement models; Returns to advertising; Pigmeat; Economic analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12946
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The Relative Payoffs From R&D and Generic Advertising Expenditure by the Australian Pig Industry AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Mullen, John D..
Australian Pork Limited collects producer levies and matching contributions from the Federal government (on some of the levy income), and uses these funds to invest in R&D, domestic and export marketing campaigns and strategic policy development. In 2003/04, more than $18 million in funds were available. Levy payers and other stakeholders want to know that these funds are being well spent to generate positive net returns to the industry. This issue is particularly important at present, with the Australian pig meat industry competing in a global market environment, producing significant quantities of pork exports but also facing significant quantities of pork imports for further processing. An equilibrium displacement model of the Australian pig...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12943
Registros recuperados: 10
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