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Do changes in environmental and fishing pressures impact marine communities? An empirical assessment ArchiMer
Rochet, Marie-joelle; Trenkel, Verena; Carpentier, Andre; Coppin, Franck; Gil De Sola, Luis; Leaute, Jean-pierre; Mahe, Jean-claude; Maiorano, Porzia; Mannini, Alessandro; Murenu, Matteo; Piet, Gerjan; Politou, Chrissi-yianna; Reale, Bruno; Spedicato, Maria-teresa; Tserpes, George; Bertrand, Jacques.
P>1. The development of ecosystem approaches to environmental management implies the need to account for multiple pressures on ecosystems. Trends in multiple metrics that respond differently to changes in major environmental pressures need to be combined to evaluate the impacts of fishing and environmental changes on fish communities. 2. An exploited fish community is viewed as a three-level food chain in which the two upper levels, or functional groups, are targeted by fishing fleets, while the lowest level is subject to environmental variation. Qualitative modelling is used to predict changes at the two upper levels, that is, top-down vs. bottom-up perturbations. Abundance and length metrics are calculated from survey data for 14 Mediterranean and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bottom-up control; Community metrics; Compensation; Ecosystem approach to fisheries; Ecosystem assessment; Functional groups; Groundfish community; Mediterranean; North Atlantic; Top-down control.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00008/11925/8637.pdf
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Large-Scale Diversity of Slope Fishes: Pattern Inconsistency between Multiple Diversity Indices ArchiMer
Gaertner, Jean-claude; Maiorano, Porza; Merigot, Bastien; Colloca, Francesco; Politou, Chrissi-yianna; Gil De Sola, Luis; Bertrand, Jacques; Murenu, Matteo; Durbec, Jean-pierre; Kallianiotis, Argyris; Mannini, Alessandro.
Large-scale studies focused on the diversity of continental slope ecosystems are still rare, usually restricted to a limited number of diversity indices and mainly based on the empirical comparison of heterogeneous local data sets. In contrast, we investigate large-scale fish diversity on the basis of multiple diversity indices and using 1454 standardized trawl hauls collected throughout the upper and middle slope of the whole northern Mediterranean Sea (36 degrees 3' - 45 degrees 7' N; 5 degrees 3'W - 28 degrees E). We have analyzed (1) the empirical relationships between a set of 11 diversity indices in order to assess their degree of complementarity/redundancy and (2) the consistency of spatial patterns exhibited by each of the complementary groups of...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26299/24392.pdf
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Modelling of European hake nurseries in the Mediterranean Sea: an ecological niche approach ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Fiorentino, Fabio; Murenu, Matteo; Knittweis, Leyla; Colloca, Francesco; Osio, Chato; Merigot, Bastien; Garofalo, Germana; Mannini, Alessandro; Jadaud, Angelique; Sbrana, Mario; Scarcella, Giuseppe; Tserpesi, George; Peristeraki, Panagiota; Carlucci, Roberto; Heikkonen, Jukka.
An ecological niche modelling (ENM) approach was developed to model the suitable habitat 36 for the 0-group European hake, Merluccius merluccius L., 1758, in the Mediterranean Sea. 37 The ENM was built combining knowledge on biological traits of hake recruits (e.g. growth, 38 settlement, mobility and feeding strategy) with patterns of selected ecological variables 39 (chlorophyll-a fronts and concentration, bottom depth, sea bottom current and temperature) 40 to highlight favourable nursery habitats. The results show that hake nurseries require stable 41 bottom temperature (11.8-15.0oC), low bottom currents (< 0.034 m.s-1) and a frequent 42 occurrence of productive fronts in low chlorophyll-a areas (0.1-0.9 mg.m-3) to support a 43 successful...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00228/33947/32262.pdf
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Reproducibility of the multi-component aspect of species diversity across different areas and scales: towards the constitution of a shortlist of complementary indices for monitoring fish diversity? ArchiMer
Gaertner, Jean-claude; Merigot, Bastien; Relini, Giulio; Bertrand, Jacques; Mazouni, Nabila; Politou, Chrissi-yianna; Gil De Sola, Luis; Kallianiotis, Argyris; Carpentieri, Paolo; Murenu, Matteo; Durbec, Jean-pierre; Vrgoc, Nedo; Ungaro, Nicola.
Recent theoretical and field studies conducted in both terrestrial and marine ecosystems have suggested that diversity could be a more complex and multi-component concept than previously thought. However, it is still poorly understood to what extent the information provided by the various indices is complementary with regard to diversity, and to what extent this complementarity is reproducible in different situations or at different scales of observation. In the present work, we have analysed the reproducibility of the empirical relationships between 11 diversity indices related to four major aspects (components) of species diversity (species richness, rarity, evenness and species taxonomy) in order to determine whether there is a general pattern of...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00029/14064/11382.pdf
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