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Registros recuperados: 22
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Changing Pattern in U.S. Apparel Trade Post-2008: Implications for U.S. Cotton AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Malaga, Jaime E.; Rejesus, Roderick M..
In 1995, the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) provided for the calculated liberalization of the textiles and apparel sectors over a 10-year period ending in 2005, except for some safeguard measures ending on December 31, 2008. These safeguard measures allowed for import restrictions by the U.S. on certain categories of cotton apparel from China. Using a 57-equation, annual econometric, price equilibrium simulation model of the U.S. cotton and cotton apparel markets, results point to lower cotton apparel prices in the U.S. by as much as $ 0.25 per kilogram while cotton prices decline by less than $ 0.01 per kilogram once these safeguards expire. In the baseline scenario, quotas are removed in 2009-2015 except for the safeguards. In the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6066
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DECLINING COTTON ACREAGE IMPACTS ON U.S. COTTON GINNING INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COSTS AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Hudson, Darren.
Paper prepared for 2010 Cotton Beltwide Conferences, New Orleans, Louisiana, January, 2010
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96673
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Expiring Temporary Safeguards on Apparel Trade Implications for U.S. Cotton AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Hudson, Darren; Ethridge, Darren; Mohanty, Mohamadou.
The 1995 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) provided for the calculated liberalization of the textiles and apparel sectors over a 10-year period except for some safeguard measures ending on December 31, 2008. These safeguard measures allowed for import restrictions by the U.S. on certain categories of cotton apparel from China. Using a price equilibrium simulation model of the U.S. cotton and cotton apparel markets, results point to lower cotton apparel prices in the U.S. by as much as $0.11/lb while U.S. cotton prices decline by less than $0.01/lb once these safeguards expire.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53166
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Farm Level Impacts of Bt Corn Adoption in a Developing Country: Evidence from the Philippines AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Yorobe, Jose M., Jr..
This article examines the ex post farm-level impacts of Bt corn adoption in the Philippines. Using an econometric approach that addresses simultaneity, selection, and censoring problems, we show that Bt corn adoption provides modest but statistically significant increases in farm-level yields and profits. Furthermore, our results suggest that farm-level yield and profit impacts of Bt corn adoption are underestimated when censoring in the pesticide application variable is not considered in the estimation procedures. Previous literature have emphasized the importance of simultaneity and selection problems but this is the first study that have raised the issue of censoring problems in estimating the farm-level effects of Bt corn adoption.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt; Censoring; Corn; Farm level impacts genetically modified crops; Pesticide use; Technology adoption; Crop Production/Industries; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9891
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Food Calorie Intake and Food Security under Grain Price Inflation: Evidence from Malawi AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fang, Cheng; Sanogo, Issa; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
A comprehensive analysis of food demand and nutrient consumption using recent, representative household survey data from Malawi is presented. Expenditure and price elasticities have been estimated for 20 food groups using a quadratic almost ideal demand system based on 4 income groups identified by the Goldfeld-Quandt tests. Although the current boom of maize price provides an opportunity to rethink development strategies that diversify the commodity sectors, developing countries will not necessarily benefit from this change absent significant improvements in production capacities and trade infrastructures. Malawi is likely to suffer from higher commodity prices in the short-run.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Goldfeld-Quandt tests; A quadratic almost ideal demand system; Malawi; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; D12; O13; R21; R31; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103266
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Global Cotton Baseline 2008-09 - 2018/19 AgEcon
Hudson, Darren; Pan, Suwen; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Yates, Samantha.
ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS – Real GDP growth is projected at -2.16% in 2009 for developed countries before it slowly recovers to about 2.3% per year. Developing economies, on the other hand, are projected to grow by 2.6% in 2009 before they recuperate to an average of 5.3% thereafter. – A more favorable exchange rate between the Chinese yuan and the U.S. dollar will allow for U.S. cotton to be more affordable to China’s cotton textile industry.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53152
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Global Cotton Baseline 2009/10 - 2019/20 AgEcon
Hudson, Darren; Pan, Suwen; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Yates, Samantha; Ethridge, Don E..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94188
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Global Cotton Baseline 2010/11 - 2020/21 AgEcon
Hudson, Darren; Pan, Suwen; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Yates, Samantha; Ethridge, Don E..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Global cotton outlook; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109748
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Household Vegetable Demand in the Philippines: Is There an Urban-Rural Divide? AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Rejesus, Roderick M..
A three-step estimation method and a Nonlinear Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System (NQAIDS) are used to assess the vegetable demand behavior of rural and urban households in the Philippines. The results show that most of the expenditure and own-price elasticities of the vegetables analyzed are near or larger than unitary in both rural and urban areas. For majority of the vegetable commodities, there are no significant differences in the expenditure, own-price, and cross-price elasticities of urban households relative to rural households. Only demand for cabbage and tomatoes in the urban areas tend to be statistically different compared to rural areas. The demand behavior information gleaned from the analysis provides important insights that could help...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35483
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Impact Assessment of Bt Corn Adoption in the Philippines AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Pan, Suwen; Yorobe, Jose M., Jr..
This article examines the impact of Bt corn adoption in the Philippines using an econometric approach that addresses simultaneity, selection, and censoring problems. Although previous literature emphasizes the importance of simultaneity and selection problems, this is the first study that addresses the issue of censoring in estimating the effects of Bt corn adoption at the farm in a developing country context. We show that Bt corn adoption provides modest but statistically significant increases in farm yields and profits. Furthermore, our results provide some evidence of inference errors that can potentially arise when censoring in the pesticide application variable is ignored in the estimation procedures.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Bt; Censoring; Corn; Farm level impacts; Genetically modified crops; Pesticide use; Technology adoption; International Development; Production Economics; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120452
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Industry Organization and Output Size Distribution of Cotton Gins in the U.S. AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Hudson, Darren.
Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, February 6-9, 2010
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Cotton gins; Transitional probabilities; Markov; Minimum efficient scale; Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96676
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Industry Organization and Output Size Distribution of Cotton Gins in the U.S. AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Hudson, Darren.
With cotton output declining by 46 percent from 2005-2008 (from 23.89 M bales in 2005 to 12.8 M bales in 2008), gins are processing less cotton. This paper examines how output size distribution of cotton gins in the U.S. has evolved and the extent to which the developments in the U.S. ethanol industry, specifically the passage of the Energy Policy Act in 2005 (and its subsequent revisions), have influenced this structural process. Markov transitional probability matrices (TPMs) are estimated for two periods: 1994-2004 and 2005-2008 to determine changes in output size distribution of gins. TPMs indicate that relative to the pre-2005 period, gins had a greater propensity to process lower outputs after 2005. It is purported that in industries constrained...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Cotton gins; Transitional probabilities; Markov; Minimum efficient scale; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization; Q10; Q12; L11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56424
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Lessons Learned from the Phase-out of the MFA: Moving from Managed Distortion to Managed Distortion AgEcon
Hudson, Darren; Ethridge, Don E.; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
While the elimination of the Multifibre Arrangement (MFA) was presumed to be a net global benefit because it represented an elimination of a distortionary set of trade agreements, it was based on the assumption that the underlying global trading regime was based on free trade principles. However, due to the trading pattern that has emerged after the MFA and its unintended consequences – with production infrastructure and trading rules based on distortionary incentives so entrenched into the system – the global trading regime after the elimination of quotas is still far short of free.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: MFA; Textile and clothing; Trade; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104063
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE PHASE-OUT OF THE MFAs: MOVING FROM MANAGED DISTORTION TO MANAGED DISTORTION AgEcon
Hudson, Darren; Ethridge, Don E.; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
Paper presented at 69th ICAC Meetings, Lubbock, TX, September 2010
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96674
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Response of Cotton to Oil Price Shocks AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Hudson, Darren.
Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, February 6-9, 2010
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Oil price; Demand shocks; Supply shocks; Structural vector autoregression; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96675
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Response of Cotton to Oil Price Shocks AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Hudson, Darren.
This paper shows that the response of cotton prices in the U.S. to fluctuations in oil prices in the international market may differ greatly depending on whether the increase is driven by demand or supply shocks in the crude oil market. In the long-run, around 3 percent of the variability in cotton prices can be attributed to shocks to global demand for industrial commodities while none can be traced to oil supply shocks.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Oil price; Demand shocks; Supply shocks; Structural vector autoregression (SVAR); Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Q11; Q41.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56425
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Sino-U.S. Price Transmission in Agricultural Commodities: How Important are Exchange Rate Movements? AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Hudson, Darren.
Commodity price transmissions between China and the U.S. are examined. The results indicate that variations in Chinese cotton and soybean prices are transmitted to U.S. cotton and soybean prices while variations in Chinese wheat and rice prices do not get transmitted to U.S. wheat and rice prices. The effects of volatilities in oil prices and in the exchange rate on the price transmission are also assessed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Soybean; Cotton; Wheat; China; U.S.; Price transmission; Exchange rate; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103459
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Stochastic Analysis of World Cotton Outlook Addendum to the 2007/08-2017/18 Baseline AgEcon
Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Pan, Suwen; Ethridge, Don E.; Hudson, Darren; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: The cotton market baseline analysis released in 2008 (Ethridge et al.) provided critical information about the future of the world cotton market over the next ten years (2007/02- 2017/18). It is based on a deterministic approach that utilizes the world fiber model developed by the Cotton Economics Research Institute (CERI) at Texas Tech University (Pan et al. 2004). The world fiber model is a multi-country multi-sector partial equilibrium model that includes the world’s 24 major cotton importing and exporting countries and regions. While the deterministic model provides the best available point estimates of potential market outcomes; It does not reveal information about the underlying variability of these markets over time.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53140
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The Effects of Domestic Offset Programs on the Cotton Market AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Hudson, Darren; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
This paper analyzed the effects of the U.S. domestic offset program on the world cotton markets using a partial equilibrium model following the assumption given by Brown et al. (2010). The results in our study are largely similar to those of Baker et al. and Brown et al., confirming that study’s findings that ACES, and its domestic offset program in particular, would cause increases in the domestic prices of several agricultural commodities. However, the overall effects of this increase in the world price on total world trade is tempered by increased exports from India, Brazil, Uzbekistan, Australia, and Western & Central African countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Offset program; Cotton; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Q170; Q180.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98557
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The Impacts of Eliminating the Direct Payments on the U.S. Cotton Market AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Hudson, Darren; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
This study analyzes the effects of eliminating direct payments paid to cotton farmers in the U.S. Our results suggest that while the impact of eliminating direct payments on domestic production is offset to some extent by rising prices, the more significant effect is on farmers’ net income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98627
Registros recuperados: 22
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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