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A framework for a European network for a systematic environmental impact assessment of genetically modified organisms (GMO) Organic Eprints
Graef, Frieder; Römbke, Jörg; Binimelis, Rosa; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Hilbeck, Angelika; Breckling, Boder; Dalgaard, Tommy; Stachow, Ulrich; Catacora-Vargas, Georgina; Bohn, Thomas; Quist, David; Darvas, Béla; Dudel, Gert; Oehen, Bernadette; Meyer, Hartmut; Henle, Klaus; Wynne, Brian; Metzger, Marc J.; Knäbe, Silvio; Settele, Josef; Székács, András; Wurbs, Angelika; Bernard, Jeannette; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Buiatti, Marcello; Giovannetti, Manuela; Debeljak, Marko; Andersen, Erling; Paetz, Andreas; Dzeroski, Saso; Tappeser, Beatrix; van Gestel, Cornelis A.M.; Wosniok, Werner; Séralini, Gilles-Eric; Aslaksen, Iulie; Pesch, Roland; Maly, Stanislav; Werner, Armin.
The assessment of the impacts of growing genetically modified (GM) crops remains a major political and scientific challenge in Europe. Concerns have been raised by the evidence of adverse and unexpected environmental effects and differing opinions on the outcomes of environmental risk assessments (ERA). The current regulatory system is hampered by insufficiently developed methods for GM crop safety testing and introduction studies. Improvement to the regulatory system needs to address the lack of well designed GM crop monitoring frameworks, professional and financial conflicts of interest within the ERA research and testing community, weaknesses in consideration of stakeholder interests and specific regional conditions, and the lack of comprehensive...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/23020/1/Graef-etal-2012-BioRisk-Vol7-p73-97.pdf
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ALPIS – Konzept für ein alpwirtschaftliches Informationssystem Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Jahrl, Ingrid; Rudmann, Christine.
Die Alpwirtschaft befindet sich in einem stetigen Wandel: Regionalpolitische Entwicklungen und Umweltanliegen stehen Anforderungen an Rentabilität und effiziente Bewirtschaftung gegenüber. Mangels neuerer Datengrundlagen werden für alpwirtschaftliche Entscheidungen in vielen Kantonen die Alpkataster herangezogen, die auf Erhebungen in den 1950er- bis 1970er-Jahren beruhen. Obwohl diese Daten schon lange als ungenügend und unvollständig angesehen werden, scheiterten die Versuche einer gesamtschweizerischen Aktualisierung der Alpkataster. Erst im Rahmen des Verbundprojektes AlpFUTUR konnte dieses Anliegen erneut in Angriff genommen werden. Während der Erarbeitung des Konzeptes für einen erneuerten, schweizerischen Alpkataster in Form eines...
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Education; Extension and communication Switzerland Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25734/1/2013_03_1859_alpis.pdf
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ALPIS - Konzept für ein modernes alpwirtschaftliches Informationssystem Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Jahrl, Ingrid; Rudmann, Christine.
Das Sömmerungsgebiet setzt sich zusammen aus den traditionellen, nicht ganzjährig bewirtschafteten Weidegebieten im Jura‐ und im Alpenbogen. Es ist ein wichtiges Element der Schweizer Kulturlandschaft und umfasst gemäss Arealstatistik rund ein Drittel der landwirtschaftlich genutzten Fläche der Schweiz. Der Wandel der Agrarstrukturen im Talgebiet, die Klimaveränderung und neue gesellschaftliche Ansprüche beeinflussen auch die Nutzungsformen des Sömmerungsgebietes. Diese Veränderungen stellen die Kantone und die Alpwirtschaft vor neue Herausforderungen. Um diesen Herausforderungen gewachsen zu sein, brauchen die Behörden, die Alpwirtschaft, die Beratung und die Politik aktuelle und historische Informationen aus dem Sömmerungsgebiet.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Education; Extension and communication Switzerland Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21422/1/Oehen-etal-2012-ALPIS_Endbericht_WSL.pdf
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Alternativen zum Einsatz von synthetischem Vitamin B2 oder Vitamin B2 aus GVO Derivaten. FiBL-Empfehlung zur Vitamin B2-Problematik in der Biofuttermittelproduktion. Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Früh, Barbara.
Aus dem einleitenden Kapitel: In allen Bereichen der konventionellen Lebens- und Futtermittelherstellung wird Vitamin B2 als GVO-Derivat, welches im Fermenter mit Hilfe von Bacillus subtilis hergestellt wird, eingesetzt. Die Produktionen unter Biolabels bilden hier eine Ausnahme. Im vorliegenden Bericht und im Projekt haben sich die Autorinnen mit der Vitamin-B2-Problematik befasst.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Quality and evaluation of inputs.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/18681/1/oehen%2Dfrueh%2D2008%2Dvitamnin%2Db2.pdf
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Alternativen zum Einsatz von synthetischem Vitamin B2 und Vitamin B2 GVO Derivaten - Erhebung der Vitamin B2-Versorgung bei Bioschweinen Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Schneider, Claudia; Früh, Barbara.
Derzeit wird in allen Bereichen der konventionellen Lebens- und Futtermittelherstellung Vitamin B2 als GVO-Derivat, welches im Fermenter mit Hilfe von gentechnisch verändertem Bacillus subtilis hergestellt wird, eingesetzt. Die Produktionen unter Biolabels bilden hier eine Ausnahme. Im Herbst 2007 wurde von Seiten der Hersteller von Biofuttermitteln eine europaweite Mangelsituation bei der Versorgung von synthetischem Vitamin B2 gemeldet. Es wurde der Wunsch geäussert, die Bio Suisse solle beim BLW eine Ausnahmebewilligung für Vitamin B2 aus Prozessen mit GVO beantragen. Im September 07 entschied der Bio Suisse Vorstand aber, dass keine GVO Derivate im Biolandbau eingesetzt werden dürfen. In der neuen EU Bioverordnung 834/07 fällt Vitamin B2 unter die...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Regulation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18722/1/Vitamin_B2_Versorgung_Bioschweine.pdf
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Alternatives for the substitution of synthetic vitamin B2 or vitamin B2 produced from GMOs Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Früh, Barbara; Schneider, Claudia.
Today in conventional food and feed production added vitamin B2 is produced almost exclusively from a GMO,1 namely the genetically modified Bacillus subtilis. Vitamin B2 applied in certified organic food and feed productions is an exception, as it is still synthesized conventionally. In fall 2007 and also recently, there has been a lack of non-GMO derived vitamin B2 on the European market, which has caused temporary supply problems for organic producers. This event triggered the political will to conduct new research in order to find alternative solutions for the substitution of synthetic vitamin B2 in organic agriculture.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs; Regulation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18721/1/Summary_Vitamin_B2_2011.pdf
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Analyse von GVO-Verunreinigungen in Bioprodukten: Belastungsgrade und Vermeidungsmöglichkeiten in Saatgut, Lebensmitteln und Futtermitteln Organic Eprints
Nowack Heimgartner, Karin; Oehen, Bernadette; Meier, Julia.
Die Bioproduktion erlaubt weltweit die Anwendung gentechnisch veränderter Organismen (GVO) und deren Folgeprodukte gemäss den international gültigen privaten und öffentlich rechtlichen Richtlinien nicht. Im Biolandbau werden zwar geschlossene Kreisläufe angestrebt, doch sind über viele Pfade Verunreinigungen mit GVO möglich (siehe Studie K. Nowack Heimgartner, R. Bickel, R. Pushparajah Lorenzen, E. Wyss (2002): Sicherung der gentechnikfreien Produktion. Eintrittswege gentechnisch veränderter Organismen, Gegenmassnahmen und Empfehlungen. Hrsg. Bundesamt für Umwelt, Wald und Landschaft (BUWAL). Schriftenreihe Umwelt Nr. 340). Die vorliegende Studie untersuchte den Stand der GVO-Verunreinigungen in biologischen Lebensmitteln, Futtermitteln und Saatgut in der...
Tipo: Report
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2388/1/nowack%2Dheimgartner%2Det%2Dal%2D2004%2Dgvo%2Dverunreinigungen.pdf
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Anbau transgener Pflanzen – Räumliche Aspekte der Koexistenz Organic Eprints
Schlatter, Christian; Oehen, Bernadette.
Most of the farmers in Switzerland won’t apply GMO farming. Their organisations support a five-year ban for the marketing of transgenic plants. However, in Switzerland there is no political discussion on co-existence as in the European community and their member states. In this study, the spatial aspects of coexistence of transgenic, conventional and organic farming in Switzerland are investigated. It shows that there are only 28 communities of 2848 where all farmers are bound by different labels to produce GMO-free. Most of these communities are situated in high altitude regions. In contrast, in arable regions of Switzerland, few farmers produce organic crops. In most of the communities in Switzerland, the simultaneous production with and without...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/3596/1/3596.pdf
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Beer from the mountains – Value creation through bridging rural/urban and local/global Organic Eprints
Moschitz, Heidrun; Oehen, Bernadette.
This paper presents a case study of a farmers’ cooperative, Gran Alpin, selling mountain cereal products to mainly urban consumers. It employs and constantly reproduces values of local and place while marketing to mostly extra-local consumers. High levels of trust are maintained through multiple relations in the local network and decisive for successfully transporting the cooperative’s values from the local to the global, from the rural to the urban.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Markets and trade; Policy environments and social economy; Produce chain management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32145/1/MoschitzOehen_ESRS%20Krakow.pdf
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Case studies of the marketing of products from newly bred lines and underutilized crops Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Rossi, Adanella; D'Amico, Simona; Sellars, Anna; Oehen, Bernadette.
The overall aim of Task 5.1 of the Diversifood project is to produce recommendations and guidelines for the marketing and valorisation strategies of biodiverse food products, including products from underutilized crops and based on newly-bred lines from participatory plant breeding. The work presented here identifies success and critical factors of existing initiatives, analysing the whole process of value-adding and communication from the genetic resource to the food product. A common case study approach was used by national teams in eight countries, involving around 180 interviews with various actors of each initiative, including producers and a diversity of other supply chain actors and consumers. Results of the comparative analysis are presented into...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Networks and ownership Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34456/1/Diversifood%20D5.1.pdf
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Co-existence in maize supply chains in Spain and Switzerland Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Costa-Font, Montserrat; Morgner, Marion; Gil, José M.; Stolze, Matthias.
The debate about co-existence usually focuses on the situation of neighbouring farms. Organic producers take the position that co-existence affects the whole supply chain. Therefore, this paper compares the maize grain supply chains in Switzerland and Spain in order to identify which factors influence the segregation of genetically modified (GM) maize from non-GM maize, and discusses how organic production copes with the challenge of GM maize. Considerable differences exist between Spain and Switzerland with regard to grain maize as a component of animal feed. In Spain, where GM maize is grown, it is the feed industry that defines standards in the supply chains. Since the trading co-operatives are unable to supply GM-free maize, independent and separate...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Produce chain management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/10379/1/oehen%2Detal%2D2007%2DCo_existence_maize.pdf
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Coexistence? Le droit de contamination n’existe pas Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette.
Le moratoire suisse sur les OGM est prolongé jusqu’en 2017: La culture commerciale de plantes transgéniques reste interdite. Le Conseil fédéral et les autorités fédérales veulent apparemment poser des jalons – pour les cultures GM après 2017. Le gouvernement présente en effet un projet pour une nouvelle loi sur l’ingénierie génétique flanquée d’une ordonnance sur la coexistence.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25200/1/oe.pdf
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Comment les fermes bio protègent le climat Organic Eprints
Gattinger, Andreas; Oehen, Bernadette.
Les producteurs et productrices bio contribuent depuis longtemps à la protection du climat. De nombreuses directives de Bio Suisse vont dans cette direction: Interdiction des transports aériens, limitation des concentrés, interdiction des engrais de synthèse etc. Cette fiche technique montre les interactions entre le changement climatique et l'agriculture et présente des mesures supplémentaires pour diminuer les émissions de gaz à effet de serre dues aux entreprises agricoles biologiques.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25263/1/1579-climat.pdf
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Commerce et santé des veaux «excédentaires» en zone de montagne: une étude des Grisons Organic Eprints
Janett, Rut; Oehen, Bernadette.
Il existe peu d’informations concernant la gestion des veaux en montagne. Dans cette zone d’exploitation agricole, l’élevage occupe une place importante, marquée par l’économie alpestre. Aux fins de l’étude, onze chefs d’exploitations laitières et d’exploitations d’engraissement du canton des Grisons ont été interrogés sur la santé des veaux. Leurs réponses ont été analysées à la lumière de la Theory of Planned Behavior ou TPB (théorie du comportement planifié) développée par Ajzen. Les personnes interrogées exercent le commerce des veaux principalement à l’échelle régionale. En raison de l’estivage, le commerce des veaux est saisonnier. Certains décrivent une coopération étroite entre les exploitations laitières et les exploitations d’engraissement. Cela...
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Beef cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35818/1/janett-boehen-2019-recherche-agronomique-suisse-10-6-p228-235.pdf
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Consumer preferences for farmers’ varieties Organic Eprints
Meier, Claudia; Oehen, Bernadette.
Our food value chain is characterized by an ongoing concentration and standardization on all levels and a concomitant loss in diversity. Putting the breeding and multiplication of seeds back into the hands of farmers is one strategy to counteract this concentration process and embed diversity in the food value chain. In this project we investigated consumers’ preferences for so-called farmers’ varieties, using vegetables as an example.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Consumer issues Breeding; Genetics and propagation Policy environments and social economy Produce chain management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34723/1/meier-oehen-2018-DiversifoodFinalCongress_France_poster.pdf
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Deliverable D8.1: Report on the market potential of minor cereal crops and consumers perceptions about them in different European regions (Deliverable D8.1, HealthyMinorCereals) Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; De Gregorio, Julia; Petrusan, Janos; Moschitz, Heidrun.
Common wheat (Triticum aestivum) and barley (Hordeum vulgare) are the most important cereals grown in Europe (in ha). Both crops are suitable for large-scale crop production Other crop species like spelt (T. spelta), rye (Secale cereale), oats (Avena sativa) emmer (T. dicoccum) and einkorn (T. monococcum)are not relevant to food or feed production anymore. In comparison to conventional common wheat, minor cereals typically grow well in poor soils or under low input conditions, and there are hints that the nutritional quality is high. However, MC have been hardly developed as commercial crop varieties, with virtually no major investment in exploiting genetic diversity, breeding programmes, and optimising of agronomic and food industry processes....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry Markets and trade Breeding; Genetics and propagation Produce chain management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/33828/1/Del%20%208%201%20Market%20potential%20of%20MC.pdf
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Detection of feral GT73 transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) along railway lines on entry routes to oilseed factories in Switzerland Organic Eprints
Hecht, Mirco; Oehen, Bernadette; Schulze, Jürg; Brodmann, Peter; Bagutti, Claudia.
To obtain a reference status prior to cultivation of genetically modified oilseed rape (OSR, Brassica napus L.) in Switzerland, the occurrence of feral OSR was monitored along transportation routes and at processing sites. The focus was set on the detection of (transgenic) OSR along railway lines from the Swiss borders with Italy and France to the respective oilseed processing factories in Southern and Northern Switzerland (Ticino and region of Basel). A monitoring concept was developed to identify sites of largest risk of escape of genetically modified plants into the environment in Switzerland. Transport spillage of OSR seeds from railway goods cars particularly at risk hot spots such as switch yards and (un)loading points but also incidental and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25035/1/Hecht-etal-2014-EnvirSciPullResear-Vol21_2-p1455-1465-Authorscopy-2013.pdf
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Die Kosten der Koexistenz von gentechnisch veränderten und biologischen Kulturen: Fallbeispiele aus Frankreich und der Grenzregion Organic Eprints
Oehen, Bernadette; Stolze, Dr. Mathias.
Coexistence issues have been to a large extent focused on technical measures to avoid the adventitious presence of gm material in non-gm crops. Information about costs involved in growing GM, conventional and/or organic crops in the same agricultural system are not available. In this case study, we investigated the coexistence costs of gm and non-gm grain maize for the gm maize and the non-gm maize producer. From our simulation results we can conclude that the benefits of gm maize production can only cover the potential coexistence and management costs in cases of i) small discard zone distances and ii) in cases with high gm maize adoption rates of 90%.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/14501/1/Oehen_14501.pdf
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Diversified food system: Policy to embedding crop genetic diversity in food value chains Organic Eprints
Feher, Judit; Padel, Susanne; Rossi, Adanella; Drexler, Dora; Oehen, Bernadette.
Current food systems and associated agricultural practices have led to a loss of crop diversity. The widespread adoption of genetically uniform crop varieties may also increase the vulnerability of production systems and reduce their adaptability to new environmental challenges. DIVERSIFOOD has explored different approaches aimed at increasing crop genetic diversity, and as a result, make biodiverse food available to consumers. These approaches have the potential to promote sustainable, locally adapted farming systems, provide autonomy to farmers, support local short and fair supply chains and reconnect farmers and consumers. In order to support these approaches, the following policy changes are needed: 1) The legal status of heterogeneous cultivars...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Breeding; Genetics and propagation Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35202/3/Booklet%205%20Diversifood%20_WEB.pdf
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Do standards and certification in the agricultural sector matter for sustainability? A review of the state of research Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs; Jawtusch, Julia; Oehen, Bernadette.
This report analyses the state of knowledge on voluntary sustainability standards in the agro-food sector with regard to: - Their real-life environmental, social and economic impacts related to the global problems in agriculture; - The durability of impacts, and relative effectiveness of the standard approach; - The demand and supply situation; - Communication of standards to the public; - Drivers, enabling and constraining factors including costs associated with certification. The report gives conclusions taking into consideration knowledge that is well secured versus aspects that are debated between researchers, remaining knowledge gaps, and how these could be addressed.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/23127/1/niggli-etal-2011-Report-Sustainability-impacts-of-agro-food-standards-2011-05-16.pdf
Registros recuperados: 70
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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