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Registros recuperados: 17
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An ex-ante analysis of distributional effects of the CAP on western German farm incomes AgEcon
Deppermann, Andre; Grethe, Harald; Offermann, Frank.
This study is concerned with measuring impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on farm income distribution of western Germany. Not only the sheer contribution of market price support and direct payments as a proportion of income is taken into account, but also the impact of support on production incentives. For this purpose, we apply a modelling system consisting of a partial equilibrium model and a programming model. Based on a comparison of Gini coefficients and a decomposition of overall inequality effects we conclude that liberalization of the agricultural sector leads to a more unequal distribution of family farm income in relative terms, whereas a liberalized market provides a more equal situation in absolute terms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; CAP; Farm Group Model; Equilibrium Model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; Q12; Q18; C54; C6; D31.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99428
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Assessing impacts of CAP reform in France and Germany AgEcon
Kupker, Bernd; Huttel, Silke; Kleinhanss, Werner; Offermann, Frank.
The 2003 CAP Reform left EU member states much room for national implementation. The farm group model EU-FARMIS is applied to quantify the effects of the reform and the impacts of the options for national implementation. The analysis is done for France and Germany because their implementation schemes adequately reflect the broad range of options. It is found that cereal and fodder maize production is reduced both in France and Germany. In contrast, the acreage of other arable fodder crops, of set-aside and of non-food crops is expanded. While bull fattening is substantially reduced in both countries, suckler cow production is extended in France due to partial decoupling, but reduced in Germany due to full decoupling. Sectoral income effects measured in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP Reform; Decoupling; Farm group model; FADN; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97189
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Aufbau und Anwendung des FAL-Modellverbunds für die Politikberatung AgEcon
Bertelsmeier, Marcus; Kleinhanss, Werner; Offermann, Frank.
The FAL model group combines several market, regional and farm models for comprehensive policy impact assessments. Since 1996, policy impact analyses have been provided at the request of the German Agricultural Ministry with respect to the design of direct payments, the Agenda 2000, the Mid-term Review, the Enlargement of the EU as well as several other policy measures. This article gives an overview of the models available as part of the model group, specifically describes the design of the representative farm group model, and provides results with respect to the impacts of the Midterm Review. The paper ends with a discussion of the experiences gained in model based policy consulting and the implications for future developments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Policy assessment; Models; Agricultural policy; Midterm review; Policy impact analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98358
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Cost of production estimates for wheat, milk and pigs in selected EU member states AgEcon
Kleinhanss, Werner; Offermann, Frank; Butault, Jean-Pierre; Surry, Yves R..
Summary: This study summarizes cost estimates based on the EU Farm Accountancy Data Network using the General Cost of Production Model, developed, applied and tested within the FACEPA project. Results are provided for wheat, pigs and milk for the main producer countries of the EU for the period 1999 to 2007. Estimated input-output coefficients are generally based on monetary figures, expressing cost shares referring to total output. Effects of scale, specialization and location can be derived by estimates based on respective sub-samples. Costs per unit are derived based on input-output coefficients and output values, providing costs per hectare or ton for wheat and per ton of milk. There is a considerable variation between Member States not only of...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Econometric analysis; Production costs; Ökonometrische Analyse; Produktionskosten; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C39; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118867
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Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Swiss Agri-Environmental Measures on Sector Level AgEcon
Schader, Christian; Sanders, Jurn; Offermann, Frank; Lampkin, Nicolas; Stolze, Matthias.
This paper focuses on non-linear programming models and their suitability for ex-ante evaluations of agri-environmental policies on sector level. An approach is presented to compare organic farming payments as a multi-objective policy, with other, more targeted agri-environmental policies in Switzerland. The Swiss version of the comparative static sector-consistent farm group model FARMIS is able to group the sector’s farms into organic and non-organic farms and optimise them separately. CH-FARMIS is expanded with three modules particularly for this study: a) allowing for the simulation of uptake; b) integrating life cycle assessment data for energy use, eutrophication and biodiversity; and c) estimating the policy and farm-group-specific public...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Positive mathematical programming; Life cycle assessment; Organic farming; Environmental indicators; Economic efficiency; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6604
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Distributional Effects of the CAP on Western German Farm Incomes and Regional Farm Income Disparity AgEcon
Deppermann, Andre; Grethe, Harald; Offermann, Frank.
This study is concerned with measuring impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on farm income distribution of western Germany. Not only the sheer contribution of market price support and direct payments as a proportion of income is taken into account, but also the impact of support on production incentives. For this purpose, we apply a modelling system consisting of a partial equilibrium model and a programming model. Based on a comparison of Gini coefficients and a decomposition of overall inequality effects we conclude that liberalization of the agricultural sector leads to a more unequal distribution of family farm income in relative terms, whereas a liberalized market provides a more equal situation in absolute terms. Furthermore, we consider...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; CAP; Farm Group Model; Equilibrium Model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114442
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EFFEKTE EINER EU-AGRARMARKTLIBERALISIERUNG AUF BETRIEBSEBENE: SIMULATIONEN ANHAND EINES EUROPÄISCHEN AGRARSEKTORMODELLS UND EINES ANGEBOTSMODELLS FÜR DEN DEUTSCHEN AGRARSEKTOR AgEcon
Deppermann, Andre; Grethe, Harald; Offermann, Frank.
C3_1
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Verlinkung von Modellen; Politikfolgenabschätzung; Einkommenswirkung; Agricultural Finance; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93958
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Estimation of Commodity Specific Production Costs Using German Farm Accountancy Data AgEcon
Bahta, Sirak Teclemariam; Berner, Anja; Offermann, Frank.
A central problem in estimating per unit costs of production originates from the fact that most farms produce multiple outputs and standard farm-accounting data are only available at the whole-farm level. The seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) approach is used to estimate per unit production costs based on German farm accountancy data. Special emphasis is put on outlier detection prior to the estimation of production costs to increase the robustness of the results. Outlier observations are identified based on the Mahalanobis distance for each observation on the data set. It was observed that less negative cost coefficients are estimated after the exclusion of the outliers. The time series analysis of cost estimation based on SUR regression shows the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multi-output; Outlier detection; Production costs; Seemingly Unrelated Regression; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114233
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Farm level effects of EU policy liberalization: Simulations based on an EU-wide agricultural sector model and a supply model of the German agricultural sector AgEcon
Deppermann, Andre; Grethe, Harald; Offermann, Frank.
The impact of sectoral or economy wide policy scenarios is often of strong political and public interest, yet it is a scientific challenge. When analyzing different levels of aggregation, the use of single models may not be sufficient. In this paper we establish an interface between the European Simulation Model (ESIM) and the Farm Modelling Information System (FARMIS). The linkage of the two models allows us to quantify adjustment processes both at the sectoral level and at the farm group level for the German agricultural sector. Different liberalization scenarios are presented and compared to a reference scenario. The abolishment of market price support leads to a reduction of farm incomes, especially if direct payments are also reduced. The low absolute...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Model Linkage; Policy Impact Assessment; Income Distribution; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61083
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Health Check der EU-Agrarpolitik - Auswirkungen der Beschlüsse AgEcon
Gomann, Horst; Kleinhanss, Werner; Kreins, Peter; Ledebur, Oliver von; Offermann, Frank; Osterburg, Bernhard; Salamon, Petra.
Zusammenfassung: Der Agrarministerrat hat im November 2008 zum Health Check (HC) der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) eine politische Einigung erzielt. Das Ziel der Studie im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz ist es, aufbauend auf einer Wirkungsanalyse der Kommissionsvorschläge zum HC, die Konsequenzen der HC-Beschlüsse mit Hilfe des Modellverbundes der vTI-Agrarökonomie sowie mit einer statistischen Auswertung des EU-Testbetriebsnetzes (FADN) im Vergleich zu einer Referenzsituation im Zieljahr 2015 zu untersuchen. In der Referenzsituation wird eine langfristig positive Entwicklung im Agrarbereich unterstellt. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird in Deutschland nach den Modellergebnissen die Milcherzeugung nach...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Health Check; Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik; Modellgestützte Politikfolgenabschätzung; Common Agricultural Policy; Model-based impact analyses; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102726
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Health Check der EU-Agrarpolitik - Auswirkungen der Legislativvorschläge AgEcon
Gomann, Horst; Heiden, Michael; Kleinhanss, Werner; Kreins, Peter; Ledebur, Oliver von; Offermann, Frank; Osterburg, Bernhard; Salamon, Petra.
Zusammenfassung: Die Europäische Kommission hat Mitte Mai 2008 Legislativvorschläge zum Health Check (HC) der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) vorgelegt. Das Ziel der durchgeführten Studie im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz ist es, die Wirkungen der HC-Vorschläge mit Hilfe des Modellverbundes der vTI-Agrarökonomie sowie mit einer statistischen Auswertung des EU-Testbetriebsnetzes (FADN) zu analysieren. Die Auswirkungen der HC-Vorschläge wurden in einer komparativ-statischen Betrachtung gegenüber einem Referenzszenario im Zieljahr 2015 analysiert. Nach den Modellberechnungen wird die Milcherzeugung in Deutschland nach Auslaufen der Quotenregelung um 6 % ausgedehnt. Dies impliziert ein Absinken des...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Health Check; Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik; Modellgestützte Politikfolgenabschätzung; Common Agricultural Policy; Model-based impact analyses; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102725
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IMPACT OF THE 2003 CAP REFORM ON ORGANIC FARMING IN GERMANY AgEcon
Sanders, Jurn; Nieberg, Hiltrud; Offermann, Frank.
The financial performance of organic and conventional farming is highly influenced by the EU direct payment policy. While organic farms receive considerable support from agrienvironmental programmes, the design of the first pillar put organic farming at a disadvantage in the past. The 2003 CAP reform has changed this situation particularly by decoupling direct payments and reducing price support. This paper has therefore the aim to identify and assess the impact of the CAP reform on the relative profitability and production structure of organic farms in Germany. The statistical analysis of FADN data from the years 2003/04 and 2006/07 suggests that differences in payments from the first pillar decreased, affecting positively the relative profitability of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Decoupling; Relative profitability; CAP Health Check; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44845
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Impact of the EU Common Agricultural Policy on Organic in Comparison to Conventional Farms AgEcon
Haring, Anna Maria; Offermann, Frank.
Farms in the EU receive considerable support from the Common Agricultural Policy. Support for organic and conventional farms is analysed, covering a wide range of different Common Agricultural Policy support measures. The current design of the Common Market Organisations tends to disadvantage organic farming systems, although developments in the last two CAP reforms (year 1992 and 2000) and the latest reform (2003) have reduced the discrimination of extensive farming systems and now provide opportunities to introduce measures to meet some of the needs of organic farms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Farm accounts; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24465
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Impacts of Decoupling and Milk Quota Trade on the French and German Dairy Sectors AgEcon
Huettel, Silke; Kleinhanss, Werner; Offermann, Frank.
This paper analyses the impacts of the 2003 CAP reform and of milk quota trade at the national level. To this end, a mathematical programming model has been further developed for Germany and extended to other main milk-producing EU member states like France. Homogeneous farm groups are built on the basis of EU Farm Accountancy Data Network. The results show that quotas will be fully used in both countries if quota trade is possible. A clear tendency in the reallocation of production from small towards large farms can be seen in all regions for France. In Germany, the redistribution of direct payments induced by the implementation of the regional scheme of decoupled payments leads to higher reductions of income in dairy & beef farms than in France.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: 2003 CAP reform; Milk quota trade; Model; Mathematical programming; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24731
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Key issues of linking models for policy impact assessment in agriculture AgEcon
Offermann, Frank.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97706
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Potential of differentiated payment levels based on standard cost approaches: A case study of selected rural development measures in Germany AgEcon
Offermann, Frank; Nieberg, Hiltrud; Hecht, Judith.
In accordance with EU regulations, payment levels for several measures of rural development programs are calculated on the basis of standard cost approaches, using 'typical’ or average figures for costs incurred and income forgone. Resulting uniform payment rates have been frequently discussed and criticised as being inefficient, having a low cost-effectiveness and generating excessive windfall profits. However, few empirical studies exist which quantitatively examine potentials of a more differentiated standard cost approach. By using German farm accountancy data, this study analyses effects of a payment differentiation according to regional and farm individual characteristics on producer rents, budget expenditures and economic efficiency. Preliminary...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Differentiated payment levels; Efficiency; Cost-effectiveness; Standard cost approach; Rural development schemes; Agri-environmental measures.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36866
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The challenges of model based policy advice AgEcon
Brockmeier, Martina; Kleinhanss, Werner; Offermann, Frank.
In policy consultation, communicating model results to administration and policy makers has always proven to be a challenge for scientists. Many of the relevant preconditions for effective and successful policy advice are aggravated when results are based on the simultaneous use of a multitude of different models. This paper identifies key issues – e.g., relations to administration; correct identification of prevailing objectives of all agents involved; ability to run scenarios ‘in time’ - and discusses strategies for successful communication based on the experiences of the vTI model network. Specific attention is paid to the issue of communicating ‘conflicting’ results of different models: while often seen as a source for scientific insight, such...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Model network; Policy advice; Agricultural and Food Policy; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97711
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