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Registros recuperados: 16
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A Survey of Reproductive Management Strategies on US Commercial Dairy Farms AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A..
Reproductive performance on the dairy farm affects the dairy’s profit because it directly affects milk production, the availability of replacements, the amounts of voluntary and involuntary culling, breeding costs, and costs associated with veterinary care (Britt, 1985). Reproductive management programs selected for implementation differ across farms due to varying on-farm costs, such as labor costs, opportunity costs of management and labor, as well as facilities, farm goals and values, and management styles. The objective of this paper is to summarize survey data in order to aid in providing economic insight into why varying types of farms utilize different methods of reproductive management and differing reproductive technologies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37049
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Aligning Incentives for Accelerated Heifer Growth in Custom Heifer Growing Contracts AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A..
Dairy managers today are faced with the decision to either raise their own replacements on the dairy farm or send heifers to a custom heifer grower. The largest potential challenge of contracting out the heifer raising enterprise revolves around the potential for a moral hazard problem because of hidden action on the part of the custom heifer grower. A principal-agent framework was used to elicit contract terms which provide incentives for the custom heifer grower to perform accelerated growth without heifers becoming over-conditioned. In order to provide incentives to custom growers, heifers returned to the dairy farm should be compared in performance to other heifers of similar age. We solve for the price paid per pound of gain, price paid for inch...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm management; Production economics; Contracts; Heifer growth; Moral hazard; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6077
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Aligning Incentives for Contract Dairy Heifer Growth AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A..
As dairy farms grow and specialize in milking cows, raising replacement heifers is increasingly outsourced. Perhaps the largest challenge of outsourcing the heifer enterprise involves quality, measured as milk production potential, and the possibility for moral hazard due to hidden action on the part of the custom heifer grower. A principal-agent framework was used to elicit contract terms to provide incentives for the heifer grower to achieve desired growth rates, and enable the return of the heifer to the dairy farm on an accelerated time frame, without sacrificing quality. To mitigate incentive asymmetries, bonuses and deductions are proposed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contracts; Heifer growth; Moral hazard; Principal agent; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99109
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Consumer Preferences for Animal Welfare Attributes: Case of Gestation Crates AgEcon
Tonsor, Glynn T.; Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A..
Paper replaced with revised version 06/13/08
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Economics of legislation; Gestation crates; Market failure; Pork; Voluntary labeling; Willingness to pay; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6062
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Consumer Preferences for Animal Welfare Attributes: The Case of Gestation Crates AgEcon
Tonsor, Glynn T.; Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A..
Animal welfare concerns are having dramatic impacts on food and livestock markets. Here we examine consumer preferences for pork products with a focus on use of gestation crates. We examine underlying consumer valuations of pork attributes while considering preference heterogeneity as well as voluntary and legislative alternatives in producing gestation crate-free pork. Our results suggest that prohibiting swine producers from using gestation crates fails to improve consumer welfare in the presence of a labeling scheme documenting voluntary disadoption of gestation crates. Consumers are found to implicitly associate animal welfare attributes with smaller farms. Preference heterogeneity drives notably diverse consumer welfare impacts when pork produced with...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Consumer welfare; Economics of legislation; Gestation crates; Pork; Swine; Voluntary labeling; Willingness to pay; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Q11; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56658
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Consumer Willingness to Pay for Livestock Credence Attribute Claim Verification AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Tonsor, Glynn T.; Wolf, Christopher A..
A choice experiment was used to determine consumer value for verification of livestock production process attributes. Willingness to pay for verification of production process attributes varied for both milk and pork chops across attributes and verifying entity. Statistically significant evidence of social desirability bias was found by comparing estimates of consumer preferences solicited using direct and indirect questioning. Indirect questioning may yield more accurate representations of consumer value than direct questioning, and therefore more accurate estimates for agribusiness decision making.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Certification; Consumer demand; Credence attribute; Social desirability bias; Verification; Willingness to pay; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93215
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Got (Safe) Milk? Chinese Consumers’ Valuation for Select Food Safety Attributes AgEcon
Ortega, David L.; Wang, H. Holly; Wu, Laping; Bai, Junfei; Olynk, Nicole J..
Food safety issues often arise from problems of asymmetric information between consumers and suppliers of food with regards to product-specific attributes or characteristics. Food safety concerns in China are having a drastic impact on consumer behavior, commodity markets, international trade and food security. An additional challenge to the problem of asymmetric information lies in the inherent structure of the governing bodies which oversee food safety and quality. Unlike the United States and other developed countries, China’s food safety is regulated by several government entities with different and sometimes overlapping responsibilities. As a result consumers don’t have a comprehensive food safety and quality system on which to base their economic...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Choice experiment; Mixed logit; Latent class logit; Food safety; Preference heterogeneity; Willingness-to-pay; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98723
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Integrated On-Farm Decision Making: Economic Implications of Increased Variation in Litter Size AgEcon
Widmar, David A.; Olynk, Nicole J.; Richert, Brian T.; Schinckel, Allan P.; Foster, Kenneth A..
Increased litter sizes and associated piglet performance consequences, challenge swine producers. Stochastic modeling captured bioeconomic performance of individual piglets. As average litter size increased from 8.8 to 20.8 piglets, costs and revenues per head marketed from the demonstration herd decreased and total profit increased at a decreasing rate.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Stochastic modeling; Farm business management; Swine litter size; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98817
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Media Coverage of Animal Handling and Welfare: Influence on Meat Demand AgEcon
Tonsor, Glynn T.; Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A..
Replaced with revised version of paper 7/21/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Consumer demand; Meat quality; Media information; Rotterdam model; Source of information; Information indices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49338
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Michigan Production Costs for Tart Cherries by Production Region AgEcon
Black, J. Roy; Nugent, James; Rothwell, Nikki; Thornsbury, Suzanne; Olynk, Nicole J..
The weighted average cost of producing tart cherries in Michigan on a representative farm in 2009 is $0.36/lb. This cost was averaged across the three main production regions in Michigan and weighted by average per acre production for each region as published by the Michigan Agricultural Statistics Service. --Costs vary across the main production regions and by farm size. Costs are about $0.04/lb less for mid-sized farms in Northwest Michigan and $0.08/lb and $0.10/lb in West Central and Southwest Michigan, respectively. --This report was developed through interviews with tart cherry growers and other experts in each of the three main growing regions in 2005 and 2006. Many of the numbers were updated in 2009. --The cost of production calculation is based...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tart cherry; Costs; Production; Michigan; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Q100; Q120.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98205
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Modeling Heterogeneity in Consumer Preferences for Select Food Safety Attributes in China AgEcon
Ortega, David L.; Wang, H. Holly; Wu, Laping; Olynk, Nicole J..
Food safety issues often arise from problems of asymmetric information between consumers and suppliers with regards to product-specific attributes. Severe food safety scandals were observed recently in China that not only caused direct economic and life loss but also created distrust in the Chinese food system domestically as well as internationally. While much attention has focused on the problems plaguing the Chinese government’s food inspection system, little research has been dedicated to analyze consumers’ concerns over food safety. In this paper we measure consumer preferences for select food safety attributes in pork and take their food safety risk perceptions into account. Several choice experiment models, including latent class and random...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Choice experiment; Willingness-to-pay; Risk perceptions; Random parameters logit; Latent class logit; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61175
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Pork Managers' Perception of Labor Management Practices and Their Risks AgEcon
Bitsch, Vera; Olynk, Nicole J..
Although managing labor has become important for farm operations’ success, training and education for farm managers focuses on agricultural production management and few studies provide an empirical basis on how agricultural labor management differs from labor management in other industries. With the exception of Hurley et al., little is known about labor management practices in pork production, specifically. This study used the focus group discussion method with four focus group meetings in Michigan and two in Kansas in 2006. The average group size was four participants. All group discussions were tape-recorded and transcribed. The ATLAS-TI software was used to support the data analysis. Labor management topics discussed were as follows (order based...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9353
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Producer Technology Use and the Value of Autonomy: The Case of rbST AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Wolf, Christopher A.; Tonsor, Glynn T..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61730
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Risk-Increasing and Risk-Reducing Practices in Human Resource Management: Focus Group Discussions with Livestock Managers AgEcon
Bitsch, Vera; Olynk, Nicole J..
Historically, managers in livestock production have focused on production management; however, as operations have grown they have spent more time managing employees. Increased time spent overseeing employees brings additional risks and challenges, and, hence, a greater need for human resource management (HRM) skills. This study investigated HRM practices in pork production and analyzed their risk attributes through six focus group discussions with managers. Results were compared to existing data from four dairy focus groups and to other research. The results have been used to develop and adapt educational workshops for managers in pork production.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Focus group research method; Labor management; Personnel management; Qualitative research; Risk management; Risk perception; Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty; B49; M12; M50; M52; M53; M54; M59; Q12; Q19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45518
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Understanding U.S. Consumer Demand for Milk Production Attributes AgEcon
Wolf, Christopher A.; Tonsor, Glynn T.; Olynk, Nicole J..
A choice experiment was used to examine the value of various fluid milk attributes. Respondents were surveyed regarding half or whole gallon milk purchases. A split-sample design was used to examine consumer inferences regarding food safety. Willingness to pay for verification of production process attributes varied across attributes and verifying entity. Consumers were generally willing to pay substantial premiums for milk produced without the use of rbST, on local family farms, with assured food safety enhancement, and for these claims to be verified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Milk; Food safety; Grazing; RbST; Family farm; Local; Willingness to pay; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117186
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Verifying Credence Attributes in Livestock Production AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Tonsor, Glynn T.; Wolf, Christopher A..
Livestock producers can respond to increasing consumer demand for certain production process attributes by providing verifiable information on the practices used. Consumer willingness to pay data were used to inform producer decision-making regarding selection of verification entities for four key production process attributes in the production of pork chops and milk. The potential for informing farm-level decision-making with information about consumer demand for product and production process attributes exists beyond the two products assessed as example cases in this analysis.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Key Words: animal welfare; Certification; Credence attribute; Producer decision support; Response to consumer demand; Verification; Willingness to pay; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q11; Q12; Q19.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92578
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