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Delivering Seeds of 'Orphan' Crops: The Case Studies of Potato and Groundnut in India AgEcon
Pal, Suresh; Singh, Harbir; Mathur, Prasoon.
This paper examines the performance of the Indian seed system in the context of high volume, low value seed, using the case studies of potato and groundnut. In theory, public sector should be able to address seed needs of farmers growing these crops. However, the ability of the public sector is constrained by a number of institutional and technical factors, and farmers largely depend upon traditional sources of seed. The traditional sources meet more than two-thirds of the total seed demand , and the rest is met by the formal seed system, mainly public seed agencies. Most of the farmers buy fresh seed for quality reasons, and only 12-15 percent farmers purchase seed to change variety. In potato, technological innovation provided options to enhance...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Seed system; Seed sources; Seed saving; Seed quality; Supply chain; India; Crop Production/Industries; O3; Q13; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25444
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Impacts of CGIAR Crop Improvement and Natural Resource Management Research: A Review of Evidence AgEcon
Pal, Suresh.
This paper has examined the trends in funding and impacts of CGIAR research with a focus on distribution of economic benefits and sustainability of natural resources. The evidence has clearly shown that the impacts in terms of agricultural growth, poverty reduction and environmental protection continue to be impressive. The success of varietal development programmes mainly stems from free exchange of plant genetic resources and partnerships with NARSs. However, the impact of natural resource and production system management research has been site-specific. Its spread has been restricted because of policy and institutional constraints on transfer of technology.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop improvement; CGIAR research; NRM research; Poverty alleviation; Environmental protection; Agricultural growth; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q56; Q58; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118226
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Indian Seed System Development: Policy and Institutional Options AgEcon
Singh, Harbir; Mathur, Prasoon; Pal, Suresh.
Developments in the Indian seed industry and their impact on access and use of commercial seed by farmers have been examined. Various types of seed systems such as hybrids, self-pollinated crops, vegetatively propagated crops, crops with high seed volume, etc have been analysed. It has been shown that the commercial seed markets for hybrids are well developed, but these need improving flow of information to farmers and effective regulation of unscrupulous traders, etc. There are significant changes in terms of seed regulations, management of GM crops and protection of intellectual property. Since all these regulations are mutually enforcing, there is a need for developing institutional capacity for their enforcement, as well as flexibility to learn from...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47356
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INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Pal, Suresh; Mruthyunjaya; Joshi, P.K.; Saxena, Raka.
Globalization, privatization and scientific advancements pose new challenges and opportunities for the development of Indian agriculture. The emerging paradigm shifts focus to creation and application of new knowledge for agricultural development and global competitiveness. To facilitate this shift and realize greater economic efficiency, a new set of responsive institutions should emerge. This volume discusses the direction of institutional change in Indian agriculture. The roles of the state, markets and collective actions are examined for evolving the knowledge-intensive agriculture. The contributed papers from a number of leading researchers cover the institutions for R&D, land and water resources, credit, marketing, trade and agro-processing.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11869
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THE FUNDING AND ORGANIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN INDIA: EVOLUTION AND EMERGING ISSUES AgEcon
Pal, Suresh; Byerlee, Derek R..
This paper examines trends in sourcing and allocation of public funds to providers of agricultural research in India over the past three decades. The paper also discusses the emerging policy issues for agricultural research in India in the light of the increasing role of markets, growing participation of the private sector in research, rapid advances in science, and strengthening of intellectual property rights. The need for and measures of addressing organizational rigidities, inefficiencies, and difficulties in sustaining funding are also discussed.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11870
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