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Registros recuperados: 57
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2006 Global Cotton Outlook AgEcon
Mohanty, Samarendu; Pan, Suwen; Welch, Mark; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Ethridge, Don E..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53154
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2007 Global Cotton Outlook AgEcon
Ethridge, Don E.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Pan, Suwen; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Welch, Mark; Yates, Samantha.
Economic Fundamentals - Real GDP growth is projected to be stable at about 2.5% per year in developed countries and be around 5% in developing nations. A more favorable exchange rate between China’s currency and the U.S. dollar may make U.S. cotton more affordable to China’s growing cotton textile industry.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53155
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AN EVALUATION OF THE USDA FOOD SECURITY MEASURE WITH GENERALIZED LINEAR MIXED MODELS AgEcon
Opsomer, Jean D.; Jensen, Helen H.; Pan, Suwen.
Over the last decade, new information has been developed and collected to measure the extent of food insecurity and hunger in the United States. Common measurement of the phenomenon of hunger and food insecurity has become possible through efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to develop a set of survey questions that can be used to obtain estimates of the prevalence and severity of food insecurity. This paper takes a closer look at the measurement of food insecurity and the effect of household variables on measured food insecurity. The effects of demographic and survey-specific variables on the food insecurity/hunger scale are evaluated using a generalized linear model with mixed effects. Data come from the 1995, 1997, and 1999 Food...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Household hunger; Rasch model; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18507
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Assessing China’s Potential Import Demand for Distillers Dried Grain: Implications for Grain Trade AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hansen, James M.; Matthey, Holger; Pan, Suwen; Tuan, Francis C..
A team of U.S. analysts visited China to assess the potential for use of distillers dried grain plus solubles (DDGS) in China’s livestock sector. They examined the economics of the use of DDGS in feeds, the policy issues surrounding the use of the product, and transportation-logistic constraints in the expansion of DDGS imports. The team collected actual and secondary data to conduct a micro-economic analysis of the impact of DDGS on feed cost, solicited official and expert opinions through interviews, and conducted site visits. They found the development of the DDGS import market in China to be very promising. The microeconomic analysis showed a clear economic incentive for feed millers and livestock producers to use DDGS in their feed ration, with a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: DDGS; Distillers grain; Feed demand; Livestock sector; Optimal feed ration.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55553
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Assessing the Impacts of the Chinese TRQ System and U.S. Subsidies on the World Cotton Market AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Welch, Mark; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Ethridge, Don E..
This article compares how eliminating the U.S. cotton subsidy program and the Chinese cotton tariff-rate quota (TRQ) would affect the world cotton market. The results show China's TRQ has a greater negative impact on the world cotton market than do U.S. subsidies. Compared to a base-level estimate, the elimination of China's TRQ increases the world cotton price and increases the quantity of world cotton traded, whereas the elimination of U.S. cotton subsidies increases the cotton price (but less than under TRQ elimination) and decreases the world cotton trade. The combined effect of eliminating both programs is also shown.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23895
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Assessing the Impacts of the Chinese TRQ System and U.S. Subsidies on the World Cotton Market: Technical Annex AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Welch, Mark; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Ethridge, Don E..
This document is the technical annex to the full paper "Assessing the Impacts of the Chinese TRQ System and U.S. Subsidies on the World Cotton Market" which is available separately.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23884
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Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects on Grain and Livestock Sectors, and Implications for Food Prices and Consumers AgEcon
Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Pan, Suwen; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Dumortier, Jerome.
We examined four evolution paths of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium world agricultural sector model in CARD that includes the new RFS in the 2007 EISA, a two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. The third scenario considers a pure market force driving ethanol demand growth because of the high energy price, while the last is a policy-induced shock with removal of the biofuel tax credit when the energy price is high. Standard results hold where...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biofuel; EISA; Ethanol; Tax credit; World agricultural sector model; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Political Economy; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q13; Q18; Q38.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53093
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Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects on Grain and Livestock Sectors, and Implications for Food Prices and Consumers AgEcon
Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Pan, Suwen; Carriquiry, Miguel A.; Dumortier, Jerome.
We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium model of the world agricultural sector. The model includes the new Renewable Fuels Standard in the 2007 energy act, the two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. Of the remaining two scenarios, one considers a pure market force driving ethanol demand growth because of the high energy price while the other is a policy-induced shock with removal of the biofuel tax...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; EISA; Ethanol; Tax credit; World agricultural sector model.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48597
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CHINA'S ROLE IN WORLD COTTON AND TEXTILE MARKETS AgEcon
MacDonald, Stephen; Pan, Suwen; Somwaru, Agapi; Tuan, Francis C..
The growth of China's textile industry has been one of the dominant factors shaping world cotton and textile markets in recent years. Since China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001, China's textile and apparel (T&A) exports have grown by more than 40 percent and China's cotton consumption has grown by 34 percent. By the end of 2003, China had nearly doubled its share of world T&A exports in less than a decade, to about 21 percent. T&A exports from China and other developing countries are constrained by quotas originally implemented by developed countries under the Multifibre Arrangement (MFA). Under the Uruguay Round's Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC), these quotas have been gradually phased-out since...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20054
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Chinese Tariff Rate Quota v.s. U.S. Subsidies: What Affects the World Cotton Market More? AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Welch, Mark; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Ethridge, Don E..
Paper replaced with new version 8/17/05
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; International trade; Subsidies; TRQ; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19111
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Cotton in a Free Trade World AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Welch, Mark; Ethridge, Don E..
The United States has issued a proposal to the world trading community outlining several steps to jumpstart the stalled World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations on agriculture. The proposal is intended as a challenge to members of the WTO to improve market access through “ambitious tariff reduction” and to “move aggressively” to cut trade-distorting domestic support (Portman, 2005). Although the major parameters of the proposal are yet to be defined, these steps seem consistent with commitments made by WTO participating countries to move agricultural trade negotiations forward in the framework agreement of July 2004.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53147
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Cotton Trade Liberalizations and Domestic Agricultural Policy Reforms: A Partial Equilibrium Analysis AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Welch, Mark.
This paper analyzed the effects of trade liberalizing reforms in the world cotton market using a partial equilibrium model. The simulation results indicated that a removal of domestic subsidies and border tariffs for cotton would increase the amount of world cotton trade by an average of 4% in the next five years and world cotton prices by an average of 12% over the same time horizon. The findings indicated that under the liberalization policy, the United States would lose part of its export share to Brazil, Australia, and Africa. Furthermore, net cotton importing countries with minimum domestic and trade distortions would import less because of higher cotton prices whereas net cotton importing countries that subsidize domestic production and/or impose...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35469
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Crop Subsidies in Foreign Countries: Different Paths to Common Goals AgEcon
Hudson, Smith; Pan, Suwen; Mutic, Maria; Yates, Samantha; Ethridge, Don E..
This is an update of CERI-SR07-01, our report on international crop policies conducted in February of 2007. Since then, the landscape for agricultural products has undergone changes due to developments related to the use of ethanol and the recent economic recession. Also, in most of the world, both developed economies such as the EU, Australia, and the U.S., and developing countries such as China and Brazil, have increased their domestic agricultural supports and/or altered the types of support. It is uncertain if this increase is permanent or transitory.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53137
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Did Mexican Meat Demand Change under NAFTA? AgEcon
Malaga, Jaime E.; Pan, Suwen; Duch-Carvallo, Teresa.
A censored non linear QUAIDS model was applied to estimate Mexican meat demand parameters using annual household survey data for six years from 1992 to 2004. Results suggest that in Mexico and throughout the analyzed period, beef and pork meat were luxury items while chicken was a normal good. Small but insignificant changes in meat demand parameters were found after NAFTA implementation suggesting that changes on consumer behavior due to macroeconomic variables might take longer periods to be quantifiable.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: QUAIDS model; Mexico meat demand; NAFTA; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51430
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Does the Food Stamp Program Affect Food Security Status and the Composition of Food Expenditures? AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Jensen, Helen H..
This article considers interaction among participation in the Food Stamp Program (FSP), food security status, and the composition of food expenditures. A quadratic almost ideal demand system with a bootstrapping two-step method of estimation is applied to data from the Current Population Survey–Food Security Supplement data and used to estimate the model and account for endogeneity between the FSP participation and food insecurity. The results show that FSP participation is endogenously related with food security status and significantly affects total food expenditure and food-away-from-home expenditures.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food away from home; Food insecurity; Food stamps; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Q18; R21; I32.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45043
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EATING OUT: AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF FOOD FOR THE POOR AND THE FOOD INSECURE AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Jensen, Helen H..
Food consumption behaviors in food secure and food insecure households are compared. A two-stage budgeting and a double-hurdle model are used in the estimation. The results of the paper show that both food away from home and food at home are normal goods for both food secure and food insecure households. However, the effects of family structure on food consumption differ for the two household types. For food secure households, having one more child or one more working family member results in a larger marginal increase in food consumption than that for food insecure households. In addition, households with married heads of household are more likely to eat out in food secure households but less likely to eat out in food insecure households compared to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19805
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Farm Level Impacts of Bt Corn Adoption in a Developing Country: Evidence from the Philippines AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Yorobe, Jose M., Jr..
This article examines the ex post farm-level impacts of Bt corn adoption in the Philippines. Using an econometric approach that addresses simultaneity, selection, and censoring problems, we show that Bt corn adoption provides modest but statistically significant increases in farm-level yields and profits. Furthermore, our results suggest that farm-level yield and profit impacts of Bt corn adoption are underestimated when censoring in the pesticide application variable is not considered in the estimation procedures. Previous literature have emphasized the importance of simultaneity and selection problems but this is the first study that have raised the issue of censoring problems in estimating the farm-level effects of Bt corn adoption.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bt; Censoring; Corn; Farm level impacts genetically modified crops; Pesticide use; Technology adoption; Crop Production/Industries; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9891
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Food Calorie Intake and Food Security under Grain Price Inflation: Evidence from Malawi AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fang, Cheng; Sanogo, Issa; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
A comprehensive analysis of food demand and nutrient consumption using recent, representative household survey data from Malawi is presented. Expenditure and price elasticities have been estimated for 20 food groups using a quadratic almost ideal demand system based on 4 income groups identified by the Goldfeld-Quandt tests. Although the current boom of maize price provides an opportunity to rethink development strategies that diversify the commodity sectors, developing countries will not necessarily benefit from this change absent significant improvements in production capacities and trade infrastructures. Malawi is likely to suffer from higher commodity prices in the short-run.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Goldfeld-Quandt tests; A quadratic almost ideal demand system; Malawi; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; D12; O13; R21; R31; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103266
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Food Calorie Intake under Grain Price Uncertainty: Evidence from Rural Nepal AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fang, Cheng; Rejesus, Roderick M..
This study evaluates the effects of grain output price uncertainty on the farm income of rural households and, consequently, how this uncertainty influences caloric intake through changes in farm income. Using a rural household data set, augmented with output price uncertainty measures calculated from historical time-series data, we find that grain output price uncertainty tends to decrease crop production income of rural households. In addition, we find that higher crop income from production increases calorie intake of rural households. Taken together, these results suggests that output price uncertainty during the production process may tend to reduce caloric intake of rural Nepalese households since the price uncertainty negatively affects the crop...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Calorie Intake; Price Uncertainty; Nepal; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; D12; O13; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6198
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Global Cotton Baseline 2007-08 - 2017/18 AgEcon
Ethridge, Don E.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Pan, Suwen; Fadiga, Mohamadou L.; Yates, Samantha.
Economic Fundamentals - Real GDP growth is projected to be stable at about 2.1% per year in developed countries and 5.8% in developing nations. A more favorable exchange rate between Chinese Yuan and the U.S. dollar may make U.S. cotton more affordable to China’s growing cotton textile industry.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53153
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