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A spatial analysis of participation in RDP measures: a case study in Emilia Romagna Region AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
A large body of literature has highlighted and analysed the issues which affect the quality and the reliability of evaluation results of the RDPs measure. In addition to weaknesses in the specification of objectives, measurement of the additionality, several authors have pointed-out a lack in evaluation of the cross-effects across space of the measure. The objective of this contribution is to develop a spatial analysis of the participation rate in the measure 121, highlighting, as a determinant, the effect of the set of priorities established by the local administration. The analysis is realised by two steps: the first is the realisation of an Exploratory Spatial Description Analysis (ESDA) of the participation rate in the Emilia Romagna Municipalities and...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development measure; Farm modernisation; Spatial econometrics; Participation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q18 - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy; Q10 - General.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124103
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Accounting for multiple impacts of the Common agricultural policies in rural areas: an analysis using a Bayesian networks approach AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Sardonini, Laura.
In evaluating the potential effects of the reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy, a particularly challenging issue is the representation of the complexity of rural systems either in a static or dynamic framework. In this paper we use Bayesian networks, to the best knowledge of the authors, basically ignored by the literature on rural development. The objective of this paper is to discuss the potential use of Bayesian Networks tools to represent the multiple determinants and impacts of the Common Agricultural Policies in rural areas across Europe. The analysis shows the potential use of BNs in terms of representation of the multiple linkages between different components of rural areas and farming systems, though its use as a simulation tool still...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bayesian Networks (BNs); Farm-household; Multiple outcomes; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q1; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99592
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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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Agricultural water markets: exploring limits and opportunities in Italy and Spain AgEcon
Pujol, Joan; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Agriculture is the main water-using sector in Southern European Countries, such as Spain and Italy. Innovative institutional solutions for reducing water use or increasing its efficiency are pursued by recent legislation concerning water, in particular by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Even if not explicitly considered by the directive, water markets may be seen as a kind of instrument responding to the guiding principles of the upcoming water regulation. The issue of water markets is very much debated in the water economics literature and particularly in the agricultural water literature. Water markets refer to a mechanism of water allocation based on the exchange of rights on water use. Water markets are proposed and supported by economic theory...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14860
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Bayesian networks as a tool to assess the multiple effects of agricultural policies in rural areas AgEcon
Raggi, Meri; Sardonini, Laura; Viaggi, Davide.
Many economic analysis tools are used to evaluate the effects of policies on rural development. However, a number of unexplored options are still available from the literature about policy analysis and biophysical systems representations. A particularly important need concerns the representation of the complexity of rural systems either in a static or dynamic framework In this paper we use Bayesian networks, to the best knowledge of the authors, basically ignored by the literature on rural development. The objective of this paper is to discuss the potential use of Bayesian Networks tools to represent the impact of the Common Agricultural Policies in rural areas.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bayesian Networks (BNs); Farm-household; Exit; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q1; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94911
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Between markets and policy: farm household's reaction to decoupling AgEcon
Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The main objective of this paper is to evaluate ex post the effects of 2003 decoupling, with a specific focus on farm investment behaviour. In the past years a number of studies have addressed the issue of the impact of EU policy reforms. However, long term effects of policy changes and related impacts on structural and investment behaviour received relatively little attention in modelling exercises concerning CAP reform up to now. This study is based on a survey about 250 farm households in Italy, Germany, Poland, Spain, Greece, The Netherlands, France and Hungary. In the majority of cases, farmers stated they were indifferent to decoupling. Where any change occurred, the impact of decoupling was highly differentiated. Differences in reaction are better...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investment; Common Agricultural policy; Public payments; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44019
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Contract Design and Targeting for the Production of Public Goods in Agriculture: The Impact of the 2003 Cap Reform AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to compare different ways of designing agri-environmental contracts and to set targeting under adverse selection, comparing conditions before and after CAP reform 2003. The results suggest that the present contract structure may be relevantly improved through a more accurate design and a clearer target. The reform, through the decoupling mechanism, will contribute to reduce the opportunity cost of the adoption of agri-environmental measures. This may increase the optimal amount of public goods produced by agriculture and will encourage participation by farmers. However, in order to properly exploit the new conditions brought by the 2003 reform, it is necessary to review the way agri-environmental payments are assigned and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Contracts; Multifunctional agriculture; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24559
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Determinants of farm exit: A comparison between Europe and United States AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Paper removed temporarily by author 8/19/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm exit; Logit model; US; EU; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61075
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EFFECTIVENESS OF CROSS-COMPLIANCE UNDER ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION AND DIFFERENTIATED COMPLIANCE CONSTRAINTS AgEcon
Raggi, Meri; Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Viaggi, Davide.
The effects of cross-compliance depend on the strategies of participation/compliance of farmers, as well as on the ability of public administration to design appropriate policy mechanisms. The objective of this paper is to present a framework for the analysis of cross-compliance under asymmetric information with the option of differentiating commitments across farmers. The methodology is applied to a case study represented by the province of Bologna (Italy). The results show that, in the present conditions of control and sanctions, only a small share of farms is interested in complying with cross-compliance. The profitability of the choice of compliance/non-compliance depends mainly on the amount of single farm payment entitlements compared with the total...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cross-compliance; Asymmetric information; Single farm payment; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44151
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EVALUATING THE POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF CONTRACT AUCTIONS TO AEP'S EFFICIENCY AgEcon
Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Agri-Environmetal Policy (AEP) application raised a wide debate about the determination of payment levels and the efficiency of the economic instruments used. In particular, some aspects support the hypothesis of relevant rents due to an overcompensation of farmers� compliance costs. A policy tool suitable for improving the efficiency of AEP can be the adoption of auctions mechanisms in contract allocation. In theory, in an auction mechanism, the farmers have incentives to reveal their compliance costs, helping to reduce the information rents and increase cost-effectiveness. A crucial problem therefore arises from the uneven distribution of information between landowners and the public administration. Auctions mechanism can be useful in reducing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction; Agri-Environmental Policy; Information asymmetries.; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6660
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Evaluating the potential contribution of contract auctions to Agri-Environmental Policy efficiency: A simulation model for Emilia-Romagna (Italy) AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Gallerani, Vittorio.
Auctions are a potentially suitable policy tool for increasing the efficiency of Agri- Environmental Schemes (AES) through an improved allocation of contracts. In theory, through the auction mechanism, farmers have incentives to reveal their compliance costs, helping to reduce information rents and increase policy cost-effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to simulate the potential contribution of auction mechanisms to the efficiency of AES in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). The results show advantages for auctions compared with traditional flat rate payments based on average compliance costs. However, their performance is worse than flat payments based on marginal compliance costs.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Auction; Contract; Agri-Environmental Policy; Information asymmetry; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118671
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Facing decoupling: use of payments and investment reaction to decoupling in the EU AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio.
The main objective of this paper is to evaluate ex-post the effects of the 2003 reform, in particular decoupling, of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the European Union (EU), with a specific focus on farm investment behaviour. In the past years a number of studies have addressed the issue of the impact of EU policy reforms. However, long-term effects of policy changes and related impacts on structural and investment behaviour received relatively little attention. This study is based on a survey of farm households in a number of EU Member States. In the majority of cases, farmers stated they were indifferent to decoupling. Where any change occurred, the impact of decoupling was highly differentiated. Numerous reactions are better explained by various...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Empirical survey; Investment; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51724
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Facing the future: strategies and investment behaviour of polish farmers AgEcon
Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
This paper analyses farm-household strategies and investment behaviour of Polish farmers with a particular focus on the perceived effects of CAP. The paper is based on a survey of Polish farmers carried out in 2006 on a sample of 63 farms. Farmers where selected in order to fit in the intersection of the following categories: different altitudes (plain/mountain); different specialisation (arable crops, livestock, fruit trees), different technology (conventional, organic). The survey includes information about farm and household structure, expectations, reaction to planned and intended investment, as well as about potential reforms such as decoupling of EU payments. Results show multifaceted expectations toward the future. The main objectives expressed by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Single Farm Payment (SFP); Decoupling; Impact analysis; Poland; Investment behaviour.; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7842
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LINKING CROSS-COMPLIANCE AND AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL SCHEMES: A CASE STUDY IN EMILIA ROMAGNA AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Agri-environmental schemes (AES) have been studied under different perspectives in Europe, since the beginning of the ‘90s. Under regulation 1698/2005, agri-environmental schemes design has been modified with a more clear identification of a baseline for identifying the commitments and the costs of these prescriptions. The link between cross-compliance and agri-environmental schemes can be interpreted as a problem of joint design by the decision maker. From the farmer’s point of view, private costs of participations in agri-environmental schemes shall be added to the cost to be compliant with the mandatory standard defined for each measure if they are not already implemented. This amount of costs arise when mandatory standard are required in the whole...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-Environmental Schemes; Cross Compliance; Farmers’ Behaviour Modelling; Moral Hazard; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44800
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MODELLING THE EFFECT OF EU POLICY REFORMS ON FARM INVESTMENT BEHAVIOUR AgEcon
Gallerani, Vittorio; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to analyse farm strategies and investment behaviour in a sample of selected Italian farm-households facing different scenarios, with a particular focus on the effects of the 2003 CAP reform. Models were built for individual households using multi-criteria dynamic programming, including investment choice. A total of 24 farms were selected for modelling, all located in Emilia Romagna (Italy). The simulations show a strong effect of both policy and markets scenarios on household investment, though the latter seems more relevant than the former. However, decoupling itself shows minor effects in the majority of cases. The models offer useful insights about the mechanisms of adaptation and their implications for the effects of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Decoupling; Investment; Multicriteria; Dynamic; Models; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6444
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MODELLING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CROSS-COMPLIANCE UNDER ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The effects of cross-compliance depend on the strategies of participation/compliance of farmers, as well as on the ability of public administration to design appropriate mechanisms of control and sanctions. The objective of this paper is to present a reference framework for the analysis of cross-compliance under asymmetric information and to test the empirical relevance of the problem. The methodology is applied to a case study represented by the province of Bologna (Italy). The results show that, in the present conditions of control and sanctions, only a small share of farms is interested in complying with cross-compliance. The profitability of the choice of compliance/noncompliance depends mainly on the amount of single farm payment entitlements compared...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cross-compliance; Asymmetric information; Single farm payment; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6670
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People, trade and training: the needs of Morocco agricultural enterprises facing EU markets AgEcon
Ismaili, Mohamed; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The Mediterranean area is the core of an increasing exchange of goods and people. A distinctive feature of present trends in international relationship is the importance of factors that are beyond the mere exchange of goods. In particular, foreign investment, the creation international enterprises and training and personal growth of actors that are involved in the production process are key elements of the present scenario. The objective of this paper is to discuss the need of education and training in Morocco agricultural and agri-food enterprises in view of the increasing connection with the EU economy. In particular, attention is focused on the need brought about by the increased product quality requirements and by the installment of EU and US...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7882
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The impact of the EU Water Framework Directive on irrigated agriculture in Italy: the case of the North-East fruit district AgEcon
Bazzani, Guido Maria; di Pasquale, S.; Gallerani, Vittorio; Morganti, S.; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of the paper is to evaluate the sustainability of irrigated agriculture under Water Framework Directive (60/2000) and Agenda 2000. The methodology relies on scenario analysis combined to farm level multicriteria mathematical programming. The methodology is applied to the case study of fruit farming in Northern Italy. The research shows that water pricing can improve irrigation efficiency, but the impact of water policy is strongly affected by agricultural policy scenarios. In order to make water policies more socially sound, it is necessary to consider a broader range of impacts and to provide a higher co-ordination between policy goals.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26451
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The potential impact of markets for irrigation water in Italy and Spain: a comparison of two study areas AgEcon
Pujol, Joan; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The viability of irrigated systems in Southern Europe is closely linked to efficient institutional settings and water-allocation mechanisms. A significant, although not widely used, mechanism for water allocation is an intra-sectorial water market. The objective of this paper is to evaluate to what extent water markets may contribute to the improvement of the efficiency of water allocation and to the profitability of irrigated agriculture. The related issues of water allocation among farm types and farm specialisation are also addressed. The analysis is based on a basin-level linear programming model, comparing the situation with and without a market. It includes both fixed and variable transaction costs and estimates their combined effects on market...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Water trading; Natural resource management; Simulation; Water management and policy; Linear programming; Irrigation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116971
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The Role of Agriculture in Central and Eastern European Rural Development: Engine of Change or Social Buffer? AgEcon
Ahrens, Heinz; Balint, Borbala; Baltag, Grigore; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Blaas, Gejza; Bojnec, Stefan; Borisova, Victoria; Brelik, Agnieszka; Cimpoies, Dragos; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Danilowska, Alina; Drlik, Jan; Fock, Theodor; Gallerani, Vittorio; Galushko, Viktoriya; Golemanova, Antoaneta; Greif, Franz; Hager, Astrid; Hann, Chris; Horska, Hana; Huirne, Ruud B.M.; Jansik, Csaba; Jechlitschka, Kurt; Kinnucan, Henry W.; Kirschke, Dieter; Krypa, Nada; Malik, Mykola; Matsibora, Tetyana; Mishev, Plamen Dimitrov; Nedyalkov, Anton; Oskam, Arie J.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M.; Petrick, Martin; Pelse, Modrite; Petrikov, Alexander; Raggi, Meri; Ratinger, Tomas; Revishvili, Zurab; Rodionova, Galina; Samoggia, Antonella; Sarris, Alexander H.; Savastano, Sara; Sedik, David J.; Senczyszyn, Jaroslaw; Spesna, Daniela; Tritten, Christian; Tyran, Ewa; Valentinov, Vladislav; Viaggi, Davide; Wegener, Stefan; Weingarten, Peter; Zmija, Janusz.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93023
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