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Registros recuperados: 11
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Biological characteristics of sperm in European flat oyster ( Ostrea edulis ) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Pouvreau, Stephane; Queau, Isabelle; Boulais, Myrina; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Ratiskol, Dominique; Cosson, Jacky.
n brooding mollusc species that incubate larvae before their release in seawater, the biology of gametes remains poorly explored. The present study describes some biological characteristics of sperm of the European flat oyster, a native species that has been over-exploited in the past and is nowadays classified as an endangered species in Europe. Flat oysters were collected by divers in the Rade de Brest (Finistère, France), during its natural reproduction period. Gonadal pH is acidic (6.31 ± 0.10). Spermatozoa are clustered in spermatozeugmata, an acellular structure in which the sperm heads are embedded. After their transfer in seawater, spermatozeugmata have a mean diameter of 64 ± 3 μm and they release free spermatozoa for a mean duration of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Brooding species; Sperm; Spermatozeugmata; Endangered species.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56539/58245.pdf
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Caractéristiques biologiques des gamètes et larves d'huître plate européenne (Ostrea edulis): données préliminaires ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Queau, Isabelle; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Ratiskol, Dominique; Pouvreau, Stephane.
      The biology of gametes and larvae in brooding mollusc species remains little explored. The aim of this study is to present the results obtained in 2016, on biological characteristics of gametes and larvae of European flat oyster.       Measurements were carried out on 50 oysters, collected by divers in the Rade de Brest (Finistère, France), during the spawning period of this species. Gonad pH is acidic (6.58±0.54). After the dissociation of spermatozeugmata, an acellular structure to which the spermatozoa are clustered, the percentage of motile spermatozoa ranged from 20 to 34% and the Velocity of the Average Path from 70 to 85µm/s. Spermatozeugmata were shed after serotonin injection. Oocytes (mean diameter: 129.4±19.1µm) were rarely observed (2...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00383/49390/49803.pdf
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Effect of sampling location, release technique and time after activation on the movement characteristics of scallop (Pecten maximus) sperm ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Quere, Claudie; Mingant, Christian; Lebrun, Luc; Ratiskol, Dominique; Miner, Philippe; Cosson, Jacky.
Sperm characteristics of scallops have not been well described in the scientific literature. The effects of sperm release technique (thermal shock versus serotonin injection), of sperm collection technique (testis sampling versus serotonin injection), of sperm sampling location along the genital tract, of in vitro sperm maturation, and of time post activation on scallop sperm characteristics were assessed in the present work. Whatever sperm release technique used, no significant differences were observed regarding the percentage of motile spermatozoa and the velocity of the average path (YAP). Compared to testicular sperm, a higher percentage of motile spermatozoa, YAP and intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were observed for sperm shed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spermatozoa; CASA; Maturation; Sperm motility; Bivalve; Pecten maximus.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00157/26852/24983.pdf
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Optimizing sperm cryopreservation in great scallop (Pecten maximus) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Malo, Florent; Gourtay, Clemence; Ratiskol, Dominique; Riobe, Marion; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Queau, Isabelle; Mingant, Christian.
A basic cryopreservation protocol for great scallop sperm was recently published, with which thawed sperm survival remained limited to 25% of control values (Suquet et al. 2014). We designed here a set of five experiments to test ways of improving thawed sperm survival and storage by studying the effects of (1) cryoprotectant concentration; (2) sugar incorporation in the extender; (3) egg yolk addition to the extender; (4) sperm dilution rate; and (5) storage capacity of thawed sperm at 4 degrees C. A sixth experiment was then performed to compare rearing performances of larvae produced using thawed sperm from the optimal protocol defined in the present study with those produced using fresh sperm. During the first experiment, a significantly higher...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pecten maximus; Mollusc; Sperm; Cryopreservation; Larval rearing.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00359/47033/46946.pdf
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pH controls spermatozoa motility in the Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas ) ArchiMer
Boulais, Myrina; Suquet, Marc; Arsenault-pernet, Marie Eve Julie; Malo, Florent; Queau, Isabelle; Pignet, Patricia; Ratiskol, Dominique; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Huber, Matthias; Cosson, Jacky.
Investigating the roles of chemical factors stimulating and inhibiting sperm motility is required to understand the mechanisms of spermatozoa movement. In this study, we described the composition of the seminal fluid (osmotic pressure, pH, and ions) and investigated the roles of these factors and salinity in initiating spermatozoa movement in the Pacific oyster. The acidic pH of the gonad (5.82 ± 0.22) maintained sperm in the quiescent stage and initiation of flagellar movement was triggered by a sudden increase of spermatozoa external pH (pHe) when released in seawater (SW). At pH 6.4, percentage of motile spermatozoa was three times higher when they were activated in SW containing 30 mM NH4Cl, which alkalinizes internal pH (pHi) of spermatozoa, compared...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seminal fluid; Spermatozoa; Motility; PH; Salinity; Ions.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00428/53976/55137.pdf
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Qualification zoo-sanitaire du naissain de captage 2013 de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas (QUALIF) - Détection précoce des maladies en épreuve thermique de laboratoire ArchiMer
Petton, Bruno; Riobe, Marion; Koechlin, Hugo; Queau, Isabelle; Mingant, Christian; Ratiskol, Dominique; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Petton, Sebastien; Thomas, Yoann; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Pernet, Fabrice; Maurer, Daniele; D'Amico, Florence; Lagarde, Franck; Mortreux, Serge; Roque D'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle; Mille, Dominique; Geay, A.; Bouquet, A.-l.; Cochet, Helene.
Depuis 2008, des mortalités massives d’huîtres creuses âgées de moins d’un an sont relevées sur le littoral français dès que la température de l’eau de mer atteint le seuil de 16°C. Ces mortalités de naissains sont associées à la détection du virus OsHV-1 μVar. Des travaux de qualification zoo-sanitaire menés depuis 2010 ont montré qu’un lot de naissains issus du captage naturel sur deux était infecté par le virus bien avant l’apparition des mortalités dans le milieu naturel, mais qu’a contrario les naissains d’écloserie expertisés présentaient un moindre risque de contamination. Dans le contexte de crise sanitaire chronique, l’objectif de notre étude était d’ obtenir une information qualitative relative au statut zoo-sanitaire OsHV -1 μ V ar des...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huitre creuse; OsHV - 1μVar; Epreuve thermique.; Maladie; Naissain; Pacific oyster; Spat; Disease; Thermal challenge; OsHV-1 μVar.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00276/38682/37180.pdf
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Qualification zoo-sanitaire du naissain de captage 2014 de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas (QUALIF) - Détection précoce des maladies en épreuve thermique de laboratoire ArchiMer
Petton, Bruno; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Riobe, Marion; Mingant, Christian; Ratiskol, Dominique; Petton, Sebastien; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne.
Depuis 2008, des mortalités massives d’huîtres creuses âgées de moins d’un an sont relevées sur le littoral français dès que la température de l’eau de mer atteint le seuil de 16°C. Ces mortalités de naissains sont associées à la détection du virus OsHV-1 μVar. Depuis 2010, des travaux de qualification zoo-sanitaire ont montré qu’environ un lot de naissains de captage sur deux était infecté par le virus avant l’apparition des mortalités dans le milieu naturel. En 2014, dans le cadre de la première action QUALIF, les résultats de la qualification zoo-sanitaire des naissains du captage de l’année 2013 à l’échelle nationale ont mis en évidence le caractère infectieux des maladies développées par ces naissains porteurs latents d’OsHV-1 μVar. L’objectif 2015 du...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huitre creuse; Naissain; Maladie; OsHV-1 μVar; Epreuve thermique.; Pacific oyster; Seed; Disease; OsHV-1 μVar; Thermal challenge..
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00335/44587/44305.pdf
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Seasonal variation of sperm quality in Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Malo, Florent; Queau, Isabelle; Ratiskol, Dominique; Quere, Claudie; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Fauvel, Christian.
Seasonal changes of sperm quality which can affect sperm biological parameters throughout the breeding period, have been little studied in mollusc species. Controlling gamete quality would aid the management of gametes in hatcheries and the development of selection programs. The aim of the present study was to describe the changes in sperm quality of wild Pacific oysters through the spawning season by comparing sperm parameters at the beginning (May), middle (July) and end (October) of this period using a panel of bio-descriptors. These parameters were studied over the 2014 breeding season based on shed sperm collected after serotonin injection of wild breeders. A significantly higher percentage of motile sperm was observed at the end of the spawning...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Sperm quality; Sperm ageing; Season; Motility.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45690/45310.pdf
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Survival, Growth and Reproduction of Cryopreserved Larvae from a Marine Invertebrate, the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Labbe, Catherine; Puyo, Sophie; Mingant, Christian; Quittet, Benjamin; Boulais, Myrina; Queau, Isabelle; Ratiskol, Dominique; Diss, Blandine; Haffray, Pierrick.
This study is the first demonstration of successful post-thawing development to reproduction stage of diploid cryopreserved larvae in an aquatic invertebrate. Survival, growth and reproductive performances were studied in juvenile and adult Pacific oysters grown from cryopreserved embryos. Cryopreservation was performed at three early stages: trochophore (13 +/- 2 hours post fertilization: hpf), early D-larvae (24 +/- 2 hpf) and late D-larvae (43 +/- 2 hpf). From the beginning (88 days) at the end of the ongrowing phase (195 days), no mortality was recorded and mean body weights did not differ between the thawed oysters and the control. At the end of the growing-out phase (982 days), survival of the oysters cryopreserved at 13 +/- 2 hpf and at 43 +/- 2 hpf...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00190/30092/28635.pdf
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The dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum affects development of the oyster Crassostrea gigas, through parental or direct exposure ArchiMer
Castrec, Justine; Hegaret, Helene; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Picard, Mailys; Soudant, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Boulais, Myrina; Suquet, Marc; Queau, Isabelle; Ratiskol, Dominique; Foulon, Valentin; Le Goic, Nelly; Fabioux, Caroline.
Harmful algal blooms are a threat to aquatic organisms and coastal ecosystems. Among harmful species, the widespread distributed genus Alexandrium is of global importance. This genus is well-known for the synthesis of paralytic shellfish toxins which are toxic for humans through the consumption of contaminated shellfish. While the effects of Alexandrium species upon the physiology of bivalves are now well documented, consequences on reproduction remain poorly studied. In France, Alexandrium minutum blooms have been recurrent for the last decades, generally appearing during the reproduction season of most bivalves including the oyster Crassostrea gigas. These blooms could not only affect gametogenesis but also spawning, larval development or juvenile...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Crassostrea gigas; Gametes; Larvae.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00469/58099/60512.pdf
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The quality of great scallop (Pecten maximus) sperm after thawing ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Gourtay, Clemence; Donval, Anne; Le Goic, Nelly; Quere, Claudie; Malo, Florent; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Ratiskol, Dominique; Mingant, Christian; Fauvel, Christian.
Most publications devoted to the cryopreservation of mollusc sperm have focused on the definition of technical protocols, avoiding the description of sperm quality after thawing. The present study investigated the effects of cryopreservation on sperm quality in the great scallop. Wild scallop were fished during the natural spawning period and conditioned in the hatchery before use. Sperm samples were obtained after intragonadal injection of serotonin and cryopreserved using a previously published protocol. Sperm quality was assessed using a panel of four parameters: sperm motility characteristics, using a a computer assisted sperm analysis plugin with Image J, intracellular ATP content using an ATP-Lite kit, sperm integrity, using flow cytometry and sperm...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pecten maximus; Reproduction; Gamete; Sperm; Cryopreservation.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00317/42862/43912.pdf
Registros recuperados: 11
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