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Registros recuperados: 96
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A CES APPROACH TO THE MEASUREMENT OF INDUCED FACTOR AUGMENTATION: A TEST FOR JAPAN AgEcon
Yeung, Patrick; Roe, Terry L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14278
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A Dynamic CGE Model: An Application of R&D- Based Endogenous Growth Model Theory AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Elbasha, Elamin H.; Roe, Terry L.; Yeldan, A. Erinc.
An R&D based endogenous growth - applied general equilibrium model is developed from an underlying analytical model which combines Romer's capital variety with Grossman and Helpman's multi-sector open economy model. The transitional dynamics of the analytical model are derived. For numerical implementation, a time discrete empirical model, with an Armington structure, is fit to East Asian data of the social accounting matrix variety. Simulations of trade reform are performed and their static and dynamic effects compared. The transition paths of the state variables are found to have a half-life of five to six periods. A solution of the Social Planner's problem, and interventions which seek to obtain this outcome from the decentralized model are also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Applied General Equilibrium; Trade; Growth; International Relations/Trade; F11; 031; 041.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7461
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A Dynamic CGE Model of R&D Based Growth in the U.S. Economy: An Experiment Using the New Growth Theory AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Roe, Terry L..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50866
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A GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS OF CONJUNCTIVE GROUND AND SURFACE WATER USE WITH AN APPLICATION TO MOROCCO AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Dinar, Ariel; Roe, Terry L.; Tsur, Yacov.
Groundwater resources (GW) account for nearly 30 percent of the world sustainable water supplies. Yet, this resource, which is fraught with externalities, has largely been left unregulated. The economic literature on GW is predominantly of a partial equilibrium type, taking the rest of the economy parametrically. We analyze GW regulation in a general equilibrium setting, focusing on the stabilization value of GW under natural (draught) and economic (rural-urban water transfer) shocks. A general equilibrium approach allows evaluating direct and indirect effects of GW regulation on agriculture and non-agriculture sectors and extends the scope for water policy. The analysis is applied to Morocco by extending an existing computable general equilibrium (CGE)...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7143
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A GLOBAL ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE REFORM IN WTO MEMBER COUNTRIES AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Somwaru, Agapi; Roe, Terry L..
The effect on production, trade and well-being from the granting of market access, removing export subsidies, and eliminating trade-distorting forms of direct support to farmers in WTO member countries is analyzed from a world-wide general equilibrium perspective using the most recently available data. The results suggest that removing trade barriers, subsidies and support will cause aggregate world prices of agricultural commodities to rise by over 11 percent relative to an index of all other prices. Agricultural support and protection in the developed countries is found to be the major cause of low agricultural prices, and implicitly, a tax on net agricultural exporters in developing countries. Livestock product prices are likely to increase the most...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12984
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A HEURISTIC FIXED-CHARGE QUADRATIC ALGORITHM AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Shane, Mathew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13466
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A MEASURE OF THE VALUE OF INFORMATION FOR THE COMPETITIVE FIRM UNDER PRICE UNCERTAINTY AgEcon
Antonovitz, Frances; Roe, Terry L..
This paper addresses the problem of measuring the value of information to an agent in an environment where the agent is risk averse and choices are base on the utility of income and personal beliefs about the likelihood of uncertain outcomes
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13702
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A PRODUCER'S WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR INFORMATION UNDER PRICE UNCERTAINTY: THEORY AND APPLICATION AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Antonovitz, Frances.
The theory of the competitive firm under price uncertainty is used to develop a money metric of a producer's willingness to pay for additional information. For a restricted class of utility functions, empirical estimates of the money using secondary data can be derived from the firm's risk averse supply or factor demand function. The procedure is illustrated by an application to an agricultural market.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14013
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A PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO URBAN TRANSIT PLANNING AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Shane, Mathew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1972 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13334
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A THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL APPROACH TO THE VALUE OF INFORMATION IN RISKY MARKETS AgEcon
Antonovitz, Frances; Roe, Terry L..
The theory of the competitive firm under price uncertainty is used to develop a money metric of a producer's willingness to pay for additional information. This concept is extended to the market by formulating ex-ante and ex-post measures of the value of a rational expectations forecast. The empirical feasibility of these measures are demonstrated by application to a simple two equation model of an agricultural market.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13467
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ADOPTION OF UNLIKE HIGH YIELDING WHEAT VARIETIES IN TUNISIA AgEcon
Gafsi, Salem; Roe, Terry L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13314
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Agricultural Policy in Developing Countries: The Transfer of Resources from Agriculture AgEcon
Roe, Terry L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7496
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AGRICULTURAL POLICY REFORM IN THE WTO: THE ROAD AHEAD AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Elbehri, Aziz; Gehlhar, Mark J.; Gibson, Paul R.; Leetmaa, Susan E.; Mitchell, Lorraine; Nelson, Frederick J.; Nimon, R. Wesley; Normile, Mary Anne; Roe, Terry L.; Shapouri, Shahla; Skully, David W.; Smith, Mark; Somwaru, Agapi; Trueblood, Michael A.; Tsigas, Marinos E.; Wainio, John; Whitley, Daniel B.; Young, C. Edwin.
Agricultural trade barriers and producer subsidies inflict real costs, both on the countries that use these policies and on their trade partners. Trade barriers lower demand for trade partners' products, domestic subsidies can induce an oversupply of agricultural products which depresses world prices, and export subsidies create increased competition for producers in other countries. Eliminating global agricultural policy distortions would result in an annual world welfare gain of $56 billion. High protection for agricultural commodities in the form of tariffs continues to be the major factor restricting world trade. In 2000, World Trade Organization (WTO) members continued global negotiations on agricultural policy reform. To help policymakers and others...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34015
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An Anatomy of Moroccan Agricultural Trade AgEcon
Li, NaiChia; Roe, Terry L.; Diao, Xinshen; Somwaru, Agapi.
Morocco is engaged in a number of economic reforms to better position the country's integration into world markets. Her agricultural sector is particularly important as its trade, GDP, and employment share are relatively large. We analyze Morocco's agricultural trade growth trends over the past 40 years (1962 - 2004) using SITC 4-digit bilateral agricultural trade data. The data are analyzed using the trend and cycles decomposition (TCD) approach and measurement of trade growth at the intensive and extensive margin. We find a high concentration of agriculture trade in both commodities and trading partners. Morocco has also lost export shares in EU to other EU countries in her top exporting commodities. Another finding suggests that agricultural export...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9834
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AN INTRODUCTION TO ITERATIVE METHODS FOR SOLVING SIMULTANEOUS EQUATION MODELS: ILLUSTRATIONS FROM ECONOMICS AgEcon
Todd, Richard; Roe, Terry L..
This paper focuses on the application of computer-based, iterative methods for deriving analytical solutions to economic models expressed as systems of simultaneous linear and/or nonlinear equations. Practical suggestions for using four specific methods are emphasized. Analogies form economics are used to explain practical and theoretical points.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1978 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13915
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An Open Economy Model of Political Influence and Competition Among Rent Seeking Groups AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Yeldan, A. Erinc.
The paper develops a formal model of government's economic decisions as influenced by private agents within the context of neoclassical political economy. The government is assumed to form preferences over interest groups in the economy; in turn these preferences are influenced by the rent seeking behavior of these groups. An open, two-household, two-sector general equilibrium model is constructed to depict an environment in which preference-maximizing (rational) individuals allocate otherwise productive labor to directly unproductive rent seeking activities in order to exert political pressure on the government's choice of policy instruments. With the aid of five comparative-static experiments, the game-theoretic component and the second-best nature of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7499
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Bringing Agriculture into the GATT: Potential Use of an Aggregate Measure of Support AgEcon
Ballenger, Nicole; McClatchy, Don; de Filippis, Fabrizio; Mercier, Stephanie; Dixit, Praveen M.; Miner, William M.; Guyomard, Herve; Roe, Terry L.; Hertel, Thomas W.; Rossmiller, George Edward; Johnson, Martin; Sharples, Jerry A.; Josling, Timothy E.; Tsigas, Marinos E.; Mahe, Louis Adrien Pascal.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49867
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Can the world feed itself? Some insights from growth theory AgEcon
Irz, Xavier T.; Roe, Terry L..
This paper develops a two-sector growth model incorporating the essential distinguishing features of agriculture, including the reliance of production on a natural resource base as well as on industrially produced inputs, the low income elasticity of demand for food and the life-sustaining function of food consumption. In this framework, the ability of an economy to supply an adequate supply of food to a growing population can be related to the existence of a steady state. This property is used to define a simple analytical criterion upon which to assess the long-term food situation of a closed economy. This sustainability condition relates all the dynamic parameters of the economy: rates of technological change in the two sectors, rate of population...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54213
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Competition Among Rent Seeking Groups in General Equilibrium AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Graham-Tomasi, Theodore.
A two sector general equilibrium model is developed in which households can influence the government's choice of the relative price of traded goods and the level of public goods supplied to each sector. The model is used to illustrate key problems addressed by the political economy literature, modeling issues that arise, and the nature of insights that can be obtained that traditional approaches cannot discern.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: General equilibrium; Political economy; Rent seeking; Lobbying; Political Economy.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7483
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DECOUPLED PAYMENTS IN A CHANGING POLICY SETTING AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Collender, Robert N.; Diao, Xinshen; Harrington, David H.; Hoppe, Robert A.; Korb, Penelope J.; Makki, Shiva S.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Roberts, Michael J.; Roe, Terry L.; Somwaru, Agapi; Vandeveer, Monte; Westcott, Paul C.; Young, C. Edwin.
The studies in this report analyze the effects of decoupled payments in the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act on recipient households, and assess land, labor, risk management, and capital market conditions that can lead to links between decoupled payments and production choices. Each study contributes a different perspective to understanding the response of U.S. farm households and production to decoupled income transfers. Some use new microdata on farm households collected through USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), initiated in 1996, and its predecessor survey. These data are used to compare household and producer behavior and outcomes before and after the FAIR Act. Other studies use applied or conceptual models to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33981
Registros recuperados: 96
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