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A deterministic simulation study of embryo marker-assisted selection for age at first calving in Nellore (Bos indicus) beef cattle Genet. Mol. Biol.
Rosa,Artur J.M.; Bijma,Piter; Oliveira,Henrique N.; Lôbo,Raysildo B.; van Arendonk,Johan A.M..
We used deterministic simulation of four alternative multiple ovulation and embryo manipulation (MOET) closed nucleus schemes to investigate the benefits of using marker-assisted selection (MAS) of Nellore (Bos indicus) beef cattle embryos prior to transplantation to reduce the age at first calving (AFC). We found that MAS resulted in increased genetic gain as compared to selection without AFC quantitative trait loci (AFC-QTL) information. With single-stage selection the genetic response (GR) increased as follows: GR = 0.68% when the AFC-QTL explained 0.02 of the AFC additive genetic variance (sigma2A); GR = 1.76% for AFC-QTL explaining 0.05 sigma2A; GR = 3.7% for AFC-QTL explaining 0.1 sigma2A; and GR = 55.76% for AFC-QTL explaining 0.95 sigma2A. At the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Age at first calving; Beef cattle; Marker-assisted selection; Pre-selection; Quantitative trait loci.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572007000400008
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Is the American Zebu really Bos indicus? Genet. Mol. Biol.
Meirelles,Flávio V.; Rosa,Artur J.M.; Lôbo,Raysildo B.; Garcia,Joaquim M.; Smith,Lawrence C.; Duarte,Francisco A.M..
The American continent was colonized in the 16th century by Europeans who first introduced cattle of Bos taurus origin. Accounts register introduction of Bos indicus cattle into South America in the 19th and continuing through the 20th century, and most reported imports were males derived from the Indian subcontinent. In the present study we show, by using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphism, major participation of matrilineages of taurus origin in the American Zebu purebred origin, i.e., 79, 73 and 100% for the Nellore, Gyr and Brahman breeds, respectively. Moreover, we have created a restriction map identifying polymorphism among B. taurus and B. indicus mtDNA using three restriction enzymes. Results are discussed concerning American Zebu origins and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47571999000400013
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Mitochondrial DNA single nucleotide polymorphism associated with weight estimated breeding values in Nelore cattle (Bos indicus) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Biase,Fernando Henrique; Meirelles,Flávio Vieira; Gunski,Ricardo; Vozzi,Pedro Alejandro; Bezerra,Luiz A.F.; Vila,Reginaldo A.; Rosa,Artur J.M.; Lôbo,Raysildo B.; Martelli,Lúcia.
We sampled 119 Nelore cattle (Bos indicus), 69 harboring B. indicus mtDNA plus 50 carrying Bos taurus mtDNA, to estimate the frequencies of putative mtDNA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and investigate their association with Nelore weight and scrotal circumference estimated breeding values (EBVs). The PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was used to detect polymorphisms in the mitochondrial asparagine, cysteine, glycine, leucine and proline transporter RNA (tRNA) genes (tRNAasn, tRNAcys, tRNAgly, tRNAleu and tRNApro). The 50 cattle carrying B. taurus mtDNA were monomorphic for all the tRNA gene SNPs analyzed, suggesting that they are specific to mtDNA from B. indicus cattle. No tRNAcys or tRNAgly polymorphisms were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bovine; Mitochondria; MtDNA; SNP; Weight.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572007000600005
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