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Glucosinolate hydrolysis compounds for weed control Organic Eprints
Bellostas, Natalia; Nielsen Kudsk, Per; Sørensen, Jens C.; Sørensen, Hilmer.
Glucosinolates are allelochemicals present in all Brassica plants. Upon hydrolysis by endogenous enzymes they produce a series of biologically active compounds, such as isothiocyanates and their deriva-tives among others. These compounds have marked fungicidal, nematocidal and herbicidal effects and therefore their use as biodegradable natural products for crop protection has attracted much attention in the last years. A number of these compounds, either individually or in combination, were tested against Sinapis alba and Lollium perenne in Petri dishes bio-assays. C50 values as low as 0.7 and 0.2 mM were obtained. This may open the possibility for using glucosinolate hydrolysis products as herbicides.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Weed management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7501/1/Glucosinolates_for_weed_control.pdf
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Influence of pH and type of myrosinase complex on the products obtained in the myrosinase catalysed hydrolysis of glucosinolates – a MECC study Organic Eprints
Bellostas, Natalia; Sørensen, Jens C.; Sørensen, Hilmer.
Environmental conditions, e.g. pH and the presence of Fe2+ are well known factors that influence the product profile of the myrosinase catalysed hydrolysis of glucosinolates. Depending on the plant genera, the species and tissue of origin myrosinase isoenzymes (thioglucohydrolase EC 3.2.1.147) have different characteristics in terms of MW, subunit composition and pI. However, the influence of these parameters on the outcome of glucosinolate hydrolysis has not been traditionally studied, which hinders the full exploitation of the catalytic potential of these enzymes. In the present experiments the effect of myrosinase type on the products obtained in the hydrolysis of glucosibarin was studied by MECC using two B. carinata myrosinase preparations differing...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11399/1/11399.pdf
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Nutritional value of cruciferous oilseed crops in relation to profile of accumulated biomolecules with especial regard to glucosinolates transformation products Organic Eprints
Bellostas, Natalia; Bjergegaard, Charlotte; Jensen, Søren K.; Sørensen, Hilmer; Sørensen, Jens C.; Sørensen, Susanne.
Cruciferous oilseed crops accumulate relatively high concentrations of nutritional high quality oil and proteins in their seeds. In addition to these major seed components, their co-occurrence with high concentrations of dietary fibre (DF) and various bioactive components as glucosinolates/glucosinolate products is decisive for the nutritional value of the seed meal or products obtained from it. Depending on structural types and concentration of glucosinolates and glucosinolate derived products, these compounds can be either health beneficial or act as antinutrients. The effects of these components depend, however, strongly on the type of animal and development of the animals fed with the diets based on these compounds. Results from studies based on...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11397/1/11397.pdf
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Processing-bioprocessing of oilseed rape in bioenergy production and value added utilization of remaining seed components Organic Eprints
Bagger, Christian; Bellostas, Natalia; Jensen, Søren K.; Sørensen, Jens C.; Sørensen, Hilmer; Sørensen, Susanne.
Cruciferous oilseed crops accumulate relatively high concentrations of oil, proteins and dietary fibres (DF) in their seeds, in addition to bioactive components as glucosinolates and myrosinase isoenzymes (thioglucohydrolase; EC 3.2.1.147). When mixed in the presence of moisture, myrosinase isoenzymes and associated components transform glucosinolates into various types of products, which reduces the value of the extracted oil and the remaining seed components, as well as producing unwanted environmental effects due to smell and toxicity. This gives a need for special care concerning myrosinase inactivation as the initial step during processing of oilseed rape, including technologies applied for biodiesel/bioenergy production. The myrosinase inactivation...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Processing; Packaging and transportation.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11400/1/11400.pdf
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