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Differentiation in Farm Labor Complement Profiles of Organic and Conventional Farms in the Southeast: Coping with a Changing Farm Labor Market AgEcon
Escalante, Cesar L.; Santos, Florence Ivy M..
The farm labor market is expected to experience supply deficiencies as a result of the displacement of foreign unskilled workers due to the impending implementation of stricter immigration policies in the United States. This study scrutinizes the farm labor hiring predicament of farm operators using data from the household survey we administered on organic and conventional farms in the Southeast U.S. Specifically, we used the Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) approach to model and examine the level of difficulty experienced by farmers in hiring non-family farm workers and its influence on farm labor management decisions. We also explore the probable motivation of the extent of family members’ involvement in farm work and analyze the influence of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic Farming; Conventional Farming; Farm labor; Immigration policies; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Q12; Q13; J20.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61359
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The Impact of Labor Constraints on the Farm Performance AgEcon
Santos, Florence Ivy M.; Park, Timothy A.; Escalante, Cesar L..
Stricter immigration policies that affect an estimated 12 million unauthorized immigrants, 40% of whom are hired as farm workers, can potentially leave the highly labor-dependent organic farms more economically vulnerable. The displacement of unauthorized immigrants will expectedly create labor shortages. This study analyzes the impact of hiring constraints and changes in farm labor market conditions (due to stricter immigration policies) on the technical efficiency and financial performance of organic and conventional farms. A production function approach is used to analyze survey data that has a mix of organic and conventional farms in the Southeast region. Adjustment strategies to deal with labor shortage and providing workers with nonwage incentives...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46821
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When the Seasonal Foreign Farm Workers are Gone AgEcon
Escalante, Cesar L.; Perkins, Samuel L.; Santos, Florence Ivy M..
When seasonal foreign farm workers with illegal resident status have left the country, farms experience difficulty in finding “motivated” equally efficient workers to fill in the void. This study’s survey and case study indicate that larger conventional farms usually opt for greater mechanization of their operations, with downsizing as another remedy. These farms also rely heavily on family members’ increased involvement in farm management. Enterprise budget analysis results suggest that when family farm labor inputs are exhausted, business losses could be realized, as yields are significantly reduced due to difficulty or delay in hiring domestic unskilled workers.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118954
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