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Registros recuperados: 16
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Analysis of Clinical Ostreid Herpesvirus 1 (Malacoherpesviridae) Specimens by Sequencing Amplified Fragments from Three Virus Genome Areas ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Moreau, Pierrick; Faury, Nicole; Pepin, Jean-francois; Segarra, Amelie; Webb, Stephen.
Although there are a number of ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) variants, it is expected that the true diversity of this virus will be known only after the analysis of significantly more data. To this end, we analyzed 72 OsHV-1 "specimens" collected mainly in France over an 18-year period, from 1993 to 2010. Additional samples were also collected in Ireland, the United States, China, Japan, and New Zealand. Three virus genome regions (open reading frame 4 [ORF4], ORF35, -36, -37, and -38, and ORF42 and -43) were selected for PCR analysis and sequencing. Although ORF4 appeared to be the most polymorphic genome area, distinguishing several genogroups, ORF35, -36, -37, and -38 and ORF42 and -43 also showed variations useful in grouping subpopulations of this...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19445/17221.pdf
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Autophagy plays an important role in protecting Pacific oysters from OsHV-1 and Vibrio aestuarianus infections ArchiMer
Moreau, Pierrick; Moreau, Kevin; Segarra, Amelie; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Rubinsztein, David C.; Renault, Tristan.
Recent mass mortality outbreaks around the world in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, have seriously affected the aquaculture economy. Although the causes for these mortality outbreaks appear complex, infectious agents are involved. Two pathogens are associated with mass mortality outbreaks, the virus ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) and the bacterium Vibrio aestuarianus. Here we describe the interactions between these 2 pathogens and autophagy, a conserved intracellular pathway playing a key role in innate immunity. We show for the first time that autophagy pathway is present and functional in Pacific oysters and plays an important role to protect animals from infections. This study contributes to better understand the innate immune system of Pacific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagy; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Pacific oyster; Vibrio aestuarianus; ATG; Autophagy-related; Atg8-PE; Atg8-phosphatidylethenolamine; DNA; Deoxyribonucleic acid; Hpi; Hours postinfection; LC3-II; Cleaved; Lipidated and autophagosome-associated form of LC3; MAP1LC3A; B (LC3A; B); Microtubule-associated proteins 1 light chain 3 alpha.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00269/37989/36072.pdf
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Detection and description of a particular Ostreid herpesvirus 1 genotype associated with massive mortality outbreaks of Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, in France in 2008 ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Morga, Benjamin; Faury, Nicole; Renault, Tristan.
Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) infections have been reported around the world and are associated with high mortalities of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas). In the summer 2008, abnormal mortality rates ranging from 80% to 100% were reported in France and affected only Pacific oysters. Analyses of oyster samples collected during mortality outbreaks demonstrated a significant detection of OsHV-1 (75% of analysed batches), which appeared stronger than previous years. DNA sequencing based on C and IA regions was carried out on 28 batches of OsHV-1 infected Pacific oysters collected in 2008. Polymorphisms were described in both the C and IA regions and characterized a genotype of OsHV-1 not already reported and termed OsHV-1 μVar. A microsatellite zone...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpes virus; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1 mu Var; Increased mortality; Microsatellites.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12260/9035.pdf
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Detection and distribution of ostreid herpesvirus 1 in experimentally infected Pacific oyster spat ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Baillon, Laury; Faury, Nicole; Tourbiez, Delphine; Renault, Tristan.
High mortality rates are reported in spat and larvae of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and associated with ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) detection in France. Although the viral infection has been experimentally reproduced in oyster larvae and spat, little knowledge is currently available concerning the viral entry and its distribution in organs and tissues. This study compares OsHV-1 DNA and RNA detection and localization in experimentally infected oysters using two virus doses: a low dose that did not induce any mortality and a high dose inducing high mortality. Real time PCR demonstrated significant differences in terms of viral DNA amounts between the two virus doses. RNA transcripts were detected in oysters receiving the highest dose of viral...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; In situ hybridization; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Viral DNA; Viral RNA.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00300/41099/40272.pdf
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Dual transcriptomics of virus-host interactions: comparing two Pacific oyster families presenting contrasted susceptibility to ostreid herpesvirus 1 ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Mauduit, Florian; Faury, Nicole; Trancart, Suzanne; Degremont, Lionel; Tourbiez, Delphine; Haffner, Philippe; Barbosa-solomieu, Valerie; Pepin, Jean-francois; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan.
Background: Massive mortality outbreaks affecting Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat in various countries have been associated with the detection of a herpesvirus called ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1). However, few studies have been performed to understand and follow viral gene expression, as it has been done in vertebrate herpesviruses. In this work, experimental infection trials of C. gigas spat with OsHV-1 were conducted in order to test the susceptibility of several bi-parental oyster families to this virus and to analyze host-pathogen interactions using in vivo transcriptomic approaches. Results: The divergent response of these oyster families in terms of mortality confirmed that susceptibility to OsHV-1 infection has a significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Interactions; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; Gene expression; Susceptibility; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31029/29431.pdf
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Etude des interactions hôte/virus chez l’huître creuse Crassostrea gigas et son virus Ostreid herpesvirus 1 ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie.
Ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1) can be considered one of the major infectious agents in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, in France and all around the world. Differences in terms of mortality among infected animals were reported suggesting a genetic basis of the susceptibility to the OsHV-1 infection. In this context, the main objective of this thesis was to understand the interactions between Pacific oysters and OsHV-1, in particular, the molecular basis of the viral cycle. Results showed that the virus is able to replicate in the host regardless of its stage of development or its susceptibility. However, multiplication kinetics is faster in the most susceptible individuals compared to less susceptible ones. After an active replication phase, it...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalves; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Mortalités; OsHV-1; Gènes viruax; Interaction hôte-virus; Transcriptome; Sensibilité; PCR en temps réel; Bivalve; Pacific oyster; Crassostrea ggias; Mortality; OsHV-1; Viral gene; Interaction host-virus; Transcriptome; Susceptibility; Real-time PCR.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00252/36297/34826.pdf
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Expression de gènes viraux de l'herpès virus OsHV-1 sous sa forme µVar chez l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Pepin, Jean-francois; Tourbiez, Delphine; Trancart, Suzanne; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan.
Le premier cas d'infection à virus de type herpès a été rapporté en 1972, aux Etats Unis, chez l'huître américaine, Crassostrea virginica (Farley et al, 1972). A partir de 1991, des mortalités massives associées à la détection de virus de type herpes ont été observées chez plusieurs espèces de bivalves marins, à différents stades de développement (essentiellement chez les larves et le naissain) et dans différentes régions du monde. Sur la base d’observation en microscopie électronique à transmission, ces virus présentaient des caractéristiques morphologiques identiques à celles des Herpesvirus (Roizman, 1982). Les connaissances acquises concernant la taille, la structure et le séquençage du génome d’un virus infectant les larves d’huîtres creuses en...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpès virus OsHV-1; Expression gènes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30627/29076.pdf
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Genotyping of a microsatellite locus to differentiate clinical Ostreid herpesvirus 1 specimens ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Tchaleu, Gwenaelle; Faury, Nicole; Moreau, Pierrick; Segarra, Amelie; Barbosa-solomieu, Valerie; Lapegue, Sylvie.
Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) is a DNA virus belonging to the Malacoherpesviridae family from the Herpesvirales order. OsHV-1 has been associated with mortality outbreaks in different bivalve species including the Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Since 2008, massive mortality events have been reported among C. gigas in Europe in relation to the detection of a variant of OsHV-1, called μVar. Since 2009, this variant has been mainly detected in France. These results raise questions about the emergence and the virulence of this variant. The search for association between specific virus genetic markers and clinical symptoms is of great interest and the characterization of the genetic variability of OsHV-1 specimens is an area of growing interest....
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00172/28306/26582.pdf
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In situ localization and tissue distribution of ostreid herpesvirus 1 proteins in infected Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Martenot, Claire; Segarra, Amelie; Baillon, Laury; Faury, Nicole; Houssin, Maryline; Renault, Tristan.
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays were conducted on paraffin sections from experimentally infected spat and unchallenged spat produced in hatchery to determine the tissue distribution of three viral proteins within the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Polyclonal antibodies were produced from recombinant proteins corresponding to two putative membrane proteins and one putative apoptosis inhibitor encoded by ORF 25, 72, and 87, respectively. Results were then compared to those obtained by in situ hybridization performed on the same individuals, and showed a substantial agreement according to Landis and Koch numeric scale. Positive signals were mainly observed in connective tissue of gills, mantle, adductor muscle, heart, digestive gland, labial palps, and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: OsHV-1; Viral proteins; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00326/43697/43124.pdf
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Long dsRNAs promote an anti-viral response in Pacific oyster hampering ostreid herpesvirus 1 replication ArchiMer
Pauletto, Marianna; Segarra, Amelie; Montagnani, Caroline; Quillien, Virgile; Faury, Nicole; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Miner, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Labreuche, Yannick; Fleury, Elodie; Fabioux, Caroline; Bargelloni, Luca; Renault, Tristan; Huvet, Arnaud.
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-mediated genetic interference (RNAi) is a widely used reverse genetic tool for determining the loss-of-function phenotype of a gene. Here, the possible induction of an immune response by long dsRNA was tested in a marine bivalve (Crassostrea gigas), as well as the specific role of the subunit 2 of the nuclear factor kappa B inhibitor (I kappa B2). This gene is a candidate of particular interest for functional investigations in the context of oyster mass mortality events, as Cg-I kappa B2 mRNA levels exhibited significant variation depending on the amount of ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) DNA detected. In the present study, dsRNAs targeting Cg-I kappa B2 and green fluorescent protein genes were injected in vivo into oysters...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Anti-viral response; RNA interference; Inhibitor of NF-kappa B; Marine bivalve; Ostreid herpesvirus 1.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00409/52011/52698.pdf
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Long-lasting antiviral innate immune priming in the Lophotrochozoan Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Lafont, Maxime; Petton, Bruno; Vergnes, Agnes; Pauletto, Marianna; Segarra, Amelie; Gourbal, Benjamin; Montagnani, Caroline.
In the last decade, a paradigm shift has emerged in comparative immunology. Invertebrates can no longer be considered to be devoid of specific recognition and immune memory. However, we still lack a comprehensive view of these phenomena and their molecular mechanisms across phyla, especially in terms of duration, specificity, and efficiency in a natural context. In this study, we focused on a Lophotrochozoan/virus interaction, as antiviral priming is mostly overlooked in molluscs. Juvenile Crassostrea gigas oysters experience reoccurring mass mortalities events from Ostreid herpes virus 1 with no existing therapeutic treatment. Our results showed that various nucleic acid injections can prime oysters to trigger an antiviral state ultimately protecting them...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51811/52413.pdf
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Molecular responses of Ostrea edulis haemocytes to an in vitro infection with Bonamia ostreae ArchiMer
Morga, Benjamin; Arzul, Isabelle; Faury, Nicole; Segarra, Amelie; Chollet, Bruno; Renault, Tristan.
Bonamiosis due to the parasite Bonamia ostreae is a disease affecting the flat oyster Ostrea edulis. B. ostreae is a protozoan, affiliated to the order of haplosporidia and to the cercozoan phylum. This parasite is mainly intracellular, infecting haemocytes, cells notably involved in oyster defence mechanisms. Suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH) was carried out in order to identify oyster genes differentially expressed during an infection of haemocytes with B. ostreae. Forward and reverse banks allowed obtaining 1104 and 1344 clones respectively, among which 391 and 480 clones showed a differential expression between both tested conditions (haemocytes alone versus haemocytes in contact with parasites). ESTs of interest including genes involved in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bonamia ostreae; Protozoan; Ostrea edulis; Flat oyster; Haemocytes; Gene expression; Suppression subtractive hybridisation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00018/12879/9828.pdf
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Ostreid herpesvirus type 1 replication and host response in adult Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Baillon, Laury; Tourbiez, Delphine; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah; Faury, Nicole; Bourgougnon, Nathalie; Renault, Tristan.
Since 2008, massive mortality outbreaks associated with OsHV-1 detection have been reported in Crassostrea gigas spat and juveniles in several countries. Nevertheless, adult oysters do not demonstrate mortality in the field related to OsHV-1 detection and were thus assumed to be more resistant to viral infection. Determining how virus and adult oyster interact is a major goal in understanding why mortality events are not reported among adult Pacific oysters. Dual transcriptomics of virus-host interactions were explored by real-time PCR in adult oysters after a virus injection. Thirty-nine viral genes and five host genes including MyD88, IFI44, IkB2, IAP and Gly were measured at 0.5, 10, 26, 72 and 144 hours post infection (hpi). No viral RNA among the 39...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00213/32414/30887.pdf
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Quantification of genes expressed during an in vitro infection of haemocytes from Ostrea edulis with parasites Bonamia ostreae by Real times PCR ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie.
Oyster fanning represents a significant economic part of the French aquaculture production. This production is approximately about 150 000 tons of shells a year [Buestel, 2004]. However the development ofthis activity can be limited by infectious diseases (virus, protozoan or bacteria). Flat oysters suffered from two epizooties caused by two parasitic di seases: martieilliosis and the bonamiosis. These diseases appeared at the end of the Sixties and Seventies respectively. These diseases had a negative impact on the economy because they decrease the production of Flat oysters by 90% between 1979 and .1980. [Buestel 2004, Grizel 1985] The means of fights against bonamiosis are limited and mainly rely on a preventive approach. In fact, it is impossible to...
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Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00368/47909/47939.pdf
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Summer mortality outbreaks of French Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas in 2008 and 2009 ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Allain, Gwenhael; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Cobret, Laetitia; De Decker, Sophie; Faury, Nicole; Ferrand, Sylvie; Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Haffner, Philippe; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Morga, Benjamin; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Pepin, Jean-francois; Saulnier, Denis; Schikorski, David; Segarra, Amelie.
Abnormal mortality outbreaks occurred in the majority of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) producing areas in France in 2008 during the summer period. These outbreaks were usually sudden and severe (up to 100%) and affected essentially spat (oysters less than 1 year-old) and juveniles (12 to 18 month-old oysters). Crassostrea gigas was the single affected species Mortality outbreaks were first observed from mid May to mid June in Brittany, Vendée, Charente Maritime and Mediterranean coast A second episode of massive mortality events was reported at the end of June and the beginning of July. All oyster production sites were affected except some particular locations including Arcachon Bay and Brittany. Mortality occurred latter in Arcachon Bay in August....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Abnormal mortality; Oysters; Crassostrea gigas; Pathogens.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12554/9420.pdf
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Transcriptomic study of 39 ostreid herpesvirus 1 genes during an experimental infection ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Faury, Nicole; Pepin, Jean-francois; Renault, Tristan.
Massive mortality outbreaks have been reported in France since 2008 among Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, with the detection of a particular OsHV-1 variant called μVar. Virus infection can be induced in healthy spat in experimental conditions allowing to better understand the disease process, including viral gene expression. Although gene expression of other herpesviruses has been widely studied, we provide the first study following viral gene expression of OsHV-1 over time. In this context, an in vivo transcriptomic study targeting 39 OsHV-1 genes was carried out during an experimental infection of Pacific oyster spat. For the first time, several OsHV-1 mRNAs were detected by real-time PCR at 0 h, 2 h, 4 h, 18 h, 26 h and 42 h post injection. Several...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Viral gene expression; Inhibitors of apoptosis; Real time PCR; Elongation factor.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00184/29549/27875.pdf
Registros recuperados: 16
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