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Registros recuperados: 25
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A Strategic Approach to Agricultural Research Program Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Crawford, Eric W.; Howard, Julie A.; Oehmke, James F.; Shaffer, James D.; Staatz, John M..
Recent studies have shown that agricultural research can have high payoffs in Africa, but impact depends on how well technology fits with evolving needs and capacity in the agricultural sector and the rest of the economy. Structural adjustment policies (e.g., market liberalization, currency devaluation) and political change are transforming user demands for new technology and the economic environment in which technology must perform. The challenge is how to design agricultural research as a strategic input to promote broad-based economic growth, structural transformation, and food security in the increasingly market-driven, but fragile, economies of Africa.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security; Food Policy; Agricultural Research; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Downloads May 2008-July 2009: 44; Q18.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54702
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A Strategic Approach to Agricultural Research Program Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Crawford, Eric W.; Howard, Julie A.; Oehmke, James F.; Shaffer, James D.; Staatz, John M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Downloads May 2008-July 2009: 13.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11450
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COLLECTIVE BARGAINING FOR FARMERS AgEcon
Shaffer, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1968 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17867
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Coordination for Long-Term Food Security by Government, Private Sector and Donors: Issues and Challenges AgEcon
Nijhoff, Jan J.; Tschirley, David L.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Tembo, Gelson; Arlindo, Pedro; Mwiinga, Billy; Shaffer, James D.; Weber, Michael T.; Donovan, Cynthia; Boughton, Duncan.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Downloads June 2008 - June 2009: 20.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11319
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Cotton in Zambia: An Assessment of its Organization, Performance, Current Policy Initiatives, and Challenges for the Future AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Zulu, Ballard; Shaffer, James D..
This paper grows out of earlier work on cotton by the Food Security Research Project. It is directed towards policy makers and private stakeholders in Zambia’s cotton sector, and has four main purposes: (a) To provide a detailed descriptive overview of the organization of the sector and of the behavior of key public and private participants in the sector; (b) To assess cotton’s role in smallholder livelihood strategies, and its competitiveness at the farm level with a key alternative crop–maize; (c) To critically evaluate recent policy initiatives in the sector and suggest key modifications that might be needed; and (d) To identify the primary challenges that the sector faces to ensure its future competitiveness in regional and international...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Cotton; Smallholder livelihood; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54467
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Designing Strategies to Support a Transformation of Agriculture in Ethiopia AgEcon
Molla, Daniel; Gebre, Hagos; Jayne, Thomas S.; Shaffer, James D..
The paper consists of three parts. The first part of the paper is a review of agricultural performance in Ethiopia over the past forty years. The second part diagnoses agricultural system performance and food security problems in Ethiopia and discusses some tentative practical strategies for promoting an agricultural transformation, and with it, increased productivity, income growth, and food security over the long run. The third part describes the general approach to promoting an agricultural transformation and food security for Ethiopia. It is conceptual and procedural. It draws from the lessons of economic history and theory applied to the current situation in Ethiopia.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Ethiopia; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55593
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Enabling Small-Scale Maize Marketing and Processing to Assure Supplies of Low-Cost Staples AgEcon
Mwiinga, Billy; Nijhoff, Jan J.; Tschirley, David L.; Weber, Michael T.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Arlindo, Pedro; Tembo, Gelson; Shaffer, James D..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Downloads December 2008 - July 2009: 6.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11296
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Finding the Balance Between Agricultural and Trade Policy: Rwanda Coffee Policy in Flux AgEcon
Tardif-Douglin, David; Ngirumwami, Jean Leonard; Shaffer, James D.; Murekezi, Anastase; Kampayana, Theobald.
Coffee is the principal source of foreign exchange for Rwanda. Over the years the predominating coffee policy has been to remunerate coffee producing highly to ensure sufficient production and foreign exchange receipts. The current policy debate focuses on whether the government can remove or modify coffee laws in existence since 1978 in such a way as to reduce the burden of the State and return crop choice to farmers without bringing about a catastrophic collapse in foreign exchange inflows.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Trade policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F14.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54691
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How Will the Proposed Crop Marketing Authority Affect Food Market Performance in Zambia: An Ex Ante Assessment to Guide Government Deliberation AgEcon
Nijhoff, Jan J.; Tembo, Gelson; Shaffer, James D.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Shawa, Julius J..
This paper aims to summarize the rationale and objectives of the Crop Marketing Authority and the possible consequences of adopting the proposed legislation. We also identify where the proposal, in its current form, requires additional specificity in order to evaluate its ability to meet Government’s objectives of enhancing food security and sustainable crop marketing.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Crop marketing authority; Zambia; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54463
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How Will the Proposed Crop Marketing Authority Affect Food Market Performance in Zambia? An ex Ante Assessment to Inform Government Deliberation AgEcon
Nijhoff, Jan J.; Tembo, Gelson; Shaffer, James D.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Shawa, Julius J..
Abstract: This policy synthesis highlights some of the key messages contained in the full report with the same title. It aims to summarize the rationale and objectives of the CMA and the possible consequences of adopting the proposed legislation. We also identify alternative or additional measures that the government could take to overcome constraints in crop marketing.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Crop marketing; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54611
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Improving the Impact of Market Reform on Agricultural Productivity in Africa: How Institutional Design Makes a Difference AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Shaffer, James D.; Staatz, John M.; Reardon, Thomas.
Improving the Impact of Market Reform on Agricultural Productivity in Africa: How Institutional Design Makes a Difference Abstract: This paper reviews the emerging empirical record of agricultural marketing policy reform and agricultural productivity, drawing from research on food access and agricultural productivity supported by USAID’s Africa Bureau on seven countries in West, Eastern, and Southern Africa. We also examine key factors constraining past and future performance of the food systems in these countries. The paper concludes by identifying a set of policy issues for further consideration that would help provide the investment incentives to promote productivity growth for the millions of low-input semi-subsistence rural households in the region.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Market reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Downloads June 2008 - July 2009: 40; Q13.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54684
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INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND EMPLOYMENT POLICY AgEcon
Shaffer, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17671
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INSERVICE EXTENSION AGENT TRAINING IN PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMUNITY EDUCATION AgEcon
Shaffer, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 1978 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17914
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Levies on Agricultural Commodities: Who Benefits? A Rapid Assessment AgEcon
Mwiinga, Billy; Shawa, Julius J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Shaffer, James D..
This report provides an initial assessment of the impact of agricultural commodity taxes levied by local district authorities on the national objectives of food security, poverty alleviation and economic growth. A study was undertaken to provide government with a better understanding of the effects of the grain levy on the national policy objectives of promoting food security, poverty alleviation, and economic growth in Zambia.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Agricultural commodity taxes; Zambia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54469
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Market Structure, Conduct, and Performance: Constraints of Performance of Ethiopian Grain Markets AgEcon
Dessalegn, Gebremeskel; Jayne, Thomas S.; Shaffer, James D..
The purpose of this report is to assess the efficiency of the Ethiopian grain marketing system and identify some of the constraints on market participants which influence its performance. The main questions dealt with are: How is the grain marketing system organized and coordinated? Is the grain trade business composed of many small units competing one another or is it dominated by few large participants? What are the approaches followed by traders in buying, selling and pricing grain? Are there any barriers to entry, and if so, what are the major factors? What problems and constraints are observed in transportation, storage, financial credit, and market information? How have the structure and conduct of the market and the constraints and problems...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Ethiopia; Grain markets; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55597
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Market-Oriented Strategies to Improve Household Access to Food: Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Tschirley, David L.; Staatz, John M.; Shaffer, James D.; Weber, Michael T.; Chisvo, Munhamo; Mukumbu, Mulinge.
The objectives of this report are to identify market-oriented strategies to alleviate both chronic and transitory food insecurity, and to examine the interactions between short-run targeting mechanisms and longer-run strategies designed to alleviate the chronic causes of inadequate access to food. The main premise of the report is that sustained improvements in household access to food in Sub-Saharan Africa require the development of more reliable food and input markets that (a) create incentives to adopt cost-reducing investments at various stages in the food system; and (b) offer incentives for rural households to shift from a subsistence-oriented pattern of production and consumption to more productive systems based on specialization and gains from...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Downloads July 2008-June 2009: 12.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54056
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Markets Need Predictable Government Actions to Function Effectively: The Case of Importing Maize in Times of Deficit AgEcon
Nijhoff, Jan J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Mwiinga, Billy; Shaffer, James D..
Food relief for vulnerable groups is important in times of deficit. For the remainder of the population, well functioning grain markets can save lives during times of food shortfalls. This note illustrates how predictable Government behavior in the market can improve markets’ ability to meet the needs of consumers.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54609
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POLITICS AND MARKETS IN THE ARTICULATION OF PREFERENCES FOR ATTRIBUTES OF THE RAPIDLY CHANGING FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SECTORS: FRAMING THE ISSUES AgEcon
Abdalla, Charles W.; Shaffer, James D..
Industrialization of the food and agricultural sectors changes the pattern of external effects. Participants helped or harmed in the process attempt to influence outcomes through markets and politics. Decisions about property rights and boundaries determine benefits and burdens and the relative cost of animal agriculture in different jurisdictions. Prescriptions to redefine property rights are influenced by selective perception of rights to share in the benefits and be protected from costs. Political choices about the appropriate jurisdiction (state versus local) for addressing environmental and nuisance effects of animal agriculture affect whose preferences count and will influence the development of these sectors.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Animal agriculture; Externalities; Industrialization; Institutions; Jurisdictional boundaries; Regulation; State versus local policy; Environment; Political Economy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15530
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POWER IN THE U.S. POLITICAL ECONOMY--ISSUES AND ALTERNATIVES AgEcon
Shaffer, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17726
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The Role of Mugaiwa in Promoting Household Food Security: Why It Matters Who Gets Access to Government Maize Imports AgEcon
Mwiinga, Billy; Nijhoff, Jan J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Tembo, Gelson; Shaffer, James D..
The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of mugaiwa, and the small-scale trading and milling sector that provides it, in ensuring poor consumers’ access to food in the context of this marketing season’s maize deficit. The paper then identifies opportunities for Government and the private sector to increase access to affordable food among consumers.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Mugaiwa; Agribusiness; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54608
Registros recuperados: 25
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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