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Registros recuperados: 26
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A PROFILE OF POVERTY IN EGYPT: 1997 AgEcon
Datt, Gaurav; Jolliffe, Dean; Sharma, Manohar P..
This paper presents a profile of poverty in Egypt for 1997. It assesses the magnitude of poverty and its distribution across geographic and socioeconomic groups, provides information on the characteristics of the poor, illustrates the heterogeneity among the poor, and helps identify empirical correlates of poverty. The poverty profile is constructed using data from the recently completed Egypt Integrated Household Survey, a nationwide, multiple-topic household survey, carried out by the International Food Policy Research Institute in coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and the Ministry of Trade and Supply. Reference poverty lines that take into account regional differences in food and nonfood prices, age and composition of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94863
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AN ECOREGIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON MALNUTRITION AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Brown, Lynn R.; Qureshi, Aamir; Garcia, Marito.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16348
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AN OPERATIONAL METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE POVERTY OUTREACH PERFORMANCE OF DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: RESULTS FROM FOUR CASE STUDIES IN AFRICA, ASIA AND LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P.; Henry, Carla; Lapenu, Cecile.
Many development projects seek to reach the poorest in the provision of agricultural inputs, extension, credit, education, and many other services. However, low-cost and reliable methods for assessing whether a project reaches the poor are lacking at present. In this paper, we present an operational method that was designed during a two-year research project from 1999-2001 with the support of an international donor-coordination office. The objective of the research was to develop and test a new method that could be later used by development practitioners to assess the poverty level of beneficiaries of development projects that target the poor in relation to the general population in the intervention area. The method constructs a poverty index using...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Targeting; Evaluation; Principle component analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25907
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AN OPERATIONAL TOOL FOR EVALUATING POVERTY OUTREACH OF DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND PROJECTS AgEcon
Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P.; Henry, Carla; Lapenu, Cecile.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15966
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AN OPERATIONAL TOOL FOR EVALUATING POVERTY OUTREACH OF DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND PROJECTS AgEcon
Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P.; Henry, Carla; Lapenu, Cecile.
Development institutions and projects frequently seek to target poorer segments of the population. Yet, existing methods for evaluating their outreach are generally unsuited to most operational settings, since they are either too costly and cumbersome (e.g., detailed income or household surveys), or they produce results that are not comparable between villages or regions within a country (e.g., participatory poverty appraisals). This paper presents a new and operationally suitable method to measure the poverty of clients of development projects in relation to the general population of nonclients. The method was developed in response to demands by donors and development practitioners for a low-cost evaluation instrument that could be used as a regular...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16443
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ASSESSING THE RELATIVE POVERTY LEVEL IN CLIENTS OF MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS: AN OPERATIONAL TOOL AgEcon
Seller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16259
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Community-driven development and scaling-up of microfinance services: case studies from Nepal and India AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P..
This case study examines the scaling-up experiences of two microfinance institutions: the Nirdhan Utthan Bank Limited (NUBL) in Nepal and the Self-Help Group (SHG)-Bank linkage program of the National Agricultural Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) in India. Both NUBL and NABARD groups use self-regulation (peer selection, peer monitoring, and peer enforcement of contracts) as key to gaining access to services not otherwise available to them. There are two community-based drivers. First, loan products are closely driven by client preferences, as evidenced by strong demand to join the program, high repayment rates, and very low dropout rates. Second, the process of organizing clients into groups has a significant empowering effect, providing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community-driven development (CDD); Scaling up; Microfinance; Case studies; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60396
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CONSIDERATIONS IN THE PLACEMENT AND OUTREACH OF MICROFINANCE ORGANIZATIONS AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16260
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DO MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS REACH THE POOREST? AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred; Lapenu, Cecile; Henry, Carla.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16248
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EMPIRICAL MEASUREMENTS OF HOUSEHOLDS' ACCESS TO CREDIT AND CREDIT CONSTRAINTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES AND EVIDENCE AgEcon
Diagne, Aliou; Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15985
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EMPIRICAL MEASUREMENTS OF HOUSEHOLDS' ACCESS TO CREDIT AND CREDIT CONSTRAINTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES AND EVIDENCE AgEcon
Diagne, Aliou; Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P..
This paper presents a new methodological framework for measuring the level of household access to credit. It provides an analytical framework for examining the determinants of household credit limits and derives implications on information needed to examine the extent to which households are credit constrained. Empirical application of this method involves directly eliciting credit limit information in household surveys. Illustrations are provided using data from Bangladesh and Malawi.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16465
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FACTORS AFFECTING REPAYMENT RATES IN GROUP-BASED LENDING: FINDINGS FROM BANGLADESH AND MADAGASCAR AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16254
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Food aid distribution in Bangladesh: leakage and operational performance AgEcon
Ahmed, Akhter U.; Rashid, Shahidur; Sharma, Manohar P.; Zohir, Sajjad.
Donors support a number of targeted food-based programs in Bangladesh that are widely credited with providing poor people access to food and improving their food security. However, inefficiency in the food distribution system may be hindering the realization of the full benefits of these programs. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) conducted a comprehensive study of the efficiency of food distribution in food aid-supported programs in Bangladesh. The study has three components: (1) food discharge at harbors, (2) the public food distribution system, and (3) food distribution to program beneficiaries. The capacity and efficiency of the food distribution system was assessed from entry ports to targeted beneficiaries. The study identified...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food aid; Food distribution; Leakage; Bangladesh; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60392
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GROUP-BASED FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FOR THE RURAL POOR IN BANGLADESH: AN INSTITUTIONAL- AND HOUSEHOLD-LEVEL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Zeller, Manfred; Sharma, Manohar P.; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Rashid, Shahidur.
In the last two decades, nongovernmental organizations in Bangladesh have provided millions of poor rural people with savings and credit services at low cost. These services have reduced poverty and may have improved food security and nutrition and achieved positive social change as well. The relative success of these microfinance institutions merits an in-depth examination of their structure, conduct, and performance and the role they play in reducing poverty. This report analyzes the fit between the rural poor and three key NGOs that represent the variety of microfinance institutions in Bangladesh. The report evaluates the effects of microfinance credit programs on household resource allocation, income generation, food and non-food consumption, and the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16522
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IMPACT OF MICROFINANCE ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION: WHAT DOES EMERGING EVIDENCE INDICATE? AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16255
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INFORMAL MARKETS: WHAT LESSONS CAN WE LEARN FROM THEM? AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16246
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MICRO-LENDING FOR SMALL FARMERS IN BANGLADESH: DOES IT AFFECT FARM HOUSEHOLDS' LAND ALLOCATION DECISION? AgEcon
Rashid, Shahidur; Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
It has long been hypothesized that lack of access to credit is the main reason why, despite higher profitability of High Yielding Varieties (HYVs), farmers in developing countries continue to allocate a portion of their land to traditional crop varieties. The empirical testing of this hypothesis has generated a large body of literature with differing conclusions. This paper re-examines the issue in the context of a specially designed group based lending programs for small farmers in Bangladesh, who neither have access to formal sources of credit nor do they qualify to become members of other micro-credit organizations. Two measures of access to credit, credit limit and amount borrowed at a given point in time, are used to analyze the determinants of farm...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16230
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Orphanhood and Schooling Outcomes in Malawi AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P..
The issue of orphan-care has risen to the top of the social protection agenda in Malawi, where the prevalence of orphaned children has dramatically increased because of early deaths of parents infected by the HIV/AIDS. Ensuring that orphaned children are not deprived of minimum investments in education is now a policy priority. Probit models suggest that in rural Malawi, the likelihood of dropping out of school is higher for orphans than for non-orphans as grade level increases. But contrary to conventional wisdom, results suggest that orphans residing with non-parent or non-grandparents caregivers do not have higher probability of dropping out of school. In fact, quite the opposite is true. Orphans under the care of a single surviving parent or...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25666
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PLACEMENT AND OUTREACH OF GROUP-BASED CREDIT ORGANIZATIONS: THE CASES OF ASA, BRAC, AND PROSHIKA IN BANGLADESH AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
Bangladesh has witnessed major strides in providing financial services to the rural poor. These services are provided largely through innovative group-based credit programs of several nongovernmental organizations. The implicit but widespread assumption has been that they are indeed placed in special poverty-stricken areas. Is this assumption valid? If not, what factors actually affect programs' placement across communities? This paper uses an unique thana-level data set to analyze the placement of three group-based credit programs in Bangladesh. Analysis of branch placement indicates that, unlike commercial banks, nongovernmental institutions do respond to general conditions of poverty. However, it appears that NGO services are located more in poor...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94847
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Repayment Performance in Group-based Credit Programs in Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P.; Zeller, Manfred.
This paper analyzes the repayment rates of credit groups belonging to three group-based credit programs in Bangladesh: the Association for Social Advancement (ASA), the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), and the Rangpur Dinajpur Rural Service (RDRS). Hypotheses are drawn from economic theory relating group responsibility, and the resulting monitoring by peers, to a more effective enforcement of contractual obligations as well as to improved ability of the group as a whole to repay loans. Specific tests are performed on the following hypothesized determinants: group size, size of loans, degree of loan rationing, enterprise mix within groups, demographic characteristics, social ties and status, and occurrence of idiosyncratic shocks. Analysis is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Credit; Research; Methodology; Bangladesh; Financial Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97302
Registros recuperados: 26
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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