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A eficiência na produção de biomassa e grãos de aveia pelo uso do nitrogênio AGRIAMBI
Mantai,Rubia D.; Silva,José A. G. da; Sausen,Airam T. Z. R.; Costa,Juliane S. P.; Fernandes,Sandra B. V.; Ubessi,Cassiane.
A produção de biomassa e grãos de aveia depende diretamente das formas de fornecimento de nitrogênio (N). Propôs-se, com este estudo, determinar a eficiência de aproveitamento de N-fertilizante na elaboração de biomassa e grãos de aveia em distintos sistemas de cultivo e estimar a máxima eficiência técnica e econômica de produtividade de grãos na identificação de cultivares mais eficientes no uso do N. O estudo foi conduzido nos anos de 2011 e 2012, em delineamento experimental de blocos casualizados com quatro repetições em esquema fatorial 4 x 2 para Doses de Nitrogênio (0, 30, 60 e 120 kg ha-1) e Cultivares de Aveia (Barbarasul e Brisasul) no sistema soja/aveia e milho/aveia. Há tendência de crescimento na taxa de biomassa em aveia com o incremento das...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa L.; Ureia; Razão C/N; Eficiência técnica e econômica.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662015000400343
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A expressão dos componentes de produtividade do trigo pela classe tecnológica e aproveitamento do nitrogênio AGRIAMBI
Silva,José A. G. da; Arenhardt,Emilio G.; Krüger3,Cleusa A. M. B.; Lucchese,Osório A.; Metz,Magda; Marolli,Anderson.
A expressão dos caracteres de produção do trigo depende de estímulos genéticos e ambientais. Portanto, objetivou-se avaliar, neste estudo, a expressão de caracteres de produção em trigos a partir de sua aptidão tecnológica para elucidar se cultivares com maior valor de alveografia também exigem maior fornecimento de N na elaboração dos componentes de produtividade de grãos em distintos sistemas de cultivo. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições no esquema fatorial 2 x 4, para as cultivar [BRS Guamirim (classe básico) e Fundacep Cristalino (classe melhorador)] e doses de nitrogênio [0, 60, 120, 180 kg ha-1(sistema milho/trigo) e 0, 40, 80, 120 kg ha-1 (sistema soja/trigo)]. O maior fornecimento de N-fertilizante na...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Triticum aestivum L.; Classe tecnológica; Nitrogênio; Relação C/N.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662015000100027
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Artificial intelligence in seeding density optimization and yield simulation for oat AGRIAMBI
Dornelles,Eldair F.; Kraisig,Adriana R.; Silva,José A. G. da; Sawicki,Sandro; Roos-Frantz,Fabricia; Carbonera,Roberto.
ABSTRACT Artificial intelligence may represent an efficient strategy for simulation and optimization of important processes in agriculture. The main goal of the study is to propose the use of artificial intelligence, namely artificial neural networks and genetic algorithms, respectively, in the simulation of oat grain yield and optimization of seeding density, considering the main succession systems of southern Brazil. The study was conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replicates, following a 4 x 2 factorial scheme, for seeding densities (100, 300, 600 and 900 seeds m-2) and oat cultivars (Brisasul and URS Taura), in succession systems of corn/oats and soybean/oats. A multi-layered artificial neural network and a genetic algorithm were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa; Artificial neural networks; Genetic algorithms; Innovation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662018000300183
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Biomass and grain yield of oats by growth regulator AGRIAMBI
Marolli,Anderson; Silva,José A. G. da; Romitti,Marcos V.; Mantai,Rubia D.; Hawerroth,Maraisa C.; Scremin,Osmar B..
ABSTRACT The use of growth regulator in oats can reduce plant lodging with reflections in biomass and grain yield. The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility and efficiency of using Trinexapac-Ethyl regulator in the growth of white oat under different conditions of N-fertilizer and years favorable and unfavorable for cultivation. In this study, two experiments were conducted in the years 2011, 2012 and 2013, one for quantifying biomass production rate and the other for the determination of grain yield and lodging. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replicates, in a 4 x 3 factorial scheme, for growth regulator doses (0, 200, 400 and 600 mL ha-1) and nitrogen doses (30, 90 and 150 kg ha-1), respectively. There is a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa; Trinexapac-ethyl; Lodging; Nitrogen; Regression.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000300163
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Dissimilaridade genética entre genótipos de trigo avaliados em cultivo hidropônico sob estresse por alumínio Bragantia
Bertan,Ivandro; Carvalho,Fernando Irajá Felix de; Oliveira,Antônio Costa de; Silva,José A. G. da; Benin,Giovani; Vieira,Eduardo Alano; Silva,Giovani O. da; Hartwig,Irineu; Valério,Igor Pirez; Taciane,Finatto.
O conhecimento da distância genética entre genótipos é importante ferramenta utilizada na escolha de genitores que vão dar origem às populações segregantes. Essa informação serve como parâmetro para indicação de cruzamentos que possibilitem recuperar recombinantes superiores para o caráter desejado. O principal objetivo do estudo foi promover informações de dissimilaridade genética para o caráter tolerância ao alumínio tóxico em genótipos de trigo da Região Sul do Brasil, avaliados em cultivo hidropônico sob estresse por alumínio em nível tóxico, utilizando diferentes técnicas de agrupamento e visualização gráfica. Entre os 23 genótipos testados, foi constatada a presença de variabilidade genética para tolerância ao alumínio, verificada pela formação de...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Seleção de genitor; Alumínio tóxico; Triticum aestivum L.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0006-87052006000100008
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Growth regulator on oat yield indicators AGRIAMBI
Krysczun,Dionatan K.; Silva,José A. G. da; Marolli,Anderson; Trautmann,Ana P. B.; Lucio,Alessandro D.; Carbonera,Roberto.
ABSTRACT Growth regulator in oat can reduce lodging with effects on yield indicators. The objective of the study is to define the optimum dose of growth regulator to reduce lodging in oats under different conditions of nitrogen (N) fertilization (reduced, high and very high) and the effects on yield indicators in the succession systems. In each succession system (soybean/oats and corn/oats), two experiments were conducted, one to quantify biomass yield and the other to estimate grain yield and lodging. In the four experiments, the design was randomized blocks with four replicates in 3 x 4 factorial scheme, for N-fertilizer doses (30, 90 and 150 kg ha-1) and growth regulator doses (0, 200, 400 and 600 mL ha-1), respectively. Growth regulator reduces lodging...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa; Trinexapac-ethyl; Lodging; Nitrogen.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017001200828
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Nitrogen efficiency in oat yield through the biopolymer hydrogel AGRIAMBI
Scremin,Osmar B.; Silva,José A. G. da; Mamann,Ângela T. W. de; Mantai,Rubia D.; Brezolin,Ana P.; Marolli,Anderson.
ABSTRACT The retainers of water in the soil can favor nitrogen (N) use efficiency in oat yield. The aim of the study was to determine if the conditions of use of the biopolymer hydrogel increase the fertilizer-N use efficiency in oat yield in succession systems of high and low residual-N release. In each succession system (soybean/oat, corn/oat), two experiments were conducted in 2014 and 2015, one to quantify biomass yield and the other to estimate grain yield and lodging. The design was randomized blocks with four replicates in a 4 x 4 factorial scheme for hydrogel doses (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1), added in the furrow with the seed, and N fertilizer doses (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1) applied in the fourth-expanded-leaf stage. The use of hydrogel...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa L.; Biodegradable; C/N ratio; Lodging; Biomass.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000600379
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Nitrogen efficiency in oats on grain yield with stability AGRIAMBI
Silva,José A. G. da; Goi Neto,Constantino J.; Fernandes,Sandra B. V.; Mantai,Rubia D.; Scremin,Osmar B.; Pretto,Rafael.
ABSTRACT Nitrogen (N) is the nutrient most absorbed by the oat crop. Unfavorable climate conditions decrease its efficiency, generating instability and reduction in yield. The objective of this study was to improve N use efficiency in oat grain yield by the economic value of the product and of the input and by models that scale the stability, considering systems of succession of high and reduced residual-N release in favorable and unfavorable years for cultivation. The study was conducted in the years 2013, 2014 and 2015 in two systems of succession (soybean/oat, maize/oat) in randomized blocks with eight replicates, using the N-fertilizer doses of 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1. The N-fertilizer dose for maximum economic efficiency in oats should be considered...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena Sativa; C/N; Predictability; Biometric models; Optimization.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662016001201095
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Nitrogen efficiency in wheat yield through the biopolymer hydrogel AGRIAMBI
Mamann,Ângela T. W De; Silva,José A. G. da; Scremin,Osmar B.; Mantai,Rubia D.; Scremin,Ari H.; Dornelles,Eldair F..
ABSTRACT Nitrogen use efficiency in wheat biomass and grain yields can be favored by the biopolymer hydrogel. The objective of the study was to analyze the use of the biopolymer hydrogel applied to the seed in the optimization of fertilizer-N on wheat biomass and grain yields, under different conditions of agricultural year and succession systems of high and reduced release of residual-N. In the study, two experiments were conducted, with different farming systems, soybean/wheat and maize/wheat, one to quantify the biomass yield rate and the other to determine grain yield. The experiments were conducted in the years 2014 and 2015, in a randomized block design with four replicates in a 4 x 4 factorial scheme, corresponding to hydrogel doses (0, 30, 60 and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Triticum aestivum; Simulation; Farming systems; Water stress.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017001000697
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Oat yield through panicle components and growth regulator AGRIAMBI
Marolli,Anderson; Silva,José A. G. da; Mantai,Rubia D.; Brezolin,Ana P.; Gzergorczick,Maria E.; Lambrecht,Darlei M..
ABSTRACT The growth regulator modifies the expression of lodging and panicle components in oat plants, with reflexes in yield. The objective of this study was to define the optimal dose of growth regulator in oat for a maximum lodging of 5%. In addition, this study aimed to identify potential variables of the panicle to compose the multiple linear regression model and the simulation of grain yield in conditions of use of the regulator under low, high and very high fertilization with nitrogen. The study was conducted in 2011, 2012 and 2013 in a randomized block design with four replicates in a 4 x 3 factorial scheme, for growth regulator doses (0, 200, 400 and 600 mL ha-1) and N-fertilizer doses (30, 90 and 150 kg ha-1), respectively. The growth regulator...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativa; Nitrogen; Trinexapac-ethyl; Multiple linear regression.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000400261
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Rapeseed population arrangement defined by adaptability and stability parameters AGRIAMBI
Krüger,Cleusa A. M. B.; Medeiros,Sandro L. P.; Silva,José A. G. da; Dalmago,Genei A.; Valentini,Ana P. F.; Wagner,Juliano F..
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to identify the plant arrangement that allows greater grain yield with adaptability and stability of rapeseed hybrids. The experiments were conducted in randomized block design with four replicates and the 12 treatments consisted of combination of inter-row spacings (0.20, 0.40, and 0.60 m) and plant densities (20, 40, 60 and 80 plants m-2). The hybrids Hyola 432 (early cycle) and Hyola 61 (medium cycle) were cultivated in three growing seasons (2008, 2009 and 2010). Grain yield was evaluated based on the parameters adaptability and stability according to the models of Wricke and Eberhart & Russell. The plant arrangement for obtaining higher grain yield depends on the cultivated genotype. Higher grain yield was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brassica napus L.; Inter-row spacing; Plant density; Grain yield.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662016000100036
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Simulation of oat development cycle by photoperiod and temperature AGRIAMBI
Mantai,Rubia D.; Silva,José A. G. da; Marolli,Anderson; Mamann,Ângela T. W. de; Sawicki,Sandro; Krüger,Cleusa A. M. B..
ABSTRACT The simulation of oat development cycle can be used in the planning of agricultural practices. The aim of the study was to simulate and validate the duration of oat development cycle by photoperiod, temperature and coefficients of development of wheat for use in the WE-Streck model, considering different doses of N-fertilizer and systems of succession of high and low C/N ratio. The study was conducted in 2015 in a randomized block design with four replicates in a 4 x 2 factorial scheme, corresponding to N rates (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1) and oat cultivars (Barbarasul and Brisasul), respectively, in the soybean/oat and maize/oat systems. The duration of the stages from emergence to anthesis and from anthesis to maturation of oats was simulated in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Avena sativat; Succession system; Nitrogen; WE-Streck model.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000100003
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Simulation of wheat biomass yield by thermal time, rainfall and nitrogen AGRIAMBI
Trautmann,Ana P. B.; Silva,José A. G. da; Binelo,Manuel O.; Scremin,Osmar B.; Mamann,Ângela T. W De; Bandeira,Luiz M..
ABSTRACT Wheat biomass yield focused on the production of quality silage is dependent on rainfall, temperature and nitrogen (N). The objective of the study was to validate the use of rainfall, thermal time and N as potential variables for the composition of the multiple linear regression model and simulation of wheat biomass yield for silage production under N supply conditions during the cycle, in the systems of succession. The study was conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2014, in randomized blocks with four replicates in 4 x 3 factorial, for N-fertilizer doses (0, 30, 60, 120 kg ha-1) and forms of N supply [single application (100%) in the stage V3 (third expanded leaf); split application (70%/30%) in the stages V3/V6 (third and sixth expanded leaves); split...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Triticum aestivum; N dose; Split N application; Residual N; Silage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017001100763
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Simulation of wheat yield by nitrogen and nonlinearity of environmental conditions AGRIAMBI
Trautmann,Ana P. B.; Silva,José A. G. da; Binelo,Manuel O.; Valdiero,Antonio C.; Henrichsen,Luana; Basso,Natiane C. F..
ABSTRACT Fuzzy logic can simulate wheat productivity by assisting crop predictability. The objective of the study is the use of fuzzy logic to simulate wheat yield in the conditions of nitrogen use, together with the effects of air temperature and rainfall, in the main cereal succession systems in Southern Brazil. The study was conducted in the years 2014, 2015 and 2016, in Augusto Pestana, RS, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized block design with four repetitions in a 4 x 3 factorial scheme for N-fertilizer doses (0, 30, 60, 120 kg ha-1) and nutrient supply forms [100% in phenological stage V3 (third expanded leaf); (70%/30%) in the phenological stage V3/V6 (third and sixth expanded leaf) and; fractionated (70%/30%) at the phenological stage...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Triticum aestivum; Temperature; Precipitation; Fuzzy logic; Modeling.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662020000100044
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Single and split nitrogen dose in wheat yield indicators AGRIAMBI
Costa,Juliane S. P.; Mantai,Rubia D.; Silva,José A. G. da; Scremin,Osmar B.; Arenhardt,Emilio G.; Lima,Andressa R. C. de.
ABSTRACT Single or split nitrogen (N) supply can maximize the expression of wheat yield indicators. The objective of the study was to evaluate the greater N use efficiency on wheat yield indicators by the single and split N supply under favorable and unfavorable year conditions to the crop in succession system of high and reduced residual N release. The study was conducted in 2014 and 2015, in a randomized complete block design with four replicates in a 4 x 3 factorial, for N-fertilizer doses (0, 30, 60, 120 kg ha-1) and supply forms [full dose (100%) in the phenological stage V3 (third expanded leaf); split dose (70 and 30%) in the phenological stages V3/V6 (third and sixth expanded leaves, respectively) and; split dose (70 and 30%) in the phenological...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Triticum aestivum; Urea; Residual N; Temperature; Rainfall.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662018000100016
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Variabilidade genética na busca de eficiência à produção de sementes e biomassa de capim Sudão AGRIAMBI
Silva,José A. G. da; Arenhardt,Emilio G.; Gewehr,Ewerton.
Objetivou-se, com o estudo, conhecer a variabilidade genética de caracteres ligados à inflorescência em populações de capim Sudão e a contribuição dessas variáveis na definição do caráter mais efetivo na seleção para a produtividade de sementes. Além disto, fornecer subsídios em indicar que a pressão de seleção sobre os componentes da panícula visando aos incrementos na produção de sementes, não compromete os caracteres de interesse forrageiro. Os experimentos foram realizados nos anos de 2009 e 2010, na seleção de plantas para os caracteres perfilhamento, produção de biomassa e dos que compõem a inflorescência da espécie; verificou-se que existe variabilidade genética entre as populações de capim Sudão, principalmente nos caracteres massa de panícula,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sorghum sudanense; Melhoramento genético; Correlação; Seleção; Componentes da panícula.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662014000100003
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