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Registros recuperados: 9
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BIOMASS FOR ENERGY USES – EXPLORING PRODUCTION POTENTIAL AND THE PRODUCTION COSTS FOR AUSTRIA AgEcon
Sinabell, Franz; Schmid, Erwin.
The expansion of renewable energy sources is an EU strategy to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels and to curb carbon dioxide emission. According to studies estimating technical potentials, significant land resources can be mobilised for the production of energy crops. We estimate the costs of a policy aiming at a stimulation of biomass and bioenergy production in Austria using a model that integrates the production of food, feed, agricultural and forest biomass as well as bioenergy products. The results show that an expansion of domestic biomass and bioenergy production is costly and it diminishes the production of food and feed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bioenergy; Food and biomass production; Land use modeling; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52665
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Distributional effects of CAP instruments on farm household incomes in Austria AgEcon
Schmid, Erwin; Sinabell, Franz; Hofreither, Markus F..
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has evolved from an allocative towards a dis-tributive policy. Distributive policies aim at correcting market outcomes according to politi-cally determined objectives usually through transferring money from richer to poorer house-holds. We compare the distributional effects of CAP direct payments in EU Member States. In general, poorer households benefit more from social transfers than richer ones, whereas larger farms get more direct payments than smaller ones. Direct payments which are basically linked to the acreage of farms seem to be not an adequate tool to alleviate incomes of farm house-holds, a major objective of the CAP.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21467
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Farm Payments in the EU – their Distribution and Justification AgEcon
Sinabell, Franz; Schmid, Erwin; Pitlik, Hans.
The introduction of decoupled direct payments in the EU was a substantial change of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003. After decoupling direct payments from production, it has become evident that distributional objectives are the major justification of farm payments. There are three facets: the distribution of payments among farmers within member states, the distribution of payments among member states, and the distribution of household incomes within member states. All of them will be affected if the volume and allocation of funds for the CAP will be changed in the new financial framework of the EU. The paper addresses the first distributional aspects. We provide an overview of the development of past and present research and findings on the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct Payments; Distribution; Common Agricultural Policy; Fiscal Federalism; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51800
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Modelling Organic Farming at Sector Level – An Application to the Reformed CAP in Austria AgEcon
Schmid, Erwin; Sinabell, Franz.
We analyse whether the 2003 CAP reform and the anticipated new program of rural development will lead to an expansion or a reduction of organic farming. An extended version of the Positive Mathematical Programming (PMP) method is developed in order to differentiate organic farming from conventional and other agri-environmental management practices in a sector model. Austria is chosen for the case study because 8 % of its farmland are managed organically, and detailed data on alternative management practices are available. The results suggest that the recent agricultural policy reforms will make organic farming more attractive for farmers, given the price premiums relative to conventional products will remain at observed levels.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Common Agricultural Policy; Program for Rural Development; Agricultural sector modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Q11; Q18; Q21.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25300
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On the Choice of Cost and Effectiveness Indicators in the Context of the European Water Policy AgEcon
Sinabell, Franz; Schmid, Erwin.
The Water Framework Directive requires EU Member States to analyse economic impacts of the Directive's implementation. To reach a "good status", instruments have to be judged according to their cost-effectiveness. We evaluate costs and effects of measures to reduce nitrate emission of Austrian agriculture. Results are based on a model that integrates production decisions with stochastic environmental outcomes. The Directive's requirement to involve stakeholders may make it necessary to take a large number of indicators into consideration. We find that alternative calculations of the effectiveness criterion give different rankings of the most effective combination of measures.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainable water management; Environmental policy; Cost-effectiveness analysis; Eco-eco-modelling; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q25; Q28; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25394
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OPTIONS OF FINANCING THE CAP – CONSEQUENCES FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF FARM PAYMENTS AgEcon
Sinabell, Franz; Schmid, Erwin; Pitlik, Hans.
The introduction of decoupled direct payments in the EU was a substantial change of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003. After decoupling direct payments from production, it has become evident, that distributional objectives are the major justification of farm payments. There are three facets: the distribution of payments among farmers within member states, the distribution of payments among member states, and the distribution of household incomes within member states. All of them will be affected if the volume and allocation of funds for the CAP will be changed in the new financial framework of the EU. The paper addresses the first distributional aspects. We provide an overview of the development of past and present research and findings on the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct Payments; Distribution; Common Agricultural Policy.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44819
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Organic Farming and the New CAP - Results for the Austrian Agricultural Sector AgEcon
Schmid, Erwin; Sinabell, Franz.
In 2003, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed and decoupling direct payments from farm output is one of its core elements. We estimate the likely responses in organic product supply due to the reform at regional and sectoral levels. In addition, we analyse how the new programme for rural development, to be implemented in 2007, might affect organic farming. Our results show that organic farming will become more attractive after the 2003 CAP reform in Austria. Our results support the view that interactions among agri-environmental measures affect farmers' choice to maintain, abandon or adopt organic farming practices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural sector modelling; Common Agricultural Policy; Organic farming; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q11; Q18; Q21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24671
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PHASING OUT OF ENVIRONMENTALLY HARMFUL SUBSIDIES: EFFECTS OF THE CAP 2003 REFORM AgEcon
Hofreither, Markus F.; Schmid, Erwin; Sinabell, Franz.
A core element of the recent Common Agricultural Policy reform is to decouple payments that are merely linked to production from 2005 on. These subsidies are classified as environmentally harmful by OECD. An agricultural sector model, using a modified version of the positive mathematical programming method, depicts the political, natural, and structural complexity of Austrian farming. Environmental effects of indicators that are linked to production and management measures are estimated. Simulation results show that the recent CAP reform will not only reduce the cost of production, but also improve the environmental condition of natural resources.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20169
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Scale Efficiency in Organic and Conventional Dairy Farming AgEcon
Salhofer, Klaus; Kargiannis, Giannis; Sinabell, Franz.
Recently, several studies compared the performance of conventional and organic farms. Most studies concentrated on technical efficiency. In this paper we add to this literature by also comparing the scale efficiency of conventional and organic milk farms in Austria during the period 1997-2002. To do so we utilize a bilateral production frontier that includes both production technologies and Green’s (1995a,b) true fixed effects model to account for firm specific time-invariant heterogeneity and technical inefficiency. We find both groups of farms to be on average equally technical efficient (when compared to their production frontier), but conventional farms being on average considerably more scale efficient. However, while scale efficiency remained...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Scale efficiency; Conventional vs. organic farming; Milk production; Austria; Production Economics; Q12; D20.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124119
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