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Registros recuperados: 12
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Imprime registro no formato completo
Bailout with white revolution or sink deeper?: groundwater depletion and impacts in the Moga District of Punjab, India. AgEcon
Amarasinghe, Upali A.; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Sharma, Bharat R.; Eriyagama, Nishadi.
Moga District in Punjab, India, is a microcosm of the twin story of irrigation-induced growth and stress. The groundwater consumptive water use in agriculture exceeds the recharge by a substantial margin. Rice production contributes to a major part of this difference. The groundwater depletion is so critical that diversifying agriculture is the only way forward for sustainable agricultural growth. Reducing the rice area and intensifying milk production will be a win-win situation for both the farmers and the area reeling with a groundwater crisis.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Groundwater depletion; Groundwater irrigation; Water use; Rice; Wheat; Milk production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108672
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Climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources of the Upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia AgEcon
Kim, Ungtae; Kaluarachchi, Jagath J.; Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
The report evaluates the impacts of climate change on the hydrological regime and water resources of the Blue Nile River Basin in Ethiopia. It starts from the construction of the climate change scenarios based on the outcomes of several general circulation models (GCMs), uses a simple hydrological model to convert theses scenarios into runoff, and examines the impacts by means of a set of indices. The results, however uncertain with existing accuracy of climate models, suggest that the region is likely to have the future potential to produce hydropower, increase flow duration, and increase water storage capacity without affecting outflows to the riparian countries in the 2050s.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Climate change; Hydrology; River basins; Runoff; Precipitation; Models; Dams; Operating policies; Water power; Drought; Analysis; Africa; Ethiopia; Egypt; Sudan; Upper Blue Nile River Basin; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53025
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Environmental and social values of river water: examples from the Menik Ganga, Sri Lanka. AgEcon
Dissanayake, Priyanka; Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
Many decisions on water allocation in river basins are made on economic grounds. Environmental and social benefits of water should also be considered in river basin management, and attempts should be made to value them similarly. This is not a straightforward task and very few studies have directly addressed this issue to date. In this paper, the Menik Ganga (River) in southern Sri Lanka is used as a case study to attempt and evaluate the costs and benefits of environmental water allocations, referred to as ‘environmental flows’ (EF). In this study, a broad definition of EF is used: the components of EF evaluated include the requirements of the religious festival, the requirements of the Yala National Park, the requirements of the Pilinnawa Coastal Wetland...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rivers; Ecosystems; Wetlands; Wildlife; Fisheries; Water allocation; Water requirements; Case studies; Economic evaluation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91876
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Environmental water needs and impacts of irrigated agriculture in river basins: A framework for a new research program AgEcon
Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Water conservation; Irrigated farming; River basins; Environmental effects; Ecosystems; Water requirements; Water allocation; Catchment areas; Lagoons; Wetlands; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92695
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Hydrological and environmental issues of interbasin water transfers in India: a case of the Krishna River Basin AgEcon
Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Gamage, Nilantha; Bharati, Luna.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: River basins; Water transfer; Environmental effects; Dams; Reservoirs; Water resources development; Irrigation requirements; Case studies; India; Krishna River; Godavari River; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53065
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Impacts of climate change on water resources and agriculture in Sri Lanka: a review and preliminary vulnerability mapping AgEcon
Eriyagama, Nishadi; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Chandrapala, Lalith; Fernando, Karin.
There is ample evidence to suggest that Sri Lanka’s climate has already changed. However, the bigger question of national importance is what Sri Lanka’s climate will look like in 50 or 100 years and how prepared the country is to face such changes. This report reviews the status of climate change (CC) research/activities in Sri Lanka in terms of observed and projected climatic changes, their impacts on water resources and agriculture, CC mitigation and adaptation, and research needs. The study also developed a pilot level CC Vulnerability Index, which was subsequently mapped at district level. The maps indicate that typical farming districts such as Nuwara Eliya, Badulla, Moneragala, Ratnapura and Anuradhapura are the most vulnerable to CC due to their...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Climate change; Rain; Water resource management; Crops; Mapping; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94787
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Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands: its impact on downstream stakeholders dependent on the Blue Nile; Intermediate Results Dissemination Workshop February 5-6, 2009, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia AgEcon
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Erkossa, Teklu; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Fernando, Ashra.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: River basin management; Water governance; Environmental flows; Simulation models; Reservoirs; Sedimentation; Rainfall-Runoff relationships; Hydrology; Water balance; Erosion; Soil conservation; Watersheds; Irrigation schemes; Water use; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118388
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Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands: its impact on downstream stakeholders dependent on the Blue Nile; Intermediate Results Dissemination Workshop February 5-6, 2009, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia AgEcon
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Erkossa, Teklu; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Fernando, Ashra.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: River basin management; Watershed management; Farming systems; Water balance; Reservoirs; Water supply; Irrigation requirements; Irrigation programs; Simulation models; Sedimentation; Rainfall-Runoff relationships; Erosion; Soil water; Water balance; Soil conservation; Institutions; Organizations; Policy; Water governance; International waters; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118389
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Mapping drought patterns and impacts: a global perspective AgEcon
Eriyagama, Nishadi; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Gamage, Nilantha.
The study examines the global pattern and impacts of droughts through mapping several drought-related characteristics - either at a country level or at regular grid scales. It appears that arid and semi-arid areas also tend to have a higher probability of drought occurrence. It is illustrated that the African continent is lagging behind the rest of the world on many indicators related to drought-preparedness and that agricultural economies, overall, are much more vulnerable to adverse societal impacts of meteorological droughts. The study also examines the ability of various countries to satisfy their water needs during droughts using storage-related indices.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Drought; Impact assessment; Indicators; Hydrology; Mapping; Climate change; River basins; Dams; Water scarcity; Disasters; Risks; Precipitation; Runoff; Soil degradation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57027
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Rethinking agriculture in the Greater Mekong Subregion: how to sustainably meet food needs, enhance ecosystem services and cope with climate change AgEcon
Johnston, Robyn M.; Hoanh, Chu Thai; Lacombe, Guillaume; Noble, Andrew D.; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Suhardiman, Diana; Kam, Suan Pheng; Choo, Poh Sze.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural production; Rice; Fisheries; Livestock; Farming systems; Coastal area; Flood plains; Climate change; Environmental effects; Food production; Ecosystems; Water management; South East Asia; Greater Mekong Subregion; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91465
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Simulating impacts of irrigation on the hydrology of the Karagan Lagoon in Sri Lanka AgEcon
Stanzel, Philipp; Oze, Alexander; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; Boelee, Eline; Droogers, Peter.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Lagoons; Hydrology; Irrigation effects; Simulation models; Sensitivity analysis; Irrigation programs; Catchment areas; Tanks; Runoff; Precipitation; Evaporation; Seepage; Climate; Evapotranspiration; Paddy fields; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92698
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Spatial variation in water supply and demand across river basins of India AgEcon
Amarasinghe, Upali A.; Sharma, Bharat R.; Aloysius, Noel; Scott, Christopher A.; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.; de Fraiture, Charlotte.
India is a large country with regional differences in per-capita water supply and demand. Attempts to describe the water situation in India at a national level are often misleading due to the tremendous diversity in the water situation across the country. This Report analyzes the spatial variation of water supply and demand across river basins in India. The study identifies basins that are water-scarce because of inadequate water availability to meet the effective demand. It also identifies issues that are important for estimating the future water demand and for the formation of policy for future water-resources development and management.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water supply; Water demand; River basins; Catchment areas; Water availability; Water scarcity; Estimation; Irrigation water; Domestic water; Population growth; Urbanization; Groundwater extraction; Crop production; Policy; Water transfer; India; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52966
Registros recuperados: 12
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