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Registros recuperados: 11
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A 37 years hindcast of a coupled physical-biogeochemical model and its use for fisheries oceanography in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Sourisseau, Marc; Lazure, Pascal.
Overexploitation and climate change are increasingly causing unanticipated changes in marine ecosystems, such as higher variability in fish recruitment and shifts in species distribution, pressing for developing fisheries oceanography. In the meantime, operational oceanography rapidly progresses and its products become easy to access to a large community, among them fisheries scientists. Multiyear oceanographic reanalyses (hindcasts) were identified has a priority product by the ICES WG on Operational Oceanographic Products for Fisheries and Environment (WGOOFE). We performed a 37 years hindcast (1972-2008) run with a coupled physical-biogeochemical model (ECO-MARS3D) over the Bay of Biscay, using realistic meteorological and run-off forcing. We first...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13432/10442.pdf
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A 38 years hindcast of a coupled physical-biogeochemical model and derived indices for fisheries oceanography ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Sourisseau, Marc; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Lazure, Pascal.
Operational oceanography rapidly progresses and its products become easy to access to a large community, among them fisheries scientists. The products cover both near real-time environment information (on scales of days to weeks) but also retrospective analysis providing long time series of environment parameters. Here we describe a 38 years hindcast of a coupled physical-biogeochemical model of the Bay of Biscay as well as the indices and major information that were derived from it.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13454/10466.pdf
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A multi-decadal hindcast of a physical–biogeochemical model and derived oceanographic indices in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Sourisseau, Marc; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Lazure, Pascal.
Multiple year oceanographic simulations (hindcast) are identified as a priority oceanography product for fisheries and environment studies since they provide a unique continuous long-term dataset allowing integrated assessment of the ocean state and evolution. We performed a 37 year (1972–2008) hindcast run with a coupled physical–biogeochemical model in the Bay of Biscay. The coupled model and the hindcast configuration are described. A model skill assessment is performed with a large set of in-situ data. Average seasonal currents show major circulation patterns over the shelf. Among tracers, temperature and salinity have the best agreement, ahead of nitrates and silicates, chlorophyll, and finally phosphates and ammonium. For chlorophyll, improved...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Physical-biogeochemical model; Hindcast; Skill assessment; Environmental indices; Seasonal pattern; Interannual variability; Fisheries oceanography; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00114/22538/20237.pdf
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Comparative analysis of the food webs of two intertidal mudflats during two seasons using inverse modelling: Aiguillon Cove and Brouage Mudflat, France ArchiMer
Degre, Delphine; Leguerrier, D; Du Chatelet, E; Rzeznik, J; Auguet, Jean-christophe; Dupuy, Christine; Marquis, E; Fichet, Denis; Struski, Caroline; Joyeux, E; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Niquil, Nathalie.
Inverse analysis was used to model the food webs of two intertidal mudflat ecosystems: Aiguillon Cove (AC) and Brouage Mudflat (BM) (south-western Atlantic coast, France). The aim of the present study is to describe and compare the functioning of these two ecosystems. The method of inverse analysis has been adapted in order to take into account, in a single calculation, two seasons: spring/summer (mid-March to mid-October) and autumn/winter (the rest of the year). Gathering all available data on the two sites, the most important gaps in knowledge were identified with the help of sensitivity analyses: they concerned mainly the exports of material by grazing fish (such as mullet Liza ramada), resuspension of microphytobenthos, and fluxes linked to microfauna...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Atlantic coast; Sensitivity analysis; Tidal flat; Inverse analysis; Steady state; Food web.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1863.pdf
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Effects of spawning patterns and larval mortality on survival to the juvenile stage : a modelling analysis on the anchovy population of the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline.
Fish populations show complex life cycles with successive dependent life stages, the spatio-temporal patterns of distribution at one stage impacting distribution, growth and mortality during the next stage. Here we propose to assess the relative effect of spawning (timing, duration, fecundity and spatial distribution, resulting from adult environmental conditions over autumn and winter) and larval mortality on the resulting survival at the age of metamorphosis. We used a suite of models run sequentially : a coupled physical-biogeochemical model to provide the environmental forcing, a Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model for adult fish growth and reproduction (spawning timing, duration and fecundity), an Individual Based Model (IBM) for larval drift, growth...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13451/10464.pdf
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Integrating a sequence of models over different life stages to predict the response of fish populations to environmental drivers : anchovy in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline.
Fish populations show complex life cycles with successive dependent life stages, the spatio-temporal patterns of distribution at one stage impacting distribution, growth and mortality during the next stage. Here we propose to assess the relative effect of spawning (timing, duration, fecundity and spatial distribution, resulting from adult environmental conditions over autumn and winter) and larval mortality on the resulting survival at the age of metamorphosis. We used a suite of models run sequentially: a coupled physical-biogeochemical model to provide the environmental forcing, a Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model for adult fish growth and reproduction (spawning timing, duration and fecundity), an Individual Based Model (IBM) for larval drift, growth and...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13449/10461.pdf
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Le risque trophique : caractéristiques trophique et hétérogénéité des ressources alimentaires en lien avec les mortalités ostréicoles ArchiMer
Ropert, Michel; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Soletchnik, Patrick; Blin, J. L.; Faury, Nicole; Struski, Caroline.
The "trophic risk" has been demonstrated in the bioenergetic model developed in vivo and based on various diet conditions similar to those of different types of oyster culture basins (eutrophic, heterotrophic and oligotrophic) [22, 23]. The trophic resource – mortality relationship differs from one basin to another, according to the quantity of this resource. Multy-varied analysis (ACP) conducted on a total of 11 oyster culture sites and handled in a database matching mortality and environmental data, show that the trophic indicator "chlorophyll a" (often coupled with temperature) is involved in a positive correlation with the mortality of both age classes (1 and 2 years old). The stock transfer from the Bay of Veys to the west coast of Cotentin in spring...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: MOREST; Crassostrea gigas; Physiologie; Phéopigments; Ressources trophiques; Modèle bioénergétique; Mortalités; Huîtres.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-3410.pdf
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Modélisation couplée physique-biogéochimie du golfe de Gascogne sur la période 1971-2007 ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Petitgas, Pierre; Lazure, Pascal; Sourisseau, Marc.
Une simulation 'hindcast' de la dynamique physique et biogéochimique du golfe de Gascogne a été réalisée pour la période 1971-2007 à l'aide du modèle ECO-MARS3D. Ce modèle couplant physique et biogéochimie fournit une série longue de données simulées, moyennées ou intégrées sur 3 jours (température, salinité, sels nutritifs, phytoplancton, zooplancton), qui sont ensuite utilisées pour des calculs d'indices hydrologiques 2D synthétiques (indices méso-échelle : stratification, upwellings, surface tourbillonnaire ; indices biologiques : chlorophylle-a de surface, production primaire intégrée). Nous nous proposons dans ce document de présenter la configuration et les forçages utilisés pour cette simulation, et de lister les différentes variables sauvegardées...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Projet FP6 RECLAIM; Halieutique; Indices hydrologiques; Hindcast; ECO MARS3D; Modélisation couplée; Golfe de Gascogne.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/rapport-5164.pdf
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Modélisation des flux de matières dans la baie de Marennes-Oléron : couplage de l'hydrodynamisme, de la production primaire et de la consommation par les huîtres. ArchiMer
Struski, Caroline.
To answer the questions of trophic capacity of the oyster bay of Marennes- Oléron, models were implemented since the 90s. The dynamics of the system is studied here by using a model 2D of hydrodynamism and transport with fine meshes (SiAM2D). The modelling and the analysis of existing data are used to answer the following questions: which factors control the primary production in the bay, in which scales of time act these factors, which link exists between pelagic and microphytobenthic productions , and which is the impact of oysters on the planctonic compartment SiAM2D serves as tool to couple models of pelagic and microphytobenthic primary production, and of filtration by oysters. The model of pelagic production is calibrated from measures of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster impact; Primary production; Scales of variability; Biophysical model; Impact des huîtres; Production primaire; Echelles de variabilité; Modèle biophysique.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-554.pdf
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Modelling spatio-temporal variability of Mytilus edulis (L.) growth by forcing a dynamic energy budget model with satellite-derived environmental data ArchiMer
Thomas, Yoann; Mazurie, Joseph; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Bacher, Cedric; Bouget, Jean-francois; Gohin, Francis; Pouvreau, Stephane; Struski, Caroline.
In order to assess the potential of various marine ecosystems for shellfish aquaculture and to evaluate their carrying capacities, there is a need to clarify the response of exploited species to environmental variations using robust ecophysiological models and available environmental data. For a large range of applications and comparison purposes, a non-specific approach based on ‘generic’ individual growth models offers many advantages. In this context, we simulated the response of blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) to the spatio-temporal fluctuations of the environment in Mont Saint-Michel Bay (North Brittany) by forcing a generic growth model based on Dynamic Energy Budgets with satellite-derived environmental data (i.e. temperature and food). After a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mussel; DEB; SeaWifs; Aquaculture; Site Selection; Resource Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00037/14836/14537.pdf
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Preliminary estimate of primary production by phytoplankton in Marennes-Oléron Bay, France ArchiMer
Struski, Caroline; Bacher, Cedric.
The macrotidal bay of Marennes-Oléron is the most important French site for shellfish production (oysters and mussels); yet the primary productivity of the phytoplankton compartment in this system is not well known. In this study, photosynthetic parameters were determined using 14C incubations of bottom and surface water samples, during fall, winter and summer (2001¿2002), along a north¿south transect in the bay. Estimates of primary productivity showed that water column primary production is light-limited in the bay and that a BZpI0 type model can be applied. Spatial differences existed in the bay, with a more productive northern zone and less productive river area. With a water column primary production of 185 g C m−2 yr−1,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: BZpI0 model; Tidal bay; Light limitation; Turbidity; Phytoplankton; Photosynthesis parameters.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-572.pdf
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