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Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Cahenzli, Fabian; Steinemann, Beatrice; Jamar, Laurent; Chor Bjørn, Mona; Porcel, Mario; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Kelderer, Markus; Sigsgaard, Lene.
Orchards, as intensive cropping systems, often have low diversity of plant species, which limits the promotion of natural enemies for pest control. The implementation of agri-environmental schemes, such as flower strips, could enhance biological control. We developed perennial, multifunctional flower strips with native plant species. In the second and third year after sowing, plant diversity and ground cover between flower strips (FS) in the drive alleys and the spontaneous orchard vegetation in control plots (Cont) were compared in 19 experimental blocks of eight organic apple orchards in six European countries. On average 73.7% of the sown plant species were established and plant diversity of FS was on average 43% higher than in Cont. Multivariate...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35484/1/Pfiffner_etal_2019_AGEE_FAB_EcoOrchards_plants.pdf
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Functional agrobiodiversity in apple orchards Organic Eprints
Sigsgaard, Lene; Pfiffner, Lukas; Penvern, Servane; Tchamitchian, Marc; WARLOP, FRANCOIS; Herz, Annette; Kelderer, Markus; Jamar, Laurent; Kruzynska, Dorota; Korsgaard, Maren; Tasin, Marco; Jasko, Janis.
Fruit growers often suffer economic losses due to insect damages. The available natural pest control products are not always effective; and for organic fruit growers options for direct control are relatively few. EcoOrchard, a CORE Organic Plus project (2015-18) tracked EU farmers knowledge of Functional AgroBiodiversity (FAB) and generated new knowledge in order to successfully use FAB in orchards by a joint field experiment across seven countries of perennial flower strips to assess impact on natural enemies, codling moths and yield. The project also established the BIONetwork as a European-wide network of stakeholders for collecting, sharing and improving scientific and practical knowledge and experience in FAB management, and developed simple FAB...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33694/1/Functional%20agrobiodiversity%20in%20apple%20orchards.docx
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Mehrjährige Blühstreifen zur Schädlingsregulierung in Bio-Obstanlagen Organic Eprints
Cahenzli, Fabian; Sigsgaard, Lene; Daniel, Claudia; Herz, Annette; Jamar, Laurent; Kelderer, Markus; Kramer Jacobsen, S.; Kruczynska, Dorota; Matray, Silvia; Porcel, Mario; Sekrecka, Małgorzata; Świergiel, Weronika; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Pfiffner, Lukas.
Blühstreifen im Apfelanbau
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34542/1/Poster_Eco_Orchard_Cahenzli_web.pdf
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Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study Organic Eprints
Cahenzli, Fabian; Sigsgaard, Lene; Daniel, Claudia; Herz, Annette; Jamar, Laurent; Kelderer, Markus; Kramer Jacobsen, Stine; Kruczyńska, Dorota; Matray, Silvia; Porcel, Mario; Sekrecka, Małgorzata; Świergielg, Weronika; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Pfiffner, Lukas.
In many crops, the intensive use of pesticides causes major problems both for the environment and for natural ecosystem services. Apple is Europe's most frequently produced orchard fruit, requiring high pesticide input to combat the most important apple insect pests, Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini) and Cydia pomonella (L.). Here we sought to control these pests by promoting natural enemies using sown perennial flower strips. We trialled these in the alleyways of organic apple orchards in seven European countries. Visual assessments over two years revealed a higher number of natural enemies on plant parts, and specifically in D. plantaginea colonies on trees, in flower strip plots than on trees in control plots with standard orchard vegetation. Trees in...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35483/1/Cahenzli_etal_2019_AGEE_FAB_EcoOrchard_ento.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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