Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 14
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN AN ENLARGED EUROPEAN UNION: DOES THE CAP REFORM / INTRODUCTION MATTER? AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Cook, Peter; Stange, Henriette; Weingarten, Peter.
In the course of economic development there is a general downward trend of agricultural employment. In the EU-15, agricultural employment decreased by 2.3% p.a. (measured in regular persons) and 3.0% p.a. (measured in annual working units) between 1995 and 2000. In some of the new EU Member States, employment in agriculture plummeted in the early 1990s, whereas in others it increased during the first years of transition and has served as a social buffer in times of economic hardship. The most important determinants of agricultural employment changes are labor saving technical progress, the macroeconomic environment, the farm structure, socio-economic characteristics of the farmer and agricultural support policies. Currently, farmers in the enlarged EU...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural labor market; Agricultural policy; European Union; Transition countries; Case studies.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14962
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Employment Trends in an Enlarged European Union: Does the CAP Reform/Introduction Matter? AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Cook, Peter; Stange, Henriette; Weingarten, Peter.
In the course of economic development there is a general downward trend of agricultural employment, although structural change in agriculture is often delayed. In the EU-15, agricultural employment decreased by -2.3% p.a. (measured in regular persons) and -3.0% p.a. (measured in annual working units) between 1995 and 2000. In some of the new EU Member States, employment in agriculture plummeted in the early 1990s, whereas in others it increased during the first years of transition and has served as a social buffer in times of economic hardship. The most important determinants of agricultural employment changes are labor saving technical progress, the macroeconomic environment, the farm structure, socio-economic characteristics of the farmer and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural labor market; Agricultural policy; European Union; Transition countries; Case studies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; J43; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25395
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN GERMANY - SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION - AgEcon
Weingarten, Peter.
This paper is concerned with agri-environmental policy in Germany and focuses in particular on soil and water conservation. At first it discusses to what extent agriculture contributes to erosion and the pollution of surface waters and groundwater with nutrients and pesticides. Whereas erosion is a minor problem in Germany water pollution due to modern and intensive agriculture is of major concern. In theory, a broad range of environmental policy instruments exists. In practice, agri-environmental policy in Germany is dominated by command-and-control-measures, whereas incentivebased measures are of minor importance. In this paper recent developments of the most important legal and institutional settings concerning soil and water conservation policies are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14912
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
BUCHBESPRECHUNG: BECKMANN, V. (2000): TRANSAKTIONSKOSTEN UND INSTITUTIONELLE WAHL IN DER LANDWIRTSCHAFT : ZWISCHEN MARKT, HIERARCHIE UND KOOPERATION AgEcon
Weingarten, Peter.
This paper reviews the publication by BECKMANN, V. (2000): Transaktionskosten und institutionelle Wahl in der Landwirtschaft : Zwischen Markt, Hierarchie und Kooperation [Transaction costs and institutional choice in agriculture : Between market, hierarchy and co-operation].
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Transaction cost; Institution; Farm organisation; Agriculture; Labour organisation; Farm Management; L14; Q12; C25.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14933
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
COMPETITIVENESS OF MILK AND WINE PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING IN ALBANIA AgEcon
Petrick, Martin; Schreiber, Catrin; Weingarten, Peter.
This study provides an empirical assessment of the competitiveness of Albanian dairy and wine production, based on specifically collected survey data. For both product groups, the analysis is carried out on two levels: farm level production of raw material and processing and manufacturing of the final product in the food industry. In a third step, both levels are aggre-gated to analyse the competitiveness of the entire production chain for each product group. Overall, the wine sector appears in an economically more favourable situation than the milk sector. Although there is currently no relevant export of wine, there has been considerable in-vestment activity at the farm level and the harmonisation of quality standards with EU legislation is currently...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural sector; Competitiveness; Milk; Wine; Albania; P23; Q12; Q13; Agrarsektor; Wettbewerbsfähigkeit; Milch; Wein; Albanien; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14877
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
COST OF COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE IN THE HUNGARIAN DAIRY SECTOR AgEcon
Kiss, Piroska; Weingarten, Peter.
The implementation and enforcement of the acquis communautaire is a precondition for joining the European Union (EU). However, there is only little information on the compliance costs in the acceding countries. In this paper, the investment needs and annual costs of compliance with the part of the acquis communautaire relevant for the dairy sector is assessed at different stages of the agri-food chain in Hungary. The assessment is mainly based on a classification of farms and processors according to their level of compliance with EU standards concerning milk hygiene in 2000/01 and calculations of necessary investments in buildings, milking and cooling facilities and delivery trucks. The raw milk quality in Hungary has steadily improved since the early...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hungary; Acquis communautaire; Milk hygiene; Dairy sector; Modernisation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14881
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Development of Agricultural Market and Trade Policies in the CEE Candidate Countries. AgEcon
Sepp, Mati; Gorton, Matthew; Miglavs, Andris; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Meyers, William H.; Guba, Waldemar; Ratinger, Tomas; Safin, Marius; Simon, Françoise; Bozik, Marian; Michalek, Jerzy; Banse, Martin; Ferenczi, Tibor; Bojnec, Stefan; Turk, Jernej; Dalton, Graham E.; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Davidova, Sophia; Ivanova, Nedka Momtscheva; Mishev, Plamen Dimitrov; Abele, Steffen; Frohberg, Klaus; Hartmann, Monika; Matthews, Alan; Weingarten, Peter.
This synthesis report focuses on the evolution of agricultural market and trade policies in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) candidate countries in the period 1997 to 2001. The developments were crucially influenced by (OECD, 2000a): • the situation in world agricultural markets; • the overall macroeconomic development in the countries considered; • the prospective EU accession; • bringing domestic agricultural policy in line with the Uruguay Agreement on Agriculture (URAA). High 1997 agricultural prices on world commodity markets were followed by a marked depression in 1998. With the exemption of milk products this trend continued in 1999. Likewise the economic and financial crisis in Russia had a considerable impact on agricultural policies. It hit...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; International Development; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93083
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
INTERREGIONALE DISPARITATEN UND ENTWICKLUNG LANDLICHER RAUME ALS REGIONALPOLITISCHE HERAUSFORDERUNG FUR DIE NEUEN EU-MITGLIEDSSTAATEN AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Weingarten, Peter.
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Seit Beginn der Transformation haben in den Ländern Mittel- und Osteuropas (MOEL) die interregionalen Disparitäten zugenommen. Insbesondere die Stadt-Land-Gegensätze haben sich verstärkt. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Entwicklung der Disparitäten auf und diskutiert auf der Basis theoretischer Überlegungen und politischer Ziele die Notwendigkeit und Ausgestaltung regionalpolitischer Maßnahmen. Bei der ländlichen Entwicklung in den neuen EU-Mitglied-staaten kommt den Bereichen Institutionenaufbau, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Agrarsektors, außer-landwirtschaftliche Einkommensquellen und Arbeitsmobilität eine große Bedeutung zu. Diese Maßnahmen sollten den spezifischen Charakteristika der jeweiligen Gebiete angepasst sein. Die regionalpolitischen...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional disparities; Rural area; Regional policy; Structural policy; Central and Eastern Europe; EU Eastern Enlargement; Regional types; Community/Rural/Urban Development; P25; R58; O18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14899
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Interregionale Disparitäten und Entwicklung ländlicher Räume als regionalpolitische Herausforderung für die neuen EU-Mitgliedstaaten AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Weingarten, Peter.
Since the beginning of transition, interregional disparities in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) have increased. Particularly, the differences between urban and rural areas have grown. This paper traces the development of these disparities and discusses, based on theoretical considerations and political objectives, the need for and the design of regional policy measures. For rural development in the new EU member states, institution building, competitiveness of the agri-food sector, non-farm income sources and labour mobility are crucial. These measures should be adapted to the specific characteristics of the respective areas. Since the end of the 1990's, the efforts of regional policy in the CEECs were highly influenced by the preparation...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Regional disparities; Rural area; Regional policy; Structural policy; Central and Eastern Europe; EU Eastern Enlargement; Regional types; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97217
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Quantifizierung „gesellschaftlich gewünschter, nicht marktgängiger Leistungen“ der Landwirtschaft AgEcon
Plankl, Reiner; Weingarten, Peter; Nieberg, Hiltrud; Zimmer, Yelto; Isermeyer, Folkhard; Krug, Janina; Haxsen, Gerhard.
Zusammenfassung: In den Diskussionen über die Gemeinsame Agrarpolitik nach 2013 nimmt die Honorierung nicht marktgängiger gesellschaftlicher Leistungen der Landwirtschaft eine zentrale Rolle ein. Unterschiedliche Ansichten bestehen darüber, was unter diesen Leistungen genau zu verstehen ist und wie sie quantifiziert und monetarisiert werden können. Die hierzu durchgeführte Auswertung von rund 80 Studien zeigt einerseits, dass in der Bevölkerung eine generelle Zahlungsbereitschaft für solche Leistungen besteht, und andererseits, dass die ausgewerteten Fallstudien nicht auf Deutschland hochgerechnet werden können. Die Leistung „Offenhaltung der Landschaft“ verursacht - wenn sie nicht als Koppelprodukt unentgeltlich anfällt - Kosten, deren Höhe in starkem...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Gesellschaftliche Leistungen der Landwirtschaft; Koppelprodukte; Zahlungsbereitschaft; Offenhaltung der Landschaft; Kosten für Umweltregulierung; Public goods provided by agriculture; By-product; Willingness to pay; Open landscape; Environmental regulation cost; Environmental Economics and Policy; Public Economics; Q01; Q51; Q56; Q57.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103256
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACTS OF CROATIA´S AGRICULTURAL TRADE POLICY ON THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR AgEcon
Weingarten, Peter; Frohberg, Klaus; Winter, Etti Maria; Schreiber, Catrin.
Croatia recently signed several trade liberalisation agreements. The cornerstones of its trade policy are WTO membership, the Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU and Croatia's application of membership as well as bilateral free trade agreements within the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. The objective of this paper is to quantify the impact of Croatia's agricultural trade policy on the agri-food sector. For the analysis, a partial equilibrium model based on 1999/2000 data is used. Trade between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, the EU-15 and the rest of the world is modelled for 12 product groups. Three liberalisation scenarios are analysed for the years 2002 and 2005. The scenarios differ with regard to the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Croatia; Trade liberalisation; Agri-food sector; Partial equilibrium analysis; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14932
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Subsistence Agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe: Determinants and Perspectives AgEcon
Abele, Steffen; Voigt, Peter; Weingarten, Peter.
Subsistence agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has only recently gained interest from agricultural economists. Their origin, their future and even their definition is still not well elaborated. This paper tries to throw light on the issue of subsistence farming in CEE. It first discusses the theoretical and empirical background of subsistence agriculture. This part is followed by a typology of subsistence farming as found in CEE. Analysis considers several hypotheses on the cause of subsistence agriculture, among them the structure of land ownership, market imperfections and lack of alternative income sources or low opportunity costs of labour respectively. Of all these hypotheses, only the latter can be proofed empirically, which is done by a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence agriculture; Transition; Central and Eastern Europe; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24880
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The Role of Agriculture in Central and Eastern European Rural Development: Engine of Change or Social Buffer? AgEcon
Ahrens, Heinz; Balint, Borbala; Baltag, Grigore; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Blaas, Gejza; Bojnec, Stefan; Borisova, Victoria; Brelik, Agnieszka; Cimpoies, Dragos; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Danilowska, Alina; Drlik, Jan; Fock, Theodor; Gallerani, Vittorio; Galushko, Viktoriya; Golemanova, Antoaneta; Greif, Franz; Hager, Astrid; Hann, Chris; Horska, Hana; Huirne, Ruud B.M.; Jansik, Csaba; Jechlitschka, Kurt; Kinnucan, Henry W.; Kirschke, Dieter; Krypa, Nada; Malik, Mykola; Matsibora, Tetyana; Mishev, Plamen Dimitrov; Nedyalkov, Anton; Oskam, Arie J.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M.; Petrick, Martin; Pelse, Modrite; Petrikov, Alexander; Raggi, Meri; Ratinger, Tomas; Revishvili, Zurab; Rodionova, Galina; Samoggia, Antonella; Sarris, Alexander H.; Savastano, Sara; Sedik, David J.; Senczyszyn, Jaroslaw; Spesna, Daniela; Tritten, Christian; Tyran, Ewa; Valentinov, Vladislav; Viaggi, Davide; Wegener, Stefan; Weingarten, Peter; Zmija, Janusz.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93023
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
TYPOLOGY OF RURAL AREAS IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN EU NEW MEMBER STATES AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Trapp, Christian; Weingarten, Peter.
Rural areas in Central and Eastern Europe are very often associated with a backwardness in terms of income and employment opportunities, a high dependency on agriculture, the out-migration of young, skilled people, a low population density and an insufficient infrastructure. In this paper 3 typologies are presented, which show that rural areas cannot be considered homogeneous and not all of them need the same developmental measures. The first typology classified all NUTS-3 regions in the ten Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC-10) by means of cluster analysis according to 7 demographic and socio-economic criteria. The result revealed 5 different types of regions as most adequate: three are largely rural, one includes both rural, and especially...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural area; Typology; Central and Eastern Europe; Cluster analysis; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C19; P25; R12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14906
Registros recuperados: 14
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional