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Registros recuperados: 17
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Agricultural Commodity Price Spikes in the 1970s and 1990s: Valuable Lessons for Today AgEcon
Peters, May; Langley, Suchada V.; Westcott, Paul C..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124050
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF A FOOD SECURITY COMMODITY RESERVE: COMMODITY VS. CASH AgEcon
Young, C. Edwin; Westcott, Paul C.; Hoffman, Linwood A.; Lin, William W.; Rosen, Stacey L..
The cost of operating the Food Security Commodity Reserve as a commodity reserve was compared with the cost of a cash reserve to purchase food aid supplies only in the period of need. Preliminary simulation results reveal the cash reserve to be less costly in almost all cases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food aid; Agricultural policy; Stocks; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21622
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ANALYSIS OF THE U.S. COMMODITY LOAN PROGRAM WITH MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Price, J. Michael.
Over the next several years, crop prices are projected to be below to slightly above commodity loan rates. As a result, marketing loan benefits to farmers, in the form of loan deficiency payments and marketing loan gains from the commodity loan program, are likely to continue to be sizeable. The level of realized per-unit revenues facilitated by marketing loans exceeds commodity loan rates, thereby raising expected net returns to farmers. Model simulations show that the loan program can raise total acreage planted to major field crops, generally increasing levels of domestic use and exports while lowering crop prices. Cross-commodity effects of supply response to relative returns (including marketing loan benefits), however, result in acreage shifts among...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Commodity loans; Marketing loans; Nonrecourse loans; Loan deficiency payments; Price support; Commodity programs; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34035
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Counter-Cyclical Payments Under the 2002 Farm Act: Production Effects Likely to be Limited AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93505
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DECOUPLED PAYMENTS IN A CHANGING POLICY SETTING AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Collender, Robert N.; Diao, Xinshen; Harrington, David H.; Hoppe, Robert A.; Korb, Penelope J.; Makki, Shiva S.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Roberts, Michael J.; Roe, Terry L.; Somwaru, Agapi; Vandeveer, Monte; Westcott, Paul C.; Young, C. Edwin.
The studies in this report analyze the effects of decoupled payments in the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act on recipient households, and assess land, labor, risk management, and capital market conditions that can lead to links between decoupled payments and production choices. Each study contributes a different perspective to understanding the response of U.S. farm households and production to decoupled income transfers. Some use new microdata on farm households collected through USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), initiated in 1996, and its predecessor survey. These data are used to compare household and producer behavior and outcomes before and after the FAIR Act. Other studies use applied or conceptual models to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33981
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Domestic Support for the U.S. Rice Sector and the WTO: Implications of the 2002 Farm Act AgEcon
Hoffman, Linwood A.; Young, C. Edwin; Westcott, Paul C.; Childs, Nathan W..
The U.S. rice sector is expected to receive some of the largest relative support under the 2002 Farm Act. USDA's rice baseline model is used to compute marketing loan benefits, while direct payments and counter-cyclical payments are estimated from endogenous prices and exogenous policy parameters. Alternative scenarios of reduced marketing loan benefits suggest that projected annual average sector revenue could decline by 4 to 27 percent.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21929
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Economic Analysis of Base Acre and Payment Yield Designations Under the 2002 U.S. Farm Act AgEcon
Young, C. Edwin; Skully, David W.; Westcott, Paul C.; Hoffman, Linwood A..
The 2002 Farm Act provided farmland owners the opportunity to update commodity program base acres and payment yields used for calculating selected program benefits. Findings in this report suggest that farmland owners responded to economic incentives in these decisions, selecting those options for designating base acres that resulted in the greatest expected flow of program payments. Decisions of farmland owners in South Dakota, in upland cotton area, and in the Heartland region support the payment-maximization argument. In general, landowners favored maximizing payments over aligning base acres to current or recent plantings. Farmland owners with high-payment base acres, such as rice and cotton, held on to these base acres and, whenever possible, expanded...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Base; 2002 Farm Act; Direct payments; Counter-cyclical payments; Production flexibility contract payments; Base acres; Program yields; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33594
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Full Throttle U.S. Ethanol Expansion Faces Challenges Down the Road AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124200
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International Agricultural Baseline Projections to 2007 AgEcon
Landes, Rip; Westcott, Paul C.; Wainio, John.
This report provides baseline projections for international supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities to 2007. It is a companion report to USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections, providing the foreign country details supporting those projections. Projections of strong global economic growth, particularly in developing countries, combined with more open foreign markets and the emergence of China as a major bulk commodity importer, support strong projected gains in U.S. farm exports. The value of total U.S. agricultural exports is projected to rise from a record $57.3 billion in FY 1997 to nearly $85 billion in 2007. The projections were completed based on information available as of December 1997, and reflect a composite of model results...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Commodities; International; Projections; Supply; Use; Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33951
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Marketing Loan Rate and Acreage Responses AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93709
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PERSPECTIVES ON IMPACTS OF THE 2002 U.S. FARM ACT AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C..
The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (2002 Farm Act) was enacted in the United States in May of 2002. While this new farm law introduced some new policies to the array of agricultural commodity programs, in many ways the 2002 farm act extended provisions of the 1996 farm act and institutionalized provisions of ad hoc emergency spending bills of 1998-2001. Three key commodity program features of the 2002 farm act are marketing assistance loans, counter-cyclical payments, and direct payments. Marketing assistance loans existed under previous U.S. farm law, direct payments replaced production flexibility contract payments of the 1996 farm act, and counter-cyclical payments are intended to institutionalize the market loss assistance payments...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16816
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Price Determination for Corn and Wheat: The Role of Market Factors and Government Programs AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Hoffman, Linwood A..
Annual models for U.S. farm prices for corn and wheat are developed based on market factors as well as government agricultural commodity programs. The pricing relationships utilize a stocks-to-use modeling framework to capture the effects of market supply and demand factors on price determination. This formulation is augmented by factors that represent the changing role of agricultural policies, particularly government price support and stockholding programs. For wheat, international market effects as well as wheat feed use and related crosscommodity pricing considerations also are included. Model properties and model performance measures are presented. Additionally, recent price-forecasting applications of the models are discussed. The relatively simple...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Corn; Wheat; Farm price; Price determination; Stocks-to-use ratio; Price supports; Commodity programs; Forecasts; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33581
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SUPPLY RESPONSE UNDER THE 1996 FARM ACT AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE U.S. FIELD CROPS SECTOR AgEcon
Torre Ugarte, Daniel de la; Sanford, Scott; Skinner, Robert A.; Westcott, Paul C.; Lin, William W..
The 1996 Farm Act gives farmers almost complete planting flexibility, allowing producers to respond to price changes to a greater extent than they had under previous legislation. This study measures supply responsiveness for major field crops to changes in their own prices and in prices for competing crops and indicates significant increases in responsiveness. Relative to 1986-90, the percentage increases in the responsiveness of U.S. plantings of major field crops to a 1-percent change in their own prices are wheat (1.2 percent), corn (41.6 percent), soybeans (13.5 percent), and cotton (7.9 percent). In percentage terms, the increases in the responsiveness generally become greater with respect to competing crops' price changes. The 1996 legislation has...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Supply response; Major field crops; Acreage price elasticities; Normal flex acreage (NFA); 1996 farm legislation.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33568
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THE 2002 FARM ACT: PROVISIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMMODITY MARKETS AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Young, C. Edwin; Price, J. Michael.
The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (2002 Farm Act), which governs agricultural programs through 2007, was signed into law in May 2002. This report presents an initial evaluation of the new legislation's effects on agricultural commodity markets, based on sectorwide model simulations under alternative policy assumptions. The analysis shows that loan rate changes under the marketing assistance loan program of the 2002 Farm Act initially result in an increase in total planted acreage of eight major program crops. This increase in plantings, however, is relatively small (less than 1 percent), partly due to the inelasticity of acreage response in the sector. In the longer run, the simulations indicate that overall plantings of the eight program...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm legislation; 2002 Farm Act; Agricultural programs; Commodity programs; Marketing loans; Counter-cyclical payments; Direct payments; Planting flexibility; Base acres; Payment yields; Farm income; Risk management; FAPSIM; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33745
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THE 2002 U.S. FARM ACT: IMPLICATIONS OF BASE UPDATING AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Skully, David W.; Young, C. Edwin; Hoffman, Linwood A..
The 2002 Farm Act allowed farm owners to update base acres for direct payments (DPs) and counter-cyclical payments (CCPs) and to update yields for counter-cyclical payments. A minority, about 40 percent, of the 1.9 million enrolled farms choose to update their base acres using 1998-2001 plantings; of these updating farms about three-fourths updated their payment yield for CCPs. Producers with rice and cotton base had a strong economic incentive to maximize base acres for those crops, either by retaining previous base acres if they had shifted to production of alternative crops or by increasing base if they had expanded rice or cotton plantings. Research findings support the hypothesis that base designation reflects payment maximization criteria.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20197
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U.S. COTTON SUPPLY RESPONSE UNDER THE 2002 FARM ACT AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Meyer, Leslie A..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33171
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U.S COTTON SUPPLY RESPONSE UNDER THE 2002 FARM ACT (PowerPoint Presentation) AgEcon
Meyer, Leslie A.; Westcott, Paul C..
POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33194
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