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Registros recuperados: 15
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Asymmetric Price Transmission and Demand Characteristics AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Li, Xianghong.
Through analyzing the effect of a demand characteristic, this paper investigates the reasons for the market phenomenon that farm and/or wholesale price changes are transmitted asymmetrically to retail markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Asymmetric price transmission; Demand characteristics; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49400
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Asymmetric Price Transmission and Food Retailers’ Selling Strategies AgEcon
Xia, Tian.
Price transmission from farm to retail is a longstanding and important issue in agricultural marketing. Researchers, producers, and policy makers have been concerned that the transmission of farm price increases to retail may be more quickly and of a greater magnitude than that of farm price decreases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9727
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CAN FOOD PROCESSORS USE CONTRACTS TO INFLUENCE FARM CASH PRICES? THE COMPETITIVE IMPLICATIONS OF TOP-OF-THE-MARKET AND RELATED PRICING CLAUSES AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Sexton, Richard J..
When contract production is marketed contemporaneously with production sold through a spot market, it is conveninet to specify the contract price in terms of the subsequent cash price. This paper examines the competitive implications of such pricing arrangements, focusing in particular upon so-called "top-of-the-market (TOMP) pricing in cattle procurement, wherein the contract guarantees the producer the highest cash price prevailing at the time of delivery. We show that these contracts have anticompetitive consequences when the same buyers who purchase cattle with the TOMP clause also compete to procure cattle in the subsequent spot market. By committing to purchase cattle at a price to be determined later, beef packers' incentives to compete...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19776
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Competition, Bargaining Power, and the Cattle Cycle AgEcon
Crespi, John M.; Xia, Tian; Jones, Rodney D..
Cattle production follows a dynamic cycle that has often been analyzed, and cattle markets receive much scrutiny because of the potential for buyer market power. The relationship between the two has been little studied, however. This paper provides a simple conceptual framework to study how the cattle cycle and market concentration jointly affect the bargaining power of producers and packers yielding the following main results. Not surprisingly, a larger cattle stock reduces producers' bargaining position, which results in a lower fed cattle price. More importantly, however, the cattle stock's negative effect on price is magnified by the market concentration in beef packing. Thus, the cycle itself is very importantly related to a posited cycle of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6263
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Competition in Japanese Genetically Modified Soybean Import Market AgEcon
Yamaura, Koichi; Xia, Tian.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market Power; GM Soybean; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61514
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Consumption Inertia and Asymmetric Price Transmission AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Li, Xianghong.
We propose consumption inertia as a new explanation for asymmetric price transmission. Inertia in consumer demand enlarges retailers’ gains in gross profits from raising prices in response to higher wholesale prices and reduces gains from decreasing prices in response to lower wholesale prices. Thus, consumption inertia can cause asymmetries in price transmission whereby retailers are more willing to change their prices, and change them more quickly, in response to wholesale price increases as opposed to wholesale price decreases.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Asymmetric price transmission; Consumption inertia; Market power; Retail pricing; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93210
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Could Packers Manipulate Cash Markets by Linking Contract and Futures Prices? AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Crespi, John M.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61634
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Food Retailers' Pricing and Marketing Strategies, with Implications for Producers AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J.; Xia, Tian; Li, Lan.
This paper examines grocery retailers' ability to influence prices charged to consumers and paid to suppliers. We discuss how retailer market power manifests itself in terms of pricing and marketing strategies by setting forth and offering evidence in support of eight "stylized facts" of retailer pricing and brand decisions. We argue that little, if any, of this behavior can be explained by a model of a competitive, price-taking retailer, but that most of the indicated behavior was also inconsistent with traditional models of market power. Finally, we discuss the impacts of aspects of this retailer behavior on the upstream farm sector.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Grocery retailer; Market power; Price spread; Sales; Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10213
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HORIZONTAL DIFFERENTIATION WITH DIFFERENTIAL INPUT COSTS: RETAIL PRICES FOR MILK BY FAT CONTENT AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J.; Xia, Tian; Carman, Hoy F..
Markets for horizontally differentiated products with differential costs are important and have unique features. This paper studies sellers'’ pricing strategy and market equilibrium in these markets under various competition scenarios in the context of retail milk markets. An empirical study is also conducted to examine the effects of cost factors on retail milk prices and to characterize competition in markets in four California cities.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20410
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Measuring the Benefits to Advertising under Monopolistic Competition AgEcon
Boland, Michael A.; Crespi, John M.; Silva, Jena; Xia, Tian.
This paper determines the benefits and costs of firm-level advertising in a monopolistically competitive industry. The model is useful in an environment in which firm-level costs may be absent or imprecise. The empirical example uses data on the advertising for a new line of prune snacks by Sunsweet Growers between 2008 and 2010, revealing average benefit-cost estimates from $1.26 to $4.35 for every dollar allocated to the new product line.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Advertising; Benefit-cost analysis; Industrial organization; Monopolistic competition; Agricultural marketing; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122308
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PRICE DETERMINATION IN THE STRAWBERRY MARKET: A REGIONAL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Carter, Colin A.; Chalfant, James A.; Goodhue, Rachael E.; Xia, Tian.
We estimate five regional price determination models, four for regions in California, and one for Florida. We compare our regional California estimation results to those of an aggregate, state-level model. We use our estimation results to address three questions of interest to the strawberry industry which require a disaggregated analysis.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19817
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Retail Prices for Milk by Fat Content: A New Theory and Empirical Test of Retailer Pricing Behavior AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Sexton, Richard J..
We study a heretofore unexamined type of product differentiation, horizontally differentiated products with differential costs, and apply the analysis to retail pricing of fluid milk products. The theoretical models yield unique predictions for the relationship among prices of the four horizontally differentiated fluid milk products (skim, 1%, 2%, and whole milk) and the impacts of butterfat and nonfat milk costs on prices, depending upon the form of retail competition. An empirical analysis of retail milk pricing for four major cities in California enables tests to be conducted of which form of behavior best characterizes grocery retailing in these cities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Differential costs; Horizontal differentiation; Milk; Oligopoly; Retail pricing; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54546
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Using Weak Separability and Generalized Composite Commodity Theorem in Modeling Ground Beef Demand AgEcon
Schulz, Lee L.; Schroeder, Ted C.; Xia, Tian.
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/15/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Aggregation; Generalized Composite Commodity Theorem; Beef demand; Weak separability; Demand and Price Analysis; Q13; Q18; R32.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103904
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VETERINARY STANDARDS AS BARRIERS TO TRADE: THE CASE OF POULTRY TRADE BETWEEN THE U.S. AND THE EU AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Weyerbrock, Silvia.
The EU banned U.S. poultry meat imports because it considers U.S. veterinary regulations unsatisfactory. We develop a model of the EU and world poultry markets. We find that the import ban causes a 2.44% increase and a 0.44% decrease in the EU and world price respectively.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20924
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World Markets of Vertically Differentiated Agricultural Commodities: A Case of Soybean Markets AgEcon
Yamaura, Koichi; Xia, Tian.
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/21/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Vertical product differentiation; Market power; GM; Non-GM; Soybean; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; L1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103757
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