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Registros recuperados: 12
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AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND ORGANIC AGRICULTURE: NATIONAL ORGANIC STANDARDS, LABELING AND SECOND-GENERATION OF GM PRODUCTS AgEcon
Giannakas, Konstantinos; Yiannaka, Amalia.
This paper examines the effect of the introduction of labels for products of biotechnology on the markets for GM, conventional, and organic food products. In addition, the paper analyzes the market and welfare effects of the introduction of consumer-oriented, second-generation GM products. Analytical results show that while a no-labeling regime is generally beneficial for the organic sector, when segregation costs are sufficiently high the introduction of labels for GM products can enhance the consumption share and growth of the organic sector while driving the conventional products out of the market. The analysis also reveals that the introduction of the consumer-oriented GM products can change the nature of the relationship between GM and conventional...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22063
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Consumer purchasing decisions and welfare under country of origin. Labelling regulation AgEcon
Awada, Lana; Yiannaka, Amalia.
This study develops a theoretical framework of heterogeneous consumer preferences to examine the effect of voluntary and mandatory country of origin labeling (COOL) on consumer purchasing decisions and welfare when consumers view COOL information as an attribute that differentiates products vertically and horizontally. Analytical results of both the vertically and horizontally differentiated product models show that the change from a no COOL to a mandatory COOL regime decreases (increases) the welfare of consumers with weak (strong) preference for COOL. A change from a no COOL to a voluntary COOL regime leads to an undisputed increase in consumer welfare which results from an increase in the welfare of consumers with strong preference for COOL, while the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Country of origin labeling; Heterogeneous consumer preferences; Vertical and horizontal product differentiation.; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10038
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GETTING AWAY WITH ROBBERY? PATENTING BEHAVIOR WITH THE THREAT OF INFRINGEMENT AgEcon
Yiannaka, Amalia; Fulton, Murray E..
The paper examines jointly the decision to patent, the optimal patent breadth decision and how these decisions affect, and are affected by, the innovator's ability to enforce her patent rights. A key result is that patenting may occur even when invoking an infringement trial is not profitable for the innovator.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20304
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IN SEARCH OF THE PRIVATELY OPTIMAL PATENT BREADTH AgEcon
Yiannaka, Amalia; Fulton, Murray E..
Innovating firms choose to patent their innovations when patenting allows the appropriation of more rents than do other forms of intellectual property protection (e.g., trade secrecy). The level of innovation rents that can be captured by the patent is mainly determined by the breadth of patent protection. Thus, once the decision to patent has been made, the innovator needs to make another important decision, namely, how broad of a patent protection to claim. While the innovator's decision to patent the innovation or to keep it a secret has been examined in the literature (Horstmann et al. 1985, Waterson 1990), there is no formal framework of analysis of the innovator's patent breadth choice. Instead, the traditional assumption in the economic literature...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22114
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PATENT BREADTH AS AN ENTRY DETERRENT: THE CASE OF VERTICALLY DIFFERENTIATED PRODUCT INNOVATIONS AgEcon
Yiannaka, Amalia; Fulton, Murray E..
Patents provide very important incentives for innovative activity by enabling innovators to appropriate innovation rents through the granting of exclusive rights on their innovations. The limit of these exclusive rights is defined by two elements - patent length and patent breadth. Patent length is the time period during which the innovator has exclusive rights on the innovation and is predetermined by law. Patent breadth defines the technological territory claimed and protected by the patent - the area in the technological space within which competitors cannot offer rival innovations without infringing the patent - and is explicitly chosen by the innovator. A standard assumption in the economics literature is that an innovator should always choose to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19624
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Strategic Licensing of Product Innovations AgEcon
Yiannaka, Amalia.
Obtaining a patent provides the patentee with the ability to offer a potential entrant a license to operate within the patent that has been claimed. This paper shows that the patentee always has an incentive to provide a license if the patentee is unable to use patent breadth to deter entry (if the patentee can deter entry, it is optimal for the patentee to do so). Licensing a new product to a competitor has two benefits for the patentee. First, licensing creates an incentive for the entrant to select the product location that maximizes the joint profits of both it and the patentee, rather than just its own profits. Second, the patent breadth decision determines the default profits for both the patentee and the entrant, which in turn affects the manner in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9757
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STRATEGIC PATENT BREADTH FOR DRASTIC PRODUCT INNOVATIONS AgEcon
Yiannaka, Amalia; Fulton, Murray E..
The paper models the patenting behavior of the innovator/patent applicant who having invented a drastic product innovation decides on the optimal breadth of protection claimed. The patenting process is modeled as a sequential game of complete information. The patentee acts strategically and with foresight. He chooses the breadth of protection that induces the desired behavior by his opponents and he incorporates transaction costs that may have to be incurred to enforce his patent rights. Our results suggest that contrary to what is traditionally assumed it is not generally optimal for the patentee to claim the broadest protection possible.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20500
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Teaching Innovation as Part of an Agribusiness Curriculum AgEcon
Tilley, Marcia L.; Tilley, Daniel S.; Yiannaka, Amalia; Holcomb, Rodney B.; Howard, Wayne H.; Weckler, Paul; Cavaletto, Richard; Zohns, Mark; Sitton, Shelly; Blackwell, Cindy; Delahoussaye, Ronald; Jones, David.
Innovation is critical to the survival of agricultural businesses in the U.S. yet few universities have classes in their curricula that focus on innovation and innovation management. Innovation includes developing new processes and concepts and taking products based on those ideas to market. By its nature, innovation generally involves technical components, market assessment, business analysis, and implementation strategies that include marketing campaigns to a target market. As a result, if innovation is going to be experientially taught to students, the class will likely need to include concepts from multiple disciplines. The objectives of this paper are to present an outline of capstone/senior design classes designed to cause students to learn...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6153
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The Market Acceptance and Welfare Impacts of Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs) AgEcon
Khachaturyan, Marianna; Yiannaka, Amalia.
The paper develops a theoretical framework of heterogeneous consumers and producers to examine the market and welfare effects of the introduction of variety-level genetic use restriction technologies (V-GURTs) under the current No-Labeling regime of GMPs in the US market. Specifically, the study examines how the agronomic characteristics of GURTs, consumer perceptions and preferences regarding interventions in the production process (i.e., genetic modification) and producer cost structures (e.g., dependency on saving seed) affect the adoption of the technology by producers, the market acceptance of GURTs by consumers and consequently the innovator’'s incentive to introduce the new technology. Analytical results show that the introduction of GURTs may be...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21329
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The market acceptance and welfare impacts of genetic use restriction technologies (GURTS) AgEcon
Khachaturyan, Marianna; Yiannaka, Amalia.
The paper develops a theoretical framework of heterogeneous consumers and producers to examine the market and welfare effects of the introduction of variety-level genetic use restriction technologies (V-GURTs) under the current No-Labeling regime of GMPs in the US market. Specifically, the study examines how the agronomic characteristics of GURTs, consumer perceptions and preferences regarding interventions in the production process (i.e., genetic modification) and producer cost structures (e.g., dependency on saving seed) affect the adoption of the technology by producers, the market acceptance of GURTs by consumers and consequently the innovator's incentive to introduce the new technology. Analytical results show that the introduction of GURTs may be...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetic use restriction technologies; Genetic modification; Producer and consumer welfare; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10097
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TO PATENT OR NOT TO PATENT: THE ROLE OF OPTIMAL PATENT BREADTH AND THE DECISION TO DEFEND THE PATENT RIGHT AgEcon
Yiannaka, Amalia; Fulton, Murray E..
The paper examines the relationship between the innovator's patenting and patent breadth decisions as well as how these two decisions affect, and are affected by, the innovator's ability to enforce her patent rights. An important feature of the model is that the entrant may be able, by his choice of location in product space, to affect the innovator's decision to defend her patent. An interesting finding of the paper is that the innovator might find it optimal to patent her innovation even when she chooses to not defend her patent by invoking a trial when patent infringement occurs. The paper also shows that, in most cases, the greater is the entrant's R&D effectiveness, the smaller is the innovator's incentive to patent her product. If patenting...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19180
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Using Economics Experiments to Understand Patent Licensing Behavior AgEcon
Abdelnour, Rita; Yiannaka, Amalia.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61584
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