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2008 Farm Bill: ACRE and SURE (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50565
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2008 Farm Bill – Focus on ACRE (Average Crop Revenue Election)(PowerPoint) AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R..
Presented to USDA Economists Group, Washington, DC, 03 October 2008.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Revenue protection; Farm bill; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43907
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ACRE (Average Crop Revenue Election) Farm Program: Provisions, Policy Background, and Farm Decision Analysis AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Dicks, Michael R.; Vitale, Jeffrey D..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; H100.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94670
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ACRE in the U.S. Farm Bill and the WTO AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Orden, David.
Two counterfactual analyses investigate the new ACRE program. Had ACRE existed instead of the programs authorized during 1996-2006 for corn, soybeans, and wheat, farm program spending would have totaled less. Estimated ACRE revenue payments increase 78 percent when calculated by applying the annual 1996-2006 percentage variations to USDA forecast average 2009-2012 acres, prices, and yields. Traditional marketing loan and counter-cyclical payments are estimated near zero. Policy design issues concern the merit of revenue versus price protection, fixed support targets versus support adjusting with lagged market revenue, and the economic dislocation and WTO compliance from alternative policy instruments.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Policy; Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008; Average Crop Revenue Election Program (ACRE); WTO Domestic Support Commitments; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51821
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ARE INTEREST RATES NECESSARY FOR TEMPORAL COINTEGRATION? EVIDENCE FROM THE LONDON METAL EXCHANGE (LME) AgEcon
Zhou, Haijiang; Roberts, Matthew C.; Zulauf, Carl R..
This study examines the long run relationship between 1-day and 3-month futures prices for five metals at the London Metal Exchange (LME) and further investigates the role of interest rates in this relationship. A battery of stationarity tests and cointegration tests are applied to a simple cost of carry model, which contains the interrelationship between prices of the same commodity for delivery at two different dates and the cost of carry term. Results provide strong evidence that 1-day and 3-month metals futures prices are cointegrated and that interest rates are not needed to find this cointegration. These findings are confirmed in an analysis of the truncated sample period of 1979-1984 when the interest rates were highly volatile. Our finding calls...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20095
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Average Crop Revenue Election, Crop Insurance, and Supplemental Revenue Assistance: Interactions and Overlap for Illinois and Kansas Farm Program Crops AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Schnitkey, Gary D.; Langemeier, Michael R..
Farm-level data from Illinois and Kansas for the 1991–2007 crops are used to examine the interaction and overlap among crop revenue insurance, Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE), and Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE). Compared with 75% Crop Revenue Coverage Insurance (75% CRCP), ACRE provides more payments and has a greater impact on minimum farm revenue for the Illinois farms. In contrast, for the Kansas farms, 75% CRCP has the greater impact. SURE’s relative impact on the Illinois and Kansas farms depends on the metric. The overlap in payments from ACRE and 75% CRCP resulting from covering the same part of the revenue risk distribution is estimated to be less than 5% of ACRE payments. Several proposals for improving the farm safety net are...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Average Crop Revenue Election Program (ACRE); Crop Revenue Coverage Insurance (CRCP); Farm policy; Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008; Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE); Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty; Q18; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92589
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CHANGES IN SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS OF U.S. FARMS DURING THE 1970s AND EARLY 1980s: AN INVESTIGATION BASED ON CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLAR SALES CATEGORIES AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R..
Changes since 1970 in the distribution of selected farm characteristics among constant and current dollar farm sales categories were examined. In general, the same trends emerged but changes were less dramatic after adjusting for inflation. The increasing concentration of net farm income among farms with sales exceeding $500,000 was attributed in part to their continuing high ratio of gross farm income to expenses (approximately 145 percent). Farms with sales between $10,000 and $500,000 became more dependent on nonfarm income. This dependency is postulated to result from a farm income treadmill and use of nonfarm income to cope with the treadmill.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29471
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Conservation Compliance: The Once and Future Farm Environmental Policy Tool AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Sohngen, Brent; Hoskinson, Lindsey; Lines, Allan E..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93707
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Constructing Farm Level Yield Densities from Aggregated Data: Analysis and Comparison of Approaches AgEcon
Cooper, Joseph C.; Langemeier, Michael R.; Schnitkey, Gary D.; Zulauf, Carl R..
Yield variability can be significantly higher at the farm level than at more aggregated levels, including the county. However, due to a dearth of available farm level data, much stochastic analysis involving farm yields utilizes more aggregated yield data as a proxy for the farm level. We empirically evaluate farm-level variability using longitudinal farm level data sets available from the Kansas Farm Management Association and the Illinois Farm Business and Farm Management Association. For corn, soybeans, and wheat, we compare the farm level yield variability obtained from this data to that inferred from Federal crop insurance premiums. The farm management data exhibit lower yield variability than are implied by the crop insurance premiums.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Yield variability; Crop insurance; Corn; Wheat; Soybeans; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49216
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DROUGHTS AND FARM POLICY AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27989
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PRE-HARVEST PRICING STRATEGIES IN OHIO CORN MARKETS: THEIR EFFECT ON RETURNS AND CASH FLOW AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Larson, Donald W.; Alexander, Christopher K.; Irwin, Scott H..
This paper contributes to the debate on whether pre-harvest pricing strategies can improve returns over cash sales at harvest. It also examines cash flow needs of such strategies. The analysis is conducted for Ohio corn produced from 1986 through 1999. The pre-harvest strategies evaluated (short futures, long put, synthetic long put, put-call fence) did not statistically improve returns over cash sales at harvest. However, if implemented during or before planting, these naïve strategies reduced the standard deviation of annual gross income. Substantial cash flow may be incurred, either to establish the strategy or meet margin calls. Therefore, assessments of pre-harvest pricing strategies should include cash flow needs, along with return and risk....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cash flow risk; Pre-harvest pricing strategies; Price risk.; Marketing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15299
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Price and Profit: Investigating a Conundrum AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Schnitkey, Gary D.; Norden, Carl T..
Although few in number, studies consistently find that price explains little, if any, of the variation in profit across farms. This contrasts with farmers' opinions regarding the importance of price, as well as the use of price supports as a primary policy instrument. Using farm level data from the Illinois Farm Business Farm Management program for calendar years 1996 through 2004, a potential explanation for this conundrum is identified. Price is significantly more correlated with a farmer's variation in management return from year to year (approximately, +0.45) than with the variation in management return across farmers (approximately, +0.10). Thus, the conundrum arises out of different perspectives: farmers focus on the performance of their own farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19000
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The Market Timing Value of Univariate and Multivariate Time Series Models Within the Soybean Complex AgEcon
Gerlow, Mary E.; Irwin, Scott H.; Zulauf, Carl R.; Tinker, Jonathan N..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62318
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The Relationship Between the ACRE Program and Crop Insurance (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Paulson, Nicholas D.; Schnitkey, Gary D.; Zulauf, Carl R..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: ACRE program; Crop insurance; Risk; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48906
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The Revenue Program Option in the 2008 U.S. Farm Bill: Evaluating Performance Characteristics of the ACRE Program AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Orden, David.
Had only a farm program like the new ACRE state revenue program existed instead of the authorized 1996–2008 programs for corn, soybeans, and wheat, farm support expenditures would have occurred earlier but totaled less. In contrast, at the higher prices forecast for the three crops over the 2009–2012 crop years, spending per acre is expected to be higher for acres enrolled in the ACRE program than for acres enrolled in the traditional programs. These results reflect the different design features of the two programs: revenue versus price assistance and assistance levels that adjust with lagged market revenue versus fixed nominal support triggers. The design issues and policy questions raised for both domestic policy considerations and WTO compliance are...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm policy; Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008; Average Crop Revenue Election Program (ACRE); WTO domestic support commitments; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95598
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TO ADOPT OR NOT TO ADOPT: CONSERVATION DECISIONS AND PARTICIPATION IN WATERSHED GROUPS AgEcon
Hua, Wei; Zulauf, Carl R.; Sohngen, Brent.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/21/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20076
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UPDATING CORN PROGRAM PAYMENT YIELDS: ARE FARM OPERATORS DIFFERENTIALLY AFFECTED? AgEcon
Thayer, Sharon; Zulauf, Carl R.; Schnitkey, Gary D.; Forster, D. Lynn.
Crop yields which determine farm income deficiency payments have been frozen at 1981-1985 levels since 1986. Data from a longitudinal survey of Ohio farm operators are analyzed to evaluate whether updating payment yields will differentially affect farm operators. Results of the analysis imply that farm operators who operate larger farms, live in counties with higher yields, and have higher fertilizer and pesticide expenses per acre of corn will benefit more. In addition, low (high) existing payment yields are understated (overstated) relative to updated payment yields.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31451
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Updating the Estimation of the Supply of Storage Model AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Zhou, Haijiang; Roberts, Matthew C..
An updated supply of storage equation is estimated to reflect recent developments in the theoretical and empirical literature. Among the findings is an inverse relationship between storage cost adjusted price spread and a proxy measure of convenience yield, and a curvilinear relationship between stocks-to-use ratio and implied volatility.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supply of storage; Implied volatility; Convenience yield; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q11; Q14; G10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19122
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USE OF TIME AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS: DOES STUDYING MATTER? AgEcon
Zulauf, Carl R.; Gortner, Amy K..
Recursive regression analysis revealed time management skills and study time were positively related with quarter GPA for 93 students in three agricultural economics courses at Ohio State University. GPA increased only 0.04 points [4.0 scale] per additional study hour, suggesting substantial improvements in GPA require substantial increases in study time.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Academic performance; Study time; Time management; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21547
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Using Options: The Role of Declining Time Value AgEcon
King, Katie; Zulauf, Carl R..
Farmers and other buyers and sellers of commodities use options in their marketing strategies. A cost of buying put and call options is the decay in option premium that occurs from the time an option position is established until the time the option position is closed out. This article finds that the average option premium decay cost associated with buying December corn and November soybean put and call options is relatively small if the option position is closed out before mid-to-late June. After this date the average option premium decay cost begins to accelerate, resulting in and increasing cost of using options to market corn and soybeans.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118951
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