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Adjustment and Differences in Farm Performance - a Farm Management Perspective from the Netherlands AgEcon
Poppe, Krijn J.; van Meijl, Hans.
There are differences in performance between farmers. In the Netherlands this has been a major topic of research for at least 30 years. Research has shown that the managerial capacities of farmers play a major role in differences in economic and environmental performance. Management can be measured and the optimal level is not the maximum level. Farmers differ in their objectives, competences and local external situation and therefore their strategies. These strategies can be identified. In recent years strategic management has become more important and this can be supported with consultancy. Farmers also differ in their adoption and innovation behaviour. These micro economic results, that correlate with large differences in income and high prices of fixed...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adjustment; Income differences; Innovation; Farm management; Performance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15765
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Adjustment and differences in farm performance; A farm management perspective from the Netherlands AgEcon
Poppe, Krijn J.; van Meijl, Hans.
There are differences in performance between farmers. In the Netherlands this has been a major topic of research for at least 30 years. Research has shown that the managerial capacities of farmers play a major role in differences in economic and environmental performance. Management can be measured and the optimal level is not the maximum level. Farmers differ in their objectives, competences and local external situation and there-fore their strategies. These strategies can be identified. In recent years strategic management has become more important and this can be supported with consultancy. Farmers also differ in their adoption and innovation behaviour. These micro-economic results, which correlate with large differences in income and high prices of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29136
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Agricultural Incomes Development in EU till 2030: Scenario Analysis of Main Driving Factors AgEcon
Tabeau, Andrzej A.; van Meijl, Hans; Banse, Martin; Woltjer, Geert B..
Europe’s rural areas are expected to witness rapid changes due to developments in demography, (agricultural) policies, global trade, climate change, technology and enlargement of the European Union. These changes will affect farmers’ production and income level and make the final outcome of this process uncertain. This paper tries to assess this uncertainty by analyzing the results of 34 scenarios of the EURURALIS project. The scenario outcomes were used to investigate agricultural income development and to analyze the impact of different combinations of macroeconomic and policy factors on agricultural income. The results of these scenarios were achieved in a modeling framework consisting of a modified version of the Global Trade Analysis Project model...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural incomes and production; Agricultural policy; Long-term scenarios.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48115
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Biofuel do Brasil? - Impact of Multinational Biofuel Mandates on Agri-food Trade AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Junker, Franziska; Prins, Anne Gerdien; Stehfest, Elke; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Woltjer, Geert B.; van Meijl, Hans.
This paper analyzes the consequences of enhanced biofuel production in regions and countries of the world that have announced plans to implement or expand on biofuel policies. The analysis considers not only mandatory blending targets for transportation fuels, but also voluntary ones. The chosen quantitative modeling approach is two-fold: it combines a multi-sectoral economic model (LEITAP) with a spatial bio-physical land use model (IMAGE). This paper adds to existing research by considering biofuel policies in the EU, the US and various other countries with considerable agricultural production and trade, such as Brazil, India and China. Moreover, the combination of the two modeling systems allows for the observation of changes in both economic and...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuel mandates; Land use changes; Greenhouse gas emissions; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123838
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Consequences of EU Biofuel Policies on Agricultural Production and Land Use AgEcon
Banse, Martin; van Meijl, Hans; Woltjer, Geert B..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D58; Q13; Q24; Q27; Q28.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94666
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ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS IN CHINA AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Hu, Ruifa; van Meijl, Hans; van Tongeren, Frank W..
China has made a major investment in biotechnology research. Genetically modified (GM) cotton is widely adopted and the list of GM technologies in trials is impressive. At the same time there is an active debate on when China should commercialize its GM food crops. The overall goal of this paper is to provide an economy-wide assessment of these issues under various scenarios. Based on a unique data from empirical micro-level study and field trial in China and a modified GTAP model, our results indicate that the development of biotechnology has an important impact on China's production, trade and welfare. Welfare gains far outweigh the public biotechnology research expenditures. Most gains occur inside China. Policy makers should put less weight on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic impacts; Biotechnology; Genetically modified crops; China; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C68; D58; F13; O33; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25883
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Effects of CAP reform on regional employment in the EU AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; Verhoog, A. David; van Meijl, Hans; Nowicki, Peter.
CAP reform affects employment in the agricultural sector as well as in other sectors of the regional economy through changes in regional and sectoral competitiveness and resulting re-allocation of fixed resources. However, analysis of the relationship between CAP reform and total regional employment for the EU as a whole are scarce. In this paper a rather ad-hoc method is proposed to fill this gap. Both the CAPRI model and the LEITAP model is used. Both models are linked through an econometrically estimated and scenario specific relationship between agricultural income and employment in LEITAP. LEITAP is also used to analyse the employment changes at regional level in the rest of the economy. LEITAP results are regionalized using sectoral employment shares...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Employment; Model linking; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44373
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ENDOGENOUS INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY SPILLOVERS AND BIASED TECHNICAL CHANGE IN THE GTAP MODEL AgEcon
van Meijl, Hans; van Tongeren, Frank W..
This paper discusses the implementation of embodied international technology spillovers in the GTAP model. We specify a transmission mechanism for technical knowledge that assumes that knowledge is embodied in traded commodities. The usability of knowledge in the receiving country is dependent on the local absorption capacity (e.g., human capital, knowledge infrastructure) and on structural differences (e.g., factor endowments, climate) between countries. This concept is illustrated first by modeling spillovers embodied in final products and Hicks-neutral technical change. The bulk of the paper deals with factor-biased technical change in agriculture, and its international transmission through traded intermediate inputs. We demonstrate how to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28710
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European farming and post-2013 CAP measures. A quantitative impact assessment AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; van Meijl, Hans; Woltjer, Geert B.; Jansson, Torbjorn; Nowicki, Peter; Tabeau, Andrzej A..
Following the paradigm for reforming the current CAP, the first objective of this study is to give insights into the economic impact of post-2013 CAP measures at different levels of aggregation (e.g. EU, Member State and region). The post-2013 CAP measures included are directed towards income for the farmers, competitiveness, valuable areas and ecosystem services. The second objective is to analyse the impact of a scenario that combines the above mentioned post-2013 CAP measures. This study can be seen as a first attempt to quantify the transition to a CAP with more targeted measures at the European level and reveals considerable methodological and data challenges. A key finding is that the impact of the various measures is very different with regard to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114550
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Future of European agriculture after the Health Check AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Helming, John F.M.; Nowicki, Peter; van Meijl, Hans.
This paper identifies major future trends and driving factors and perspectives and challenges resulting from them for European agriculture and food sectors until the year 2020. The focus of the paper is an analysis of key driving forces and the provision of a well developed reference scenario under the assumption of continued CAP reform and taking into account the framework discussions in the Doha Development Round. To assess the impact of policies the paper also examines a liberalisation (no support) and regionalization (maximum support) scenario. In terms of policy options the paper shows that the structural change process in agriculture (measured in terms of agricultural share in GDP) is a long-term process that continues with or without policy changes....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Economic modelling; Future; CAP policy options; Structural change; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97588
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Impact of EU Biofuel Policies on World Agricultural and Food Markets AgEcon
Banse, Martin; van Meijl, Hans; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Woltjer, Geert B..
This paper assesses the global and sectoral implications of the EU biofuels directive in a multi-region computable general equilibrium framework. Our results show that without mandatory blending or subsidies to stimulate the use of biofuel crops in the petroleum sector the targets of the EU Biofuel directive will not the reached in 2010. With mandatory blending the enhanced demand for biofuel crops has a strong impact on agriculture at the global and European level. The additional demand from the energy sector might slow down or reverse the long term process of declining agricultural prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; EU biofuel directive; Agricultural markets; Computable General Equilibrium modeling; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6476
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Impact of the EU Biofuels Directive on the EU food supply chain AgEcon
Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Banse, Martin; Woltjer, Geert B.; van Meijl, Hans.
The paper investigates the impact of the EU Biofuels Directive (BFD) on the EU agri-food supply chain using the computable general equilibrium model of the world economy named LEITAP. LEITAP is an extended version of the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model including an improved land market modeling, substitution possibilities between capital and energy as well as between different energy sources including biofuels, feed byproducts of the biofuel production process and substitution between different feed components and feed byproducts. The simulation results shows that the implementation of the EU BFD has a pronounced impact on the markets of cereals, oilseeds and sugar and shows only a limited impact on production and consumption of other agrifood...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU Biofuels Directive; Food supply chain; Indirect land use changes; Computable general equilibrium model.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58148
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INTERNATIONAL DIFFUSION OF GAINS FROM BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE EUROPEAN UNION'S COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY AgEcon
van Tongeren, Frank W.; van Meijl, Hans.
This paper analyses the impact of adopting or rejecting genetically modified GM crops in the EU, taking into account the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). In this paper the productivity impact of GMs differs across crops, as it takes factor biased technology change into account. The transfer of knowledge across countries is modelled as a process of endogenous knowledge spillovers. Analyses with a multi-region applied general equilibrium model shows that the CAP protects farm income and production from not adopting GM crops in the EU but has costs in terms of welfare. The EU will forgo substantial benefits if it banned GM imports.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25835
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Linking models for land use analysis: experiences from the SENSOR project AgEcon
Jansson, Torbjorn; Bakker, Martha M.; Boitier, B.; Fougeyrollas, A.; Helming, John F.M.; van Meijl, Hans; Verkerk, P.J..
In order to quantify the effects of a comprehensive set of policies on land use, interaction between sectors needs to be accounted for, while maintaining a high level of detail for each sector. This calls for a combination of sector specific and sector wide models. This paper describes such a modelling system, with emphasis on the linking of the models to a coherent system. Five sectors of significant importance for land use are modelled individually: Forestry, agriculture, urban land use, transport infrastructure, and tourism. All models are connected as sub-modules to an economy-wide partial econometric model. In addition, a land cover model is used to disaggregate land use down to 1km grid resolution. The linking of such a diverse set of models in a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Model linking; Sustainable land use; Cross sector modelling; Iterative recalibration; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44169
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Modelling the Consequences of Increasing Bioenergy Demand on Land and Feed Use AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; van Meijl, Hans; Woltjer, Geert B..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bioenergy Production; CGE modeling; Land Demand; Feed Demand; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61082
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Modernisation in Agriculture: What Makes a Farmer Adopt an Innovation? AgEcon
Diederen, Paul; van Meijl, Hans; Wolters, Arjan.
This paper addresses the question which factors influence a farmer in deciding to adopt an innovation. We differentiate between innovations that are new to the farmer, but already well established in the sector, innovations that are early in their process of diffusion, and innovations that are new to the farmer's sector. We use an ordered probit approach to relate adoption behaviour to variables that capture characteristics of the farm (labour and financial resources and market position), of the business environment of the farm (type of production and market, degree of regulation) and of the farmer (access to information, capabilities, preferences). We use data on 865 Dutch farms and find that innovation adoption is positively related to labour resources,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24864
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Modernisation in Agriculture: What Makes a Farmer Adopt an Innovation? AgEcon
Diederen, Paul; van Meijl, Hans; Wolters, Arjan.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15751
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Multilateral Trade Liberalisation and Developing Countries: A North-South Perspective on Agriculture and Processing Sectors AgEcon
van Tongeren, Frank W.; van Meijl, Hans.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25462
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SCENAR2020: Future of European Agriculture under Different Policy Options, the economic modelling framework AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Helming, John F.M.; van Meijl, Hans; Nowicki, Peter.
This paper identifies major future trends and driving factors and perspectives and challenges resulting from them for European agriculture and food sectors until the year 2020. The focus of the paper is an analysis of key driving forces and the provision of a well developed reference scenario under the assumption of continued CAP reform and taking into account the framework discussions in the Doha Development Round. To assess the impact of policies the paper also examines a liberalisation (no support) and regionalisation (max support) scenario. In terms of policy options the paper shows that structural change process in agriculture is a long-term process that continues with or without policy changes. EU is facing an increasing diversity of structure and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic Modelling; Future; CAP Policy Options; Structural Change; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6593
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The application of trade and growth theories to agriculture: a survey AgEcon
van Berkum, Siemen; van Meijl, Hans.
This article reviews a broad range of theoretical concepts available to explain international trade in agricultural and food products. For many years agricultural trade analyses were largely based on traditional perceptions of comparative advantage following neoclassical theory. Observations of agricultural trade suggest, however, that concepts from modern trade and growth theories are increasingly relevant. This survey demonstrates that many opportunities exist for applying these new theories to the modern food economy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117851
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