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Achieving Environmental Objectives Under Reduced Domestic Agricultural Support and Trade Liberalization: An Empirical Application to Taiwan AgEcon
Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N.; Blandford, David.
We focus on rice policy reform required for Taiwan's admission to the WTO, and examine the effects, theoretically and empirically, of the re-instrumentation of domestic policy needed to achieve environmental objectives when both positive and negative environmental externalities exist. Policies that treat non-commodity attributes in agriculture as secondary to existing aims, such as income support, are unlikely to result in the desired supplies of environmental goods. Those supplies can be achieved at lower government and social costs using policy instruments to achieve environmental goals directly. Results are relatively insensitive to the social values assigned to environmental goods.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO policy reform; Multifunctionality; Agri-environmental policy; Rice policy; Agricultural trade policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10201
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AGENDA: A NEW TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE FARM MANAGEMENT, INTEGRATED IN THE AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY OF THE EU AgEcon
Giupponi, Carlo.
AGeNDA is an Italian acronym which stands for Analysis and Integrated Management of the Farm (Analisi e GEstione iNtegrata Dell'Azienda agraria). It denominates a new software developed by a research project carried out at the Department of Agronomy, Environment and Crop Production (DAAPV, University of Padova) in collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency of the Veneto Region (ARPAV). Although developed from scratch, the software originates from a past joint research carried out by the two above mentioned institutions in collaboration with the Department of Agricultural Economics and the Center for Farm Financial Management (CFFM) of the University of Minnesota. The joint research started in the early 1990's, focussing on the Planetor...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm management; Agri-environmental policy; Software; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14440
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Agrarumweltpolitik nach dem Subsidiaritätsprinzip - Föderalismustheoretische Grundlagen zur Politikgestaltung AgEcon
Rudloff, Bettina.
The Theory of Fiscal Federalism offers a normative framework to evaluate the existing allocation of competences. To derive an actual relevant scope for reforms supporting an efficient Agri-environmental Policy the general theoretical criteria have to be specified. Thus, the parameters defining theoretically the optimal degree of centralisation will be applied to sectoral characteristics. Additional agri-environmental sub-competencies will be differentiated to identify deficits regarding the Principle of Equivalence. Based on this existing infringements with respect to agri-environmental measures are noticeable what requires a changed allocation of competences.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Fiscal federalism; Principle of subsidiarity; Fiscal equivalence; Agri-environmental spill-overs; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98259
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Agricultural Trade Liberalisation and Strategic Environmental Policy AgEcon
Glebe, Thilo W.; Latacz-Lohmann, Uwe.
We use an extended partial equilibrium trade model to derive optimal environmental policy responses to tariff reduction requirements and assess the impact of such policies on the welfare of trading partners. We find that countries which attribute preferential political weights to farmers' welfare have an incentive to implement environmental policies that deviate from the Pigouvian solution - even if production is not de facto linked to environmental externalities. We clarify the conditions under which trading partners do not gain from unilateral trade liberalisation if trade concessions are accompanied by strategic environmental policy changes. We postulate a role for the WTO in overseeing the process of domestic policy formulation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalisation; Strategic environmental policy; Multifunctionality; Agri-environmental policy; WTO; Environmental Economics and Policy; D60; F11; F18; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24609
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Agri-Environmental Policy: Understanding the Role of Regional Administration AgEcon
Eggers, Jorg; Laschewski, Lutz; Schleyer, Christian.
With regard to agri-environmental schemes (AES) under Regulation (EC) 1257/99, we suggest that their ineffectiveness, inefficiency, and divers uptake is inherent to the way they are institutionalised in the European CAP framework. Based on experiences of the GRANO research project that initiated two Agri-Environmental Forums in Brandenburg (Germany) to integrate local actors directly into designing and implementing local AES we argue that the process of designing AES can be conceptualised as a complex negotiation process at Laender level. The related institutional settings shape possible outcomes and scheme designs. With only "passive support" for decentralised and participatory approaches yet compulsory complex bureaucratic procedures on part of the EU,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Subsidiarity principle; Germany; Environmental Economics and Policy; H11; H77; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24496
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Agri-environmental Regulation on the Back of a Data Envelopment Analysis AgEcon
White, Benedict; Raguragavan, Jananee; Chambers, Robert G..
A land retirement policy whereby land is taken out of agriculture and converted to natural vegetation or forestry has the potential to reduce environmental damage related to dryland salinity in Western Australia. This paper uses some recent results in the theory of directional distance functions (Chambers and Fare, 2004) to analyse alternative policy designs for a land retirement scheme. The results indicate that a fixed price scheme is inefficient compared with a first-best solution, but performs adequately. A scheme requiring a fixed proportion of area retired by all producers is inefficient. A separating solution, based on mechanism design, gives a small but significant increase in welfare compared to a fixed price scheme.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Distance functions; Efficiency; Mechanism design; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q12.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7963
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Analysis of Participation in Multifunctional Agriculture: U.S. Rice Farms AgEcon
Tur Cardona, Juan; Wailes, Eric J.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Danforth, Diana M..
Multifunctional agriculture is particularly fundamental to some working lands conservation policies and programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), Conservation Security Program (CSP) and Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP). Farmers can also be engaged in providing recreational and agri-tourism services such as hunting, fishing, bird-watching, farm tours, petting zoos and hospitality services. Using the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) we analyze factors associated with participation in conservation, recreation and agri-tourism activities as a function of farm structure, farm financial measures, production practices, and socio-demographic characteristics of the farm operator. To estimate the functional...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agri-environmental policy; Rice; Logistic model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q26; Q28.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119750
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Analysis of Participation in Multifunctional Agriculture: U.S. Rice Farms AgEcon
Tur Cardona, Juan; Wailes, Eric J.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Danforth, Diana M..
Multifunctional agriculture is particularly fundamental to some working lands conservation policies and programs, such as the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), Conservation Security Program (CSP) and Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP). Farmers can also be engaged in providing recreational and agri-tourism services such as hunting, fishing, bird-watching, farm tours, petting zoos and hospitality services. Using the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) we analyze factors associated with participation in conservation, recreation and agri-tourism activities as a function of farm structure, farm financial measures, production practices, and socio-demographic characteristics of the farm operator. To estimate the functional...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctional agriculture; Agri-environmental policy; Rice; Logistic model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q26; Q28.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119768
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ASSESSING THE EFFICIENCY OF LOCAL ACTION GROUPS AND AUCTIONS FOR DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES IN THE EU - RESULTS FROM AN EXPERT SURVEY AgEcon
Eggers, Jorg; Mettepenningen, Evy; Beckmann, Volker.
In this article the authors focus on two important innovations for agri-environmental measures in the new council regulation: The implementation of local action groups and a call for tenders. The article describes how relevant actors assess the innovations. The results are based on 276 interviews, carried out in 2006 in nine EU Member States. Generally, actors assume that measures designed in local action groups are not necessarily more economically efficient than current measures, but they do have potential to result in a higher ecological effectiveness and in a greater acceptance. However, the opinion on auctions is comparatively critical.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Decentralisation; Local action groups; Auctions; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7584
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Die Expertenbewertung als Alternative zur Kontingenzbewertung AgEcon
Mann, Stefan.
A lot of research is carried out on the Contingent Valuation Method to assess environmental goods. However, the method is rarely applied to quantify reimbursements for agri-environmental policy. In this paper, this contradiction is explained by conceptual shortcomings of the Contingent Valuation. It is suggested to discuss the utility of agri-environmental programs among experts. For that, a three-step methodology including a possible monetary evaluation is developed. The method is applied on agri-environmental programs in Switzerland.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Experts; Agri-environmental policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98084
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Effect of decoupling and agri-environmental policy on biodiversity in the uplands in UK AgEcon
Acs, Szvetlana; Dallimer, Martin; Hanley, Nick; Gaston, Kevin J.; Armsworth, Paul R..
Recent decades have witnessed substantial losses in biodiversity in Europe, principally driven by the ecological changes associated with intensification of agricultural production. These changes especially affected the biodiversity in the marginal areas, such as the uplands in UK, since the habitat change was greater than in lowland zones. Livestock farming is the main land use in these areas, and economic viability of these farmers substantially relies on income coming from agricultural subsidies and different agri-environmental payments. The production decisions are influenced by these incentives and those have a subsequent effect on biodiversity. In order to address the problem of economic viability of farmers together with its impact on biodiversity...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Agri-environmental policy; Ecological-economic model; Biodiversity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51740
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Entscheidungsunterstutzung bei der Gestaltung von Agrarumwelt-programmen: Ein Interaktiver, PC-Gestutzter Programmierungs-ansatz fur Sachsen-Anhalt AgEcon
Kirschke, Dieter; Daenecke, Ernst; Hager, Astrid; Kastner, Kerstin; Jechlitschka, Kurt; Wegener, Stefan.
The increasing importance of measures under the so called "second pillar" of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union raises new challenges to decision-makers. The definition and operationalisation of goals as well as the implementation of concrete measures is a complex task. Decisions have to be made on priorities for goals and measures and finally on the allocation of the budget. In this article we demonstrate how policy-making in complex systems can be supported by co-operation between scientists, policy-makers and administrators. Using a participatory computer-aided programming approach the case of improving the agri-environmental programme of Saxony-Anhalt is examined. Based on interactive simulations together with stakeholders and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Agri-environmental programmes; Decision-making support; Linear programming; Policy consulting; Priority setting; Saxony-Anhalt; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18820
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ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE IN U.S. AGRICULTURAL POLICY: PAST PERFORMANCE AND FUTURE POTENTIAL AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Breneman, Vincent E.; Bucholtz, Shawn; Cattaneo, Andrea; Johansson, Robert C.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Since 1985, U.S. agricultural producers have been required to practice soil conservation on highly erodible cropland and conserve wetlands as a condition of farm program eligibility. This report discusses the general characteristics of compliance incentives, evaluates their effectiveness in reducing erosion in the program's current form, and explores the potential for expanding the compliance approach to address nutrient runoff from crop production. While soil erosion has, in fact, been reduced on land subject to Conservation Compliance, erosion is also down on land not subject to Conservation Compliance, indicating the influence of other factors. Analysis to isolate the influence of Conservation Compliance incentives from other factors suggests that about...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation compliance; Sodbuster; Swampbuster; Conservation policy; Agri-environmental policy; Nutrient management; Buffer practices; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34033
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Evaluierung von Agrarumweltprogrammen auf Grundlage der Umwelteffizienz landwirtschaftlicher Betriebe AgEcon
Francksen, Tammo; Latacz-Lohmann, Uwe.
This paper sets out to develop an economic framework for ex post evaluations of agri-environmental schemes. We begin by developing a non-parametric model for estimating farm-level environmental efficiency scores. We then use this efficiency framework to devise a set of economic criteria for evaluating agri-environmental schemes. One key criterion is whether an environmental scheme has given rise to an increase in environmental efficiency scores across participating farms, relative to a counterfactual group of non participants. We finally demonstrate the potential usefulness of the framework by applying it to a fictitious multiple-objective conservation programme. The dataset is made up of 100 fictitious farms, half of which participate in the environmental...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental efficiency; Evaluation; Agri-environmental policy; Performance measurement; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97596
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Farmers' Participation in European Agri-Environmental Policies AgEcon
Dupraz, Pierre; Vanslembrouck, Isabel; Bonnieux, François; Van Huylenbroeck, Guido.
This paper examines the factors influencing farmers' participation in several agri-environmental schemes. A multinominal logit model is used to separate between participating and nonparticipating farmers. In addition this model allows to predict farmers participation in one measure as well as in different measures simultaneously. Data stems from a survey conducted in eight European countries and includes a description of both farmer and farm characteristics. Three categories of schemes have been analysed: landscape maintenance, biodiversity protection and restriction of intensive farming practices. The combination of these three types of schemes provides eight possible packages which can be selected by eligible farmers. The multinominal logit model shows...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Multinominal logit model; Joint production; Farms; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24799
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Hidden action, risk aversion and variable fines in agri-environmental schemes AgEcon
Ozanne, Adam; White, Benedict.
This note analyses the design of agri-environmental schemes for risk-averse producers whose input usage is only observable by costly monitoring. The scheme penalises producers in proportion to input use in excess of a quota. A striking result is that if the scheme is designed in such a way that producers always comply with the quota, risk aversion is not relevant in determining the level of input use.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Monitoring; Risk aversion; Environmental Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118539
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Impacts of Agri-Environmental Policies on Land Allocation and Land Prices AgEcon
Guyomard, Herve; Lankoski, Jussi E.; Ollikainen, Markku.
We develop a Ricardian framework with heterogeneous land quality to analyse the effects of agricultural and agri-environmental support policies on land allocation decisions and land prices. Four agri-environmental policy instruments are considered: a uniform area payment, a quality-dependent area payment, a mandatory buffer strip policy and a voluntary buffer strip payment. We also analyse how general tax and monetary policies may affect agricultural land prices. The theoretical framework is illustrated by an empirical model applied to Finnish agriculture. The empirical model shows that macroeconomic factors, such as general tax and monetary policies, may exert a greater impact on land prices than some minor fine-tuning in agrienvironmental policies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Acreage subsidy; Land price; Q11; Q18; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25310
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Integrated land use modelling of agri-environmental measures to maintain biodiversity at landscape level AgEcon
Schonhart, Martin; Schauppenlehner, Thomas; Schmid, Erwin.
Integrated land use models (ILM) are increasingly applied tools for the joint assessment of complex economic-environmental farming system interactions. We present an ILM that consists of the crop rotation model CropRota, the bio-physical process model EPIC, and the farm optimization model FAMOS[space]. The ILM is applied to analyze agri-environmental measures to maintain biodiversity in an Austrian landscape. We jointly consider the biodiversity effects of land use intensity (i.e. nitrogen application rates and mowing frequencies) and landscape development (e.g. provision of landscape elements) using a rich indicator set and region specific species-area relationships. The cost-effectiveness of agri-environmental measures in attaining alternative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Integrated farm land use modeling; Biodiversity indicators; Agri-environmental policy; Landscape elements; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109401
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Linking biodiversity, land-use and incomes at the farm level: an interdisciplinary modelling approach AgEcon
Acs, Szvetlana; Dallimer, Martin; Hanley, Nick; Gaston, Kevin J.; Armsworth, Paul R..
Recent decades have witnessed substantial losses in biodiversity in Europe, partly driven by the ecological changes associated with intensification of agricultural production. These changes have particularly affected biodiversity in marginal areas, such as the uplands in UK, since habitat change has been greater than in lowland zones. Livestock farming is the main land use in these areas, and economic viability of farmers substantially relies on income coming from agricultural subsidies and agrienvironmental payments. The production decisions have an effect on biodiversity, although the precise links are subject of much debate. To assess the effects of policy changes on farm incomes and biodiversity, we developed ecological-economic models for three...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Agri-environmental policy; Ecological-economic model; Biodiversity; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51056
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Marginal Farmers and Agri-Environmental Schemes: Evaluating Policy Design Adequacy for the Environmental Fallow Measure AgEcon
Hurle, Jesus Barreiro; Goded, Maria Espinosa.
This paper examines the factors affecting farmer's participation in an agri-environmental scheme (AES) in marginal areas implying few changes in the traditional farm management (environmental fallow). The enrolment theoretical micro-economic model reveals that farmers` (extrinsic) factors as well as decision maker's (intrinsic) factors are important for farmer's participation, without disregarding the role of social capital. The farm and farmer characteristics (intrinsic factors) as well as the influence of the social capital have been tested trough the specification and estimation of an adoption model for dry-land marginal farmers in Granada (southern Spain). 300 farmers with cereal dry-land specialization have been surveyed in order to identify factors...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policy; Participation; Marginal areas; Policy design; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9429
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