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Registros recuperados: 25
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A Comparative Marketing Analysis of Major Agricultural Products in the United States and Argentina AgEcon
Lence, Sergio H..
Interest is high in Argentina as an emerging economic power in the Americas. This paper analyzes issues pertinent to the relative advantages and disadvantages between the United States and Argentina for producing, transporting, processing, and marketing major agricultural commodities in the context of distribution to significant global markets. Designed as a tool for agribusiness students and prospective investment and trade partners, it provides a side-by-side analysis of major U.S. and Argentine agricultural commodities. All facts and figures are in U.S. currency and common U.S. (avoirdupois) weights and measures. Also from a comparative perspective, it defines the differences in technologies between the countries and examines in detail the marketing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural commodities; Agricultural markets; Argentina versus United States; Commercialization; Comparative economic analysis; Grains; Livestock; Marketing channels; Production technology; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18684
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A Comparative Synthesis of 20th Century Agricultural Cooperative Movements in Europe AgEcon
Morales Gutierrez, A. Carlos.
To ignore the historical perspective of socio-economical phenomena while looking ahead to the future in an attempt to raise expectations and set new challenges, can prove a risky move when approaching the cooperative movement as a whole. This is particularly so in the case of the European agricultural cooperatives. We expect them to play a relevant role in the overall panorama of a globalized world. The aim of this article is to trace the origins of the agricultural cooperative movement in seven European countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom) and discuss the coincidences and differences which account for common problems with a view to avoiding them in future joint ventures. Some issues discussed here...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Economic history; History of micro enterprise; Cooperative enterprise; Agricultural markets; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59711
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A Quantitative Analysis of Trade Policy Responses to High Agricultural Commodity Prices AgEcon
Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Tokgoz, Simla; Wailes, Eric J.; Chavez, Eddie C..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/24/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade policy; Agricultural markets; Commodity prices; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51805
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After the Bubble: The Survival and Ownership of Internet Marketplaces for Farmers and Agribusiness AgEcon
Wheatley, W. Parker; Buhr, Brian L..
This paper presents a theory of how industry structure and beliefs about Internet marketplace use have driven choice and ownership of marketplaces. The theory's predictions suggest that surviving Internet marketplaces will be those with strong historical linkages in an industry and those owned by or affiliated with major commodity buyers. Comparisons of these predictions with actual outcomes provide validation of the theory. Where predictions differ from results, observations are made as to the nature of the deviations.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Electronic commerce; Internet markets; Network externalities; Technology adoption; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30979
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AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY AgEcon
Drabenstott, Mark.
Industrialization is rapidly becoming a topic of great attention. Driven by fundamental economic forces, industrialization seems likely to advance ore quickly in the coming decade to more industry segments. By changing the way agriculture does business, industrialization will also bring change to public policy and agricultural institutions. Commodity policy will increasingly be out of step with a product-oriented industry. And as industrialization blurs the lines between producers and processors, land grant universities and the extension service will face challenges assessing who their customers are.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Industrialization; Agricultural markets; Commodity policy; Land grant universities; Extension service; Rural development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15325
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An Analysis of the Link between Ethanol, Energy, and Crop Markets AgEcon
Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E..
Replaced with revised version of paper 12/06/06.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Energy; Ethanol; Renewable fuels; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18453
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COMPARING END-USE VALUES FOR NORTH DAKOTA HARD RED SPRING WHEAT VARIETIES AgEcon
Lambert, David K.; Wilson, William W..
Markets for agricultural products may be inefficient when signals do not adequately reflect product characteristics important to market participants. Although preferences can be explicitly stated through price premiums or characteristic values can be determined via hedonic methods, the problem is compounded when product quality information is costly to obtain. Bundling of quality traits by variety can serve to signal product quality. A procedure is developed in this paper to derive the value of different varieties in meeting buyer demands. An application to the hard red spring market wheat both validates the ability of the procedure to distinguish among varieties, as well as provides empirical support to the existence of Akerlof's lemon market in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Product quality; Distance functions; Wheat; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23657
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Desarrollando mercados rurales: el rol de la incertidumbre y la restricción crediticia AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier.
El estudio evalúa cuáles son los factores más relevantes para que un pequeño productor agrícola demande asistencia técnica con el propósito de incursionar en mercados “dinámicos”; es decir, en mercados que puedan absorber cantidades crecientes de su cultivo. Los resultados muestran que existe un segmento de productores cuya “distancia” a estos mercados no es tan significativa como para que no puedan incursionar en ellos. Sin embargo, restricciones asociadas al grado de organización de los productores, a su percepción del riesgo y a las posibilidades de acceso al mercado de crédito les impiden acceder a los beneficios adicionales que estos mercados ofrecen.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Mercados agrícolas; Agricultura; Productividad agrícola; Mercado financiero; Asistencia técnica; Desarrollo rural; Perú; Agricultural markets; Agriculture; Agricultural productivity; Financial market; Technical assistance; Rural development; Peru; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Q1; Q13; Q14.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37729
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EFFECTS OF A POTENTIAL NEW BIOFUEL DIRECTIVE ON EU LAND USE AND AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Grethe, Harald.
In its Progress Report on Biofuels the European Commission proposes a more restrictive biofuel directive which sets a mandatory minimum share of biofuels in total fuel consumption in the transport sector of 10% per Member State by 2020. This is likely to have a strong impact on demand for biofuel inputs such as plant oils, cereals and sugar beet. To analyze the effects of this proposal on land use and agricultural markets, an extended version of the partial equilibrium model ESIM of the European agricultural sector is developed and applied which covers the production of and demand for biofuels. Two policy scenarios are simulated for the projection horizon until 2020: a baseline under which the share of biofuels in total transport fuels increases to 6.9% by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; EU Biofuels Directive; Agricultural markets; Partial equilibrium modeling; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6331
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EU ENLARGEMENT TO TURKEY: POTENTIAL IMPACTS ON AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AND HOW THEY ARE SHAPED BY CHANGES IN MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS AgEcon
Fellmann, Thomas; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Salamon, Petra.
The potential accession of Turkey to the EU, and the related adoption of the CAP by Turkey, is expected to influence agricultural markets in both the EU and Turkey. The extent of the accession impacts depends on the one hand on the way the CAP will be implemented in Turkey, while on the other hand impacts are expected to be also shaped by macroeconomic conditions (like exchange rates, GDP growth and inflation levels). In this paper we provide a comprehensive model-based assessment of the potential impacts on agricultural markets of a Turkish accession to the EU. We first assess the impacts under the assumption of standard macroeconomic projections, then we analyse how a different TL/Euro exchange rate, a doubling of the Turkish inflation rate or a doubling...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Turkey; EU enlargement; Agricultural markets; Macro economy; AGMEMOD Zusammenfassung; Türkei; EU Erweiterung; Agrarmärkte; Makroökonomie; AGMEMOD; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114507
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Harsha de Silva, Director, E-development Labs (private) Limited and Senior Economist, LIRNEasia - Agricultural Market Development through Information and Communication Technology (ICT): A Developing Country Experience AgEcon
Oyewumi, Olubukola Ayodeju.
One of the fundamental characteristics of a well functioning market is the ability to transmit useful information to decision makers at the micro-level, which will ultimately culminate in the development of effective macro-level policies. A key assumption in economics is that market information is readily available to role players in business and marketing. In reality however, farmers in the developing world, unlike their developed countries counterpart, are still faced with the challenge of accessing credible market information. Market information is an essential component of agricultural production, distribution and marketing. The availability of timely and accurate market information to farmers by means of fast and effective modern information...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Information and communication technology (ICT); Agricultural markets; Market information; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8196
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Impact of EU Biofuel Policies on World Agricultural and Food Markets AgEcon
Banse, Martin; van Meijl, Hans; Tabeau, Andrzej A.; Woltjer, Geert B..
This paper assesses the global and sectoral implications of the EU biofuels directive in a multi-region computable general equilibrium framework. Our results show that without mandatory blending or subsidies to stimulate the use of biofuel crops in the petroleum sector the targets of the EU Biofuel directive will not the reached in 2010. With mandatory blending the enhanced demand for biofuel crops has a strong impact on agriculture at the global and European level. The additional demand from the energy sector might slow down or reverse the long term process of declining agricultural prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; EU biofuel directive; Agricultural markets; Computable General Equilibrium modeling; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6476
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Impact of High Crop Prices on Environmental Quality: A Case of Iowa and the Conservation Reserve Program AgEcon
Secchi, Silvia; Babcock, Bruce A..
Growing demand for corn due to the expansion of ethanol has increased concerns that environmentally sensitive lands retired from agricultural production into the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) will be cropped again. Iowa produces more ethanol than any other state in the United States, and it also produces the most corn. Thus, an examination of the impacts of higher crop prices on CRP land in Iowa can give insight into what we might expect nationally in the years ahead if crop prices remain high. We construct CRP land supply curves for various corn prices and then estimate the environmental impacts of cropping CRP land through the Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) model. EPIC provides edge-of-field estimates of soil erosion, nutrient loss,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Conservation Reserve Program; Environmental quality; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9373
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Impacts of Turkey’s Integration into the European Union on Agricultural Markets and Income Distribution AgEcon
Nazlioglu, Saban; Erdem, Ekrem.
This study analyzes the impacts of Turkey’s integration into the EU on price, production, consumption, and self-sufficiency in the selected agricultural markets (wheat, maize, sugar, milk, beef, lamb, and poultry). The study also examines the welfare and the income distribution impacts of the integration. A partial equilibrium model, Modéle Internationale Simplifié de Simulation (MISS), is used to simulate the impacts of the integration on the agricultural markets and Gini coefficients are calculated to examine the income distribution effects. The results show that the integration has substantial impacts on the selected agricultural markets in Turkey and deteriorates the distribution of income among the selected Turkish producers.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Economic integration; Agricultural markets; Impact analysis; Income distribution; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118575
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Implications of a Doha Agreement on Agricultural Markets in Sudan AgEcon
Abdel Karim, Imad Eldin Elfadil; Abler, David G..
The latest round of multilateral trade negotiations was launched at the ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization in Doha, Qatar, in November 2001. Agriculture is a major item on the agenda for the Doha Round. The primary focus is on the three “pillars” of the Uruguay Round agreement—domestic support, market access, and export competition. The framework for a final agreement was finalized at a Ministerial meeting in Geneva in July 2004, but contains few details on modalities (e.g., the formula to be used for reductions in tariffs/increases in tariff-rate quotas, quantitative limitations on domestic support, and the schedule for the elimination of export subsidies). Detailed proposals on a number of these issues were put forward in October 2005...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Doha Agreement; Sudan; Agricultural markets; Trade policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37918
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INFORMATION SHARING AND OLIGOPOLY IN AGRICULTURAL MARKETS: THE ROLE OF BARGAINING ASSOCIATIONS AgEcon
Hueth, Brent; Marcoul, Philippe.
We study incentives for information sharing (about uncertain future demand for final output) among firms in imperfectly competitive markets for farm output. Information sharing generally leads to increases in expected total welfare but may reduce expected firm profits. Even when expected firm profits increase, information sharing does not represent equilibrium behavior because firms face a prisoner?s dilemma in which it is privately rational for each firm to withhold information, given that other firms report truthfully. This equilibrium can be overcome if firms commit to simultaneously reporting their information and if reports are verifiable. We argue that agricultural bargaining associations serve both these roles.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Bargaining; Imperfect competition; Information; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18576
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OBSERVATIONS ON COOPERATIVE BARGAINING IN U.S. AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AgEcon
Hueth, Brent; Marcoul, Philippe.
This paper identifies market and commodity characteristics that seem to support successful cooperative bargaining in markets for farm output. Bargaining is not just about increasing prices paid to farmers; indeed, although there is very little empirical research that addresses the issue, what evidence does exist suggests that cooperative bargaining has very little direct influence on price. Nevertheless, the price negotiation process may be useful in itself as a form of price discovery in markets where there is uncertainty about market supply and demand conditions, and bargaining associations can play an important role in ensuring contract reliability. These and other benefits must be weighed against the organizational and ongoing operational costs of a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Cooperative bargaining; Imperfect competition; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18526
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Risco no mercado de arroz em casca AgEcon
Adami, Andreia Cristina de Oliveira; Barros, Geraldo Sant'Ana de Camargo.
O presente trabalho avaliou as características das séries de retornos, normalmente encontradas em séries financeiras, para dados do mercado de arroz em casca ao produtor do Rio Grande do Sul. Um modelo da classe GARCH (1,1) tipo VaR foi utilizado para obter previsões da variância condicional e verificar o risco incorrido pelas posições comprada e vendida no mercado de arroz em casca. Foram realizadas previsões fora da amostra do tipo VaR para o risco de mercado para um mês à frente (um passo a frente). A taxa de falha calculada foi de 6,45% - número de vezes que o valor observado excedeu o valor esperado – pois, o modelo falhou em 2 das 31 previsões obtidas, sendo que, uma das 31 previsões excedeu os menores valores previstos e 1 excedeu os maiores valores...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Arroz em casca; Risco; Mercados agrícolas; Variância condicional; Paddy; Risk; Agricultural markets; Conditional variance; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103101
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Slovak Agricultural Markets Under Alternative CAP Scenarios - AG-MEMOD Modelling Approach AgEcon
Pokrivcak, Jan; Bartova, Lubica; Ciaian, Pavel.
Slovak sectoral partial equilibrium econometric model based on AG-MEMOD approach is used to analyse the development of the Slovak agricultural markets after EU accession. Simulation results for cereals, oilseeds and meats are provided in this article. Two scenarios are analysed: non-accession baseline and accession with adoption of single area payment scheme. EU accession is expected to increase prices of most products, the biggest increase of prices will occur in animal sector. Because of higher prices consumption will go down. Decrease of consumption will be mitigated by income growth. Production will not increase substantially due to decoupling of direct payments. Trade balance for majority of products will improve.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Partial equilibrium econometric model; EU accession; Slovakia; Agricultural markets; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; C51; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24674
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Term Structure of Volatility and Price Jumps in Agricultural Markets - Evidence from Option Data AgEcon
Koekebakker, Steen; Lien, Gudbrand D..
Empirical evidence suggests that agricultural futures price movements have fat-tailed distributions and exhibit sudden and unexpected price jumps. There is also evidence that the volatility of futures prices contains a term structure depending on both calendar-time and time to maturity. This paper extends Bates (1991) jump-diffusion option pricing model by including both seasonal and maturity effects in volatility. An in-sample fit to market option prices on wheat futures shows that our model outperforms previous models considered in the literature. A numerical example illustrates the economic significance of our results for option valuation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Option pricing; Futures; Term structure of volatility; Jump-diffusion; Agricultural markets; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24874
Registros recuperados: 25
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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