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Economic Impacts of the Conservation Reserve Program: A General Equilibrium Framework AgEcon
Taheripour, Farzad.
This article uses a general equilibrium framework and econometric analyses to examine economic wide impacts of the Conservation Reserves Program. It determines direct and indirect factors which affect the economic efficiency of the program and shows their magnitudes. It shows that the interaction between the program and the tax system causes indirect efficiency costs but the interaction between the program and the agricultural support subsidies generate economic gains. The program has the potential to distort the labor market and cause efficiency losses form this channel. However the analytical model shows that trade can reduce social costs of the policy because a part of the burden of the policy can be passed on to foreign consumers of crop products...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land retirement; Slippage effect; Efficiency cost; Agricultural pollution; Tax system; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21346
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Hedonic Housing Prices and Agricultural Pollution: An Empirical Investigation on Semiparametric Models AgEcon
Bontemps, Christophe; Simioni, Michel; Surry, Yves R..
The objective of this paper is to assess the impact on property values of agricultural pollution using alternative semiparametric hedonic price models. The proposed model specifications are made up of two parts: a partially linear component for house characteristics and a non (semi) parametric form to represent the non linear influence of agricultural pollution. A general-to-specific search procedure is adopted to select the best model specification. An application of theses parametric models to rural townships indicates that pollution resulting on livestock operations have a significant nonlinear impact on house prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing; Semiparametric models; Agricultural pollution; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; C14; R21; R32; Q0.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24709
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Impact of agro-industrial activities on the water quality of River Nyando, Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya OceanDocs
Raburu, P. O.; Okeyo-Owuor, J.B..
The impact of agro-industrial activities on the water quality within River Nyando, Lake Victoria Basin (Kenya) was studied at different hierarchical levels between August 1997 and June 1999. Triplicate water samples were collected on a monthly basis from various stations ranging from the source to the mouth of the river and analyzed for selected physical and chemical water quality parameters using standard analytical methods. Statistical analysis was performed using MINITAB and STATISTICA computer packages. Agricultural land use was found to be the major factor contributing to changes in water quality. Salinity and pH varied at river basin scale, turbidity, TDS and conductivity at catchment scale, while DO, alkalinity and pH at subcatchment and river reach...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Water quality; Environmental impact; Industrial wastes; Inland waters; Rivers; Anthropogenic factors; River basin management; Statistical analysis; Physicochemical properties; Land use; Limnological data; Environmental monitoring; Resource management; Environment management; Agricultural pollution; Water quality; Environmental impact; Rivers; Statistical analysis; Land use; Environmental monitoring; Industrial wastes; Inland waters; Anthropogenic factors; Physicochemical properties; Resource management; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16061; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24420; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6617; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7378; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4182; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37876; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_11763; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3876; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34996; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_13330; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6524.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3501
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When Should Uncertain Nonpoint Emissions be Penalized in a Trading Program? AgEcon
Hennessy, David A.; Feng, Hongli.
When nonpoint source pollution is stochastic and the damage function is convex, intuition might suggest it is more important to control a nonpoint pollution source than a point source. Earlier research has provided sufficient conditions such that the permit price for a unit of ex-ante expected emissions should be higher than the permit price for a unit of certain emissions. Herein we provide a set of necessary and sufficient conditions such that this is the case. An approach to testing for the validity of the condition set is available, and has been applied to a related problem.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural pollution; Multiple inputs; Permit trading; Social optimality; Trading ratio; Water quality; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q2; D2; D8.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9805
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