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Absorção foliar pelo capim-tanzânia da amônia volatilizada do N-ureia aplicado ao solo. Repositório Alice
MARTHA JÚNIOR, G. B.; TRIVELIN, P. C. O.; CORSI, M..
Avaliou-se o efeito da dose de N-ureia (40, 80 e 120 kg ha -1 de N) e da distância (0,27 e 35 cm) entre dreno (folhas) e fonte (ureia aplicada ao solo) sobre a absorção foliar de amônia por pastagem de Panicum maximum cv. Tanzânia. Adotou-se um delineamento inteiramente casualizado no esquema de parcelas subdivididas, com quatro repetições. Não houve efeito da distância sobre a absorção foliar de amônia (p>0,05), mas esta diminuiu exponencialmente (p<0,05) com o incremento das doses de N-ureia ou da taxa de volatilização de amônia, variando de 2,5 a 16,4% do N volatilizado.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Nitrogênio; Solo; Pastagem tropical; Panicum maximum; Absorção foliar; Amônia; Ureia; Adubação; Nitrogen; Urea; Soil; Fertilization; Pasture; Ammonia; Foliar absorption.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/567674
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Air Emissions of Ammonia and Methane from Livestock Operations: Valuation and Policy Options AgEcon
Shih, Jhih-Shyang; Burtraw, Dallas; Palmer, Karen L.; Siikamaki, Juha.
The animal husbandry industry is a major emitter of methane, which is an important greenhouse gas. The industry is also a major emitter of ammonia, which is a precursor of fine particulate matter, arguably the number-one environment-related public health threat facing the nation. We present an integrated process model of the engineering economics of technologies to reduce methane and ammonia emissions at dairy operations in California. Three policy options are explored: greenhouse gas offset credits for methane control, particulate matter offset credits for ammonia control, and expanded net metering policies to provide revenue for the sale of electricity generated from captured methane gas. Individually, any of these policies appears to be sufficient to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Methane; Ammonia; Carbon dioxide; Greenhouse gases; Climate change; Offset; Particulate matter; Net metering; Environmental policy; CAFO; Manure management; Biodigester; Electricity; Global warming; Cost-benefit; Incentive approach; Livestock Production/Industries; Q2; Q4; Q53.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10749
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Alterações em parâmetros ruminais de bezerros alimentados com milho processado (Floculado VS. Laminado a vapor) e Monensina. Repositório Alice
NUSSIO, C. M. B.; SANTOS, F. A. P.; ZOPOLLATO, M.; PIRES, A. V.; FERNANDES, J. J. de R.; MORAIS, J. B. de.
2002
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ácido graxos voláteis; Amido degradável; Amônia; Ionóforo; Ammonia; Degradable starch; Ionophore; Volatile fatty acids.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/46042
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AMMONIA ABATEMENT STRATEGIES IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION: A CASE STUDY OF A POULTRY INSTALLATION AgEcon
Angus, Andrew J.; Hodge, Ian D.; Sutton, M.A..
This study uses a linear programming approach to compare the potential effectiveness of uniform rules (under the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive) and a landscape-scale based policy for reducing ammonia (NH3) emissions and their related impacts from a case study poultry installation. The model incorporates a variety of potential NH3 abatement techniques. It also incorporates the first application of a spatial model of the diffusion of environmental impacts from NH3 emissions. This models N deposition at a nearby nature reserve. The model finds that the uniform rules proposed under the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive are likely to be ineffective in certain contexts and that a landscape-scale approach is more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control; Broiler installations; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31932
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Ammonia traces detection based on photoacoustic spectroscopy for evaluating ammonia volatization from natural zeolites at typical crop field temperature. Repositório Alice
BATISTA FILHO, M.; RITER, H. G.; SILVA, M. G. da; LUNA, F. J.; WERNECK, C. G.; RECH, I.; POLIDORO, J. C.; MONTE, M. B. M.; SOUZA-BARROS, F.; MIKLOS, A.; VARGAS, H..
2011
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Natural zeolite; Fertilizer; Ammonia; Photoacoustic spectroscopy; Ammonium sulfate; Ion exchange.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/896307
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Ammonia volatilization from soil amended with swine slurry: effect of application method and use of nitrification inhibitor. Repositório Alice
GRAVE, R. A.; NICOLOSO, R. da S.; CORREA, J. C.; CASSOL, P. C.; AITA, C..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Nitrificação; Solo; Fertilizantes nitrogenados; Amonia; Soil; Nitrification; Volatilization; Ammonia.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/969212
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Amônia em aviário dark house. Repositório Alice
ABREU, P. G. de; COLDEBELLA, A.; FEDDERN, V.; SANTOS FILHO, J. I. dos.
Um dos poluentes aéreos frequentemente encontrados em altas concentrações nos aviários é a amônia a qual é considerada o gás mais prejudicial na produção de aves. Dessa forma, objetivou-se avaliar a concentração de amônia no ar em aviário dark house. Os dados de concentração de amônia no ar foram coletados em 27 pontos no sentido longitudinal do aviário, à altura das aves, no primeiro e nos 21 e 42 dias de vida por seis lotes consecutivos. De acordo com os valores de amônia em cada ponto, foi realizada análise geostatística utilizando o software GS+&#1048723;. A partir da análise espacial foram confeccionados mapas de isolinhas das medidas de amônia utilizando o software SURFER&#1048723;. A distribuição de amônia foi heterogênea ao longo do aviário...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Avicultura; Frango de corte; Aviário; Amônia; Aviaries; Broiler chickens; Ammonia.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1013875
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Amonização de palhadas e de forragens de baixa qualidade com uréia. Infoteca-e
GUIMARAES FILHO, C.; MIRANDA, D. B. de.
Beneficios da amonização, material que pode ser amonizado, como amonizar e como usar o material amonizado.
Tipo: Circular Técnica (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Forragem; Palha; Uréia; Uso; Resto de cultura; Amonização; Forage; Straw; Urea; Use; Crop residues; Ammonia.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/132195
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An experiment on the relative importance of denitrification, nitrate reduction and ammonification in coastal marine sediment OMA
Goeyens, L.; De Vries, R.T.P.; Bakker, J.F.; Helder, W..
Simultaneous determinations of <sup>15</sup>N-nitrogen gas production, <sup>15</sup>N-ammonia formation by nitrate reduction and ammonia production from organic nitrogen were carried out after addition of <sup>15</sup>N-nitrate to anaerobically incubated sediment slurries from a location in the Dutch Wadden Sea. The rate of nitrogen gas production was 1.75 µmol N.cm<sup>-3</sup> wet sediment.d<sup>-1</sup>, nitrate reduction to ammonia occurred to a rate of 0.79 µmol N.cm <sup>-3</sup>.d <sup>-1</sup> and ammonification at 1.17 µmol N-cm <sup>-3</sup>.d <sup>-1</sup>. At the end of the incubation experiment (after 30 h) 63% of the originally added...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Biogeochemical cycle; Coastal zone; Denitrification; Nitrates; Nitrogen cycle; Sediments.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=3169
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Avaliação da volatilização de amônia utilizando diferentes procedimentos de aplicação do fertilizante no solo. Repositório Alice
MORASI, I. M.; SOUZA, R. H. A. de; MOLTOCARO, R. C. R.; MAXIMILIANO, V. C. B.; PACKER, A. P. C..
Resumo: A determinação da amônia volatilizada proveniente da aplicação de fertilizantes nitrogenados vem sendo quantificada por diferentes metodologias. Dentre os métodos baseados na captura da amônia volatilizada do solo, em meio ácido, existe a câmara SALE (Câmara Semiaberta Livre Estática) de baixo custo confeccionada com garrafas PET. Duas formas de dispersão das amostras de ureia sobre o solo foram avaliadas, utilizando um gabarito (0,60 m x 0,15 m) para adubação de 21,5 g de fertilizante por planta e a delimitação da quantidade aplicada a área de abertura da câmara SALE (0,008 m2), utilizando uma estrutura metálica para fixação das câmaras. Para isto, o experimento foi delineado com 3 tratamentos com 5 repetições, um tratamento testemunha sem...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Volatização de amônia; Metodologia de aplicação de fertilizantes; Câmera SALE; Amônia; Fertilizante nitrogenado; Solo; Ammonia; Volatilization; Nitrogen fertilizers.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1036333
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Carbon and nitrogen emissions from stored manure and cropped fields in irrigated mountain oases of Oman JARTS
Buerkert, Andreas; Organic Plant Production and Agroecosystems Research in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Kassel, Witzenhausen, Germany; Jahn, Henning; Organic Plant Production and Agroecosystems Research in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Kassel, Witzenhausen, Germany; Golombek, Sabine D.; Organic Plant Production and Agroecosystems Research in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Kassel, Witzenhausen, Germany; Rawahi, Mohammed N. Al; Organic Plant Production and Agroecosystems Research in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Kassel, Witzenhausen, Germany; Gebauer, Jens.
Little is known about gaseous carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) emissions from traditional terrace agriculture in irrigated high mountain agroecosystems of the subtropics. In an effort towards filling this knowledge gap measurements of carbon dioxide (CO_2), methane (CH_4), ammonia (NH_3) and dinitrous oxide (N_2O) were taken with a mobile photoacoustic infrared multi-gas monitor on manure-filled PE-fibre storage bags and on flood-irrigated untilled and tilled fields in three mountain oases of the northen Omani Al Jabal al Akhdar mountains. During typical 9-11 day irrigation cycles of March, August and September 2006 soil volumetric moisture contents of fields dominated by fodder wheat, barley, oats and pomegranate ranged from 46-23%. While manure incorporation...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agroecology; Agronomy and Crop Science; CO2; CH4; NH3; N2O; Carbon dioxide; Methane; Ammonia; Dinitrous oxide; Irrigation agriculture.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734354
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Combined effect of external ammonia and molt stage on the blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris physiological response ArchiMer
Mugnier, Chantal; Justou, Carole.
The effect of ambient ammonia and molt stage on the physiological response of the blue shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris was studied. Shrimps were submitted to 54.6 mg l(-1) ammonia-N (1.76 mg l(-1) NH3-N) for 24 h. Only shrimps in stages C, D-0, D-1 and D-2 were used for the analysis. Haemolymph was assayed for osmoregulatory capacity (OC), magnesium ion (Mg ion), total proteins, oxyhaemocyanin, lactate and glucose. Molt stage had an effect on OC, Mg ion and total proteins in control shrimps, and on OC, Mg ion and lactate in treated animals. Ammonia treatment decreased OC and lactate, and increase Mg ion concentration in haemolymph, for all molt stages. It decreased significantly total proteins and oxyhaemocyanin for stages D-1 and D-2, and increased...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stress; Peneid shrimp; Molt stage; Litopenaus stylirostris; Haemolymph constituents; Ammonia.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-371.pdf
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Comparison of brown trout (Salmo trutta) reared in fresh water and sea water to freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) .1. Growth and nitrogen balance ArchiMer
Dosdat, Antoine; Metailler, Robert; Desbruyeres, Elisabeth; Huelvan, Christine.
Brown trout and rainbow trout (average weight 100 g) were reared in fresh water at 12 degrees C under the same conditions before transfer of brown trout to sea water, in order to compare nitrogen utilisation in the two species. Apparent protein digestibility (ADC), nitrogen (ammonia and urea) excretion, protein productive value (PPV) and actual observed nitro en mass balance were determined. Rainbow trout raised in fresh water had a higher growth rate (1.1 vs 0.8%. d(-1)), better food conversion ratio (0.7 vs 1.0), better ADC (91 vs 85%) and PPV (45 vs 35%) and lower ammonia excretion rates than brown trout reared in fresh water. Transferring brown trout to sea water induced lower PPV (30%) and ammonia and urea excretion. Salinity did not modify metabolic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Truite commune; Truite arc-en-ciel; Excrétion; Ammoniaque; Urée; Digestibilité; Croissance; Rétention protéique; Rainbow trout; Brown trout; Excretion; Ammonia; Urea; Digestibility; Growth; Protein productive value.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29885/28342.pdf
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Deammonification reaction in digested swine effluents. Repositório Alice
VANOTTI, M.; KUNZ, A.; MARTINEZ, J..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Dejeto animal; Tratamento de efluentes; Suíno; Amônia; Biogás; Ammonia; Swine manure; Wastewater treatment.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/969955
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Diffuse Pollution by Livestock Production Systems and Manure Management Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
Oene Oenema; Harald Menzi.
[[abstract]]Manure management systems are conducive to nutrient and carbon losses, but the magnitude of the loss highly depends on the nutrient element, the manure management system and the environmental conditions. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of the diffusive nutrient losses. Firstly, we discuss the main mechanisms loss path ways of nutrients from manure management systems to groundwater, surface waters and air, using some data from the European Union (EU-27). Secondly, we discuss possible measure to decrease diffuse pollution and to increase the environmental performance of livestock production and manure management. Finally, we give some policy recommendations. In general, losses from animal manure...
Palavras-chave: Ammonia; Diffusive losses; Environmental policy; European Union; Manure management; Nutrients; Nitrogen; Nitrate; Nitrous oxide; Phosphorus Proceedings of Conference on Non-pointPollution from Agriculture 農業非點源污染研討會論文集 [[classification]]4.
Ano: 2008
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Diffusion mechanisms associated with ammonia volatilization in lowland rice International Rice Research Institute
Sivaprasad, Bandarupalli.
218 l. : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Indian Agricultural Research Institute
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Soil; Ammonia; Volatilization; Diffusion; Soil chemistry; Nitrogen; Losses from soil; Lowlands; Lowland rice.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1190
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Distribución espacial del amonio en fiordos y canales comprendidos entre Puerto Montt y Laguna San Rafael en período de primavera OceanDocs
Prado-Fiedler, R..
An oceanographic expedition was carried out between October 18th and November 15th 1995 in the inlets region and fjords located between Puerto Montt (41° 20’S and San Rafael Lagoon (46° 40’ S) in Southern Chile. The main purpose of the present work is to characterise the spatial distribution of ammonium and its concentration range in the studied region during spring onset. Water samples were collected from a total of 101 oceanographic stations of the expedition Cimar-Fiordo 1. The main part of the water body showed concentrations lower than 1 µmol/L. The higher ammonium concentrations were found in the continental fjords, specially in the area situated south of the narrows of Meninea island, where subsurface maximums greater than 2 µmol/L were found. The...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Fjords; Water properties; Ammonia; Water content; Channels; Water analysis; Water sampling; Surface layers; Core layers (water); Sea water; Fjords; Water content; Ammonia; Water analysis; Sea water; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16314; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15852; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_349; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16064; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6903.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1576
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Efeitos da adição de NH4 OH e Ca(OH)2 na produção de biogás obtido a partir de dejetos bubalinos. Repositório Alice
ALVES, S. de M.; MELO, C. F. M. de; PRAKASAN, K..
1984
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bubalino; Dejeto; Produção de biogás; Hidroxido de amônio; Hidroxido de cálcio; Buffaloes; Farmyard manure; Ammonia; Calcium hydroxide.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/394801
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Effect of chronic ammonia exposure on growth of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles ArchiMer
Lemarie, Gilles; Dosdat, Antoine; Coves, Denis; Dutto, Gilbert; Gasset, Eric; Person, Jeannine.
Chronic effects of ammonia were studied in juvenile seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax (mean weight= 11 g), exposed for 63 days to eight stable ammonia concentrations, ranging from 0.24 to 0.90 mg l(-1) unionised ammonia nitrogen (UIA-N), respectively, from 6.1 to 22.3 mg l(-1) total ammonia nitrogen (TA-N). Temperature (21.8 degreesC), pH (8.0), salinity (37.0 ppt), and oxygen concentration (over 80% saturation at the outlet) were maintained constant. Fish were fed using a self-feeder device, and they were starved during the last 8 days. Mortality of 28.9 and 42.6% occur-red within the first 8 days at the two highest UIA-N concentrations, respectively, 0.90 and 0.88 mg l(-1). From days 0 to 55, a 1.8-fold increase in weight gain was observed under the 0.90-mg...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plasma ammonia; Growth; Seabass; Chronic toxicity; Ammonia.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-628.pdf
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Effect of chronic exposure to ammonia on alterations of proteins and immunoglobulins in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) serum ArchiMer
Coeurdacier, Jean-luc; Dutto, Gilbert.
The relationship between serum protein, immunoglobulin concentrations and protein molecular weight profile (PMWP) alterations of sea bass (131.3 +/- 4.3 g) reared in sea water with sublethal concentrations of ammonia was studied over two periods totalling 116 days. During the exposure period (62 days) the first group (group 1) lived in sea water with 0.204 mg.L-1 unionized ammonia nitrogen equivalent to 12 % of the lethal concentration for 50 % of a population exposed for 96 h to ammonia (96-h LC50), whilst the second group (group 2) lived in sea water with 0.340 mg.L-1 UIA-N equivalent to 20 % of the 96-h LC50 of ammonia. Then, the two groups were left for a recovery period (54 days) in the same water as the control group (group 0). The determination of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dicentrarchus labrax; Fish culture; Proteins; Immunoglobulin; Sublethal toxicity; Ammonia; Dicentrarchus labrax; Poisson d'élevage; Protéine; Immunoglobuline; Toxicité sublétale; Ammoniaque.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/publication-858.pdf
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