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Registros recuperados: 11
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Activities and influence of veterinary drug marketers on antimicrobial usage in livestock production in Oyo and Kaduna States, Nigeria JARTS
Ojo, Olufemi Ernest; Awoyomi, Olajoju Jokotola; Fabusoro, Eniola; Dipeolu, Morenike Atinuke.
Antimicrobial usage in animals contributes to the emergence of antimicrobial resistant bacterial strains. Investigations were carried out on how the characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of antimicrobial marketers influenced antimicrobials usage in animal production in Oyo and Kaduna States, Nigeria. Focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and structured questionnaires were used to gather information about the characteristics and activities of antimicrobial marketers. Overall, 70 (56.9 %) of 123 marketers had post-secondary education while 76 (61.8 %) were trained on the use of antimicrobials. Eighteen (14.6 %) of the marketers were licensed veterinarians. Only 51 (41.5 %) marketers displayed adequate knowledge about antimicrobials and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultural Sociology; Veterinary Public Health antimicrobial resistance; Attitude; Injudicious antimicrobial usage; Knowledge; Socio-cultural practices.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2017062752862
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Dairy farms typology and management of animal genetic resources in the peri-urban zone of Bamako (Mali) JARTS
Toure, Abdoulaye; Moula, Nassim; Kouriba, Ali; Traore, Bakary; Leroy, Pascal; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas.
Facing growth in demand, dairy production in peri-urban areas of developing countries is changing rapidly. To characterise this development around Bamako (Mali), this study establishes a typology of dairy production systems with a special focus on animal genetic resources. The survey included 52 dairy cattle farms from six peri-urban sites. It was conducted in 2011 through two visits, in the dry and harvest seasons. The median cattle number per farm was 17 (range 5-118) and 42% of farmers owned cropland (8.3 +/- 7.3 ha, minimum 1 ha, maximum 25 ha). Feeding strategy was a crucial variable in farm characterisation, accounting for about 85% of total expenses. The use of artificial insemination and a regular veterinary follow-up were other important...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultultural economics dairy cattle; Genetic resources; Multivariate analysis; Mali; Zebu; Crossbreeding.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2015011347137
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Discriminating the quality of local pork from crossbred pork from extensive production of ethnic minorities in mountainous northern Vietnam JARTS
Muth, Philipp C.; Markemann, André; Huyen, Le T. T.; Zárate, Anne Valle.
Developing short food supply chains for products from local pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) breeds may offer chances for smallholders in rural areas to participate in niche markets and obtain additional income. Because the authenticity and distinctness of products are crucial for establishing marketing, this study compared selected product characteristics of pork from the Vietnamese Ban breed with pork from crossbreds, each derived at their typical market weight and from their respective extensive and semi-extensive production environment; thus resembling the combination, the products are available for customers. Traditional Ban pork could be effectively discriminated from crossbred pork through cut dimensions, exemplified by the significantly reduced loin eye...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Food Science fatty acid composition meat quality niche pork market pig genetic resources rural development smallholder pig production.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2017010351833
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Diversity of farming systems integrating fish pond aquaculture in the province of Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo JARTS
Kinkela, Patrick Mafwila; Mutiaka, Bienvenu Kambashi; Dogot, Thomas; Dochain, Denis; Rollin, Xavier; Mvubu, Roger Ntoto; Kinkela, Charles; Mafwila, Jacques; Bindelle, Jérôme.
Agriculture and aquaculture systems are used by many farmers in various tropical countries of Asia, America and Africa. They have proven their relevancy to increase the productivity of farms by optimising nutrient fluxes and reducing requirements for external fertilisers. This article analysed the current state of fish farming and the way it is integrated with other farm subsystems in the urban/peri-urban and rural areas of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. More precisely, it examined the allocation of resources at the farm level, the recovery of helophytes plants, and the fate of fish production choices and it explored the possibility of intensifying these existing integrated farming systems. After a census of ponds in the urban and rural areas of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Animal Husbandry; Agronomy crops fish pond integrated farm livestock rural urban.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2017032852295
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Effects of charcoal-enriched goat manure on soil fertility parameters and growth of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) in a sandy soil from northern Oman JARTS
Willich, Melanie; Schiborra, Anne Kathrin; Quaranta, Laura; Buerkert, Andreas.
The effect of charcoal feeding on manure quality and its subsequent application to enhance soil productivity has received little attention. The objectives of the present study therefore were to investigate the effects of (i) charcoal feeding on manure composition, and (ii) charcoal-enriched manure application on soil fertility parameters and growth of millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.). To this end, two experiments were conducted: First, a goat feeding trial where goats were fed increasing levels of activated charcoal (AC; 0, 3, 5, 7, and 9% of total ration); second, a greenhouse pot experiment using the manure from the feeding trial as an amendment for a sandy soil from northern Oman. We measured manure C, N, P, and K concentrations, soil fertility parameters...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agronomy and Crop Science; Animal Husbandry; Agroecology activated charcoal goat manure microbial biomass C SOC subtropical soils.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2016101851076
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Effects of three leafy vegetables on the growth performance of Giant African Snail Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica JARTS
Amobi, Maduabuchi Inwele; Ezewudo, Bede Izuchukwu; Okpoko, Valentine Obinna; Ugokwe, Collins Ugonna; Okereke, Henry Nnamdi.
This present research was performed to evaluate the effects of three leafy vegetable diets [bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina), fluted pumpkin leaf (Telfairia occidentalis) and pawpaw leaf (Carica papaya)] on the growth performance of Giant African Snail (Achatina fulica). A total of ninety (90) A. fulica were used for the study. Thirty (30) snails each were subjected to three different dietary treatments in three replicates of 10 snails per replicate and fed with the fresh leaves of these vegetables over a period of 12 weeks. Results obtained recorded no significant differences (P > 0.05) in terms of weight gain, shell length, shell circumference and shell thickness. On the whole, A. fulica fed on T. occidentalis leaf performed better in terms of mean...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Animal Husbandry; Heliculture Achatina fulica Carica papaya Growth performance Telfairia occidentalis Vernonia amygdalina.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/20190219195
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Factors influencing the success of animal husbandry cooperatives: A case study in Southwest Iran JARTS
Azadi, Hossein; Department of Geography, Ghent University, Belgium; Hosseininia, Gholamhossein; Department of Entrepreneurship Extension & Education, Entrepreneurship Faculty, Tehran University, Iran; Zarafshani, Kiumars; Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran; Heydari, Aligholi; Deputy of Research, Education and Extension, Ministry of Cooperative, Tehran, Iran; Witlox, Frank; Department of Geography, Ghent University, Belgium.
This survey study aimed at identifying the factors influencing the success of animal husbandry cooperatives in Southwest Iran. Using a questionnaire, the data were collected from 95 managing directors of the cooperatives who were chosen through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method. This study showed an essential need for a systemic framework to analyze the cooperatives’ success. The results showed that the “Honey Bee”, “Cattle (dairy)”, and “Lamb” cooperatives were the most successful among different kinds of the cooperatives. Also, among individual attributes, “interest”, “technical knowledge”, and “understanding the concept of cooperative”; among economic variables, “income” and “current investment”; and among external factors, “market access”...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultultural economics; Rural economy and farm management agricultural cooperative; Animal husbandry; Success; Southwest Iran.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010091334568
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Optimising contributions of goat farming to household economic success and food security in three production systems in Ethiopia JARTS
Woldu, Tatek; Markemann, André; Reiber, Christoph; Muth, Philipp C.; Valle Zárate, Anne.
The study aims to analyse factors affecting contributions of goat farming to household economic success and food security in three goat production systems of Ethiopia. A study was conducted in three districts of Ethiopia representing arid agro-pastoral (AAP), semi-arid agro-pastoral (SAAP) and highland mixed crop-livestock (HMCL) systems involving 180 goat keeping households. Gross margin (GM) and net benefit (NB1 and NB2) were used as indicators of economic success of goat keeping. NB1 includes in-kind benefits of goats (consumption and manure), while NB2 additionally constitutes intangible benefits (insurance and finance). Household dietary diversity score (HDDS) was used as a proxy indicator of food security. GM was significantly affected by an off-take...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultultural economics; Dietary diversity economic success goats intangible benefits off-take rate.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2016011149582
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Production and milk marketing strategies of small-scale dairy farmers in the South of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil JARTS
Neutzling, Aline dos Santos; Dossa, Luc Hippolyte; Schlecht, Eva.
Milk production is a socio-economically relevant activity for many small-scale family farms in southern Brazil. The objective of this study was to analyse their production and marketing strategies. A questionnaire was administered to 199 farm households in Rio Grande do Sul State to collect information on farm assets and activities, and particularly on the contribution of milk sale to farm income. Through categorical principal component analysis and two-step clustering, farmers were classified into three types: farmers selling only milk (M); farmers selling cash crops and milk (CM); farmers selling cash crops and surplus milk (Cm). Cattle herd (heads) and size of pasture land were larger on M farms (114 ±71.9; 51 ±49.4 ha) than on CM (31 ±13.4; 9 ±8.9 ha)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Socio-economics dairy cattle dairy companies dairy cooperatives family farms farm income pasture area resilience.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2017110853733
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The Koundoum sheep breed in Niger: morpho-biometric study and description of the production system JARTS
Hamadou, Issa; Moula, Nassim; Siddo, Seyni; Marichatou, Hamani; Issa, Moumouni; Leroy, Pascal; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas.
The diffusion of highly productive breeds across developing countries goes along with a neglect of indigenous breeds, which are well suited to their environment but often show low yields. Thus, in Niger, the flock of Koundoum sheep are rapidly decreasing. The Koundoum is one of the few wool sheep breeds of Africa and shows important adaptive feature to its native environment, i.e. the humid pastures on the banks of the Niger River. To characterise the breed and to understand its production context, a survey has been conducted in 104 herds in four communes along the Niger River (Kollo, Tillabery, Say and Tera). Nine body measurements, including live weight, were taken on 180 adult sheep (101 females and 79 males). The herds varied from 2 to 60 heads, with a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Animal Production; Biodiversity biodiversity; Description; Conservation; Koundoum sheep; Morpho-biometry; Niger.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2015011347146
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Utilisation of Giant African snail (Achatina fulica) meal as protein source by laying hens JARTS
Diarra, Siaka Seriba; Kant, Rashmi; Tanhimana, Jemarlyn; Lela, Patrick.
A 12-week experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of substituting Giant African snail meal for fish meal in laying hens diet. Four diets were formulated to contain snail meal as replacement for fish meal at 0 (control), 33, 67 and 100%. A total of 120 Shaver Brown pullets aged 18 weeks were allocated to the dietary treatments in a randomised design. Each treatment consisted of three replicates and ten birds per replicate. Feed intake increased only for the 33% treatment as compared to the 67% replacement diet but did not differ from the other treatments. There were no significant treatment effects on egg performance parameters observed (egg production, egg weight, total egg mass, feed conversion ratio and percent shell). The overall feed cost...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Animal Nutrition protein sources; Feed cost; Snail meal; Egg production.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2015011347178
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