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A monitoring station prototype for feed troughs of beef cattle on pasture. Repositório Alice
bitstream/item/167403/1/A-monitoring-station-prototype.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Beef cattle; Livestock; Precision livestock farming.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1080627
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Aplicativo para previsão de disponibilidade de água de bebedouros para dessedentação animal. Repositório Alice
RIBEIRO, C. C. A.; OLIVEIRA, O. N. C. de; GRASSI, M. J. S.; SAQUI, D.; PALHARES, J. C. P.; OLIVEIRA, M. D. de; SANTOS, S. A..
Este trabalho objetivou desenvolver um aplicativo para prever se a disponibilidade de água existente nas fontes localizadas nas UM é suficiente para atender os requerimentos dos animais existentes.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bebedouro; Animal; Drinking water; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1119867
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Behavior of Layers under Different Light Sources Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Tavares,BO; Pereira,DF; Bueno,LGF; Silva,GF.
ABSTRACT Light is an important factor in the management of laying poultry. The ideal lamp spectrum that provides the best welfare conditions still needs to be determined. Wavelength and light intensity influence poultry behavior and their welfare. This study evaluated the influence of four lamps types with different light spectra on the behavior of seventy 52-week laying hens. Incandescent, fluorescent, and sodium and mercury vapor lamps were set in a different poultry house each and supplied similar light intensities. Layer behavior was video-recorded three times weekly using video cameras installed on the ceiling. The effects of different wavelengths emitted by the light sources on layer behavior were evaluated by the Kruskal-Wallis median test. Results...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Light; Animal precision.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2015000400511
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Behavioral aspects of Helicoverpa armigera in the cotton vegetative phase. Repositório Alice
RODRIGUES, S. M. M.; SANTOS, N. do C.; PITTA, R. M.; CORASSA, J. de N..
Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is part of an important complex of insects-pests that attack the cotton crop. This study aimed to identify the preferential plant parts for the oviposition of moths, as well as the movement and feeding behavior of caterpillars, in the vegetative phase of the cotton cultivar BRS 369 RF. Plants emitting floral buds were used to study the oviposition behavior of moths. For this, a completely randomized design, with three treatments (adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf and floral buds) and twenty replications (plants in pots), was used. In order to evaluate the behavior of the caterpillars in the cotton vegetative phase, another 3 × 5 factorial design, with nine replications, was used. The treatments were three ages (first,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Heliothinae; Ethology; Etologia; Gossypium Hirsutum; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1118802
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Chronic administration of Bauhinia forficata link reduced exploratory activity without affecting blood glucose in healthy rats. Repositório Alice
MORANZA, H. G.; SCANAVACA JUNIOR, L.; MATAQUEIRO, M. I.; QUEIROZ-NETO, A. de; FERRAZ, G. C..
Abstract: This study provides information about the effect of chronic ingestion of a decoction of Bauhinia forficata on the behavior of rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the exploratory activity, anxiety level, and blood glucose of healthy rats submitted to prolonged treatment with a decoction of B. forficata. Twenty male rats, aged two months and weighing approximately 145g were randomly distributed into two groups. The Bauhinia group freely ingested a decoction of B.forficata for 4 weeks, while the control group received water. Body weight, food and fluid intake, and glycemic index were quantified. The open field (OF) and elevated plus maze (EPM) tests were applied at the end of the experiment. Data were analyzed by Student?s t test for...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Behavior; Exploratory activity; Ethnopharmacology; Bauhinia fortificata; Planta medicinal; Bauhinia forficata; Medicinal plants; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1073724
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Desenvolvimento de grama-tio-pedro sob sombreamento nativo e recebendo adubação líquida. Repositório Alice
SOUSA, E. L. de.; PAIVA, L. M.; FERNANDES, H. J.; DECHNES, J. P.; JANUSCKIEWICZ, E. R.; SANTOS, S. A..
O sombreamento das pastagens proporciona melhores índices zootécnicos na produção animal, ao considerar a condição ambiental onde solo, plantas e animais podem ser favorecidos em suas potencialidades. O objetivo com este trabalho foi estudar o desenvolvimento de grama-tio-pedro (Paspalum oteroi) recebendo doses de adubo líquido, sob sombreamento.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Paspalum Oteroi; Forrageira nativa; Sombreamento de pastagens; Roedor; Comportamento Animal; Morfogênese; Rodents; Animal behavior; Pantanal.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1090670
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EFFECT OF AUDITORY ENRICHMENT (MUSIC) IN PREGNANT SOWS WELFARE REA
Silva,Flávia R. S.; Miranda,Késia O. da S.; Piedade,Sônia M. de S.; Salgado,Douglas D'Alessandro.
ABSTRACT Studies have shown that the benefits from music can improve the welfare conditions of laboratory, pet and production animals. The study aimed to evaluate the influence of music (Antonio Lucio Vivaldi compositions) on behavior aspects (position, activity, stereotypes, social and agonistic behavior) and physiological responses (respiratory rate and rectal temperature) in gestating sows in individual cages (stage 1), and collective stalls (stage 2). 28 animals were studied, 14 belonged to music group, and 14 to the control group (without music).The respiratory rate had the lowest averages in the group with music, for example, in stage 1, time 1, values of 19.28 and 21.50 mov.min−1. In stage 2, the values found in the same time were 20.36 and 24.16,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Physiological parameters; Sound stimuli stereotypes.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162017000200215
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Environmental enrichment improves the performance and behavior of piglets in the nursery phase Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Oliveira,R.F.; Soares,R.T.R.N.; Molino,J.P.; Costa,R.L.; Bonaparte,T.P.; Silva Júnior,E.T.; Pizzutto,C.S.; Santos,I.P..
In modern pig farming, the search for systems that promote environmental quality and welfare is an important issue. In this sense, the present study evaluated the effects of environmental enrichment on the performance and behavior of piglets. In a completely randomized block design, 32 piglets (7.43kg mean weight), weaned at 28 days of age, were distributed into four treatments (control without enrichment, environmental enrichment with wood shavings as bedding; environmental enrichment with hanging toys and environmental enrichment with wood shavings + hanging toys). Four repetitions were performed for each treatment, with two animals per experimental unit. The instant scan sampling technique was used to record the behavior of each piglet for 20h. Animals...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Animal welfare; Feedlots; Pigs stress; Pigs weaning.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352016000200415
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Epidemiology of domestic cat behavioral problems in the city of Porto Alegre/Brazil: a survey of small animal veterinary practitioners Ciência Rural
Albuquerque,Nathalia Saraiva de; Soares,Guilherme Marques.
ABSTRACT: The popularity of cats as a companion animal has been growing. Additionally, there is also an increase in the number of complaints regarding behavioral problems associated with the species. Behavioral problems interfere with the animal welfare and quality of people’s lives that are living with them, and are one of the main reasons for abandonment and euthanasia in some countries. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of behavioral problems among cats with the help of veterinary practitioners in the city of Porto Alegre/Brazil. This evaluation was performed through a questionnaire in veterinary clinics and hospitals of small animals, which was answered by veterinarians responsible for clinical care. The study showed that most...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Epidemiology; Animal welfare; Animal behavior; Behavior problems; Cats.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019001000602
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Etologia reprodutiva de machos caprinos no período pós puberal no Semiárido nordestino. Repositório Alice
LOPES, A. K. C.; SILVA, D. F.; PEIXOTO, R. M.; ANDRIOLI, A..
Na seleção de reprodutores é necessária uma avaliação nas fases iniciais da maturidade sexual com a finalidade de alcançar eficiência reprodutiva. Durante e após a puberdade, a observação de características etológicas são úteis na identificação de machos com boa aptidão reprodutiva e cujo material genético será propagado no rebanho. Assim, objetivou-se avaliar o comportamento reprodutivo de machos caprinos jovens na fase pós-puberal no Semiárido nordestino.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Comportamento reprodutivo; Caprino; Reprodução Animal; Eficiência Reprodutiva; Goats; Animal behavior; Reproductive efficiency.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1119723
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Feeding behavior and physiological parameters of rearing goats fed diets containing detoxified castor cake. Repositório Alice
ARAÚJO, R. A. de; NEIVA, J. N. M.; POMPEU, R. C. F. F.; CÂNDIDO, M. J. D.; ROGERIO, M. C. P.; LUCAS, R. C.; MARANHÃO, S. R.; FONTINELE, R. G.; EGITO, A. S. do.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of replacing soybean meal (SM) with castor bean cake (DCC), detoxified using two alkaline products, on the feeding behavior and physiological parameters of Saanen and Anglo-Nubian goat breeds with an initial body weight of 16.22 ± 0.67 kg. The treatments consisted of three diets that were isoproteic and isoenergetic: the first with a standard formulation based on corn and SM, the second with DCC detoxified using calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2 DCC), and the third with DCC detoxified using sodium hydroxide (NaOH DCC). A completely randomized design with a 3 × 2 (diets and breeds) factorial arrangement and four replicates per combination was used. A dietary effect on the intake of dry matter (DM)...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Raça Saanen; Raça Anglo-Nubiana; Feed conversion efficiency; Torta de mamona; Caprino leiteiro; Cabra Leiteira; Nutrição Animal; Ruminação; Habito Alimentar; Alimento Para Animal; Sódio; Cálcio; Água; Farelo; Dieta; Ricinus Communis; Subproduto; Animal nutrition; Animal feeders; Dairy goats; Water; Animal behavior; Consumer behavior; Feeding behavior; Diet; Byproducts; Semiarid zones; Brazil.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1096106
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Food preferences of cockatiel chicks ( Nymphicus hollandicus ) in captivity Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Naves,D.A.S.; Carvalho,T.S.G.; Zangeronimo,M.G.; Saad,C.E.P.; Scalon,J.D..
ABSTRACT In order to improve the management and maintenance of the quality of life of captive wild birds, this study aimed to assess the food preferences of cockatiel chicks (Nymphicus hollandicus) kept in captivity. Thirty-two cockatiel chicks, three to 12 months of age, were kept in a galvanized, wire-netted vivarium with six ceramic feeders, two for an extruded diet, two for a dry-mashed diet and two for a seed mixture. Both extruded and dry-mashed food are commercial psittacine diets. Three round ceramic pots were used to provide water. The birds were exposed to 12 hours of artificial light (40 W incandescent lamps) during the experimental period of 27 days. The birds were observed by video filming, daily, through an ad libitum observation technique....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Psittacines; Extruded food; Food intake; Seeds.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000300683
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Forage intake, feeding behavior and bio-climatological indices of pasture grass, under the influence of trees, in a silvopastoral system. Repositório Alice
SOUSA, L. F.; MAURÍCIO, R. M.; PACIULLO, D. S. C.; SILVEIRA, S. R.; RIBEIRO, R. S.; CALSAVARA, L. H.; MOREIRA, G. R..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Microclimate; Shade; Sheep.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1035305
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Frogs Call at a Higher Pitch in Traffic Noise Ecology and Society
Parris, Kirsten M; University of Melbourne; Australian Research Centre for Urban Ecology, Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne; k.parris@unimelb.edu.au; Velik-Lord, Meah; University of Melbourne; meah@unimelb.edu.au; North, Joanne M. A.; University of Melbourne; fflojjo@yahoo.com.
Male frogs call to attract females for mating and to defend territories from rival males. Female frogs of some species prefer lower-pitched calls, which indicate larger, more experienced males. Acoustic interference occurs when background noise reduces the active distance or the distance over which an acoustic signal can be detected. Birds are known to call at a higher pitch or frequency in urban noise, decreasing acoustic interference from low-frequency noise. Using Bayesian linear regression, we investigated the effect of traffic noise on the pitch of advertisement calls in two species of frogs, the southern brown tree frog (Litoria ewingii) and the common eastern froglet (Crinia signifera). We found evidence that L. ewingii calls at a higher pitch in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Acoustic interference; Ambient noise; Amphibian decline; Animal behavior; Bioacoustics; Road ecology; Signal design; Traffic noise; Urban ecology; Vocal communication; Litoria ewingii; Crinia signifera.
Ano: 2009
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Geotraceability: an innovative strategy for extraction of information and an aid for the sustainable cattle raising. Repositório Alice
ANDRADE, R. G.; BATISTELLA, M.; PIRES, P. P.; VISOLI, M. C.; AMARAL, T. B..
Abstract The requirement of traceability of information for food is an increasingly important condition for gaining the confidence and loyalty of the consumer. The concept of geotraceabil ity arose through the association between knowledge of a geographical nature with the traditional information provided by traceability. This study explored the use of design of spatial information inherent to biophysical parameters of the pasture (vegetation indices and evapotranspiration) combined with data collection on the mobility of cattle in pasture areas for extraction and availability of spatially explicit information that can assist sustainable cattle production. From the trajectories, it was observed the existence of a typical behavioral pattern of the animals,...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sustentabilidade; Cattle raising; Geo decision system; Geo traceability; Sustainability; Gado de Corte; Comportamento Animal; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1110006
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Glycerin levels for crossbred heifers supplemented in pasture: intake behavior - 10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i1.12520 Animal Sciences
Farias, Mariana de Souza; UEM; Silva, Robério Rodrigues; UESB; Zawadzki, Fernando; UEM; Eiras, Carlos Emanuel; UEM; Lima, Beatriz Silva; UEM; Prado, Ivanor Nunes do; UEM.
The effect of glycerin inclusion on the intake behavior of heifers was analyzed. During the 102-day experimental period, thirty-six 13-month old heifers, average initial weight 226±12 kg, were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and nine replications: G0.0 = control, G2.8 = 2.8%, G6.1 = 6.1%, and G9.1 = 9.1% glycerin in DM intake. Intake behavior was undertaken by monitoring animal activities for 24 hours every five minutes. The inclusion of glycerin in the diet resulted in a linear decrease in grazing time, linear increase in idle time and quadratic effect on trough time. Moreover, glycerin inclusion did not affect the number of grazing and rumination periods. The number of idle periods showed a quadratic effect, whereas...
Tipo: Pesquisa de Campo e Análise laboratorial Palavras-chave: Zootecnia - Produção de Bovinos additives; Alternative foods; Animal behavior; Ruminants.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/12520
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Improved grazing activity of dairy heifers in shaded tropical grasslands. Repositório Alice
MELLO, A. C. T. de; MONTEI, R. A. C.; SHIRATSUCHI, L. S.; PEDREIRA, B. C. e; LOPES, L. B.; XAVIER, D. B..
Trees in the production systems can effectively reduce hot weather-induced stress in the Brazilian Midwest. High temperatures cause changes in animals daily routine, and trees into pastures can promote benefits. The aim of this research was to evaluate the behavior of dairy heifers in silvopastoral systems in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. A herd of 24 crossbreed heifers (3/4 and 7/8 Holstein/Zebu), 350kg average weight, was evaluated over three seasons. Piatã grass was managed under three shade levels: full-sun, moderate-shade, and intensive-shade provided by 10 to 12m high Eucalyptus trees. Behavior data were collected every 15 minutes from 8:30h to 16h. Shade availability significantly impacted heifer behavior, mainly affecting grazing frequency and...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Silvopastoral system; Urochloa brizantha; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1059722
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Improved grazing activity of dairy heifers in shaded tropical grasslands Ciência Rural
Mello,Andréia Cristina Tavares de; Carnevalli,Roberta Aparecida; Shiratsuchi,Luciano Shozo; Pedreira,Bruno Carneiro e; Lopes,Luciano Bastos; Xavier,Diego Batista.
ABSTRACT: Trees in the production systems can effectively reduce hot weather-induced stress in the Brazilian Midwest. High temperatures cause changes in animals daily routine, and trees into pastures can promote benefits. The aim of this research was to evaluate the behavior of dairy heifers in silvopastoral systems in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. A herd of 24 crossbreed heifers (3/4 and 7/8 Holstein/Zebu), 350kg average weight, was evaluated over three seasons. Piatã grass was managed under three shade levels: full-sun, moderate-shade, and intensive-shade provided by 10 to 12m high Eucalyptus trees. Behavior data were collected every 15 minutes from 8:30h to 16h. Shade availability significantly impacted heifer behavior, mainly affecting grazing...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Silvopastoral system; Urochloa brizantha; Stress; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017000200652
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Mutilating predation in the Cheirodontinae Odontostilbe pequira (Characiformes: Characidae) Neotropical Ichthyology
Lima,Monise R. L.; Bessa,Eduardo; Krinski,Diones; Carvalho,Lucélia Nobre.
We observed individuals of Odontostilbe pequira, a small characid, approaching and biting individuals of larger-bodied fishes of other species. This observation was made in two clear water headwater streams of the Cuiabá basin, Paraguay River system, located in Nobres, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, which led us to investigate the behavioral interactions of these fish. We characterized behavioral interactions between species by direct underwater observations using snorkelling and video recordings. Additionally, we proceeded diet analyses of O. pequira, obtaining intestinal coefficient and the index of alimentary importance. During underwater observations we checked the relative frequency of attacks by O. pequira on larger fish species. Odontostilbe pequira...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Feeding plasticity; Lepidophagy; Underwater observations.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252012000200011
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Neuroscience: unveiling the brain of Saimiri collinsi (Squirrel Monkey) Anais da ABC (AABC)
BRANCO,ÉRIKA; SENA,CAROLINE S.P. DE; PANTOJA,LUCIANA F.; SOARES,PAOLA C.; LIMA,ANA RITA DE..
Abstract Behavioral intelligence among non-human primates is a somewhat puzzling area to study, since it is closely linked to the morphology of the central nervous system. However, this morphology is still unknown to science in the case of Saimiri collinsi. As a means of assisting future studies on the social behavior of this species, we analyzed the brains of six adult females from the National Primate Center / Pará, which were sent to the Animal Morphological Research Laboratory at the Federal Rural University of Amazônia after death by natural causes. The animals were fixed in formaldehyde solution (10%) and dissected. The brains were covered externally by the dura mater, with long cerebral hemispheres, although there was a complete absence of gyri. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal behavior; Brain morphology; Cognition; Encephalon; Neuroanatomy; Saimiri collinsi.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652018000703597
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